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Category: Family Medicine | Monthly Briefing

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January 2017 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: February 01, 2017.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for January 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Diabetes Mellitus Prevalence Higher in HIV-Infected Adults

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- HIV-infected adults have diabetes mellitus (DM) prevalence of 10.3 percent, which is higher than general population adults, according to a study published in the January issue of BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

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Smoking Imposes Heavy Burden on Global Economy

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 6 percent of the world's health care spending is tied to smoking, according to research published online Jan. 30 in Tobacco Control.

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MRI May Help ID Suicide Risk in Young Bipolar Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder, those who attempt suicide show reduced volume and activity in areas of the brain that regulate emotion and impulses, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Cardiovascular Event Risks May Be Affected by Timing of Meals

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new statement from the American Heart Association (AHA), published online Jan. 30 in Circulation, highlights what's known -- and what's not -- about meal timing and cardiovascular health.

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CVD-Related Hospital Admissions Up Second Day After Snowstorm

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is a sharp increase in hospital admissions for cardiovascular events two days after a major snowfall, according to research published online Jan. 30 in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Mentally Stimulating Tasks May Lower Risk of MCI in Older Adults

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Activities that keep the brain busy -- using a computer, crafting, playing games, and participating in social activities -- appear to lower the risk of age-related mental decline in individuals 70 and older, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in JAMA Neurology.

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Many VHA Patients Eligible for Lung Cancer Screening

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients are eligible for lung cancer screening (LCS) with low-dose computed tomography (CT), and the use of LCS is increasing slowly among eligible patients, according to two studies published online Jan. 30 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Guidelines Developed for Use of Growth Hormone in Children

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of growth hormone (GH) in children and adolescents should be considered carefully, with assessment of the risks and benefits necessary for each patient, according to guidelines published in the January issue of Hormone Research in Paediatrics.

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Azithromycin Given in Labor Cuts Maternal, Neonatal Infections

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Administration of azithromycin during labor is associated with a reduction in maternal and neonatal clinical infections, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Therapeutic Family Presence Key in Tx of Acute Deterioration in ER

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For deteriorating adult patients in the emergency department, no family presence and physical family presence result in predominantly negative clinician-family-patient interactions, while therapeutic family presence results in positive clinician-family-patient interactions, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Mediterranean Diet May Help Lower ADHD Risk

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children who follow a Mediterranean diet may be less likely to have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Jan. 30 in Pediatrics.

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Musculoskeletal Low Back Pain Common in School-Aged Children

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Low back pain is common in school-age American children, and rates increase with age, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Chronic Bullying Has Detrimental Effect on Academic Performance

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic bullying can have a negative impact on children's grades, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in the Journal of Educational Psychology.

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Quality Improvement Initiative Can Cut NTSV Cesarean Rate

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Quality improvement initiatives, including provider education and feedback, can reduce the nulliparous term singleton vertex (NTSV) cesarean delivery rate, according to a study published in the February issue of The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety.

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Inconsistency Noted in Ocular Symptom Reporting

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patient self-report of symptoms on an Eye Symptom Questionnaire (ESQ) is frequently inconsistent with documentation in the electronic medical record (EMR), according to a study published online Jan. 26 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Father Involvement Lacking in Pediatric Obesity Programs

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Fathers are not adequately engaged in pediatric obesity treatment or prevention programs with parent involvement, according to a review published online Jan. 27 in Pediatrics.

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NATA Issues Clinical Guidance on Acute Skin Trauma in Sports

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Clinical decisions and intervention protocols after acute skin trauma during participation in athletic and recreational activities vary among athletic trainers and are often based on ritualistic practices, according to a National Athletic Trainers' Association position statement published in the December issue of the Journal of Athletic Training.

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ACOG: Interventions Can Be Limited During Labor, Birth

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women can meet their labor and birth goals with minimal intervention, according to an American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee Opinion published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Economic Benefit for Combo Statin/TG-Specific Tx in T2DM

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, there is a substantial economic benefit to treatment with statin-triglyceride (TG)-specific combination lipid therapy compared with monotherapy or no lipid pharmacotherapy, according to a study published in the Feb. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Review: Intentional Weight Loss Improves Daytime Sleepiness

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For overweight or obese adults, intentional weight loss is associated with improvement in daytime sleepiness, according to a review published online Jan. 24 in Obesity Reviews.

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Prediabetes Linked to Sedentary Lifestyle, Even in Slim Adults

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Inactivity is associated with greater risk of prediabetes and diabetes, even for healthy-weight adults, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Microbiota Transfer Therapy Could Help Children With Autism

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new approach to alter the gut microbiome and virome may be an effective treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to research published online Jan. 23 in Microbiome.

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Nephrologists Often Don't Treat Depression in Dialysis Patients

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Depression is common among kidney failure patients undergoing dialysis, but efforts to get them on antidepressants often fail, according to research published online Jan. 26 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Unusual Amnestic Syndrome Seen With Opioid Abuse

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term memory loss may be yet another price of America's opioid addiction epidemic, according to a report published in the Jan. 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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U.S. Children Make Over 6 Million Office Visits/Year for ADHD

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An average 6.1 million physician visits in 2012 to 2013 were made by children aged 4 to 17 with a primary diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a January data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Rates of Heart Failure Rising in the United States

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Heart failure rates are increasing in the United States, and cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death, even as the mortality rate from cardiovascular disease is falling, according to a new report from the American Heart Association (AHA).

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Antibiotics, Not Poor Hygiene, Main Cause of C. difficile Outbreak

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Reducing the use of fluoroquinolones has curbed an outbreak of Clostridium difficile that began in 2006 in England, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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HT to Preserve Fertility Doesn't Appreciably Affect Survival

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For young patients with endometrial cancer, survival does not appear to be significantly impacted by hormone therapy (HT) before surgery to preserve fertility, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in Cancer.

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Ketone Monitoring Infrequent in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), self-reported ketone monitoring is infrequent overall, according to research published online Jan. 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Most U.S. Children Consume at Least One Sugary Drink a Day

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly two-thirds of boys and girls ages 2 to 19 in the United States drink at least one sugar-sweetened beverage daily, according to a January data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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28% of Adults, 9% of Teens Use Tobacco Products in U.S.

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Despite the dangers, many American adults and teens still use tobacco products, according to a report published in the Jan. 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Anxiety, Depression May Up Mortality Risk for Some Cancers

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Anxiety and depression may increase the risk of death from certain cancers, according to research published online Jan. 25 in The BMJ.

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Study Questions Tx of Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy may not always be the best option, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in The BMJ.

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Doctors' Opinions Vary Widely on Approval of Disability Benefits

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Medical professionals give widely varying opinions about whether claimants for work disability benefits should get those benefits, according to a review published online Jan. 25 in The BMJ.

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Low Levels of Brain Stimulation May Lessen Bulimia Symptoms

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Electrical stimulation of the brain may temporarily ease the symptoms of bulimia nervosa, according to research published online Jan. 25 in PLOS ONE.

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Verapamil Benefits Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), the first-generation inhibitor of epithelial P-glycoprotein (P-gp; an efflux pump that is overexpressed in CRSwNP), verapamil hydrochloride (HCl), is associated with improvement in outcome measures, according to a letter to the editor study published online Jan. 23 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Mindfulness-Based Class Aids Generalized Anxiety Disorder

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) class can reduce stress markers, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in Psychiatry Research.

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Most PCPs Oppose Complete Repeal of the Affordable Care Act

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A majority of primary care doctors oppose full repeal of the Affordable Care Act, according to a perspective piece published online Jan. 25 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Strategies Presented for Addressing Uncompensated Time

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Strategies can be employed to help physicians deal with the increasing burden of uncompensated tasks, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Satisfactory Overall Success Rate for Catheter Ablation in A-Fib

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The overall success rate of catheter ablation in atrial fibrillation is satisfactory, but the complication rate remains considerable and a significant portion of patients remain on antiarrhythmic drugs, according to a report published online Jan. 18 in the European Heart Journal.

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Continuous Glucose Monitoring Ups Control in T1DM Patients

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A continuous glucose monitor (CGM) helps patients with type 1 diabetes better manage their blood glucose levels, according to two studies published in the Jan. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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USPSTF: Not Enough Evidence to Screen for OSA in Asymptomatic

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults without any known signs or symptoms of the condition, according to a U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation published in the Jan. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Diabetes Requiring Insulin Tied to Increased Stroke Risk in A-Fib

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), diabetes requiring insulin, but not diabetes without insulin treatment, is associated with an increased risk of stroke/systemic embolism, according to a study published in the Jan. 31 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Obesity Not Linked to Low Back Pain in Twin Study

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity-related measures are not associated with the risk of developing chronic low-back pain (LBP) after accounting for genetic factors, according to a study published in the February issue of The Spine Journal.

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Safety Profile of Red Yeast Rice Found Similar to Statins

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The cholesterol-lowering supplement red yeast rice could pose the same health risks to users as statin drugs, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Diabetes Care Compromised for Hispanics With Limited English

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hispanic-American type 2 diabetes patients who lack proficiency in English are much less likely than non-Hispanic patients to take newly prescribed diabetes medications as directed, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Catheter Safeguards at Hospitals Cut Bloodstream Infection Rates

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Improved catheter safety measures in hospitals significantly reduce bloodstream infections and health care costs, according to a review published recently in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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ACA Has Increased Coverage, Access for Chronically Ill Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of Americans with a chronic illness gained health insurance coverage after the Affordable Care Act went into effect in 2010, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Step Count Prescription Strategy Can Up Steps/Day

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A physician-delivered step count prescription strategy with an individualized rate of increase can result in an increase in step count/day, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Report Urges Pediatric Practices to Consider Consent by Proxy

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Issues relating to consent by proxy for non-urgent pediatric care should be considered, according to a report published online Jan. 23 in Pediatrics.

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GDM Found to Increase Risk for Postpartum Depression

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may increase a first-time mother's risk of postpartum depression, and a history of maternal depression along with GDM further increases that risk, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Depression and Anxiety.

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Cervical Cancer Mortality Higher Among Older, Black Women

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The number of women who die from cervical cancer in the United States may be higher than previously believed, and the risk is greatest among older and black women, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Cancer.

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Psoriasis Impacts QoL for Parents of Affected Children

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood psoriasis impacts parents' quality of life in multiple domains, especially their emotional well-being, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Exenatide, Pioglitazone Effective for Poorly Controlled T2DM

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with long-standing poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on metformin plus a sulfonylurea, combination therapy with exenatide and pioglitazone is effective and safe, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in Diabetes Care.

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Age Modifies Impact of Resting Heart Rate on Death, CV Events

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The effect of resting heart rate (RHR) on all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events varies with age, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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QI Initiative Cuts Health Care Use in Children With Epilepsy

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A quality improvement (QI) initiative can reduce emergency department and health care utilization for children with epilepsy, according to a report published online Jan. 20 in Pediatrics.

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Anti-Müllerian Hormone Predicts Menopause in Women With HIV

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For HIV-infected women, anti-müllerian hormone is associated with age of menopause onset, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Intervention Reduces Fear of Recurrence in Breast CA Survivors

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For breast cancer survivors, the Attention and Interpretation Modification for Fear of Breast Cancer Recurrence (AIM-FBCR) intervention shows promise for reducing fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), according to a study published online Jan. 5 in Cancer.

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Too Few Patients With Severe Mental Illness Get HIV Test

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with severe mental illness are only slightly more likely to be screened for HIV than those in the general population, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in Psychiatric Services.

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FDA Approves Trulance for Chronic Idiopathic Constipation

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Trulance (plecanatide) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat persistent idiopathic constipation in adults.

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Obesity Underrepresented in Medical Licensing Exams

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The most important concepts of obesity prevention and treatment are not adequately represented on the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step examinations, according to a study published recently in Teaching and Learning in Medicine.

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Cognitive Training Can Positively Affect Perception of Tinnitus

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An internet-based program to improve mental acuity may help patients cope with tinnitus, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Hydrolyzed Cow's Milk Formula May Up Islet Autoimmunity

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of hydrolyzed cow's milk-based formula introduced during the first seven days is associated with increased risk of islet autoimmunity in infants at increased risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D), according to a study published online Jan. 17 in Diabetes Care.

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High SPF Sunscreen Offers Better Protection Than Beach Umbrella

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Sunscreen with a high sun protection factor offers better protection than a standard beach umbrella, although neither completely prevents sunburn, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Iatrogenic Cushing's Syndrome Described in 9-Year-Old Girl

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a case report published online Jan. 19 in Pediatrics, iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome (CS) is described in a 9-year-old girl who received topical ocular glucocorticoid (GC) treatment for bilateral iridocyclitis.

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Increased Risk of Obesity for Children With Asthma

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of developing obesity during childhood and adolescence is increased for children with asthma, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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17 Million U.S. Adults May Have Masked Hypertension

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Seventeen million American adults may have masked hypertension, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Genital HPV Prevalence Rate High Among Men in the United States

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of American men may be infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), and HPV vaccination coverage is low among vaccine-eligible men, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in JAMA Oncology.

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Grilled, Smoked Meats May Up Mortality Risk After Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Research has suggested that diets high in barbecued, grilled, and smoked meats could increase the risk of breast cancer. Now, a new study finds these cooking methods may also lower survival after a breast cancer diagnosis. The findings have been published online Jan. 4 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Sedentary Behavior May Lead to Shorter Telomeres in Women

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A sedentary lifestyle may accelerate biological aging, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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FDA, EPA Issue Guidance on Fish Consumption

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new U.S. government guideline classifies fish into three categories of safety to help pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, and parents of young children make healthy choices.

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Biomarkers, Clinical Risk Improve Prediction of Renal Function

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD), a set of nine molecular biomarkers together with clinical risk factors enhances prediction of renal function loss, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Sepsis Guidelines Improve Patient Care in ER

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of sepsis guidelines improves early assessment, recognition, and management of patients presenting to an emergency department with sepsis, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Effectiveness of One-Dose MenACWY-D Drops Over Time

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, the effectiveness of the one-dose meningococcal (groups A, C, W, and Y) polysaccharide diphtheria toxoid conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-D) decreases at three to less than eight years post-vaccination, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Pediatrics.

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Less Sitting Time Can Be Initial Step in Total Fitness Plan

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The reduction and interruption of sitting time can be an initial step in the development of a total physical activity plan for male patients, according to the conclusions of a report published in the December issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Survival Rates High for Older Patients With ICDs

THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Seniors who receive an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) have high survival rates, according to a study published in the Jan. 24 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Dementia May Be Exacerbated by Hospital-Related Delirium

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalization-related delirium may speed mental decline in patients with dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Brief Bouts of Exercise Can Reduce Inflammation

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Just 20 minutes of moderate exercise may reduce inflammation in the body, according to research published online recently in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.

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Number of Infants Born to Women Using Opioids Up Sharply

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Over a decade, there was a nearly five-fold increase in the number of infants born each year to American women who used opioids during the pregnancy, according to a new report prepared for the U.S. Congress by the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). There was also a dramatic rise in the number of infants born with a dependency on opioids.

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Neurodevelopment at Age 2 Not Worse After ART Conception

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive, motor, and language development at age 2 years is similar for children born after assisted reproductive technologies (ART) conception and natural conception, according to a study published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Breastfeeding Mothers Prefer to Supplement Their Own Vitamin D

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Breastfeeding mothers prefer supplementing themselves with vitamin D rather than supplementing their infants, according to research published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Delayed Clamping Reduces Anemia at 8, 12 Months of Age

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For infants at high risk of iron deficiency anemia, delayed umbilical cord clamping reduces anemia at 8 and 12 months of age, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Bariatric Sx May Help Prevent Incident Diabetic Retinopathy

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There are fewer cases of incident diabetic retinopathy among obese patients with type 2 diabetes undergoing bariatric surgery compared with medical treatment, according to a review and meta-analysis published online Jan. 13 in Obesity Reviews.

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Hypertension Onset After Age 80 May Protect Against Dementia

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Developing hypertension in very old age may provide some protection from dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

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Current Guidelines for Pediatric Tonsillectomies Questioned

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers evaluating evidence for tonsillectomy found that more children would receive significant short-term improvement in their daily life if the current guidelines were relaxed. The two reviews were published online Jan. 17 in Pediatrics.

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Physician Excess Charges Create Financial Burden for Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many doctors bill their private-paying patients two, three, even six times more than what Medicare pays for the same services, according to a research letter published in the Jan. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Current Asthma Ruled Out for One-in-Three Diagnosed Adults

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- About one-third of adults with a history of physician-diagnosed asthma within the past five years have no evidence of asthma, according to a study published in the Jan. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Syphilis Risk May Be Higher in HIV Patients on Antiretrovirals

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Men who have sex with men (MSM) receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) to treat HIV infection may be at increased risk for syphilis, according to research published online Jan. 16 in Sexually Transmitted Infections.

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Acupuncture Reduces Crying in Infants With Colic

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Acupuncture may be an effective treatment option for infantile colic, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in Acupuncture in Medicine.

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ACP, AAFP Raise BP Rx Threshold for Healthy Adults Over 60

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Two leading medical organizations are recommending a less aggressive target for the treatment of hypertension in adults 60 and older who are otherwise healthy. The new clinical practice guideline was published online Jan. 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Glyburide, Metformin Have Similar Effect in Gestational DM

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), glyburide and metformin are comparable in terms of glucose control and safety, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Interaction Between Antibiotics, Obesity Is Complex

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The interaction between antibiotics and human growth and obesity is explored in a historical perspective piece published in the Jan. 17 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Antiplatelets Cut Preterm Birth in Those at Risk for Preeclampsia

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among women at risk for preeclampsia, antiplatelet agents reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 and less than 34 weeks of gestation, according to a meta-analysis published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Interventions Don't Improve Osteoarthritis Outcomes

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patient- and provider-based interventions do not improve osteoarthritis outcomes, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Normal Vitamin D Intake Not Linked to Kidney Stone Risk

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There is no statistically significant correlation between typical vitamin D intake and incident kidney stones, according to a study published in the February issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Lower Inpatient Costs for Dabigatran, Rivaroxaban in A-Fib

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF), inpatient costs are lower with dabigatran and rivaroxaban than with warfarin, according to a letter published online in the Jan. 24 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Carbapenem-Resistant Bacteria More Problematic Than Thought

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is more widespread in U.S. hospitals than previously thought and needs to be more closely monitored, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Health, Economic Impact of CVD Preventive Services Varies

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The health and economic impact of three cardiovascular disease (CVD) preventive services varies with demographic characteristics and clinical objectives, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Caffeine Found to Reduce Age-Related Inflammation

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Caffeine may help reduce the type of inflammation that's linked to cardiovascular disease risk factors, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in Nature Medicine.

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Rate of Genitourinary Injuries Up Among U.S. Service Men

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A total of 1,367 male U.S. service members deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom sustained genitourinary injury, according to a study published in the February issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Tied to Poor School Performance

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) may be more likely to perform poorly in school, according to a new study published online Jan. 16 in Pediatrics.

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Patient Perception of Provider Concern Impacts Satisfaction

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic pain receiving opioids, provider satisfaction is not associated with functional outcomes; however, patient perception of provider concern impacts perceived satisfaction, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in Pain Practice.

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Educational Methods Have Improved Bowel Prep Compliance

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Recently developed educational methods have improved patient compliance with bowel preparation for colonoscopy, according to a review published online Jan. 5 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

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Risk of Post-Op Infections Up in Overweight, Obese Children

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obese children seem to be more likely than others to develop postoperative surgical site infections, according to a study published recently in Surgical Infections.

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Mortality Risk in T2DM Increased With Depression and/or Anxiety

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with type 2 diabetes, anxiety symptoms affect mortality risk, independently of depression symptoms, and attenuate the excess mortality associated with depression, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Short Interval After Pregnancy Termination Ups Preterm Risk

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A short interpregnancy interval after termination of pregnancy is associated with increased risk of preterm birth in subsequent birth, according to a study published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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BNP, Gal-3 Levels Predict 60-Day Readmission in Heart Failure

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), measurement of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and galectin-3 (Gal-3) before discharge can predict hospital readmission within 60 days, according to a study published in the Feb. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Video Intervention Persuasive for Screening Recommendations

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A novel video intervention can alter the screening intentions of a target audience, in line with evidence-based recommendations, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Artificial Sweetener Use Up in U.S. Children in Recent Years

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of foods and beverages with low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) such as aspartame, sucralose, and saccharin rose 200 percent among children between 1999 and 2012, while their use rose 54 percent among adults, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

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Guidance Provided for Introduction of Foods to Infants

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a position paper published in the January issue of the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, guidance is presented in relation to complementary foods and their introduction into an infant's diet.

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Pace of Influenza Activity Picking Up Across the United States

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The pace of flu activity continues to quicken across the United States, and probably hasn't peaked yet, according to an assessment by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Allergy Diary Phone App Classifies Phenotypes in Rhinitis

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Allergy Diary phone app can identify phenotypic differences between rhinitis groups, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in Allergy.

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Tapeworm From Asian Waters Identified in Alaskan Salmon

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A tapeworm known to infect salmon from the Asian Pacific is also present in fish from U.S. waters, according to research published in the February issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Use of Ethanol Cookstoves Can Lower BP, Reduce HTN

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of ethanol cookstoves is associated with a reduction in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and hypertension for pregnant women in Nigeria, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Effect of Providing Price Info Varies for Type of Clinician

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The effect of price information varies for pediatric- and adult-focused clinicians, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in Pediatrics.

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Tobacco Counseling for Youth, Adults Cuts Smoking Prevalence

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Tobacco counseling for youth or adults can reduce the prevalence of smoking cigarettes during adult years, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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More Education Needed for Clinicians on Transgender Health

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More education relating


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