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February 2017 Briefing - Radiology

Last Updated: March 01, 2017.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for February 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Strategies Suggested to Protect Practices From Hackers

TUESDAY, Feb. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Steps should be taken to protect medical practices, including small practices, from hackers, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Both Detection, False-Positives Up With Digital Mammograms

TUESDAY, Feb. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Digital imaging has improved diagnostic capability of mammograms but the percentage of false-positives is up, too, according to a study published online Feb. 28 in Radiology.

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Use of Appropriate Use Criteria for Imaging Set to Increase

TUESDAY, Feb. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of appropriate use criteria (AUC) is likely to increase with the anticipated implementation of the Protecting Access to Medicare Act (PAMA), according to an ideas and opinions piece published online Feb. 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Physician Burnout Eroding Sense of Calling

TUESDAY, Feb. 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For physicians across specialties, burnout is associated with reduced odds of a sense of calling, according to a study published online Feb. 8 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Supreme Court Rules Patient Safety Data Subject to Litigation

MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Supreme Court of Florida has reversed a District Court of Appeal decision deeming information related to patient safety unprotected from litigation discovery, according to a report published from the American Medical Association.

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Adherence to Clinical Decision Support Ups Odds of Acute PE ID

MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) in the emergency department, adherence to evidence-based clinical decision support (CDS) for ordering computed tomographic (CT) pulmonary angiography is associated with increased odds of an acute PE finding, according to research published in the March issue of Radiology.

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Depressed Psoriasis Patients at Higher Risk of Psoriatic Arthritis

MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with psoriasis who also have major depressive disorder may face a much higher risk for psoriatic arthritis, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology.

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Cyberattacks Remain Serious Threat to Health Providers

THURSDAY, Feb. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cyberattacks remain a serious threat to small providers as well as big institutions, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Targeting of Tracked Tumor Foci Ups Gleason Score Upgrading

THURSDAY, Feb. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Targeting of tracked tumor foci allows for improved detection of Gleason score 4 + 3 or greater cancers among men under active surveillance for prostate cancer, according to a study published in the March issue of The Journal of Urology.

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MRI Can Be Safe for Patients With Older Pacemakers, ICDs

THURSDAY, Feb. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices not designed to be magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-compatible can safely receive MRI, when a specific protocol is followed, according to a study published in the Feb. 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Supplemental MRI Improves Detection of Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, Feb. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Supplemental breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging screening improves detection of breast cancer in women with average risk, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in Radiology.

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Health Information Theft a Pressing Concern for U.S. Patients

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Forty-four percent of U.S. adults are worried about having their personal health care information stolen, according to findings from the Xerox eHealth Survey published Feb. 9 in HIT Consultant.

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Ultrasound OK As Initial Imaging for ID of Nephrolithiasis in ER

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 22, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of ultrasonography as initial imaging for suspected nephrolithiasis in the emergency department may encourage less computerized tomography, according to a study published in the March issue of The Journal of Urology.

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CMS Rule Set to Stabilize Small Health Insurance Markets

TUESDAY, Feb. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has proposed a rule in relation to new reforms intended to stabilize individual and small group health insurance markets for 2018.

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Exercise Most Important Lifestyle Change for Breast CA Survivors

TUESDAY, Feb. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For breast cancer survivors, exercise may help lower their mortality risk more than other healthy habits, according to a review published in the Feb. 21 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Furosemide + Matched Hydration Cuts Contrast-Induced AKI

TUESDAY, Feb. 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For high-risk patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention or transcatheter aortic valve replacement, furosemide with matched hydration via the RenalGuard system may reduce the incidence of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI), according to a meta-analysis published in the Feb. 27 issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Delayed Development ID'd in Five Brain Regions of ADHD Patients

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with the delayed development of five brain regions and should be considered a brain disorder, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Health Care Spending Expected to Grow 5.6% Annually to 2025

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Health care spending is expected to grow at an average annual rate of 5.6 percent from 2016 to 2025, according to a report published online Feb. 15 in Health Affairs.

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MRI Can Identify Early Signs of ASD in High-Risk Infants

THURSDAY, Feb. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- By using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate size, surface area, and thickness of the cerebral cortex as an infant reaches the 6-month and 12-month marks, it may be possible to predict autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk with 90 percent accuracy, according to research published online Feb. 15 in Nature.

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Patient Knowledge of Radiation Involved in Spinal Imaging Poor

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients have a lack of understanding relating to radiation exposure associated with common spinal imaging modalities, according to a study published in the March issue of The Spine Journal.

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Smoking, T4 Tumors Up Distant Mets in HPV+ Oropharyngeal CA

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal cancer, active smokers and those with T4 tumors have increased rates of distant metastases, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in Head & Neck.

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Bariatric Embolization Feasible for Severely Obese

WEDNDESDAY, Feb. 15, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For severely obese patients, bariatric embolization is feasible and seems to be well tolerated, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in Radiology.

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AHA: CVD Expected to Cost U.S. $1.1 Trillion Per Year by 2035

TUESDAY, Feb. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing in the United States, with costs expected to double from $555 billion in 2016 to $1.1 trillion in 2035, a new American Heart Association report estimates.

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Ultrasound IDs Disease Activity in Rheumatoid Arthritis

TUESDAY, Feb. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A 12-joint ultrasound (US) evaluation is relevant in determining disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis patients, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Researchers Urge Radiotherapy for All Patients With Bone Mets

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with bone metastases, those responding to radiotherapy experience greater pain reduction and better quality of life (QOL) at day 10 after radiotherapy, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in JAMA Oncology.

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Total Retinal Blood Flow Lower in Diabetic Macular Edema

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Total retinal blood flow (TRBF) is significantly lower in eyes of patients with diabetic macular edema (DME), according to a study published online Feb. 9 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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RT Dose Main Risk for Radiation-Induced Optic Neuropathy

MONDAY, Feb. 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The main risk factor for developing radiation-induced optic neuropathy (RION) is radiation dose, with no indication of other significant risk factors, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Any Coronary Artery Calcium in Early Adulthood Ups CV Risk

THURSDAY, Feb. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) among younger adults, according to a study published online Feb. 8 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Lung Cancer Screening Rates Low Among Current, Former Smokers

FRIDAY, Feb. 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most current and former smokers in the United States don't get screened for lung cancer even though they're at increased risk for the disease, according to a research letter published online Feb. 2 in JAMA Oncology.

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Underuse, Misuse of Hormone Tx in Breast Cancer Still Occurring

THURSDAY, Feb. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) can reduce the likelihood that women diagnosed with certain breast cancers will experience a recurrence of their disease, but these treatments are still too seldom utilized, or used incorrectly, according to a study published online Feb. 2 in JAMA Oncology.

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Bicalutamide Improves Survival After Prostate Cancer Returns

THURSDAY, Feb. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- When prostate cancer recurs after surgery, treatment with both radiation and bicalutamide can extend some men's lives, according to a study published in the Feb. 2 issue of New England Journal of Medicine.

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Recommendations Updated for Diagnosis, Management of COPD

THURSDAY, Feb. 2, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations have been updated for diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to the Global Initiative for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) report published online Jan. 27 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Paracardial Fat Linked to Risk of CAC in Postmenopausal Women

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Paracardial adipose tissue may be a sign of developing cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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