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November 2014 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: December 01, 2014.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for November 2014. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Jogging May Help Seniors Walk More Efficiently

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Jogging helps seniors ward off age-related physical decline in walking efficiency, according to a study published online Nov. 20 in PLOS ONE.

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Health Care Organizations See Value of Telemedicine

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Health care organizations are developing and implementing telemedicine programs, although many have yet to receive reimbursement, according to a report published by Foley & Lardner.

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Brain Abnormality Spotted in Many SIDS Babies

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A brain abnormality may be responsible for more than 40 percent of deaths from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), according to a study published online Nov. 24 in Acta Neuropathologica.

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More Patients Meet 2014 Blood Pressure Goals Than JNC-7 Goals

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of patients who did not meet the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee (JNC-7) blood pressure management goals do meet the new goals based on the 2014 expert panel recommendation, according to a study published in the Dec. 2 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Proton Pump Inhibitors Linked to Disruption of Gut Microbiome

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Proton pump inhibitors may disrupt the microbiome of the digestive system, leading to infections and other complications, according to a small new study published online Nov. 25 in Microbiome.

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CDC: Most Americans With HIV Don't Have Virus Under Control

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report estimates that 70 percent of the 1.2 million Americans living with HIV in 2011 did not have their virus under control, even though combination drug therapies can effectively suppress the virus before it can develop into full-blown AIDS.

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NPs, PAs Use More Diagnostic Imaging Compared to Physicians

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Advanced practice clinicians (APCs) use more imaging than primary care physicians (PCPs), according to a study published online Nov. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Obesity Tied to Half a Million Cancers Worldwide

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is associated with close to 500,000 new cancer cases worldwide each year, and nearly two-thirds of obesity-related cancers occur in North America and Europe, according to a study published online Nov. 26 in The Lancet Oncology.

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PCV13 Recommended for 6- to 18-Year-Olds at High Risk

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13 (PCV13) should be administered to certain children aged 6 through 18 years who are at high risk of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), according to a policy statement published online Nov. 24 in Pediatrics.

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FDA: Calorie Counts Mandated at Chain Restaurants

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- New rules announced Tuesday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration will have many restaurant chains posting calorie counts on their menus, and the rules even apply to movie theater popcorn and ice cream parlor fare.

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Emergency Department Visits on the Rise

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The number of emergency department visits in the United States rose from 129.8 million in 2010 to a record 136.3 million in 2011, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Yogurt Every Day May Help Keep Diabetes Away

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Eating a serving a day of yogurt may lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to new research published online Nov. 25 in BMC Medicine.

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Daily Physical Activity May Help Lower Parkinson's Risk

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A moderate amount of physical activity in daily life may reduce risk of Parkinson's disease, according to a new study published online Nov. 19 in Brain: A Journal of Neurology.

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Home Visits Can Improve Asthma Control for Low-Income Adults

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For low-income adults with uncontrolled asthma, home visitation by community health workers is associated with improvements in asthma control and quality of life, according to a study published online Nov. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Most Seniors Eligible for Statin Rx Under New Guidelines

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Most older Americans qualify for treatment with statins under new guidelines for the treatment of blood cholesterol released late last year by the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. The findings appear in a research letter published online Nov. 17 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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More Advanced Emergency Care May Be Worse in Cardiac Arrest

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Advanced life support given by paramedics to cardiac arrest victims may cost lives rather than save them, while the best treatment might just be good cardiopulmonary resuscitation given by paramedics or emergency medical technicians and getting the patient to the hospital as fast as possible. These findings were published online Nov. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Many Not Treated According to 2013 Cholesterol Guidelines

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients are not being treated in accordance with the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) cholesterol guidelines, according to a study published in the Dec. 2 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Worse Outcomes With Deferral of ART Initiation in HIV-1

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with HIV-1 infection, deferral of antiretroviral therapy (ART) beyond 12 months is associated with worse outcomes, according to research published online Nov. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Perineal Self-Acupressure Beneficial in Constipation

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with functional constipation, perineal self-acupressure is associated with improved quality of life and bowel function, according to a study published online Nov. 10 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Hookahs Deliver Toxic Benzene in Every Puff

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many young people consider hookahs a hip and safer way to smoke, but a new study finds fumes from the water pipes contain the toxin benzene, which has been linked to an increased risk of leukemia. These findings were published online Nov. 21 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Higher Resting Heart Rate Tied to Higher Risk of Death in Men

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A higher resting heart rate, independent of fitness, is tied to an increased risk of all-cause mortality in men, according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Statins Not Tied to Women's Gonado-Sexual Dysfunction

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Statin use is not associated with higher risk of gonado-sexual dysfunction in women, according to a study published online Nov. 10 in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Vitamin D Deficiency Screening

MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has concluded that there is currently insufficient evidence to weigh the benefits and harms of vitamin D deficiency screening in asymptomatic adults. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published online Nov. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Restroom Hand Dryers Spread More Germs Than Paper Towels

MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Air-blown hand dryers in public restrooms may spread far more germs than conventional paper towels, according to a new study published in the Journal of Hospital Infection and presented at the Healthcare Infection Society International Conference in Lyon, France.

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Special Ambulance Delivers Vital Stroke Care More Quickly

MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Stroke outcomes are better when patients are treated in an ambulance by a neurologist equipped with a computed tomography scanner and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), according to a report published online Nov. 17 in JAMA Neurology.

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Pediatricians Should Be Involved in Oral Health Care

MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians should perform oral health assessments and help maintain and restore oral health for the youngest children, according to a policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Nov. 24 in Pediatrics.

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Digoxin for A-Fib Without Heart Failure Comes With Risks

MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Digoxin is associated with increased risk of death and hospitalization among patients with atrial fibrillation but no evidence of heart failure, according to a study published online Nov. 20 in Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology.

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Psychosocial Therapy Linked to Lower Suicide Risk

MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Psychosocial therapy significantly reduces suicide attempts and deaths among people who have previously attempted suicide, according to a new study published online Nov. 24 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Eczema Cases Rising Among U.S. Children

MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A growing number of children are being diagnosed with eczema -- but it can usually be eased with topical treatments, according to a new report by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Nov. 24 in Pediatrics.

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Newly Insured Under ACA May Have Trouble Finding Doctors

MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of Americans bought health insurance coverage through the Affordable Care Act in the past year and physicians may be reluctant to accept these patients.

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In Reperfusion Era, β-Blockers Have No Mortality Benefit in MI

MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- In the reperfusion era, β-blocker use has no mortality benefit in myocardial infarction, and patients discharged with high heart rate after myocardial infarction have increased mortality risk during the first year, according to research published in the October issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

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Meta-Analysis Confirms Sugar-Sweetened Beverage, T2DM Link

MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Sugar-sweetened beverage intake is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes, according to research published online Nov. 11 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Strategies Needed to Encourage Appropriate Antibiotic Selection

MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although primary care providers are generally familiar with guideline recommendations for antibiotic drug selection, they do not always comply with these guidelines, according to research published in the December issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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AMA: Gender Inequality Still Exists in Medicine

FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Gender inequality still exists in medicine, according to an article published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Testosterone Testing Has Increased in Recent Years

FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a recent increase in the rate of testosterone testing, with more testing seen in men with comorbidities associated with hypogonadism, according to research published online Nov. 10 in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Severe Mental Illness Linked to Increased Mortality After MI

FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with severe mental illness (SMI) have increased mortality after myocardial infarction, according to a study published online Nov. 17 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Being the Boss Tied to Depression Risk for Women

FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Being the boss at work seems to raise the odds for symptoms of depression among women, but not men, according to new research published in the December issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

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Exercise Might Not Help Glucose Control in Some T2DM

FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Certain genes might prevent regular exercise from improving glucose control in up to a fifth of people with type 2 diabetes, according to findings published online Nov. 20 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Structured Education Program Beneficial for Anaphylaxis

FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A structured education intervention improves knowledge and emergency management for patients at risk for anaphylaxis and their caregivers, according to a study published online Nov. 19 in Allergy.

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Effect of Interventions to Improve Meds Adherence Vary

FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The effects of trials to improve medication adherence are inconsistent, with few studies of the highest quality demonstrating improvement in both adherence and clinical outcome, according to a review published online Nov. 20 in The Cochrane Library.

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Review: Ketogenic Diets Suppress Appetite Despite Weight Loss

FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A review of evidence supports that ketogenic diets suppress appetite despite weight loss. The research was published online Nov. 17 in Obesity Reviews.

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State-Level Variation Seen in 10-Year Cardiac Disease Risk

FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The predicted 10-year risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) varies by age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, income, and state, according to a study published online Nov. 10 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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FDA Approves Abuse-Resistant Extended-Release Hydrocodone

THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Hysingla ER (hydrocodone bitartrate), an abuse-resistant, extended-release form of hydrocodone.

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Could Occupation Help Preserve the Aging Brain?

THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Jobs requiring intellectually challenging tasks may help preserve thinking skills and memory as workers age, according to a study published online Nov. 19 in Neurology.

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Telephone Reminder Intervention Ups Cardiovascular Rx Adherence

THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A low-cost telephone reminder intervention can improve adherence to cardiovascular disease medications, according to a study published online Nov. 16 in the American Journal of Managed Care.

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U.S. Seniors' Health Poorest, Global Survey Shows

THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Seniors in America have more chronic health problems and take more medications than seniors in 10 other industrialized countries do, according to a new global survey. The United States also stood out among the 11 nations surveyed by The Commonwealth Fund for having more seniors struggling to get and afford the health care they need.

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Sickle Cell Trait Tied to Increased Pulmonary Embolism Risk

THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For African-Americans, sickle cell trait is associated with an increased risk of pulmonary embolism, but not deep vein thrombosis, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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CDC: Fewer Infants Dying Than Before

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More babies are being born at full term, resulting in fewer infant deaths, according to a November data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). However, the number of fetal deaths -- defined in this report as deaths of fetuses at 20 weeks' gestation or later -- stayed about the same from 2006 through 2012.

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Mortality Up for Long-Term Opioid Users With Chronic Pain

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with chronic noncancer pain, mortality is increased for long-term opioid users, with a smaller increase seen for short-term opioid users and for nonusers versus those without chronic pain, according to a study published in the November issue of PAIN.

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Malpractice Premiums Vary With Work Hours, Practice Size

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- There have been significant fluctuations in medical malpractice premiums, based on doctor's age, location, workload, and practice size, according to a report published Nov. 6 in Medical Economics.

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Telephone Support Intervention Beneficial for BRCA Carriers

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A telephone-based, peer-support program can reduce distress and unmet information needs among women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, according to a study published online Nov. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Patient-Doc Relationship Affects Alternative Med Use Disclosure

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Patient-centered communication with a physician can improve the likelihood of cancer patients disclosing the use of complementary health approaches (CHAs), according to a study published online Nov. 11 in Cancer.

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Number of Pregnant Women on Opioids Doubles

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The proportion of women dependent on drugs such as narcotic painkillers or heroin during pregnancy has more than doubled in the past decade and a half, though it still remains below a half-percent of all pregnancies, according to a study published in the December issue of Anesthesiology.

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Low Levels of Vitamin D May Raise Early Death Risk

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Having genetically low levels of vitamin D may raise the risk of early death, but the risk is not linked with early death due to cardiovascular-related causes, according to new research published online Nov. 18 in The BMJ.

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Psychological Intervention Beneficial for Dementia Carers

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A psychological intervention demonstrates clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness for family carers for people with dementia, according to a study published online Nov. 19 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Trainee-Led Time-Outs Can Improve Antimicrobial Use

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Trainee-led time-outs to reevaluate antibiotic use can reduce costs in internal medicine units, according to a study published in a supplement to the Nov. 18 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine, highlighting the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program.

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Variation in Proportion of Cancer Survivors Undergoing HIV Testing

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The proportion of cancer survivors undergoing HIV testing varies by state and demographic and health-related factors, according to a study published Nov. 13 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Parents Want Children in Day Care to Be Vaccinated

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Three-quarters of American parents would consider removing their children from day care if other children did not have all the recommended vaccinations, and many say that under-vaccinated children shouldn't be allowed to attend day care, according to a new University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health.

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Nearly 3 in 10 Americans With Diabetes Don't Know It

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Almost eight million Americans have diabetes but don't know it, and that's despite the fact that about two-thirds of those with undiagnosed diabetes have seen a doctor two or more times in the past year, according to a study published in the Nov. 18 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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NSAIDs Tied to Bleeding, Clotting in A-Fib Patients

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with atrial fibrillation who take common analgesics can significantly increase their risk for bleeding and thromboembolism, with risk higher among those on anticoagulation who also take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), according to a new study published in the Nov. 18 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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USPSTF: Evidence Low for Speech Delay Screen in Young Children

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that there is currently insufficient evidence to weigh the benefits and harms of screening and treating children aged 5 and under for speech and language delays or disorders. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Nov. 17.

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Head Trauma in Abused Kids Can Have Lifelong Impact

MONDAY, Nov. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Half of children who experience a severe abusive head trauma before the age of 5 will die before they turn 21, and among those who survive severe injuries, quality of life will be cut in half, according to new research. The findings were published online Nov. 17 in Pediatrics.

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Preterm-Birth Complications Leading Global Killer of Young

MONDAY, Nov. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More than 3,000 children under the age of 5 die worldwide each day from preterm birth complications, making it the leading cause of death among young children, according to the March of Dimes. That means that for the first time in history, complications from preterm births are the leading killer of young children around the globe.

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Measuring HbA1c at Admission Helps Tailor Treatment Regimen

MONDAY, Nov. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Measurement of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) at hospital admission can tailor treatment regimens at discharge, according to a study published in the November issue of Diabetes Care.

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FDA: Two Generic Versions of ADHD Drug Not As Effective

FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Two generic versions of the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder drug Concerta may not work as effectively as the brand-name product does, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday.

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Physicians Feeling More Positive About ACA

FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians seem to be feeling more positive about the Affordable Care Act (ACA), according to an article published Oct. 21 in Medical Economics.

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Low Medication Persistence for Older STEMI Patients

FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For older patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, evidence-based medication (EBM) persistence is similar after discharge from academic and nonacademic hospitals, according to a study published in the Nov. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Triple Aim Should Be Expanded to Address Physician Burnout

FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Expanding the Triple Aim approach -- which includes enhancing patient experience, improving population health, and reducing costs -- to the Quadruple Aim by adding the goal of improving health care provider work life is recommended, according to the authors of an article published in the November/December issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Video Tool Educates Patients About Prostate Health

FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A video-based educational tool may improve patient comprehension of common terminology used to describe prostate health, according to research published online Nov. 12 in Cancer.

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Telemedicine Screening IDs Diabetic Retinopathy in 1 in 5

FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Use of a nonmydriatic camera for retinal imaging combined with the remote evaluation of images identifies diabetic retinopathy (DR) in about 20 percent of patients with diabetes, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Improper Contact Lens Use Causes Millions of Eye Infections

FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of Americans misuse contact lenses -- wearing them too long, not cleaning them properly -- and that causes almost a million cases of keratitis in the United States annually, according to research published in the Nov. 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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NICU Infants Exposed to High Levels of DEHP in Medical Care

FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may be exposed to levels of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) that are 4,000 to 160,000 times higher than what is considered safe, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in the Journal of Perinatology.

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Peripheral Nerve Blocks OK for Migraines in Pregnancy

FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For migraines that do not respond to medications, peripheral nerve blocks may be a treatment option in pregnant women, according to research published online Nov. 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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ADHD Stimulant Drug Abuse Common Among Young Adults

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- According to a new survey sponsored by the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids, abuse of prescription stimulants is becoming "normalized" among college students and other young adults.

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CDC: More Than One-Fifth of High School Students Smoke

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More than a fifth of American teens smoke or use tobacco in some way, according to research published in the Nov. 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Patient-Controlled Taping Method Effective for Ingrown Toenails

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A novel patient-controlled taping method is effective for the treatment of ingrown toenails, according to research published in the November/December issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Catastrophizing Linked to Pain, Disability in Low Back Pain

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with low back pain, catastrophizing may be associated with pain and disability, and fear-avoidance beliefs (FABs) correlate with poor treatment outcomes, according to two reviews published in the Nov. 1 issue of The Spine Journal.

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U.S. Medical Bills Pricey, Even With Private Insurance

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many Americans may believe that private insurance can keep major medical bills at bay. But a new survey finds that one-fifth of people with private plans still spend at least 5 percent of their income on out-of-pocket health care costs.

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B Vitamins May Not Boost Cognitive Performance

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Taking vitamin B12 or folic acid supplements may not reduce seniors' risk of memory loss, according to a study published online Nov. 12 in Neurology.

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Many U.S. Doctors Wary of Genetic Testing

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many American doctors may not support genetic testing in patients without a major family history of certain illnesses, suggests a new survey of physicians. The report appears in the Nov. 13 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Hospital Workers Wash Hands Less at End of Shift

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Health workers in hospitals wash their hands less often as they near the end of their shift, and this lapse -- likely due to mental fatigue -- could contribute to hundreds of thousands of patient infections a year in the United States, according to a study published online Nov. 3 in the Journal of Applied Psychology.

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Falls Leading Cause of Serious Head Trauma for Children

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For children under the age of 2, falls account for 77 percent of head injuries, and for children aged 2 to 12, falls cause 38 percent of head injuries. Among teens aged 13 to 17, head injuries are most often caused by assaults, sports, and car crashes. These findings were published in the Nov. 13 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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U.S. Prices Soaring for Some Generic Drugs

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Market forces are dramatically driving up the cost of some generic drugs, prompting U.S. investigations into the pricing of what should be cheap alternatives to brand-name medications.

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Detection Up With One-Step Gestational Diabetes Screening

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A two-hour, one-step screening process increases gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) detection, but has no impact on maternal or neonatal outcomes, according to research published in the October issue of Clinical Diabetes.

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Anemia Prevalent Among Older Patients With Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For older patients with diabetes, the prevalence of anemia is 59 percent, with determinants including older age and longer duration of diabetes, according to research published in the October issue of Clinical Diabetes.

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High-Intensity Statin Effect Independent of Lipoprotein, CRP

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- High-intensity statin therapy is associated with coronary atherosclerosis regression, regardless of baseline lipoprotein or C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, according to a study published in the Nov. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Research Shows Men Can Get Oral HPV Infection From Women

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Men are at increased risk for oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection if their female sex partners have oral and/or genital HPV infections, according to a study published online Nov. 12 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Cancer Patients in Hospice Face Less Aggressive Treatment

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer patients who choose hospice care are less likely to receive aggressive end-of-life treatment or to die in hospitals and nursing homes, according to research published in the Nov. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Time to Enroll, or Re-Enroll, in an ACA Health Plan

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act marketplaces are now gearing up for a new challenge: persuading Americans who slogged through last year's troubled open enrollment to renew their coverage.

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Researchers Put Commercial Diet Plans to the Test

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- There are plenty of famous-name diets for weight loss, but none stands out from the pack when it comes to lasting results, according to a review published online Nov. 11 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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