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December 2016 Briefing - Ophthalmology

Last Updated: January 01, 2017.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for December 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Aqueous Humor VEGF Levels Up With Prostaglandin for Glaucoma

FRIDAY, Dec. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels are significantly higher in the aqueous humor of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and glaucoma patients who used prostaglandin agents, according to a letter to the editor published online Dec. 23 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Aflibercept Rescues Vision After Laser for Diabetic Macular Edema

THURSDAY, Dec. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For eyes experiencing substantial visual loss after macular laser photocoagulation treatment for diabetic macular edema (DME), intravitreal aflibercept improves visual and anatomic outcomes, according to a study published online Dec. 22 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Severe Symptoms, Ocular Pain Linked to Dry Eye Persistence

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Severe dry eye symptoms and ocular pain at baseline are associated with persistent severe dry eye symptoms one year later, according to a study published online Dec. 22 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Personal Health Care Spending Continues to Soar in the U.S.

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2013 there were considerable increases in personal health care spending in the United States, with the highest amounts for diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and low back and neck pain, according to a study published in the Dec. 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Confocal Microscopy Aids Surgical Removal of Tumors From Eyelid

TUESDAY, Dec. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Imaging using fluorescence confocal microscopy (FCM) analysis in the reflectance mode and with an "en face" scanning can control tumor margins of eyelid basal cell carcinoma (BCC) to optimize surgical management, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Six Things PCPs Need to Know About Glaucoma

FRIDAY, Dec. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care physicians are in a position to help with glaucoma diagnosis and management, according to an article published in the Ophthalmology Times.

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Risk of Pedestrian Collisions ID'd in Peripheral Visual Field Loss

THURSDAY, Dec. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with retinitis pigmentosa, the risk of collision is highest from pedestrians at an angle of 45 degrees from the patient's walking path, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of Vision.

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Higher AlphaB-Crystallin Levels Linked to Diabetic Retinopathy

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Vitreous levels of alphaB-crystallin are significantly higher in eyes of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) compared to the eyes of controls without diabetes, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Health Care Provider Burnout Negatively Affects Quality, Safety

TUESDAY, Dec. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Health care provider burnout is negatively associated with quality and safety of health care, according to a meta-analysis published recently in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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DEA Announces Critical Changes in Registration Renewal Process

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has announced critical changes in its registration renewal process, according to a report published by the American Academy of Family Physicians.

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Kingella kingae Keratitis Described in HIV-Positive Adult

FRIDAY, Dec. 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A case of Kingella kingae keratitis in an HIV-positive adult male is described in a letter to the editor published online Dec. 12 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Screening, Treatment of ROP Varies Across NICUs

THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Variation exists across neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) regarding implementation of screening and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), according to research published online Dec. 14 in Pediatrics.

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Preeclampsia Linked to Risk of Maternal Retinal Disease

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Preeclampsia is associated with increased risk of maternal retinal disease, especially traction detachments, retinal breaks, and diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published in the January issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Self-Care Tools Cut Depression in AMD, Diabetic Retinopathy

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Self-care tools can reduce depressive symptoms in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or diabetic retinopathy (DR), according to a study published online Dec. 7 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Age-Related Cataract Linked to Depressive Symptoms

FRIDAY, Dec. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Age-related cataract is associated with increased odds of depressive symptoms, according to a study published in the December issue of Optometry and Vision Science.

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Regular Cannabis Use May Affect Retinal Ganglion Cell Function

FRIDAY, Dec. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Regular cannabis users appear to experience a slight delay in their retinal ganglion cell (RGC) signaling, according to a study published online Dec. 8 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Learning Interventions Can Improve Med Student Well-Being

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Specific learning interventions may improve emotional well-being among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Prevalence of Disability 2.7 Percent at U.S. Medical Schools

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of disability is 2.7 percent among medical students at U.S. allopathic medical schools, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue of medical education.

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Depression, Suicide Ideation Prevalent in Medical Students

TUESDAY, Dec. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalences of depression or depressive symptoms and suicide ideation are 27.2 and 11.1 percent, respectively, among medical students, according to a review published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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New Visual Symptoms Not Uncommon After LASIK Surgery

MONDAY, Dec. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Nine out of 10 laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) patients report satisfaction afterwards, although a sizable percentage experience new visual disturbances up to six months after the procedure, according to research published online Nov. 23 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Ultraviolet B Radiation Exposure Tied to Decreased Risk of Myopia

FRIDAY, Dec. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Spending more time outside early in life may offer some protection against myopia, according to a study published online Dec. 1 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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CDC: Fewer U.S. Families Struggling to Pay Medical Bills

THURSDAY, Dec. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of people in families having problems paying medical bills fell by nearly 13 million from 2011 through the first six months of 2016, according to a report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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