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Gemcitabine single agent

Abstract: Gemcitabine as second-line treatment for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: A phase II trial.

PURPOSE: To investigate the activity and toxicity of gemcitabine as a single agent in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after recurrence or failure of previous treatment with a platinum-containing regimen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From November 1995 to October 1997, 83 patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC received gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) once a week for 3 weeks every 28 days. Responses were assessed every two treatment courses. The median age of the patients was 63 years; Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status was 0 to 1 in 62 patients and 2 in 21 patients. The predominant histology was squamous (39 patients); 49 patients had stage IV disease and 34 patients had stage III disease (33 stage IIIB and one stage IIIA). RESULTS: Sixteen patients (19%) achieved a partial response to treatment; the median duration of response was 29 weeks (range, 6 to 50 weeks). Treatment was well tolerated: grade 2 to 3 (World Health Organization standardized response criteria) leukopenia and thrombocytopenia occurred in 23% and 20% of patients, respectively. Mild asthenia was observed in 16% of patients, and peripheral edema in 5% of patients. Nausea and vomiting were present in 16% of patients. CONCLUSION: In this experience, gemcitabine showed significant activity without relevant toxicity, mainly in patients who were previously responsive to chemotherapy. This suggests a possible role for gemcitabine as a second-line treatment in patients who had a previous response or achieved stable disease with a platinum-containing regimen.

References

Crino L, Mosconi AM, Scagliotti G, Selvaggi G, Novello S, Rinaldi M, Della Giulia M, Gridelli C, Rossi A, Calandri C, De Marinis F, Noseda M, Tonato M. Gemcitabine as second-line treatment for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: A phase II trial. J Clin Oncol. 1999 Jul;17(7):2081-5.

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Regimen

Gemcitabine....... 1000 mg / M2 IV days 1,8,15
FREQUENCY every 21 days


     
  Summary  
  Overall Response Rate  
  Progression Free Survival  
  Overall Survival  
  Toxicity  
     

Article reviewed by:

Dr. Tamer Fouad, M.D.

 

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