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Gynecomastia is an endocrine system disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the size of male breast tissue, usually on both sides. The condition is common in adolescent boys, though in 90% of such cases the symptoms disappear in a matter of months to a few years at most; it may also occur in males of advancing years. It is generally a result of an imbalance in hormones, though there are many different possible root causes. Gynecomastia is not simply a buildup of adipose tissue but includes the development of glandular tissue as well. It may take a softer form or include a form of lump-like gland, which should not be confused for cancer.
Among the various potential causes of gynecomastia are
Gynecomastia is not physically harmful, though it can
occasionally indicate more dangerous underlying conditions. Its chief
destructive effects lie more subtly in social and psychological results,
including depression, withdrawal, peer ridicule, and complicated or
Weight loss may benefit an obesity-related form known as
pseudogynecomastia, and endocrinological attention may help during the
first 2-3 years. After that window, however, the breast tissue tends to
remain, leaving surgery (through either liposuction techniques,
glandular excision, or both) the only known physical remedy, ideally by
an experienced plastic surgeon.