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Category: Psychiatry | Monthly Briefing

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January 2017 Briefing - Psychiatry

Last Updated: February 01, 2017.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for January 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

MRI May Help ID Suicide Risk in Young Bipolar Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder, those who attempt suicide show reduced volume and activity in areas of the brain that regulate emotion and impulses, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Mentally Stimulating Tasks May Lower Risk of MCI in Older Adults

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Activities that keep the brain busy -- using a computer, crafting, playing games, and participating in social activities -- appear to lower the risk of age-related mental decline in individuals 70 and older, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in JAMA Neurology.

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Guidelines Developed for Use of Growth Hormone in Children

TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of growth hormone (GH) in children and adolescents should be considered carefully, with assessment of the risks and benefits necessary for each patient, according to guidelines published in the January issue of Hormone Research in Paediatrics.

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Mediterranean Diet May Help Lower ADHD Risk

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children who follow a Mediterranean diet may be less likely to have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online Jan. 30 in Pediatrics.

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Chronic Bullying Has Detrimental Effect on Academic Performance

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic bullying can have a negative impact on children's grades, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in the Journal of Educational Psychology.

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Father Involvement Lacking in Pediatric Obesity Programs

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Fathers are not adequately engaged in pediatric obesity treatment or prevention programs with parent involvement, according to a review published online Jan. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Pre-Transplant Depression May Impair Post-HCT Outcomes

MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For adult patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), pre-transplant depression is associated with worse post-transplantation outcomes, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in Cancer.

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Microbiota Transfer Therapy Could Help Children With Autism

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new approach to alter the gut microbiome and virome may be an effective treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to research published online Jan. 23 in Microbiome.

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Nephrologists Often Don't Treat Depression in Dialysis Patients

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Depression is common among kidney failure patients undergoing dialysis, but efforts to get them on antidepressants often fail, according to research published online Jan. 26 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Unusual Amnestic Syndrome Seen With Opioid Abuse

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term memory loss may be yet another price of America's opioid addiction epidemic, according to a report published in the Jan. 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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U.S. Children Make Over 6 Million Office Visits/Year for ADHD

FRIDAY, Jan. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An average 6.1 million physician visits in 2012 to 2013 were made by children aged 4 to 17 with a primary diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a January data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Anxiety, Depression May Up Mortality Risk for Some Cancers

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Anxiety and depression may increase the risk of death from certain cancers, according to research published online Jan. 25 in The BMJ.

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Low Levels of Brain Stimulation May Lessen Bulimia Symptoms

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Electrical stimulation of the brain may temporarily ease the symptoms of bulimia nervosa, according to research published online Jan. 25 in PLOS ONE.

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Mindfulness-Based Class Aids Generalized Anxiety Disorder

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) class can reduce stress markers, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in Psychiatry Research.

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Most PCPs Oppose Complete Repeal of the Affordable Care Act

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A majority of primary care doctors oppose full repeal of the Affordable Care Act, according to a perspective piece published online Jan. 25 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Strategies Presented for Addressing Uncompensated Time

THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Strategies can be employed to help physicians deal with the increasing burden of uncompensated tasks, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Gene May ID Patients Needing Higher Doses of Methadone

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A genetic variant associated with opioid addiction may lead to personalized treatment for the condition, according to research published online Jan. 24 in Molecular Psychiatry.

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GDM Found to Increase Risk for Postpartum Depression

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may increase a first-time mother's risk of postpartum depression, and a history of maternal depression along with GDM further increases that risk, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Depression and Anxiety.

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Psoriasis Impacts QoL for Parents of Affected Children

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood psoriasis impacts parents' quality of life in multiple domains, especially their emotional well-being, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Intervention Reduces Fear of Recurrence in Breast CA Survivors

MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For breast cancer survivors, the Attention and Interpretation Modification for Fear of Breast Cancer Recurrence (AIM-FBCR) intervention shows promise for reducing fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), according to a study published online Jan. 5 in Cancer.

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Obesity Underrepresented in Medical Licensing Exams

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The most important concepts of obesity prevention and treatment are not adequately represented on the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step examinations, according to a study published recently in Teaching and Learning in Medicine.

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Too Few Patients With Severe Mental Illness Get HIV Test

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with severe mental illness are only slightly more likely to be screened for HIV than those in the general population, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in Psychiatric Services.

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Cognitive Training Can Positively Affect Perception of Tinnitus

FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An internet-based program to improve mental acuity may help patients cope with tinnitus, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Oxytocin Ups Feeding, Social Skills in Infants With Prader-Willi

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For infants with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), oxytocin (OXT) administration is associated with improvement in feeding and social skills, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Pediatrics.

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Dementia May Be Exacerbated by Hospital-Related Delirium

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalization-related delirium may speed mental decline in patients with dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Body Dysmorphic Disorder Often Missed by Plastic Surgeons

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly one in 10 patients seeking facial plastic surgery suffers from body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but doctors often don't spot the problem, according to research published online recently in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

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Hypertension Onset After Age 80 May Protect Against Dementia

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Developing hypertension in very old age may provide some protection from dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

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Physician Excess Charges Create Financial Burden for Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many doctors bill their private-paying patients two, three, even six times more than what Medicare pays for the same services, according to a research letter published in the Jan. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Tied to Poor School Performance

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) may be more likely to perform poorly in school, according to a new study published online Jan. 16 in Pediatrics.

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Mortality Risk in T2DM Increased With Depression and/or Anxiety

MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with type 2 diabetes, anxiety symptoms affect mortality risk, independently of depression symptoms, and attenuate the excess mortality associated with depression, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Concussions May Accelerate Alzheimer's Disease Progression

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Concussions may be associated with accelerated cortical thickness and memory decline in Alzheimer's disease-relevant areas, according to a study published online Jan. 12 in Brain.

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Cognitive Stress Reduces Levodopa Effect in Parkinson's

FRIDAY, Jan. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive co-activation is associated with a significantly smaller levodopa effect on resting tremor in Parkinson's disease (PD), according to a study published online Jan. 10 in CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics.

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Heightened Activity in Amygdala Associated With CVD Events

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Heightened activity in a key part of the brain may explain why stress increase the odds for cardiovascular events, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in The Lancet.

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New Comprehensive Report Looks at Benefits, Harms of Cannabis

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Current medical science has proven there are legitimate medical uses for marijuana and cannabis-derived drugs, according to a new report -- The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids -- published Jan. 12 by the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

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No Cognitive Benefit for Long-Term Lifestyle Intervention

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For overweight and obese adults with diabetes mellitus, a long-term intensive lifestyle intervention does not offer cognitive benefits, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Increase Noted in Mindfulness Practices From 2002 to 2012

THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of specific mindfulness practices has increased in recent years, with variation in rates of engagement among worker groups, according to a report published in the Jan. 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Excessive FDA Regulation Driving High Drug Prices

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The excessive regulatory regime at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is an important driver of high drug prices, and should be curbed to introduce more competition and lower prices, according to a report published online Jan. 5 by the National Center for Policy Analysis.

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Tobacco Control Plays Key Role in Saving Both Lives and Dollars

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking kills about six million people a year, and costs the world more than $1 trillion a year in health care expenses and lost productivity, but billions of dollars and millions of lives could be saved through higher tobacco prices and taxes, according to a report from the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Cancer Institute.

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Yoga Intervention Feasible for Improving QoL in Pediatric Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A pilot yoga intervention is feasible for improving pediatric cancer patients' and parents' quality of life, according to research published in the January issue of Rehabilitation Oncology.

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Physical Activity Predicts Depression in Middle Childhood

TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Higher moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) at age 6 and 8 years predicts fewer symptoms of major depression two years later, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Pediatrics.

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Intense Aerobic Exercise Can Cut Behavioral Issues in School

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children with behavioral disorders might fare better at school if they get some exercise during the day, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Pediatrics.

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Panic Disorder May Up Odds of Depression Rx Side Effects

MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic depression, comorbid panic disorder is associated with increased likelihood of side effects during treatment, according to a study published online Jan. 3 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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Fibromyalgia Symptoms Improve With CoQ10 Supplementation

FRIDAY, Jan. 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with fibromyalgia (FM), coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation is associated with improvement in clinical symptoms, according to a letter to the editor published online Jan. 4 in CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics.

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Dementia Risk Up for Those Living Near Major Roads

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- People who live relatively close to busy traffic have a slightly higher risk for dementia, according to research published online Jan. 4 in The Lancet.

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Further Evidence Mediterranean Diet Ups Brain Health in Seniors

THURSDAY, Jan. 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The heart-healthy Mediterranean diet may also help preserve brain health in older adults, according to research published online Jan. 4 in Neurology.

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Skin Diseases Have Large Impact on Patients' Well-Being

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 4, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Skin diseases affect quality of life differently across distinct aspects of the EuroQoL five dimension questionnaire (EQ5D), according to a study published online Dec. 29 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Gunshot Violence Transmitted Through Social Networks

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Social contagion accounts for a considerable proportion of gunshot violence episodes, according to a study published online Jan. 3 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Caregiver Phone Support Ups Use of Community Resources

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A telephone-delivered psychosocial intervention for dementia caregivers increases use of community resources and reduces caregiver use of hospital-based health care resources, according to a study published online Dec. 23 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Maternal, Paternal Obesity Tied to Childhood Development Delays

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal and paternal obesity are associated with delays in early childhood development, according to a study published online Jan. 2 in Pediatrics.

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More Cognitive Difficulties for Patients After Chemotherapy

TUESDAY, Jan. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with non-cancer controls, patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy have more cognitive difficulties up to six months after treatment, according to a study published online Dec. 28 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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