The term is applied to painful swallowing.

Odynophagia suggests disruption of the esophageal mucosa.

  • Any inflammatory process involving the mucosa of the oropharynx or esophagus or its muscle may cause odynophagia.
  • In addition, odynophagia is a common symptom of pill-induced esophagitis or infection (eg, with cytomegalovirus, herpesvirus, Candida) of the esophagus.
  • A muscle spasm may also lead to muscle pain odynophagia

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