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Vinorelbine single agent

Abstract: Randomized study of vinorelbine and cisplatin versus vindesine and cisplatin versus vinorelbine alone in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: results of a European multicenter trial including 612 patients.

PURPOSE: We designed a prospective randomized trial to compare vinorelbine and cisplatin (NVB-P) with vindesine and cisplatin (VDS-P) and to evaluate whether the best of these regimens affords a survival benefit compared with vinorelbine alone (NVB), an outpatient regimen, in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-five centers included 612 patients in this study: 206 on NVB-P, 200 on VDS-P, and 206 on NVB. Vinorelbine was administered at a dose of 30 mg/m2 weekly, cisplatin at 120 mg/m2 on days 1 and 29 and then every 6 weeks, and vindesine at 3 mg/m2 weekly for 6 weeks and then every other week. Treatment was continued until progression or toxicity. Four percent of the patients entered were ineligible and 59% had metastatic disease. RESULTS: An objective response rate was observed in 30% of patients in the NVB-P arm versus 19% in the VDS-P arm (P = .02) and 14% in the NVB arm (P < .001). The median duration of survival was 40 weeks in the NVB-P arm, compared with 32 weeks in the VDS-P arm and 31 weeks in the NVB arm. Comparison of survival among the three groups demonstrated an advantage for NVB-P compared with VDS-P (P = .04) and NVB (P = .01). Neutropenia was significantly higher in the NVB-P group (P < .001), and neurotoxicity was more frequent with VDS-P (P < .004). CONCLUSION: Since our results have demonstrated that NVB-P yields a longer survival duration and a higher response rate than VDS-P or NVB alone, with acceptable toxicity, this combination should be considered a relevant regimen in advanced NSCLC.

References

Le Chevalier T, Brisgand D, Douillard JY, Pujol JL, Alberola V, Monnier A, Riviere A, Lianes P, Chomy P, Cigolari S, et al. Randomized study of vinorelbine and cisplatin versus vindesine and cisplatin versus vinorelbine alone in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: results of a European multicenter trial including 612 patients. J Clin Oncol. 1994 Feb;12(2):360-7.

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Regimen

Vinorelbine....... 30 mg / M2 IV
FREQUENCY every 7 days


     
  Summary  
  Overall Response Rate  
  Progression Free Survival  
  Overall Survival  
  Toxicity  
     

Article reviewed by:

Dr. Tamer Fouad, M.D.

 

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