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Many Children With Reported Penicillin Allergy Are Not Allergic

Last Updated: July 05, 2017.

Many children suspected of being allergic to penicillin actually aren't, according to a study published online July 3 in Pediatrics.

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many children suspected of being allergic to penicillin actually aren't, according to a study published online July 3 in Pediatrics.

David Vyles, D.O., an attending pediatric emergency medicine physician at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, and colleagues analyzed questionnaires from 597 parents of children aged 4 to 18 that described their child's reported allergy symptoms. The families came to an urban pediatric emergency department over a span of 19 months.

The researchers found that 302 of the children had previously experienced low-risk symptoms for penicillin allergy, including rash, vomiting, or diarrhea, according to parents. Of those, 100 children were tested for penicillin allergy using a standard, three-part testing process. All 100 children tested were found not to be allergic to penicillin and had the designation removed from their medical record.

"Our results suggest that low-risk symptoms of parent-reported penicillin allergy in the pediatric emergency department do not correspond to true allergy when evaluated by the standard three-tier testing process," the authors write. "Utilization of this questionnaire in the pediatric emergency department may facilitate increased use of first-line penicillin antibiotics."

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