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February 2016 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: March 01, 2016.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for February 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Analysis Reveals 'Female Libido' Pill May Not Be Worth It

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Flibanserin (Addyi), the "female libido" pill, appears to cause many serious side effects while failing to increase the desire for sexual activity, according to a review published online Feb. 29 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Air Pollution Tied to Adverse Effect on Metabolic Parameters

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term exposure to air pollutants adversely affects glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and blood lipid concentrations in Mexican-American populations, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Car Crash Risk May Nearly Double in Patients With Syncope

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with a history of syncope may be almost twice as likely as others to get into a car crash, according to a study published online Feb. 29 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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FDA Adds Boxed Warning Requirement to Essure Device

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new boxed warning is needed on the Essure implantable birth control device, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said in a guidance released Monday. The FDA also said Essure maker Bayer needs to conduct a study to assess the "risks of the device in a real-world environment."

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CDC Issues Advice for Travel to Rio 2016 Summer Olympics

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a media statement issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, advice relating to health and safety is offered for those planning to attend the 2016 Summer Olympic Games and the 2016 Paralympic Games, both of which are being held in Rio de Janeiro.

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FDA Approves Emergency Use of CDC Test for Zika Virus

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for a diagnostic tool for Zika virus that will be distributed to qualified laboratories, according to a media statement issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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No Increase in Depression for Supported Transgender Children

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Transgender children who have socially transitioned and are supported to live openly as the gender "opposite" their natal sex do not have elevations in depression, and have only slightly elevated anxiety, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Pediatrics.

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Risk Higher in Younger Children for Tonsillectomy Complications

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Although many pediatric patients undergo tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) in ambulatory settings, an inpatient setting may be safer for younger children who are at higher risk of complications, according to research published in online Feb. 25 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Cardiovascular Disease Risk Algorithms Valid for Black Adults

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Current cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk algorithms are valid for black adults, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Drug-Induced Liver Injury From Chinese, Western Meds Varies

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) and Western medicine (WM) have different effects as causes of drug-induced liver injury (DILI), according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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CDC: Zika Found in Nine U.S. Pregnancies

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Five of nine pregnancies among U.S. women who were infected with the Zika virus have resulted in adverse outcomes, according to research published in the Feb. 26 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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PTSD, Depression Common After Stem Cell Transplant

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) meet the criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression at six months after the procedure, according to a study published in the March 1 issue of Cancer.

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Irritable Bowel Self-Management Strategies Sustainable

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Comprehensive self-management (CSM) strategies are sustainable for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to a study published in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Some Women Lack Interest in Sex With New Contraceptive

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Almost one-quarter of women report lacking interest in sex at six months after initiating a new contraceptive method, compared to over 40 percent of women using no contraceptive method, according to a study published in the March issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Anxiety Tied to Ischemia During Exercise Testing for Women

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women without history of coronary artery disease (CAD), those with anxiety are more likely to exhibit ischemia during exercise testing than those without anxiety, according to a study published in the February issue of Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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After-Hours CTs on the Rise in Some Emergency Departments

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of after-hours computed tomography (CT) scans referred by Australian emergency departments increased substantially from 2011 to 2013, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

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Dispositional Mindfulness Tied to Improved Glucose Regulation

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Dispositional mindfulness seems to be associated with improved glucose regulation, according to a study published in the March issue of the American Journal of Health Behavior.

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Preemies Have Lasting Risk for Anesthesia Adverse Events

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Preterm children have an increased risk of developing sedation/anesthesia adverse events, which continues up to age 23 years, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Pediatrics.

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No Evidence for Benefits of 'Vaginal Seeding'

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The increasingly common practice of "vaginal seeding" in infants born by cesarean section is not without risks, according to an editorial published online Feb. 23 in The BMJ.

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Decreases in Readmission Rates From 2007 to 2015

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 2007 to 2015 there were decreases in readmission rates for targeted and nontargeted conditions, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Research Links Zika Virus to Hydrops Fetalis, Fetal Demise

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Zika virus may be associated with hydrops fetalis and fetal demise, according to a case report published online Feb. 25 in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

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Active Mind May Delay Alzheimer Symptoms, but Not Disease

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Intellectual enrichment (high education and high midlife cognitive activity) has effects on biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in older adults, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in Neurology.

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CDC: Flu Season Continues to Be Mild; Vaccine Is Effective

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- This flu season continues to be mild, while the flu vaccine is working better than the one used last season, with an overall efficacy of 59 percent, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Public Reporting of Hospital Readmissions Hasn't Cut Rates

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure, and pneumonia, the release of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) public reporting of hospital readmission rates has had no impact on 30-day readmission trends, according to a study published in the March 1 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Zolpidem Use Linked to Motor Vehicle Collisions in Elderly

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Zolpidem users, especially women and individuals aged ≥80 years, have higher rates of motor vehicle collisions (MVCs), according to a study published online in Sleep Medicine.

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Point-of-Sale Education Needed for Cannabis Tourists

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of emergency department visits possibly related to marijuana use have increased disproportionately for out-of-state visitors compared with Colorado residents, according to a research letter published in the Feb. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Suggestions for Optimizing Practice Feedback Effectiveness

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In an article published online Feb. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, 15 suggestions are presented to optimize the effectiveness of practice feedback.

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Early Weaning Linked to Reduced Risk of Atopic Dermatitis

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Early weaning at age 4 to 5 months is associated with reduced risk of atopic dermatitis, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Allergy.

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No Benefit From Aspirin Prior to Coronary Artery Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Preoperative aspirin does not lower risk of death or thrombotic complications among patients undergoing coronary artery surgery, according to research published in the Feb. 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Normative Cardiac Data Identified for NBA Athletes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a study published online Feb. 24 in JAMA Cardiology, researchers provide normative cardiac data for a group of National Basketball Association (NBA) professional athletes.

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First Rapid Test for Zika Virus Detection Developed in Texas

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The first rapid detection test for the Zika virus has been developed by teams at two Texas hospitals.

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CDC: 14 Potential New Cases of Zika Sexually Transmitted

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Fourteen U.S. cases of possible sexual transmission of the Zika virus are now under investigation by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the agency announced on Tuesday.

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Authors Urge Caution Before Adopting New Systolic BP Goals

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A small reduction as the primary composite outcome may not justify the increased adverse events and costs associated with an intervention targeting systolic blood pressure (BP) less than 120 mm Hg, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Feb. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Macrolide Antibiotics Not Linked to Ventricular Arrhythmia

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, macrolide antibiotics are not associated with a higher risk of ventricular arrhythmia within 30 days compared with nonmacrolide antibiotics, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Lower 25-OH D Tied to Adverse Pathology in Full Prostatectomy

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For men with localized prostate cancer undergoing radical prostatectomy, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH D) insufficiency/deficiency is associated with increased odds of adverse pathology, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Benzodiazepine Prescriptions Rose From 1996 to 2013

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 24, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Benzodiazepine prescriptions and overdose deaths increased considerably from 1996 to 2013, according to a study published online Feb. 18 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Prednisolone Deemed Safe, Effective First-Line Acute Gout Rx

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute gout, prednisolone has similar analgesic effectiveness to indomethacin, according to a study published online Feb. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Recommendations Developed for CRC Screening in Primary Care

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations have been developed for colorectal cancer screening in primary care. The guidelines were published online Feb. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Mind-Body Intervention Can Improve Function, Pain in LBP

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A mind-body intervention can improve short-term function and current and most severe pain for elderly patients with chronic low back pain (LBP), according to a study published online Feb. 22 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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ACOG: Vaginal Estrogen Can Be Used for Breast Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of vaginal estrogen should be carefully considered by women with a history of estrogen-dependent breast cancer, according to a Committee Opinion published in the March issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Bariatric Surgery Tied to Drop in Heart Failure Exacerbations

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Bariatric surgery to promote substantial weight loss is linked to reduced rates of emergency department visits and hospitalizations for heart failure exacerbations among obese patients with the condition, according to research published in the March 1 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Intralesional Cryosurgery Feasible for BCC in Elderly

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Intralesional cryosurgery is feasible for treating basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the lower extremities in elderly patients, according to a study published in the March issue of the International Journal of Dermatology.

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Low Risk of Recurrent VTE for Upper Extremity DVT, SVT

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with upper extremity deep and superficial vein thrombosis (UEDVT and UESVT) have low risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) but high mortality, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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4vHPV Type Prevalence Down After Vaccine Introduction

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Introduction of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has correlated with a reduction in quadrivalent HPV (4vHPV) type prevalence among females aged 14 to 19 and 20 to 24 years, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Maternal Cardiac Dysfunction Precedes Recurrent Preeclampsia

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women with previous early preeclampsia have signs of diastolic dysfunction and different left ventricular characteristics in the nonpregnant state before a second pregnancy with recurrent preeclampsia, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in Hypertension.

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Increase in Availability of Donor Human Milk Over Time in NICUs

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- During recent years there has been an increase in the availability of donor human milk (DHM) in hospitals, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in Pediatrics.

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Teen Weight, Height Linked to Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Higher body weight and taller stature during adolescence are associated with increased risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), according to a study published online Feb. 22 in Cancer.

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Combination Treatment for Acne May Be Best in Most Cases

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An evidence-based guideline for the management of acne vulgaris has been published online Feb. 17 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Early Administration of β-Blockers Ups Survival in ACS

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), early administration of β-blockers is associated with increased short-term survival and improved left ventricular function, according to a study published in the March 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Guidelines Developed for Suspected Zika in Children

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- New guidelines have been developed for evaluation and testing of infants and children with possible Zika virus infection. The interim guidelines were published in the Feb. 19 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Birth Defects Not Up Significantly With Anti-TNFs in Pregnancy

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Birth defects are not significantly more prevalent among women receiving anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents during pregnancy, according to a study published in the February issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Fever Not Associated With Primary Tooth Eruption

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Gum irritation, irritability, and drooling, but not fever, are the most frequent signs of primary tooth eruption, according to a meta-analysis published online Feb. 18 in Pediatrics.

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G-Pen May Aid Hypoglycemia With Type 1 Diabetes

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Mini-dose glucagon administered using a stable, ready-to-use G-Pen Mini glucagon may be an effective option for mild to moderate hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Quality of Life After DCIS Diagnosis Doesn't Decline

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Quality of life (QoL) after a ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) diagnosis is generally comparable to that of similarly aged women without the diagnosis, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Topical Rx Restores Testosterone Levels to Normal in Men

MONDAY, Feb. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Application of once-daily topical testosterone effectively restores normal testosterone levels in men, according to a study published in the March issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Only Half of Kidney Stone Patients Compliant With Tx

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Just over half of kidney stone patients are adherent to preventive pharmacological therapy, and adherent patients have lower levels of health care utilization, according to a study published in the March issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Exercise May Offer Benefit in Adult, Juvenile Myositis

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Exercise may benefit patients with adult and juvenile myositis, according to research published online Feb. 8 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Feedback From High-Profile Messenger Can Cut Antibiotic Rx

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Feedback from a high-profile messenger can reduce antibiotic prescribing on a national scale, according to a study published online Feb. 18 in The Lancet.

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Calcium Channel Blockers Lower Fasting Glucose in Diabetes

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with diabetes, calcium channel blocker (CCB) use is associated with lower fasting serum glucose levels, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.

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Botulinum Toxin Ups Physical, Mental Health in Hyperhidrosis

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hyperhidrosis, botulinum toxin treatment is associated with significant improvements in mental and physical health, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Masked HTN Common in CKD, Linked to Target Organ Damage

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), masked hypertension is common and is associated with reduced kidney function and cardiovascular target organ damage, according to a study published online Feb. 18 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Mortality 18.5 Percent for Ebola Management in U.S., Europe

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD) who received care in the United States and Europe show mortality of 18.5 percent, according to a study published in the Feb. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Testosterone Therapy Offers Modest Benefits for Older Men

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Testosterone treatment may offer moderate benefit in improving sexual function in older men, but further research is needed to establish possible risks, according to research published in the Feb. 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Zika Virus ID'd in Amniotic Fluid From Two Pregnant Women

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Zika virus has been identified in amniotic fluid of two pregnant women in Brazil whose fetuses have been diagnosed with microcephaly, according to a case study published online Feb. 17 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Intensive Diabetes Therapy Cuts CVD Incidence by 30 Percent

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Participants who were taught intensive therapy for type 1 diabetes during the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) experienced clinically beneficial effects on cardiovascular outcomes at 30 years of follow-up, according to research published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Letrozole Tied to Ovarian Function Recovery in Chemo

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Some women aged 40 to 49 years with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer who undergo chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea regain ovarian function with letrozole, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Black Women Have Worse IVF Outcomes Versus White Women

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Black women have worse in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes than white women, according to a review published in the February issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Hidradenitis Suppurativa Tied to Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is independently associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, according to a study published online Feb. 17 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Cannabis Use Not Linked to Risk of Mood, Anxiety Disorders

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis use is not associated with increased risk of mood or anxiety disorders, but is associated with increased risk of several substance use disorders within the general population, according to research published online Feb. 17 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Review: Higher Concentration of PUFAs in Organic Meat

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Organic meat and milk have higher concentrations of total and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), according to two meta-analyses published online Feb. 16 in the British Journal of Nutrition.

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Interstitial Lung Abnormalities Linked to Increased Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Interstitial lung abnormalities correlate with increased risk of all-cause mortality, according to research published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Outcomes Explored for ER Return Visit Hospital Admissions

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with emergency department visits who are initially discharged and are then admitted at a return visit have better clinical outcomes that those hospitalized at the index emergency department visit without a return visit, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Delivery of Preventive Services to Infants Can Be Improved

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The reliability of delivering a bundle of preventive services to patients aged 0 to 14 months can be improved with innovative redesign, according to a study published online Feb. 17 in Pediatrics.

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Obesity Ups Mortality Risk in Critically Ill Children

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Being overweight or obese is linked to increased mortality in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs), according to research published online Feb. 16 in Pediatrics.

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Many Med Schools Appear Unwelcoming Regarding Disability

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Most medical schools need to post, update, or clarify technical standards (TSs), required under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), that detail what a school will do to accommodate a student with a disability, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in Academic Medicine.

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Ferritin, Transferrin Positively Linked to Type 2 Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of ferritin and transferrin correlate with increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among men and women, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Thyroid Function Level Linked to Breast Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women with hyperthyroidism have increased breast cancer risk, while hypothyroidism is associated with decreased risk, according to a study published in the April 1 issue of the European Journal of Endocrinology.

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USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Routine Use of ASD Screening

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the evidence is currently insufficient to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children for whom no concerns of ASD have been raised. These findings form the basis of a recommendation statement published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Nonmedical Stimulant Use Up Among Adults, Not Teens

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nonmedical stimulant use has increased among adults in recent years, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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HIV Antigen/Antibody Combo Assay Can Detect Acute Infection

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- HIV screening using an antigen/antibody (Ag/Ab) combination assay can detect 82 percent of the acute HIV infections detectable by pooled RNA testing, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Computer-Assisted Stethoscope Can ID Respiratory Sounds

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A computer-assisted stethoscope can quickly and accurately identify respiratory sounds, according to a research letter published online Feb. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Pain Relief With Individualized Acupuncture in Fibromyalgia

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An individualized acupuncture protocol provides lasting pain relief for patients with fibromyalgia, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in Acupuncture in Medicine.

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Continuous Oral Contraceptives Better After Endometriosis Sx

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients after surgery for endometriosis, a continuous oral contraceptive schedule seems better than a cyclic schedule, according to a review published in the February issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Proton Pump Inhibitors Linked to Increased Dementia Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may be tied to the development of dementia in the elderly, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in JAMA Neurology.

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Fish Intake During Pregnancy Tied to Offspring Growth

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- High maternal fish intake during pregnancy is associated with elevated risk of rapid growth in infancy, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Zika Infection Confirmed in U.S. Resident Back From Costa Rica

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A case of Zika virus infection has been confirmed in a traveler who returned to the United States from Costa Rica, according to a research letter published online Feb. 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Financial Loss Incentives Most Effective for Exercise

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A loss incentive is most effective for increasing physical activity among overweight and obese adults, according to a study published online Feb. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Hypoxia Challenge Test Can ID Fitness to Fly in Neonates

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) fail hypoxia challenge testing (HCT) and cannot be deemed fit to fly, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Net Returns Projected to Top Investment in Vaccines

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Projected immunizations are estimated to yield returns that are greater than costs in low- and middle-income countries during 2011 to 2020, according to a study published in the February issue of Health Affairs.

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Unexpected Decline in TB Among Foreign-Born in the U.S.

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An abrupt decline in the number of reported tuberculosis (TB) cases among foreign-born persons in the United States began in 2007, according to research published online Feb. 10 in PLOS ONE.

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Opioids Tied to Higher Risk of Infections in Rheumatoid Arthritis

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The use of opioid analgesics may increase the risk of serious infection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to research published in the February issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Most HPV+ OPSCC Recurrence, Toxicity Events Occur Early

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPV+ OPSCC), most of the disease recurrence and late toxicity events after treatment occur within six months, according to research published in the Feb. 15 issue of Cancer.

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Texting Intervention Promotes Weight Loss in Prediabetes

MONDAY, Feb. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with prediabetes offered Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) classes, text message support can enhance weight loss, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Lean Six Sigma Practices Speed Medical Report Dispatches

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Lean Six Sigma practices can improve the dispatch time of medical reports sent from a hospital to a primary care provider, according to research published online Feb. 8 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Beet Juice Aids BP, Aerobic Endurance With Heart Failure

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Beetroot juice (BRJ) improves submaximal aerobic endurance and blood pressure in elderly patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), according to a small study published online Feb. 10 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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Few Want to Receive Skin Cancer Biopsy Results Face-to-Face

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with suspected malignant melanoma or squamous cell carcinoma, most patients are happy to receive biopsy results by letter or telephone, according to a research letter published online Feb. 8 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Use of Digoxin Down Among Patients With Heart Failure

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Only one-in-five patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) receive digoxin at discharge, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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Dexamethasone No Help in HIV-Linked Cryptococcal Meningitis

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis, dexamethasone does not reduce mortality compared with placebo, according to a study published in the Feb. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Fat, Carbohydrate Quality Impact Postprandial Blood Glucose

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 diabetes, fat quality influences postprandial blood glucose (PPG) response in the context of meals with high-glycemic index (HGI), according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Diabetes Care.

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Vignette Highlights Management of Recurrent UTI in Older Men

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a case vignette published in the Feb. 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, recommendations are presented for management of recurrent acute febrile urinary tract infections in older men.

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CDC: Number of Uninsured Persons in U.S. Down Since 2013

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of uninsured persons is decreasing in the United States, according to a report published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Rates of BRCA Mutation Testing Increasing in Young Women

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Among young women with breast cancer, the rates of BRCA mutation testing are increasing, according to research published online Feb. 11 in JAMA Oncology.

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Active Asthma Ups Risk of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Asthma is associated with increased risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and rupture, according to research published online Feb. 11 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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Physicians Concerned By Increasing Cost of Generics

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pennsylvania physicians have called for state- and national-level medical associations to take an active role in addressing the issue of increasing generic drug prices, according to an article published by the Pennsylvania Medical Society.

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CDC: Rate of Smoking 8.4 Percent at Any Time During Pregnancy

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of smoking during pregnancy is about 8.4 percent, with greater prevalence among women aged 20 to 24 years, according to a Feb. 10 report published by the National Center for Health Statistics.

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Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide for Psychiatric Disorders Examined

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Patients receiving euthanasia or assisted suicide (EAS) for psychiatric disorders are mainly women and most have chronic, severe conditions, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Durable Response With Insulin Pump Therapy in T2DM

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Insulin pump therapy is more effective than multiple daily injections (MDI) for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Feb. 8 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Cardiovascular Fitness, Exercise BP Linked to Brain Volume

THURSDAY, Feb. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Poor cardiovascular (CV) fitne


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