Back to Cardiovascular Diseases


Updated: September 19, 2006

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Except for reassurance and protection from cold, treatment is usually unnecessary. Rewarming of the affected parts helps. Vasodilators, alpha-adrenergic blocking agents or calcium channel blockers are often prescribed but these do not usually help. Sympathectomy is helpful but seldom warranted.

Follow up

The condition occurs in episodes and a follow up is not helpful or necessary. It is a persistent condition that remains unless drastic measures such as sympathectomy are undertaken.

Prognosis and survival

Ulceration or tissue loss is unusual in this condition, and the overall prognosis is excellent.

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