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Category: Family Medicine | Monthly Briefing

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May 2015 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: June 01, 2015.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for May 2015. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

AMA: Physicians Driving the Slowing of Health Care Costs

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Low physician spending is contributing to an overall slowing of health care costs, according to a viewpoint piece published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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FDA Warns of Soft Tissue Filler Injection Into Blood Vessels

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Soft tissue fillers used in cosmetic procedures can be unintentionally injected into blood vessels in the face and cause serious harm, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns.

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Greater Benefit for Early Antiretroviral Tx Initiation in HIV

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with HIV should start antiretroviral therapy as soon as they're diagnosed, according to research findings from the Strategic Timing of AntiRetroviral Treatment (START) study, the first large-scale randomized clinical trial to establish that earlier antiretroviral treatment benefits all HIV-infected individuals.

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Fruit, Vegetable Intake Linked to Hip Fracture

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Fruit and vegetable intake is associated with hip fracture, with a higher rate of hip fracture for intake below five servings/day, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Insulin Resistance Not Linked to Post-Adolescent Acne

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Insulin resistance does not appear to be a significant factor in post-adolescent acne, according to a study published in the June issue of the International Journal of Dermatology.

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Celecoxib Safe, Effective for Brucellosis-Associated Depression

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Celecoxib seems safe and effective for treatment of depression due to acute brucellosis, according to a study published online May 26 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Teens More Satisfied Than Adults With Lumbar Disc Herniation Sx

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent patients are more satisfied with surgery for lumbar disc herniation than younger or older adults, according to a study published in the June 1 issue of The Spine Journal.

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Catheterization Increasing for Seniors With STEMI

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- From 1999 to 2009 there was a decrease in the proportion of older adults with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) who did not undergo cardiac catheterization, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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AMD Predicts Poorer Survival in Older Women

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) predicts poorer survival, especially among women aged 80 years or older, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Weight-Based Enoxoparin Dosing Best for Obese After C-Section

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Weight-based dosing of enoxaparin is more effective than body mass index (BMI)-based dosing for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis among morbidly obese women after cesarean delivery, according to a study published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Score IDs Patients With Upper Extremity DVT at Low Risk

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with upper-extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT), six easily available factors can be used to create a score that identifies those at low risk of adverse events during the first week, according to a study published online May 18 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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FDA: Two Drugs Approved for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Two new therapies to treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) accompanied by diarrhea in adults have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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U.S. Organ Donation Rates Highest in Midwest

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, organ donor rates are highest in the Midwest and lowest in New York state, according to a report published online May 28 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

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Metformin Linked With Lower Open-Angle Glaucoma Risk

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Metformin is associated with a lower risk of developing open-angle glaucoma (OAG), according to a study published online May 28 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Even Moderate BMI Reduction Could Ease A-Fib Burden

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Incremental increases in body mass index (BMI) are associated with excess risk of incident, postoperative, and post-ablation atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a review published online May 27 in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology.

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14.9 Million New Cancer Cases Worldwide in 2013

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Between 1990 and 2013, the proportion of deaths worldwide caused by cancer rose from 12 to 15 percent. During that time, years of healthy life lost to cancer increased 29 percent, according to data on 28 types of cancer in 188 countries published online May 28 in JAMA Oncology.

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Mediterranean Diet Might Lower Endometrial Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Adhering to a Mediterranean diet may significantly reduce a woman's risk of endometrial cancer, according to a new study published in the May issue of the British Journal of Cancer.

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Vegan Diet Tied to Weight Loss, Improved Neuropathy in DM

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A vegan diet might help patients with diabetic neuropathy lose weight and find some pain relief, a small pilot study suggests. The findings were published online May 26 in Nutrition & Diabetes.

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Population-Based FIT Screening Can Reduce CRC Mortality

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Population-based fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) screening in adults aged 50 to 69 years can reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality, according to a study published online May 20 in Cancer.

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Specific Trans Fatty Acids Linked With Incident Diabetes

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Among older adults, specific trans fatty acids (TFAs) may be associated with diabetes mellitus (DM), according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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Higher Disease Burden for Patients With Fibromyalgia

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with fibromyalgia (FM) have a higher disease burden than those with chronic widespread pain (CWP), according to research published online May 16 in Pain Practice.

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House Call Primary Care Practices Vary Substantially

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Home-based primary care practices vary in terms of size and approaches to quality of care assessment, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Primary Androgen Deprivation Tx May Raise DM Risk by 60 Percent

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Primary androgen deprivation therapy increases diabetes risk, particularly in men under 70 years of age, according to research published in the June issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Post-CABG Predictors of Stroke Identified for Diabetes Patients

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing multivessel coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), predictors of stroke include previous stroke, warfarin use, and surgery outside the United States or Canada, according to research published in the May 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Smartphone Electrocardiograms Deemed Equivalent to Standard

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Smartphone electrocardiogram (ECG) accurately detects baseline intervals, atrial rate, and rhythm, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology.

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More Evidence Supports Higher Fiber Intake to Lower DM Risk

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More evidence that a high fiber diet helps protect against type 2 diabetes has been presented in research published online May 26 in Diabetologia.

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Higher Risk of VTE With Newer Forms of Oral Contraceptives

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Newer forms of combined oral contraceptives pills (OCPs) -- brands such as Yaz, Yasmin, and Desogen -- are associated with a higher risk of venous thromboembolism than older versions, according to research published online May 26 in The BMJ.

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Pre-Op β-Blockers May Work Against Heart-Healthy Patients

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- While patients with three or four heart risk factors should still be given a β-blocker before surgery, those with no risk for heart disease shouldn't get the medication as it might lower the odds of a good outcome, according to a report published online May 27 in JAMA Surgery.

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Review: Fracture Risk Up With Subclinical Hyperthyroidism

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Subclinical hyperthyroidism ups risk for hip and other fractures, according to a review published in the May 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Umbilical Cord Clamping Delay Found Beneficial in Boys

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Waiting about three minutes to clamp the umbilical cord following infant delivery may help improve children's fine-motor and social skills at age 4 years, according to a study published online May 26 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Moderate Alcohol Intake May Harm Elderly Hearts

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate drinking may harm heart health in the elderly, and women appear to be at greater risk for this alcohol-related heart damage than men, according to research published online May 26 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Soy Supplements Deemed Ineffective in Asthma Care

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Despite hints from prior research that soy supplements might help asthma patients breathe easier, a new study indicates the nutrient has no beneficial effect on lung function. The findings were published in the May 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Hospice May Help Surviving Spouse Cope With Death

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Hospice care may help a surviving spouse better cope with depression following the death of a loved one, according to a study published online May 26 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Fewer U.S. Hospitals Sending New Moms Home With Formula

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- While the percentage of hospitals that send breastfeeding mothers home with formula packs has fallen dramatically during the last several years, about one-third of U.S. hospitals still do so, according to a study published online May 25 in Pediatrics.

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Fat, Protein, Glycemic Index All Modify Postprandial Glycemia

WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Dietary fat, protein, and glycemic index (GI) modify postprandial glycemia in type 1 diabetes, according to a review published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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CDC: U.S. Traveler Returning From Liberia Dies of Lassa Fever

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A man who returned to the United States after traveling to Liberia in West Africa has died of Lassa fever, federal health officials have reported.

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Return to Sports Starts at Three Months Post Scoliosis Surgery

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), surgeons are allowing return to sports starting at three months after corrective surgery, according to research published in the May 1 issue of The Spine Journal.

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Caution Urged When Using EHR Shortcut Features

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Caution should be exercised with use of electronic health record (EHR) documentation short cuts, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Factors Linked to Development of Celiac Disease Identified

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Certain perinatal factors, including sex of the child, maternal celiac disease, and type 1 diabetes, are associated with development of celiac disease in children, according to a study published in the May issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Gender-Based Differences in Glycemic Control in T2DM

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, there are gender-based differences in glycemic control and hypoglycemia after insulin treatment, according to research published in the June issue of Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Self-Hypnosis Training Doesn't Cut Epidural Use

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Self-hypnosis training does not reduce women's epidural use during childbirth, according to a study published online May 11 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Costs of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome on the Rise

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The number of infants born to American mothers who are chronic opioid users is rising, as are the costs of treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), researchers report. The findings were published online May 15 in the Journal of Addiction Medicine.

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Treating Periodontitis May Help Ease Prostatitis Symptoms

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment of periodontitis may help reduce symptoms of prostate inflammation in prostatitis, according to a study published recently in Dentistry.

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Diet and Exercise May Not Be Enough to Ward Off Sarcopenia

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- It's not clear whether diet and exercise can prevent muscle loss as people age, according to a new review published online May 11 in Clinical Interventions in Aging.

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Higher Altitude Linked With Higher SIDS Risk

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Higher altitude may up the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), according to a new study published online May 25 in Pediatrics.

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DXA Screening Found to Be Underused and Overused

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Too few women at high risk for osteoporosis are being tested for the condition, while too many women at low risk are being screened, according to new research published online May 19 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Increasing Omega-3 Intake May Boost Cognitive Flexibility

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Consuming more omega-3 fatty acids may benefit patients at risk for Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study published online May 21 in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.

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CDC: Raw Tuna Suspected As Salmonella Source in Outbreak

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Raw tuna is suspected as the source of a Salmonella outbreak that has infected 53 people in nine states, according to U.S. health officials.

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ACOG Urges Expedited Partner Therapy for Some STIs

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, whose partners are unable or unwilling to seek care, expedited partner therapy can be used to prevent reinfection, according to a Committee Opinion published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Physical Resistance Training Ups Sexual Function in PCOS

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Physical resistance training (PRT) is associated with significant improvement in sexual function among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to a study published online May 18 in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Large Practices Focused on Small Selection of EHR Products

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Sixty percent of clinicians in practices with 26 or more clinicians report use of one of 10 electronic health record (EHR) products, according to a report published by AmericanEHR Partners.

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Front Desk Staff Has Key Role in Managing Practice Cash Flow

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Three steps that can be implemented by front desk staff can help increase practices' cash flow, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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AMA: Avoiding Distress in Medical School

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Understanding the key drivers underlying medical students' distress can help address the issues and enhance student well-being, according to an article published by the American Medical Association.

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Beloranib Safe, Efficacious for Weight Loss in Obesity

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Beloranib seems efficacious and safe for weight loss in obese patients, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Resistance Training Effects Vary Per Genetic Profiles

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Resistance training seems to be most effective for people with a low genetic risk for a high body mass index, according to a study published online April 30 in the International Journal of Obesity.

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CDC: Smoking Rates on Decline in Many States

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Cigarette smoking continues to decline in about half of American states, according to the latest U.S. government estimates. The new report was published in the May 22 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Personalized Assessments During Eye Visits Don't Lower HbA1c

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes, personalized education and diabetes risk assessments performed during retinal ophthalmologic visits do not result in improved glycemic control, according to a study published online May 21 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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School Scoliosis Screening Has Sustained Effectiveness

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- School scoliosis screening can have sustained clinical effectiveness in identifying patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, according to a study published in the May 1 issue of The Spine Journal.

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Sexual Assault at 'Epidemic Levels' Among College Women

FRIDAY, May 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Almost one out of every five young women were raped or experienced attempted rape during their freshman year at a large private university in upstate New York, a new study reports. The findings were published in the June issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Mental Health Services Up for U.S. Children

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The number of U.S. children and teens being treated for mental health issues has risen by about 50 percent in the past 20 years -- with most of those children having relatively mild symptoms, according to research published in the May 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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CDC Warns Against 'Dangerous Breath Holding' in Water

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health officials are warning about accidental drownings from underwater breath-holding games and exercises.

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Not Enough Younger, High-Risk Americans Getting Colonoscopies

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A majority of people with a family history of colorectal cancer (CRC) are not getting screened for the disease early enough, according to a new study. The research was published online May 21 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Anxiety Reported by More Than 4 Million Working Americans

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new study finds that 4.3 million Americans with full-time jobs had an anxiety disorder in the past year. That number represents 3.7 percent of full-time workers aged 18 and older, according to the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Caffeine Intake Linked to Lower Risk of Erectile Dysfunction

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Men who consume more caffeine each day may have a lower risk of erectile dysfunction, according to a new study published online April 28 in PLOS One.

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Over One-Third of Americans Have Metabolic Syndrome

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-third of U.S. adults have metabolic syndrome, according to a research letter published in the May 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Motorcycle Deaths Down in U.S. for Second Straight Year

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Motorcyclist deaths in the United States dropped for the second straight year in 2014, but they are still higher than they were a decade ago, according to a new report from the Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA).

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Support Groups for At-Home Walking Benefit PAD Patients

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Support groups that encourage walking exercises at home can improve the mobility of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), according to a study published online May 20 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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History of Depression May Raise Parkinson's Risk

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with a history of depression seem to have a higher risk of developing Parkinson's disease, according to new research published online May 20 in Neurology.

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Proper Analysis Over Intuition for Avoiding Improper Antibiotic Use

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Misdiagnosis often leads to improper antibiotic use in hospitals, according to a study published online May 18 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.

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Novel Algorithm Can Classify Chronic Rhinosinusitis

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A novel scoring system and algorithm can be used to classify eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS) by disease severity, according to a study published online May 6 in Allergy.

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CV Autonomic Neuropathy Predicts Urological Issues

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For men with type 1 diabetes, cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy is associated with erectile dysfunction and/or lower urinary tract symptoms, according to a study published in the June issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Gender Differences in Receipt of End-of-Life Care

THURSDAY, May 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There are gender differences in receipt of end-of-life (EoL) care among terminally ill cancer patients, with male patients more likely to receive intensive care unit (ICU) care, according to a study published online May 14 in Cancer.

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More Evidence That C-Sections Should Be Avoided When Possible

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Women who deliver their first baby by cesarean section are more likely to need blood transfusions and be admitted to intensive care units than women who opt for a vaginal delivery, U.S. health officials reported Wednesday.

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Statins, Fibrates Linked to 30% Lower Stroke Risk in Elderly

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Older patients taking statins or fibrates saw their risk of stroke over almost a decade decline by about one-third, according to a report published online May 19 in The BMJ.

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High-Value Care Advice Provided for Cancer Screening

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- High-value care advice has been provided for screening for five common types of cancer. The guidelines were published in the May 19 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Hospital Stays Longer Without Prophylactic Laxatives

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Failure to use prophylactic laxatives in elderly congestive heart failure (CHF) patients who use laxatives at home is associated with a significantly longer hospital length of stay (LOS), according to a study published online May 13 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Adherence to Mediterranean Diet Not Linked to Risk of RA

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to a Mediterranean diet is not associated with incidence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in U.S. women, according to a study published in the May issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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Changes Observed in HbA1c During Ramadan

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, during Ramadan, the greatest change among metabolic parameters is seen for glycemia, according to a study published online May 13 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Recommendations Developed for Responding to ICU Tx Requests

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Multisociety recommendations have been developed to help physicians respond to requests for potentially inappropriate treatments in intensive care units. The policy statement was published online May 15 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Oncologist Recs Plus Motivation Package Increases Exercise

TUESDAY, May 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For breast and colorectal cancer survivors, the level of exercise participation is significantly increased for those receiving an oncologist's exercise recommendations with an exercise motivation package, according to a study published online May 12 in Cancer.

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Meds Offer Slight Symptom Relief in Overactive Bladder

TUESDAY, May 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For women with overactive bladder, medications delivered as a daily dose correlate with small reductions in urge incontinence episodes and voiding, according to a review published online May 6 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Washington D.C. Nabs Highest American Fitness Index Ranking

TUESDAY, May 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Washington, D.C, is the fittest of the 50 largest cities in the United States, followed by Minneapolis-St. Paul and San Diego, according to the eighth annual American Fitness Index (AFI) rankings from the American College of Sports Medicine and the Anthem Foundation.

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History of Teenage Acne Tied to Increased Risk for Melanoma

MONDAY, May 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Having a history of teenage acne is associated with an increased risk of melanoma, independent of known risk factors, according to a study published in the May 15 issue of Cancer.

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Most Distinctive Causes of Death Mapped by U.S. State

TUESDAY, May 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The most distinctive causes of death for each U.S. state have been mapped in a report published online May 14 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Not All With Dense Breasts Have High Interval Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, May 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Not all women with high breast density have high risk of interval cancer, according to a study published in the May 19 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Shift Work Tied to Poor Health Indicators, Metabolic Syndrome

TUESDAY, May 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Shift work may be hazardous to metabolic health, according to research published online May 17 in Sleep Health, the journal of the National Sleep Foundation.

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Admission Not Necessary for Many ER Patients With Chest Pain

TUESDAY, May 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Adverse cardiac events are rare among adult patients presenting with chest pain with two negative findings for serial biomarkers, nonconcerning vital signs, and nonischemic electrocardiographic findings, according to research published online May 18 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Mortality, Stroke Risks Vary Widely After Carotid Stenting

TUESDAY, May 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of death or stroke after carotid artery stenting varies widely among U.S. hospitals, with the odds four times higher at some medical centers, new research suggests. The study appears in the May issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Pain Med Rx + Medical Cannabis Doesn't Seem to Up Abuse Risk

TUESDAY, May 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Medical marijuana users don't appear to increase their risk for drug or alcohol abuse if they also take prescription pain medications (PPMs), according to research published in the May issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

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FDA: Watch for Ketoacidosis With SGLT2 Inhibitors

MONDAY, May 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued a warning about the risk of ketoacidosis with use of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors.

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Tips Provided for Doctors Who Want to Move to Private Practice

MONDAY, May 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For physicians who want to transition to private practice, several factors need consideration, including finances, legal matters, and insurance, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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AAFP Urges CMS to Safeguard Continuity of Care for Seniors

MONDAY, May 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In a letter to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) and other organizations emphasize the importance of encouraging Medicare beneficiaries to engage with their primary care physician in an annual wellness visit.

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Early Insulin Initiation Beneficial in Seniors With T2DM

MONDAY, May 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For older Medicare beneficiaries with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), early insulin initiation offers clinical benefit, according to a study published online May 8 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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CDC: Untreated Swimming Water Can Foster Norovirus

FRIDAY, May 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An outbreak of gastrointestinal illness that was traced back to an Oregon lake has led U.S. health officials to issue guidelines on swimming hygiene.

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Physical Activity Boosts Longevity in Older Men

FRIDAY, May 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A little exercise late in life may help men live longer, new research from Norway suggests. The study appears online May 14 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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Weight Lifting Beneficial for Breast Cancer Survivors

FRIDAY, May 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For breast cancer survivors, slowly progressive weight lifting can reduce the incidence of physical function deterioration compared with usual care, according to a study published online May 11 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Iron Deficiency Seems to Affect Many Metabolic Pathways

FRIDAY, May 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For young women with iron deficiency anemia (IDA), iron therapy is associated with increases in serum folate, vitamin B12, and with other biochemical parameters, according to a study published online May 11 in the International Journal of Laboratory Hematology.

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CDC: Rates of ADHD Diagnoses Essentially Unchanged

FRIDAY, May 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- One in 10 children and teens have been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a May data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. That number has remained relatively steady since 2007, according to government estimates.

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Health Care Justice Could Help End Wait for Tubal Sterilization

FRIDAY, May 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Health care justice should be invoked as the basis for advocacy for needed change to eliminate the mandatory waiting period for elective tubal sterilization, according to an article published online April 30 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Case Report: Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome

THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For pregnant women with intractable nausea relieved by frequent bathing, cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome should be considered, according to a case report scheduled to be published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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CDC: Some Progress Seen in Foodborne Illness

THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of reported infections with Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157 and a common strain of Salmonella bacteria have decreased, while infections with other types of Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Vibrio have increased, according to research published in the May 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Tramadol-Related ER Visits Up 2005 to 2011

THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There was a sharp rise in the number of emergency department visits involving tramadol between 2005 and 2011, two new government reports show.

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Study Considers Antibiotics-First Approach to Appendicitis

THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An antibiotics-first approach could be considered for specific patients with appendicitis, according to a case vignette published in the May 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Binge Eating Disorder Creates Significant Health Care Burden

THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Health care costs are similar for patients with binge eating disorder (BED) and those with eating disorder not otherwise specified without BED (EDNOS-only), and are significantly higher compared with costs of matched patients without an eating disorder (NED), according to a study published online May 8 in the International Journal Eating Disorders.

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Grip Strength Could Be Useful Indicator of CVD, Mortality Risk

THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Testing hand-grip strength could be an inexpensive and simple way of identifying people at increased risk for myocardial infarction, stroke, and premature death, according to a study published online May 13 in The Lancet.

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Financial Incentives Effective in Smoking Cessation

THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Paying smokers to quit seems to work better than offering them free counseling and nicotine replacement therapy, new research suggests. The report was published online May 13 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Cognitive Improvements With Active Singing in Dementia

THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An active singing program can improve cognition and life satisfaction among individuals with dementia in an assisted living facility, according to a letter to the editor published in the April issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Infective Endocarditis Incidence Up in U.S. From 2000 to 2011

THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2011 there was an increase in infective endocarditis (IE) incidence in the United States, according to a study published in the May 19 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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ASCO Updates Guidelines for Hepatitis B Screening in Cancer

THURSDAY, May 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines for hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening among patients with cancer have been updated, according to a special article published online May 11 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Depression Tied to Higher Stroke Risk, Even After Remission

WEDNESDAY, May 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Depression in older adults appears to significantly increase the risk of a stroke, even after depressive symptoms remit, a new study suggests. The report was published online May 13 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Pregnancy Not Linked to Higher Mortality in Surgery

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