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Category: Pulmonology | Monthly Briefing

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June 2014 Briefing - Pulmonology

Last Updated: July 01, 2014.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for June 2014. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

New Plan Would Permit Doctors to Treat Patients in Other States

MONDAY, June 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A proposal to make it much easier for doctors licensed in one state to treat patients in other states in person, online, or by videoconference has been prepared by the Federation of State Medical Boards, which includes the agencies that license and discipline doctors.

Health Highlights: June 30, 2014

UnitedHealth Cutting More Docs From Medicare Advantage

FRIDAY, June 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- UnitedHealth Group's Medicare Advantage network has begun notifying physicians of a new wave of cuts to its network, according to an article published June 17 in Medical Economics.

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Court: Patients Responsible for Outcomes of Risky Behavior

FRIDAY, June 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The Colorado Supreme Court has ruled that patients can be at least partially responsible for their health outcomes resulting from their own unhealthy behavior, according to the American Medical Association (AMA), which supported the physicians in the case.

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CDC: Flu Vaccine Spray Better Than Shots for Young Children

THURSDAY, June 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Flu vaccination via spray is more effective for young children than injection, a U.S. government panel ruled Wednesday.

Health Highlights: June 26, 2014

Tips Offered for Improving Practice Productivity

THURSDAY, June 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Four steps can be utilized to improve practice productivity, according to an article published June 24 in Medical Economics.

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Wikipedia Drug Entries Often Not Up-to-Date

THURSDAY, June 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Patients frequently turn to digital media for drug information; however, many Wikipedia entries about medications aren't up-to-date and accurate, according to a perspective piece published in the June 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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One in Five Children With Persistent Cough Have Pertussis

THURSDAY, June 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- One-fifth of school-aged children with persistent cough have evidence of pertussis, even among those who are fully vaccinated, according to a study published online June 24 in BMJ.

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CDC Readies Latest Graphic Anti-Smoking Ads

TUESDAY, June 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new series of ads featuring former smokers whose lives have been harmed by tobacco is set to be released, U.S. health officials said Tuesday.

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Medicaid Backlog May Have Financial Ramifications

TUESDAY, June 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- There is a considerable backlog in Medicaid enrollment applications, which may have financial ramifications on physicians and practices, according to an article published online June 10 in Medical Economics.

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Strategies Presented to Avoid Overzealous Lung CA Screening

TUESDAY, June 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The benefits and harms of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening for lung cancer should be carefully considered before Medicare decides on its coverage policy, according to an editorial published online June 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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CMS Launches Initiative to Assist Newly Insured

MONDAY, June 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A national initiative has been launched to help answer questions that people may have about their new health coverage and to offer health providers the tools needed to promote patient engagement, according to a press release from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).

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Complex Electronic Record Safety Issues Surface Long After Launch

MONDAY, June 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic health record-related safety concerns involving both unsafe technology and unsafe use of technology persist long after "go-live," according to a study published online June 20 in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

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Variation in Use of Imaging Tests in Newly Diagnosed Heart Failure

MONDAY, June 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular testing in patients with newly diagnosed heart failure (HF) varies among U.S. hospitals, according to research published online June 18 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Guidance Offered for Protection When Firing Employees

FRIDAY, June 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Steps can be taken to protect employers in the case of termination of an employee, according to an article published online June 10 in Medical Economics.

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Pre-Load Stress Echo Benefits Heart Failure Prediction

FRIDAY, June 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Pre-load stress echocardiography using leg-positive pressure (LPP) provides additional prognostic information beyond that provided by conventional Doppler echocardiography at rest in cases of mild heart failure, according to a study published online June 18 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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NCHS: Insurance Coverage Expands, Gaps Remain

THURSDAY, June 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Two new U.S. government reports provide a statistical snapshot of health and health insurance coverage in 2013, before new coverage options took effect under the Affordable Care Act.

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ACA May Mean Healthier Young Adults, Study Suggests

WEDNESDAY, June 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A popular provision of the Affordable Care Act that allows young adults to stay on a parent's health insurance plan up to age 26 may be good for their health and financial security, a new study suggests. The study was published as a research letter in the June 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Text Message Program Seems Effective for Smoking Cessation

WEDNESDAY, June 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An automated, personalized, and interactive mobile health program, Text2Quit, seems to be effective for promoting smoking cessation, according to a study published online June 5 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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MERS Virus Did Not Spread in Two U.S. Cases: Health Officials

TUESDAY, June 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The potentially deadly MERS virus did not spread from two patients in the United States to any people in their homes or to health care workers who treated them, federal health officials said Tuesday.

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Tobacco Companies Introducing Electronic Cigarettes

TUESDAY, June 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Big tobacco companies are jumping into the rapidly expanding and lucrative e-cigarette market.

Health Highlights: June 17, 2014

Thrombolytic Tx Cuts Mortality Rate With Pulmonary Embolism

TUESDAY, June 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with pulmonary embolism, thrombolytic therapy is associated with lower rates of all-cause mortality but increased risks of major bleeding and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) compared with anticoagulation therapy, according to research published in the June 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Prolonged Sitting Ups Risk of Developing Certain Cancers

TUESDAY, June 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Prolonged television (TV) viewing and other sedentary behaviors are associated with increased risks of some cancers, according to research published online June 16 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Tips Offered for Finding Buyer for Medical Practice

TUESDAY, June 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Suggestions are provided for finding a buyer for a medical practice in an article published online June 10 in Medical Economics.

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U.S. Health Care System Ranked Last Again: Report

MONDAY, June 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The United States' health system once again comes in last when compared to 10 other rich nations, according to the latest Commonwealth Fund report on the issue.

Health Highlights: June 16, 2014
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Clinicians Often Fail to Empathize After Adverse Event

MONDAY, June 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The health care industry is recognizing the benefits of prompt and transparent physician communication with patients and families about bad outcomes, according to an article published June 10 in Medical Economics.

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Physician Leadership, Ownership Dominates ACOs

MONDAY, June 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians are playing strong leadership and ownership roles in accountable care organizations (ACOs), according to research published in the June issue of Health Affairs.

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Compliance With Child Asthma Care Measures Cuts Readmission

MONDAY, June 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For children hospitalized with asthma, compliance with care measures is associated with a reduction in readmission rates, according to a study published online June 16 in Pediatrics.

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Pertussis Epidemic Reported in California

MONDAY, June 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More than 3,400 new cases of pertussis were reported in California between January 1 and June 10, which means the outbreak is officially an epidemic, according to the state's department of health.

Health Highlights: June 16, 2014

Processed Red Meat May Increase Risk of Heart Failure in Men

MONDAY, June 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Men who eat moderate amounts of processed red meat may have an increased risk of heart failure, according to research published online June 12 in Circulation: Heart Failure.

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HHS Inspector General Finds Big Problem With Medicare Coding

FRIDAY, June 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 42 percent of Medicare claims for evaluation and management (E/M) services are incorrectly coded, according to an article published June 2 in Medical Economics.

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Frailty Index Predicts Adverse Outcomes in Geriatric Trauma

FRIDAY, June 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Frailty index is an independent predictor of in-hospital complications and adverse discharge disposition among geriatric trauma patients, according to a study published online June 11 in JAMA Surgery.

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Researchers Hesitant to Use Social Media to Show Findings

FRIDAY, June 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers remain uncertain about the use of social media to communicate their findings to policy makers, according to research published online June 6 in Health Affairs.

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Data From EHRs Should Be Used to Improve Patient Care

THURSDAY, June 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The data from electronic health records (EHRs) should be utilized to improve the quality of patient care, according to an article published online June 10 in Medical Economics.

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CPAP Cuts BP in Sleep Apnea; Other Heart Benefits Unclear

THURSDAY, June 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Continuous positive airway pressure treatment (CPAP) for sleep apnea can effectively lower blood pressure but other heart health interventions are still important, according to new research published in the June 12 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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AMA Calls for Tougher Rules on Sale of E-Cigarettes

TUESDAY, June 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) on Tuesday called for tighter restrictions on the sale and marketing of electronic cigarettes.

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Sleep Quality Tied to Subsequent Low Back Pain Intensity

TUESDAY, June 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with acute low back pain, sleep quality is strongly related to subsequent pain intensity, according to a study published in the May issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Sleep Apnea Severity Predicts Risk of Incident Diabetes

TUESDAY, June 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity predicts the risk of incident diabetes, according to a study published online June 4 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Millions Will Not Have to Pay ACA Tax Penalties: Report

TUESDAY, June 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although an estimated 30 million people will still be uninsured in 2016, only four million are expected to pay penalties, according to the latest report from the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office (CBO).

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Incentives May Lead to Greater Support for Practice Goals

MONDAY, June 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Incentives may aid employees in meeting practice goals, according to an article published May 23 in Medical Economics.

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Yoga May Offer Option to Enhance Asthma Care

MONDAY, June 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- While yoga cannot be considered a routine intervention for asthma, it may be a useful adjunct to usual care for alleviating asthma symptoms and improving quality of life, according to research published in the June issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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CDC: No Drop in Smokeless Tobacco Use Among U.S. Workers

FRIDAY, June 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Cigarette smoking continues to decline among Americans who work, but use of smokeless tobacco has held steady since 2005, according to research published in the June 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Veterans Affected by Scandal May Seek Private Care

FRIDAY, June 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The recent scandal at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) may lead to more veteran visits to private physicians and community health centers, according to an article published June 2 in Medical Economics.

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Physician Political Contributions Are Increasing, Shifting

FRIDAY, June 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The political alignment of physicians in the United States has shifted from predominantly Republican to predominantly Democrat, based in part on the larger number of women physicians and smaller percentage of physicians practicing solo or in small practices, according to research published online June 2 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Lower Mortality Tied to Azithromycin for Pneumonia

THURSDAY, June 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Older patients hospitalized with pneumonia and treated with azithromycin have lower risk of 90-day mortality, compared to those treated with other antibiotics, according to a study published in the June 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Many 'Inconsistencies' in ACA Sign-Ups: Report

THURSDAY, June 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new government document finds that more than a quarter of the eight million people who signed up for coverage under the Obama Administration's new health care law have "inconsistencies" in the data they supplied.

Health Highlights: June 5, 2014

Camels Confirmed as Source of Human MERS Infection

THURSDAY, June 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Saudi Arabian doctors say they've identified camels as one source of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) infections in humans. The scientists report they matched genetic samples from the virus that killed a Saudi man last November to virus samples present in one of nine camels that he owned.

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Higher Survival Tied to Prophylactic ICD

WEDNESDAY, June 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Older patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) between 30 and 35 percent have higher survival with a prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), according to a study published in the June 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Medicare Panel Says No to CT-Based Lung Cancer Screen

WEDNESDAY, June 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The Medicare Evidence Development and Coverage Advisory Committee (MEDCAC) recently recommended against screening of high-risk, older adults for lung cancer using low-dose computed tomography (CT), according to a news release from the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).

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Claim Denials Expected to Increase

WEDNESDAY, June 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Even with good office procedures, most practices are plagued by claim denials, a hassle that is expected to increase in the coming years, according to an article published May 8 in Medical Economics.

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Most Physicians Would Forgo Aggressive Treatment

WEDNESDAY, June 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although physicians regularly recommend high-intensity, aggressive, life-prolonging care for their terminally ill patients, the vast majority would choose to forgo such care for themselves at the end of life, according to a study published online May 28 in PLOS ONE.

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Circadian Misalignment May Impact Diabetes Risk

WEDNESDAY, June 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Circadian misalignment decreases insulin sensitivity and increases inflammation, and is independent of sleep loss in men, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes.

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Number of Cancer Survivors Projected to Grow in the U.S.

WEDNESDAY, June 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Factors such as the aging and growth of the population accompanied by improvements in early detection and treatment are expected to contribute to the growth of the number of cancer survivors in the United States, according to research published online June 1 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Obama Moves to Cut Power Plant Emissions

TUESDAY, June 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The Obama administration announced plans Monday that would require the United States to cut power plant emissions that many scientists blame for global warming by 30 percent by 2030. It's a move that would substantially improve the health of millions of Americans, federal officials said.

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EHRs Can Be Used to Boost Practice Revenue

TUESDAY, June 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Practices can achieve return on investment (ROI) for implementation of electronic health record (EHR) systems if they participate in alternative delivery models, according to an article published May 8 in Medical Economics.

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