November 2012 Briefing - PulmonologyLast Updated: December 03, 2012.
Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for November 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Respiratory Symptoms Vary Throughout Menstrual Cycle
FRIDAY, Nov. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The frequency of respiratory symptoms, including wheeze, shortness of breath, and cough, varies throughout the menstrual cycle, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Removal of Consultation Fees Increased Spending on Doc Visits
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- The 2010 Medicare elimination of consultation payments (mainly billed by specialists) led to a net increase in spending on physician office visits, according to a study published online Nov. 26 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Political Leaders Face Voter Opposition to Medicare Cuts
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of those who voted for President Obama in the 2012 election favor implementing the Affordable Care Act (ACA), while those who voted for Republican officeholders are likely to oppose parts or all of the implementation of the ACA; both sides oppose cuts to Medicare as a means to balance the budget, according to an analysis of newly released polls published as a Special Report online Nov. 28 in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Cigarette Tax Would Cost Federal Government in Long Term
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A theoretical additional federal excise tax on cigarettes would lead to greater federal outlays over time because of the population's increased longevity, according to a perspective piece published in the Nov. 29 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Judge Orders Tobacco Companies to Admit Deception
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A Federal judge has ordered that big tobacco companies in the United States must publish corrective statements about their products and the adverse health effects related to use of their products.
State Cost of Affordable Care Act's Medicaid Expansion Modest
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of the Affordable Care Act's (ACA) Medicaid expansion will likely result in modest state costs by 2022, but will gain health care coverage for more than 20 million uninsured Americans, according to report published by the Kaiser Family Foundation.
Doc Earnings Growth Lags Behind Other Health Professionals
TUESDAY, Nov. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with other health professionals, in the last 15 years there has been considerably less growth in the earnings of physicians in the United States, according to a research letter published in the Nov. 28 issue the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Growing Number of Drugs Possibly Inhibited by Grapefruit
TUESDAY, Nov. 27 (HealthDay News) -- There are increasing numbers of newly marketed drugs that have the potential to interact with grapefruit, all of which are metabolized by the cytochrome P450 3A4 enzyme (CYP3A4), according to a review published online Nov. 26 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.
More Novel Coronavirus Infection Cases Reported to WHO
MONDAY, Nov. 26 (HealthDay News) -- As part of enhanced surveillance, four additional cases of infection with the novel coronavirus have been identified in Saudi Arabia and Qatar, including one death, according to a Nov. 23 update from the World Health Organization (WHO).
Prevalence of COPD About 6 Percent Across the U.S.
MONDAY, Nov. 26 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is about 6 percent across the United States, and its impact on health care utilization and quality of life creates a substantial public health care burden that needs to be addressed, according to research published in the Nov. 23 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.
CDC: Designated Airport Smoking Areas Pose Risk to All
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Airports with designated indoor smoking areas pose the risk of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure for workers and travelers, according to research published in the Nov. 20 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.
Obama Administration Moving Forward With Health Care Law
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Three rules have been proposed by the Obama administration to further facilitate implementation of the Affordable Care Act, according to a Nov. 20 press release from the U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.
Successful Pregnancy Outcomes in Women With Cystic Fibrosis
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Women with cystic fibrosis (CF) can have successful pregnancies, according to research published online Nov. 12 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Research Supports Role of BMI in Incident Asthma in Children
TUESDAY, Nov. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obese children have a significantly increased risk of incident asthma, with evidence of a dose-response effect of elevated body mass index (BMI), according to a meta-analysis published online Nov. 12 in Obesity Reviews.
Increasing Evidence for Small Airway Role in Asthma Intensity
TUESDAY, Nov. 20 (HealthDay News) -- There is increasing evidence that the small airways contribute significantly to the clinical expression and severity of asthma, according to research published online Nov. 9 in Allergy.
Repeat Testing Common Among Medicare Beneficiaries
MONDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- For Medicare beneficiaries, repeat testing within three years is common, according to a study published online Nov. 19 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Pulmonary Complications Often Fatal in Systemic JIA
MONDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Pulmonary complications are under-recognized in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), and are often fatal, according to a study published online Nov. 8 in Arthritis Care & Research.
Mental Illness, Job Stress Both Factors in Physician Suicides
FRIDAY, Nov. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The presence of mental illness or job problems may make physicians more vulnerable to suicide than non-physicians, according to a study published online Nov. 5 in General Hospital Psychiatry.
Graphic Pictorial Warning Labels on Cigarettes Most Effective
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Pictorial health warning labels on cigarette packages are effective in reaching adult smokers with low health literacy, with graphic images having the most pronounced effect on all adult smokers, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
New Loci Linked to Lung Cancer in Female Asian Never Smokers
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Three new genetic loci have been associated with lung cancer in Asian women who have never smoked, according to a study published online Nov. 11 in Nature Genetics.
Increased Risk of Carotid Artery Wall Thickening in COPD
MONDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the likelihood of carotid artery thickening is increased and vulnerable lipid core plaques are more frequent than in controls with normal lung function, according to a study published online Nov. 9 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Social Network Profile May Harm Medical Applicants
MONDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Social networking profiles may harm an applicant's chances of admission to medical school or a residency program, according to a study published online Nov. 8 in the Postgraduate Medical Journal.
Link ID'd for Introduction of Fish, Childhood Wheeze
MONDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- The introduction of fish between the ages of 6 and 12 months, but not consumption afterward, correlates with a reduction in the risk of wheezing in children at age 48 months, according to a study published online Nov. 12 in Pediatrics.
FDA Approves Expanded Use of Xarelto
MONDAY, Nov. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Approval of the anti-clotting drug Xarelto (rivaroxaban) has been expanded by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to include treating deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE), and to reduce the risk of recurrent DVT and PE following initial treatment.
Short Sleep Duration Found Not to Lead to Insulin Resistance
FRIDAY, Nov. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Short sleep durations do not lead to increased insulin resistance, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of SLEEP.
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