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Neurodermatitis

Neurodermatitis, also known as lichen simplex, is a chronic form of dermatitis.

Symptoms and clinical manifestations

The main complaint is chronic itching. This is a condition in which itching becomes a habit that must broken. This habit is increased by stress.

Long-standing dermatitis is often dry and is characterized by thickened, scaling skin (lichenification).

Treatment

Treatment of coexistent infection, and application of topical glucocorticoids (preferrably combined with a topical antibiotic) are usually sufficient.

The condition will not improve until the scratch-itch cycle is broken. Wearing a bandage that is hard to remove and that is left on for a week or more. Itching may be helped with drugs such as creams and lotions you rub on your skin. Drugs called, Coticosteroids, may be injected into skin.

Antihistamines, sedatives, or tranquilizers are drugs may help reduce itching and stress. Counseling, stress management measures and behavior modification can also be used to help people learn to stop scratching.

Avoiding things that increase symptoms. Reducing bathing and using soap may help since dry skin can make skin problems worse. Taking a bath two to three times a week is often enough for most people. Using warm, not hot water when bathing and patting the skin dry with a towel. Moistening the skin with skin cream while the skin is still damp and many times during the day.
 

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