Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the ovaries as a form of sterilization.
The removal of the ovaries together with the Fallopian tubes is called salpingo-oophorectomy. Oophorectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy are not common forms of birth control in humans; more usual is tubal ligation, in which the Fallopian tubes are blocked but the ovaries remain intact.
Oophorectomy is most usually performed together with a hysterectomy - the removal of the uterus.
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