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Category: Family Medicine | Monthly Briefing

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September 2014 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: October 01, 2014.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for September 2014. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Low Professional Liability for No Esophageal Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of medical professional liability claims alleging failure to screen for esophageal cancer is not a reason to screen for esophageal cancer, according to a research letter published in the Oct. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Can Exercise Prevent Type 2 Diabetes? Genes May Be Key

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For millions of overweight Americans, regular exercise remains a prime weapon against excess weight and the threat of type 2 diabetes. However, a new study suggests that the battle may be tougher for some than for others, depending on their genes. The study was published online Sept. 29 in Diabetologia.

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Acupuncture May Not Help Chronic Knee Pain

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Acupuncture doesn't improve knee pain any more than sham acupuncture, according to a new study published in the Oct. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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β-Blockers Equivalent in Long QT Syndrome Genotype 1

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with long QT syndrome (LQTS), different β-blockers are effective for reducing the risk for first cardiac event in LQT1, but only nadolol is effective in LQT2, according to a study published in the Sept. 30 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Spinal Cord Stimulation Feasible for Diabetic Neuropathy

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN), spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a successful treatment, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Fish Oil Supplements Don't Prevent Recurrence of A-Fib

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- High doses of fish oil supplements won't prevent recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF), Canadian researchers report. The study, funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research and the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Quebec, was published in the Oct. 7 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Antibiotic Use Before Age 2 Might Raise Obesity Risk

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Children who are given broad-spectrum antibiotics before the age of 2 may face a slightly higher risk of becoming obese during childhood, according to research published online Sept. 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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AHA: Consider Radiation Risks of Heart Imaging Procedures

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors need to make sure patients understand the radiation-related risks of heart imaging tests before sending them for such procedures, a new American Heart Association scientific statement says. The statement was published online Sept. 29 in Circulation.

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FDA Criticized Over Implanted Medical Device Approval Process

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Patients are receiving medical implants that may not have been rigorously tested before or after their approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, two new studies contend. The findings were published online Sept. 29 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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40 States, District of Columbia Reporting Enterovirus D68

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Forty states and the District of Columbia now have a total of 277 confirmed cases of Enterovirus D68, the severe respiratory illness that typically targets children, U.S. health officials are reporting.

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American Academy of Neurology Issues Opioid Guidelines

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The risks of opioids outweigh their benefits for treating chronic noncancer pain such as chronic headaches, low back pain, and fibromyalgia, according to a new statement from the American Academy of Neurology (AAN).

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'Just-in-Time' Methodology Can Reduce Patient Waiting Times

MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Having trainee physicians review cases prior to clinic hours can reduce patient waiting times, flow times, and clinic session times, according to a study published online Sept. 16 in Pain Medicine. The management process studied was first popularized by Toyota in Japan.

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Ultrasound Can Accurately Diagnose Carpal Tunnel

MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Ultrasound can accurately confirm the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome, according to a study published in the Sept. 3 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Charge Data Influence Patient Surgical Treatment Decisions

MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- When presented with procedural charge data, people tend to choose the less expensive technique, according to a study published online Sept. 1 in the Annals of Surgery.

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AAP: Good Nutrition, Exercise Optimize Pediatric Bone Health

MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians play an important role in fostering optimal bone health in children and adolescents, according to research published online Sept. 29 in Pediatrics.

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Pediatricians Endorse IUDs, Implants for Teen Birth Control

MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Long-acting contraceptive devices should be the first choice of birth control for teenage girls, new recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics state. The guidelines were published online Sept. 29 in Pediatrics.

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AMA Launches Three Programs for Physician Wellness

MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians' personal health is a global concern and three initiatives are being developed to encourage positive change, according to a report from the American Medical Association (AMA).

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ACC Withdraws One Choosing Wisely Recommendation

MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers have withdrawn one of the previous Choosing Wisely recommendations from April 2012, according to a report from the American College of Cardiology (ACC).

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Untreated Sleep Apnea May Raise Risk of Surgical Complications

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Screening and treating patients for obstructive sleep apnea before they have surgery may reduce their risk of cardiovascular complications by more than half, according to a study published in the October issue of Anesthesiology.

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Stress Might Be Even More Unhealthy for the Obese

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Recurring emotional stress may trigger a stronger biochemical response in overweight people, possibly increasing their risk of chronic illnesses such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes, according to new study published online Aug. 5 in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.

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NIH Funds Study of Malpractice Risk, Cardiac Testing Incentives

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The National Institutes of Health has granted $2 million to study the effect of malpractice risk and financial incentives on cardiac testing.

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Experiences Trump Things, Even Before Purchase

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People derive value from the anticipation of purchasing something, and this anticipation tends to be greater for an experiential purchase than for a material purchase, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in Psychological Science.

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Higher HDL Cholesterol May Help Protect Against Cancer

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are associated with a decreased risk of cancer among individuals with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Beats Tai Chi for Insomnia

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is better than tai chi for late-life insomnia, according to a study published in the September issue of SLEEP.

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Yoga Offers Benefits to Patients With Bipolar Disorder

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with bipolar disorder, yoga seems to be beneficial, with positive emotional, cognitive, and physical effects, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of Psychiatric Practice.

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Balance Impairment in MS Involves Multiple Systems

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Balance impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) involves constraints across multiple systems and consequently necessitates multimodal treatment, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management.

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Considerable Work Productivity Loss in Early Arthritis

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with early arthritis (EA), work productivity (WP) loss is considerable during the first three years of disease, according to research published in the September issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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Oral Sodium Phosphate Doesn't Up Acute Kidney Injury

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Use of oral sodium phosphate (OSP) for bowel cleansing prior to a colonoscopy is not associated with the risk of postprocedure acute kidney injury (AKI), according to a study published in the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Depression Linked to Worse Bypass Grafting Outcomes

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with established ischemic heart disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), depression is associated with increased mortality and poor cardiovascular outcomes, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Behavioral Therapy Deemed Best for Social Anxiety Disorder

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Antidepressants are commonly used to treat social anxiety disorder, but a new report argues that psychotherapy is a better first option. The report was published online Sept. 26 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Targeted Therapy May Help Relieve 'Complicated Grief'

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For people mired in grief after a loved one's death, a specially designed therapy may work better than a standard treatment for depression, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Half of HIV+ MSM in U.S. Aren't Getting Proper Treatment

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Even though men who have sex with men (MSM) make up the majority of Americans infected with HIV, half aren't receiving ongoing care or being prescribed antiretroviral therapy (ART), according to research published in the Sept. 26 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: Nearly 5 Percent of Young U.S. Women Have Chlamydia

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An estimated 1.8 million Americans aged 14 to 39 are infected with Chlamydia trachomatis, and many don't know it, according to research published in the Sept. 26 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Can Media Multitasking Alter Your Brain?

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Multitasking with smartphones, laptop computers, and other media devices could change the structure of your brain, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in PLOS ONE.

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Meta-Analysis: Anti-TNF Therapy Deemed Safe for Children

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy appears to be safe, according to research published in the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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All Work, No Play May Up Risk of Diabetes

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Working long hours may increase one's risk for diabetes, but this may depend on the job. These findings have been published online Sept. 25 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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NSAIDs Tied to Risk of Venous Thromboembolism

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may increase risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), according to new research published online Sept. 24 in Rheumatology.

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Blood Test Might Predict Speed of Recovery From Surgery

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Measuring the activity of subsets of white blood cells immediately after surgery might reveal which patients are likely to recover quickly and those who won't, a preliminary study suggests. The report was published in the Sept. 24 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Memory Slips in Senior Years May Signal Dementia Risk

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Healthy elderly people who begin reporting memory lapses are significantly more likely to be diagnosed with dementia roughly a decade later, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in Neurology.

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Family-Based Therapy Can Aid Those With Anorexia

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Family-based therapies can benefit adolescents with anorexia nervosa, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Varicose Vein Treatments All Work, but Aren't Quite Equal

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Three common treatments for varicose veins all ease symptoms, though there may be small differences in quality of life months later, according to a study published in the Sept. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Increasing Skirt Size Tied to Higher Breast Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For each increase in skirt size every 10 years, the risk of developing breast cancer after menopause could increase by 33 percent, according to research published online Sept. 24 in BMJ Open.

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More HIV+ Patients Undergoing Spinal Fusion

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More HIV-positive patients are undergoing spinal fusions, and these patients have higher rates of complications resulting from the procedures, according to a study published in the Sept. 15 issue of Spine.

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Kidney Disease Doesn't Bar Thrombolytic Therapy in Stroke

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Intravenous (IV) thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke (IS) is not contraindicated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to research published online Sept. 23 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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ACP Launches Program for Nonvalvular A-Fib Management

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new program is being developed to help patients recognize the signs and symptoms of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), according to a report from the American College of Physicians (ACP).

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New Clinical Guidelines Developed for NSTE-ACS

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- New guidelines for management of patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) have been developed and published online Sept. 23 in Circulation.

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CDC: Enterovirus D68 in 29 States, District of Columbia

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Twenty-nine states and the District of Columbia now have a total of 213 confirmed cases of Enterovirus D68, the severe respiratory illness that typically targets children, U.S. health officials are reporting.

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CDC: U.S. Still Lags in Infant Mortality Rates

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More infants are dying before they turn 1 year old in the United States than in most of Europe and several other developed countries, a new U.S. government report indicates. A greater proportion of premature births and deaths of full-term infants are driving the higher rate, which puts the United States below 25 other countries, according to the report, released Sept. 24 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

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Soda Giants Pledge to Make Calorie Cuts in Their Drinks

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The top U.S. soda makers have agreed to help reduce Americans' consumption of calories from sugary beverages by one-fifth during the next decade -- by shrinking drink sizes and marketing healthier options.

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Diabetes Rates Leveling Off in the United States

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Overall adult diabetes rates appear to have leveled off during the past four years in the United States, in stark contrast to the two decades prior, which saw a doubling of the chronic disease, according to research published in the Sept. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Few Children Taking ADHD Drugs Also Getting Psychotherapy

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Few children who take medication for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder also undergo behavioral therapy, and the rates vary six-fold across counties in the United States, according to a research letter published online Sept. 22 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Report Identifies Game Changers for U.S. Health Care

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Imagine if doctors and hospitals got paid for providing better care, not more care, and patients had better data for making informed health choices. A new report suggests that's the direction the U.S. health system is headed.

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Decision-Support Guide Can Reduce Use of Prenatal Testing

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A computerized, interactive decision-support guide and elimination of financial barriers to testing can reduce use of prenatal testing, according to a study published in the Sept. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Meditation May Benefit Those Who Suffer From Migraines

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a safe and practical intervention for adults with migraine headaches, according to research published online July 18 in Headache.

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Clinical Practice Guideline Issued for Comorbid Conditions in CVD

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Comorbid conditions must be considered when applying clinical practice guidelines to the treatment of cardiovascular disease, according to an article published online Sept. 11 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Most Doctors Are Over-Extended or at Full Capacity

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Most physicians report being over-extended or at full capacity, according to a survey conducted by Merritt Hawkins for The Physicians Foundation.

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Review: Desmopressin Offers Modest Benefit for Nocturia

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Desmopressin offers a modest benefit for treating nocturia in generally healthy adults, according to a systematic review published in the September issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Generic Discount Drug Program Use Has Increased Over Time

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Use of the generic discount drug program (GDDP) for filling prescriptions with generic drugs has increased since its introduction, according to a research letter published online Sept 22 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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CDC: Ebola Cases Could Reach 1.4 Million in Months

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Infections from the Ebola epidemic in Liberia and Sierra Leone could soar to 1.4 million cases by mid-January unless the global community mounts a rapid response to the West African crisis. This prediction is part of a new report published in the Sept. 23 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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FDA Warns Doctors of Danger From 'Fake' Drugs

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The number of "rogue" wholesale distributors selling fake or unapproved prescription drugs is growing, so doctors need to be vigilant when purchasing medicines, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned Tuesday.

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Breast Milk a Risk for Spreading Cytomegalovirus to Preemies

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For babies born at very low birth weights, breast milk is more likely than a blood transfusion to lead to cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, according to a study published online Sept. 22 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Ebola Cases Predicted to Continue Increasing

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Based on data from the first nine months of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic, the numbers of cases are predicted to continue increasing, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Statins May Improve Hemorrhagic Stroke Outcomes

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Patients taking statin medication while in the hospital for a hemorrhagic stroke are more than four times more likely to survive than people who aren't taking the drugs, according to a new study. The findings were published online Sept. 22 in JAMA Neurology.

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NIH Adds $10M to Encourage Gender Balance in Clinical Trials

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. National Institutes of Health is investing $10 million in additional funding in scientific trials to encourage researchers to consider gender in their preclinical and clinical studies.

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USPSTF: Screen Women for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- All sexually active women should be screened for two of the most common sexually transmitted infections: chlamydia and gonorrhea, according to new recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. The final recommendation statement was published online Sept. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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USPSTF: Behavioral Counseling Recommended to Reduce STIs

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- All sexually active adolescents and adults who are at increased risk for sexually transmitted infections should undergo "intensive" behavioral counseling to help prevent risky sexual behaviors (a B recommendation), according to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. The final recommendation statement was published online Sept. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Healthy Behaviors May Prevent ~80 Percent of Heart Attacks

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Five recommended health behaviors may prevent four out of five heart attacks in men, according to a study published in the Sept. 30 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Joint Effort in Standardizing Due Date Estimation

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine have jointly released new recommendations for estimating gestational age and the anticipated due date for pregnant women. The Committee Opinion has been published in the October issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Chikungunya Fever Identified in the United States

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Chikungunya fever is being seen in travelers returning to the United States from affected regions and should be considered as a diagnosis for febrile travelers, according to an ideas and opinions piece published online Sept. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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PCPs Reluctant to Offer Genetics Services to Patients

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care providers (PCPs) perceive multiple barriers to provision of genetics services for their patients, according to research published online Sept. 11 in Genetics in Medicine.

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Low Iron Intake During Pregnancy Linked to Autism Risk

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Taking iron supplements as prescribed may play a role in reducing the risk of having a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to research published online Sept. 22 in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Metformin May Affect TSH Levels in Some Patients

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Metformin may raise the risk of low levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) among patients with hypothyroidism, according to a study published online Sept. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Health Conditions Expected to Worsen Due to Climate Change

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study warns that rising temperatures and altered weather patterns in the United States may soon exacerbate many existing health risks. The study was published online Sept. 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, ahead of the United Nations' summit on climate change, which kicks off Tuesday in New York City.

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Many Parents Use Online Ratings to Pick a Pediatrician

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many American parents are aware of online physician-rating sites, and more than one-quarter have used them to choose a pediatrician for their children, according to a new national study published online Sept. 22 in Pediatrics.

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One in 15 Family Docs Focus Time on Emergency/Urgent Care

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately one in 15 family physicians spend at least 80 percent of their time in emergency or urgent care, with higher percentages seen for doctors in rural areas, according to a report published by the American Academy of Family Physicians. The findings were published in the July-August issue of the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.

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Redundant Antimicrobial Therapy Is Pervasive, Costly

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Redundant use of antimicrobial therapy is pervasive in U.S. hospitals and is associated with considerable, potentially avoidable, health care costs, according to a study published in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

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Pancreatic Cancer Risk Not Higher With Diabetes Rx DPP-4i

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- There is no increased short-term pancreatic cancer risk with dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) compared to sulfonylureas (SU) and thiazolidinediones (TZD) for glycemic control, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Doctor Describes Importance of Interpretation in Patient Care

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Understanding patients is important for all doctors, including those working with patients with limited English proficiency, according to an article published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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AAP Urges Flu Vaccine for All Children 6 Months and Older

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has updated their influenza vaccine recommendations and is urging vaccination for everyone 6 months of age and older. The recommendations were published online Sept. 22 in Pediatrics.

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E-Cigarettes Don't Help Cancer Patients Quit Smoking

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Smokers with cancer who used e-cigarettes along with traditional cigarettes were more dependent on nicotine than those who didn't use the devices, a Memorial Sloan Kettering study found. These patients were also just as likely -- or less likely -- to have quit smoking than patients who didn't use e-cigarettes.

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Newborn ICUs With Private Family Rooms Benefit Preemies

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Preemies may fare better when newborn intensive care units (NICUs) set up private rooms for parents to spend time with their infants, according to research published online Sept. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Adults Over 45 Not Meeting U.S. Muscle Strengthening Guidelines

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Less than one-quarter of adults over 45 meet the muscle-strengthening recommendations set by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, according to a study published Sept. 18 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Unsolicited Job Leads May Negatively Impact Mental Health

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Unsolicited job leads can have a deleterious effect on mental health, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

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FDA: Trulicity Approved for Type 2 Diabetes

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Trulicity (dulaglutide), a once-weekly subcutaneous injection, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes along with diet and exercise.

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Tight Glucose Control Doesn't Prevent Strokes Long Term

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A six-year study of people with type 2 diabetes shows that intensively lowering blood pressure has a long-lasting effect in preventing heart attacks, strokes, and deaths, but intensive blood glucose control does not. The findings were published online Sept. 19 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with presentation of the findings at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Vienna.

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CDC: Oral Health in Young Women Needs Improvement

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Women of childbearing age in the United States should be encouraged to maintain better oral care and visit the dentist routinely, according to a study published Sept. 18 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease. Researchers found young pregnant women, those who are non-Hispanic black or Mexican-American, as well as those with lower income and less education, need to improve their oral care.

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Sales Influence Consumer Food Shopping Habits

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Consumers are more likely to buy high-calorie foods (HCF), but not low-calorie foods (LCF) on sale, according to a study published in the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Systemwide Changes Needed to Restrain Health Care Spending

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Systemwide changes are necessary to prevent excessive health care spending, and so are tools to help consumers make better, more informed medical choices, according to a white paper published in June by Vitals.

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Study Explores Docs' Roles in End-of-Life Hospitalizations

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Family physicians have several distinct roles in preventing and guiding hospitalization at the end of life, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Recent Increase in Liver Injury From Herbs, Supplements

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The proportion of liver injury cases resulting from herbals and dietary supplements (HDS) has increased significantly in the last decade, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Hepatology.

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Electronic Health Records Tied to Shorter Time in ER

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Length of emergency room stay for trauma patients is shorter with the use of electronic health records, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of Emergency Nursing.

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