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Acute tracheobronchitis


Adenovirus and mycoplasma pneumoniae are the commonest causative organisms. The condition maybe complicated by bacterial infection (such as H. influenza and/ streptococcus pneumonia infections) particularly in smokers and COPD patients.

Clinical suspicion & diagnosis

It is a very common condition, suspected when the patient presents with acute fever, cough (usually productive) and a chest x-ray shows no abnormalities.


The disease is usually self limited and treatment is essentially symptomatic. Amoxycillin (or its derivatives) maybe tried if the sputum is purulent.

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