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Category: Psychiatry | Monthly Briefing

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November 2016 Briefing - Psychiatry

Last Updated: December 01, 2016.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for November 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Lack of Sleep Can Cost a Country's Economy Dearly

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Reduced productivity and an increased mortality risk linked to lack of sleep among U.S. workers cost the nation's economy as much as $411 billion a year, more than 2 percent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP), according to a report from the RAND Corp., a nonprofit research organization.

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Spiritual Experiences Appear to Affect Neural Reward Circuits

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Religious experiences appear to trigger the brain's reward system as evidenced by radiological findings, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in Social Neuroscience.

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Improved Cognitive Status Seen Following TAVR

TUESDAY, Nov. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is associated with global improvement in cognitive status, according to a study published in the Nov. 15 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Mindfulness-Based Tx Doesn't Cut Distress in Prostate Cancer

TUESDAY, Nov. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For men with advanced prostate cancer (PC), mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) does not reduce distress more than minimally enhanced usual care, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Pediatricians Can Play a Role in Helping Children of Divorce

MONDAY, Nov. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians have a role in helping children deal with parental separation or divorce, according to a clinical report published online Nov. 28 in Pediatrics.

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ADT Use Not Linked to Dementia in Prostate Cancer

MONDAY, Nov. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For men with prostate cancer, use of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) seems not to be associated with dementia, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Antidepressants + Exercise Beneficial in Late-Life Depression

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults with late-life major depression (LLMD), the combination of antidepressants (AD) and physical exercise (PE) seems beneficial, especially for individuals with specific characteristics, according to research published online Nov. 21 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Mental Distress Common in Survivors of Teen, Young Adult CA

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer are more likely to have mental distress than individuals without cancer, but most do not talk to mental health professionals, according to a study published online Nov. 17 in Cancer.

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Rising Rx, ER Prices Pushing U.S. Health Care Spending Up

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Privately insured Americans spent nearly 5 percent more on health care last year than in 2014; this increase was significantly more than that seen in previous years and reflects higher costs for prescription drugs, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations, according to a report published Nov. 22 by the Health Care Cost Institute.

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Occupational Tx of Little Benefit in Slowing Alzheimer's Decline

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Home-based occupational therapy may not slow down the physical decline that comes with Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Few Preschoolers Receiving Tx for Mood, Behavioral Disorders

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Most preschoolers with mood, behavior, and social disorders would benefit from non-drug therapies, but few receive this type of help, according to a new policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Decline in Prevalence of Dementia 2000 to 2012 in the United States

MONDAY, Nov. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Dementia rates have dropped dramatically over the last decade or so, according to a report published online Nov. 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Playing 'Choking Game' Alone Can Indicate Heightened Suicide Risk

MONDAY, Nov. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- About 4 percent of U.S. teens surveyed admit to trying the "choking game," a potentially deadly game of temporary strangulation, and young people who play the game alone are much more likely to harbor thoughts of suicide, according to a study published online Nov. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Economic Burden of Binge-Eating Disorder Quantified

MONDAY, Nov. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with binge-eating disorder (BED) have significantly greater economic burden compared to those without BED, according to a study published online Nov. 16 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Hyperhidrosis Tied to Prevalence of Anxiety, Depression

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Hyperhidrosis (HH) is associated with increased prevalence of anxiety and depression, in a HH severity-dependent manner, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Rate of ADHD Diagnoses Stabilizing Among Preschoolers

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of diagnoses for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among U.S. preschoolers has leveled off, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Physical Punishment of Children Declining in the United States

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Spanking and hitting children to discipline them has been on the decline among U.S. parents -- rich and poor alike -- since 1988, according to research published online Nov. 14 in Pediatrics.

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Depression Rates Up Among Adolescents, Particularly Females

TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Depression is on the rise among American teens and young adults, with adolescent girls showing the greatest vulnerability, according to research published online Nov. 14 in Pediatrics.

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HR Capabilities Positively Linked to Quality of Patient Care

FRIDAY, Nov. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Human resource (HR) capabilities are positively associated with quality of patient care, with the relationship mediated by proactive work, according to a study published recently in Human Resource Management.

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Shorter Sleep Linked to Sugar-Sweetened Drink Consumption

THURSDAY, Nov. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Improving sleep may help reduce an individual's sugar-sweetened, caffeinated beverage intake, and vice-versa, according to a study published online Nov. 9 in Sleep Health.

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Self-Harm Now a Leading Cause of Pregnancy-Related Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In the past decade, self-harm has been the leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths in Colorado, according to research published in the December issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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MRI May Help ID Lewy Body Dementia Versus Alzheimer's

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain may aid diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies versus Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published online Nov. 2 in Neurology.

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Coronary Angiography, PCI Don't Impact Cognitive Function

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is no indication of postprocedural cognitive impairment for patients undergoing coronary angiography (CA) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to a study published in the Nov. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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AMA Highlights Role of Patient Shame in Opioid Disorders

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Supported by the American Medical Association (AMA), the Providers' Clinical Support System for Opioid Therapies (PCSS-O) has released a collection of resources from a national training and mentoring project developed by physicians to promote the role of self-education and help curb the opioid epidemic.

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Five Strategies Can Reduce Risk of Medical Lawsuits

MONDAY, Nov. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Five strategies can be employed by physicians in order to help reduce the risk of lawsuits, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Memantine + Sertraline Effective for Major Depressive Disorder

MONDAY, Nov. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The combination of memantine plus sertraline is efficacious for major depressive disorder, according to a study published online Nov. 3 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Health Anxiety Takes Toll on Cardiovascular Health

FRIDAY, Nov. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People with high levels of health anxiety have about a 70 percent increased risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD), after taking into account other known risk factors, according to research published online Nov. 3 in BMJ Open.

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Half of Americans Have at Least One Chronic Health Condition

THURSDAY, Nov. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of Americans have at least one chronic disease, mental illness, or problem with drugs or alcohol, according to a study published online recently in Psychology, Health & Medicine.

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Pharmacogenetic Analyses Can Optimize Clomipramine Dosing

THURSDAY, Nov. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Pharmacogenetic analysis can help optimize clomipramine doses in patients who do not respond to standard-dose treatment, according to a report published online Oct. 31 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.

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Psych Meds Rx May Cut Violent Reoffending in Ex-Prisoners

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Released prisoners may be less likely to commit violent crimes if they're prescribed certain kinds of psychiatric medications, according to research published in the Nov. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Intervention Improves Cognitive Symptoms in Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A web-based cognitive rehabilitation program can improve cognitive symptoms in cancer survivors, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Medicaid Policies Impact Use of Smoking Cessation Medications

TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medicaid policies, such as those that require patients to obtain counseling in order to receive smoking cessation medications, affect use of these medications, according to a study published in the Oct. 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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