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November 2016 Briefing - Radiology

Last Updated: December 01, 2016.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for November 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Out-of-Pocket Cancer Costs High for Patients With Medicare Only

MONDAY, Nov. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medical bills for older U.S. cancer patients can cost one-quarter of their income or more if they have Medicare without supplemental insurance, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in JAMA Oncology.

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Rising Rx, ER Prices Pushing U.S. Health Care Spending Up

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Privately insured Americans spent nearly 5 percent more on health care last year than in 2014; this increase was significantly more than that seen in previous years and reflects higher costs for prescription drugs, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations, according to a report published Nov. 22 by the Health Care Cost Institute.

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Updated Index Predicts Survival in NSCLC With Brain Metastases

MONDAY, Nov. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An updated index incorporating gene and molecular alterations can predict survival in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with brain metastases, according to a study published online Nov. 17 in JAMA Oncology.

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CT Measures Can Accurately Identify Stroke Onset

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Computed tomography (CT) can measure brain water uptake, which can be used to identify stroke patients with symptom onset within 4.5 hours, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Guidelines Developed for Prostate MRI After Negative Biopsy

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a consensus statement from the American Urological Association and Society of Abdominal Radiology, published in the December issue of The Journal of Urology, guidelines are presented for prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with negative biopsy.

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Sodium Bicarbonate Prophylaxis Linked to Lower Mortality

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing coronary angiography, sodium bicarbonate prophylaxis for contrast-associated nephropathy (CAN) is associated with reduced long-term mortality, according to research published in the Nov. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Endobronchial Ultrasound Can ID Pulmonary Thromboembolism

FRIDAY, Nov. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) can identify pulmonary thromboembolism, according to a study published online Nov. 3 in the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

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HR Capabilities Positively Linked to Quality of Patient Care

FRIDAY, Nov. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Human resource (HR) capabilities are positively associated with quality of patient care, with the relationship mediated by proactive work, according to a study published recently in Human Resource Management.

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Ethnic Differences in Proximal Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity

THURSDAY, Nov. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Blacks and Hispanics have increased proximal aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and characteristic impedance (Zc) compared with whites, according to a study published online Nov. 9 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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U/S IDs Response to Propranolol in Infantile Hemangioma

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with infantile hemangiomas, serial ultrasonography can be used to show response to propranolol treatment, according to a study published online Nov. 4 in the International Journal of Dermatology.

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Lipid-Rich Necrotic Core in Femoral Artery Ups PAD Events

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC) in the proximal superficial femoral artery (SFA) is associated with higher rates of peripheral artery disease (PAD) events, according to a study published online Nov. 9 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Meta-Analysis Links Increased BMI, Hand Osteoarthritis

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Increased body mass index may have a moderate effect on hand arthritis, according to a meta-analysis published recently in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Isolated Chorionic Bump Tied to Fetal Aneuploidy

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In high-risk fetuses, sonographically isolated chorionic bumps are associated with fetal aneuploidy, according to a study published online Nov. 3 in the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

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MRI May Help ID Lewy Body Dementia Versus Alzheimer's

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain may aid diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies versus Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published online Nov. 2 in Neurology.

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Long-Term Health Not Improved for Childhood Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Nov. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Despite three decades of advancements in treating children with cancer, patients who survive into adulthood don't report better physical or mental health than their counterparts who were treated years ago, according to research published online Nov. 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Five Strategies Can Reduce Risk of Medical Lawsuits

MONDAY, Nov. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Five strategies can be employed by physicians in order to help reduce the risk of lawsuits, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Standard of Care Underused for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

FRIDAY, Nov. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with locally advanced cervical cancer, standard of care (SOC), which includes pelvic external beam radiation (EBRT) with chemotherapy and interdigitated brachytherapy, is associated with significantly improved overall survival but is notably underused, according to a study published in the November issue of Gynecologic Oncology.

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Patient Age Linked to Survival in Papillary Thyroid Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), patient age is associated with death in a linear fashion, with no apparent age cut point demarcating survival difference, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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ASCO Updates Guidelines on Integration of Palliative Care

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline on the integration of palliative care into standard oncology care has been updated. The update was published online Oct. 28 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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