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Category: Family Medicine | Monthly Briefing

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July 2017 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: August 01, 2017.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for July 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Research Supports Genetic Testing in Early Life Epilepsy

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Genetic investigation emphasizing sequencing tests should be incorporated into the routine initial evaluation of young children with epilepsy, according to a study published online July 31 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Sodium Intake >3.7 g/Day Linked to Adverse Cardiac Strain

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Estimated sodium intake (ESI) above 3.7 g/day is associated with left ventricular longitudinal strain (LS), circumferential strain, and e' velocity, according to a study published in the Aug. 8 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Google Searches for Suicide Up Post 13 Reasons Why Series

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- After the release of the controversial Netflix series 13 Reasons Why -- a show that depicts the suicide of a fictional teenager -- there were surges in the number of Google searches using the term "suicide," according to a research letter published online July 31 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Opioid-Related Fatal Car Crashes Up 7-Fold in Last Two Decades

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a seven-fold increase in the number of drivers killed in car crashes while under the influence of prescription opioids, according to a report published online July 20 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Single BMD, Fracture History Predict Long-Term Fracture Risk

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For older women, a single bone mineral density (BMD) measure and fracture history can predict long-term fracture risk, according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Review: Positive Link for Alcohol, Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol intake seems to be positively associated with basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), according to a review and meta-analysis published online July 28 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Cost-Effectiveness of Allergen Immunotherapy Evaluated

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) may be cost-effective for allergic rhinitis, and for venom allergy in high-risk subgroups, according to research published online July 18 in Allergy.

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Benefit for Generalist + Specialist Care in Complex Conditions

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes and compensated cirrhosis, those who visit both primary care providers (PCPs) and specialists have lower odds of experiencing decompensation and/or hospitalization compared with those visiting a PCP only, according to research published online July 26 in Diabetes Care.

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FDA Proposes Lowering Nicotine Levels in Cigarettes

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration plans to begin a public dialogue about reducing nicotine levels in combustible cigarettes to non-addictive levels through achievable product standards, agency officials said Friday.

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More Progress Needed for Hep C Elimination in Country of Georgia

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More interventions are needed to meet the target of hepatitis C virus (HCV) elimination, defined as a 90 percent reduction in prevalence by 2020, in the country of Georgia, according to research published in the July 28 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Outbreak of Septic Arthritis Described in New Jersey

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a report published in the July 28 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, details are presented of an outbreak of septic arthritis associated with intra-articular injections at a New Jersey outpatient practice.

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Increased Dementia Risk With Hearing Loss in Older Adults

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of dementia is increased for older adults with hearing loss, according to a study published online July 22 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Moderate Drinking May Be Protective Against Diabetes

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Pattern of alcohol consumption may play a role in risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 27 in Diabetologia.

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Switching to Generic Eye Meds Could Save Medicare Millions

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Prescribing generic drugs for seniors' eye problems could save the U.S. government hundreds of millions of dollars a year, according to a study published recently in Ophthalmology.

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Thyroid Cancer Tied to Regular Thyroxine Use in Hypothyroidism

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with primary hypothyroidism who are regular thyroxine users have increased risk of thyroid cancer, according to a study published online July 19 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Interval Training Cuts CVD Risk in Testicular Cancer Survivors

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For testicular cancer survivors (TCS), a high-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT) intervention improves cardiorespiratory fitness and reduces cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, according to a study published online July 14 in Cancer.

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Walnuts Up Insula Activation to Highly Desirable Food Cues

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term walnut consumption is associated with reduced feelings of hunger and appetite and increased activation of the right insula, according to a study published online July 17 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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ACOG: Opioid Agonist Rx First Choice in Affected Pregnancies

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- While opioid agonist pharmacotherapy continues to be the recommended therapy for pregnant women with an opioid use disorder, medically supervised withdrawal can be considered under the care of a physician experienced in perinatal addiction treatment and with informed consent, according to a committee opinion published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Light Therapy Shows Moderate Benefits for Cognitively Impaired

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For cognitively impaired individuals, light therapy has a moderate effect on behavioral disturbances (BDs) and depression, and a small effect on sleep quality, according to a meta-analysis published online July 22 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Variation in Management for Infants With GERD

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For infants with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), there is considerable variation in diagnostic testing and surgical utilization, according to a study published online July 28 in Pediatrics.

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Total, Saturated Fat Linked to Increased Risk of Lung Cancer

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High intake of total and saturated fat is associated with increased risk of lung cancer, according to research published online July 25 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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CRC Screen Up for Older Patients, Those Not in Labor Force

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Factors associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates at U.S. community health centers include age and insurance status, but not patient-provider communication, according to a study published online July 14 in Cancer.

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2016 Saw Increase in Number of Physicians Since 2010 Census

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Census reports have demonstrated an increase in the number of physicians and in the actively licensed U.S. physician-to-population ratio from 2010 to 2016, according to a study published in the Journal of Medical Regulation.

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Serum γ-Glutamyltransferase Linked to MetS in Children, Teens

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For children and adolescents, serum γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), according to a study published online July 25 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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U.S. Adolescents Exhibit Little Change in Hearing Loss

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Although more American adolescents are listening to music via earphones than ever before, rates of hearing loss have not increased, according to a study published online July 27 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Binge Drinking Down Among Young College Students

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- After years of increases in binge drinking among college students, rates have now dropped, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

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Morphine Effects Similar to Placebo in Rheumatoid Arthritis

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)/fibromyalgia (FM) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA), morphine has anti-hyperalgesic effects comparable to placebo, according to a study published online July 19 in PAIN Practice.

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Lack of Training Linked to Cancer Patient Caregiver Burden

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For caregivers providing care to cancer patients, lack of training is associated with increasing burden, according to a study published online July 20 in Cancer.

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New, Noninvasive Method May Help Determine Dementia Type

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Distinguishing Alzheimer's disease (AD) from frontotemporal dementia (FTD) may get easier using a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) approach, according to a study published online July 26 in Neurology.

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Mobile Health Intervention Ups Infant Safe Sleep Practices

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A mobile health intervention can improve adherence to infant safe sleep practices, according to a study published in the July 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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ACOG Issues Guidelines for Teen Contraception Counseling

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations for counseling adolescents about contraception are presented in a committee opinion published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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CVD Risk Factors May Be Altered in Transgender Adults

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors may be altered among transgender adults receiving cross-sex hormone therapy (CSHT), according to a review published online July 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Bariatric Surgery Delay Can Result in Worse Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Bariatric surgery at body mass index (BMI) less than 40 kg/m² tends to achieve better results, according to research published online July 26 in JAMA Surgery.

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New Alcohol Screening, Brief Intervention Manual Developed

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) has announced the development of a new alcohol screening and brief intervention manual for use in family medicine practices.

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AHA Hands-Only CPR Training Kiosks Available at More Airports

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training is now available at kiosks in three more major U.S. airports, bringing the total number to seven, according to a news release from the American Heart Association (AHA).

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SAMHSA: Opioid Abuse Up Among Older Adults

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- While opioid abuse has decreased among younger Americans, the same cannot be said for older adults, according to the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Financial Incentives Found to Up Colonoscopy Participation

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a study published recently in Gastroenterology, a cash incentive of $100 was tied to increased colorectal screening rates in eligible adults.

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Health Benefits of Healthy Lifestyle Quantified in U.S.

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For people age 50 years and older, having a favorable behavioral profile is associated with increased life expectancy and delayed onset of disability compared with the whole U.S. population, according to a study published online July 19 in Health Affairs.

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Infection Is Most Common Complication of Prostate Biopsy

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The most common complication of prostate biopsy is infection, with mild bleeding also reported, according to an update of the American Urological Association White Paper published in the August issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Case Highlights Polygenic Risk in Severe Hypertriglyceridemia

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Polygenic risk can mimic major monogenic mutation in severe hypertriglyceridemia, according to a case report published online July 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Intergenerational Recurrence of Retained Placenta Observed

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Intergenerational recurrence of retained placenta is seen on the maternal and paternal side, according to a study published online July 21 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Left Ventricular Mass Index Predicts All-Cause Mortality

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Left ventricular (LV) mass index independently predicts all-cause mortality and the need for revascularization in patients undergoing invasive coronary angiography, according to a study published online July 19 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Many With Cancer Hospitalized, Undergo Imaging at End of Life

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- About half of cancer patients are hospitalized and undergo at least one imaging scan at the end of life, according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of Oncology Practice.

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Penile Microbiome May Be Risk Factor for HIV in Men

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The microbiome of the area on the penis located under the foreskin in uncircumcised straight men has been linked to increased risk for contracting HIV, according to a study published in the July 25 issue of mBio.

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Survey Reveals Prediabetes Knowledge Gaps in Primary Care

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most primary care physicians (PCPs) can't identify all 11 risk factors for prediabetes, according to a study published online July 20 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Guidelines Developed for Art Therapy for Children With ASD

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines have been developed for the use of art therapy in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study published in the July issue of The Arts in Psychotherapy.

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Nearly All Donated Brains From NFL Players Show CTE

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Ninety-nine percent of former National Football League (NFL) players who donated their brain to science were found to have chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), according to a case series published in the July 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Greater Engagement for Patients Who Read Visit Notes

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Greater engagement is reported by patients who read notes and submit feedback, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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Food Allergy Can Be Easily Misdiagnosed in Children

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many people misunderstand what food allergies are, and even doctors can be confused about how to best diagnose them, according to a National Academies consensus report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published online July 24 in Pediatrics.

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Obesity in Teens Ups Colon, Rectal Cancer Risk in Adulthood

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity even in adolescence may raise the odds for colon and rectal cancers in adulthood, according to research published online July 24 in Cancer.

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Continuing Statin After Adverse Rx Tied to Lower Cardiac Risk

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with an adverse reaction to a statin, continued statin prescriptions are associated with lower incidence of cardiovascular events and death, according to a study published online July 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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No Need for Obese Patients to Lose Weight Before THR, TKR

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Obese patients don't need to lose weight before undergoing knee or hip replacement surgery, according to a study published online July 19 in the The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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ADHD Rx Associated With a Lower Risk for Alcohol, Drug Abuse

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Teens and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have a lower risk of developing an alcohol or drug problem if they take medications to treat their ADHD, according to a study published online recently in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Fasting Plasma Glucose, HbA1c Linked to Alzheimer's in T2DM

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) visit-to-visit variation, represented by the coefficient of variation (CV), and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) CV are independently associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to a study published online July 13 in Diabetes Care.

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Health, Economic Costs High for Measles Vaccine Hesitancy

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Even small declines in vaccine coverage can reduce the herd immunity effect, according to a study published online July 24 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Many Americans Qualify As 'Overfat'

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Traditional measurements do not fully capture the high rates of "overfat" individuals in developed countries, according to a study published online July 24 in Frontiers in Public Health.

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Mortality, Second Stroke Risk Up for Initially Stable Survivors

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Risk of a second stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) remains considerable for at least five years after the first event, according to a study published online July 24 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Average Increase in Physician Compensation 2.9% in 2016

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The AMGA 2017 Medical Group Compensation and Productivity Survey reports that 77 percent of physician specialties experienced increases in compensation in 2016, with an overall weighted average increase of 2.9 percent.

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Provider-, Site-Level Factors Linked to Testosterone Receipt

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Provider- and site-level factors, including experience, specialty, and site location, are associated with testosterone prescribing, according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

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More Than Half of Murdered U.S. Women Killed by Partners, Exes

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Most women murdered in the United States die at the hands of a current or former intimate partner, according to research published in the July 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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High-Dose Flu Vaccine Cuts Admissions From Nursing Homes

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High-dose influenza vaccination can reduce risk of respiratory-related hospitalization among nursing home residents aged 65 years and older, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

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Lasting Damage After Monolateral Acute Primary Angle Closure

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Significantly greater structural and functional damage occurs in eyes with monolateral acute primary angle closure (APAC) compared with fellow eyes, and more than half of fellow eyes develop chronic angle closure glaucoma (CACG), according to research published online July 19 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.

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Prevalence of Vertebral Fracture Varies With Assessment Method

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of vertebral fracture varies for different methods of radiological assessment, according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Exercise Training Improves Left Ventricular Function in T1DM

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents with type 1 diabetes, a 20-week exercise training intervention is associated with improved aerobic capacity and stroke volume, according to a study published online July 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Longer Estrogen Exposure May Protect Against Depression

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women exposed to estrogen for longer periods of time during the reproductive years may have a lower risk of depression, according to a study published online July 17 in Menopause.

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Perceived Physical Activity Level Predicts Mortality

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Perceived physical activity is associated with mortality, even after adjustment for actual physical activity, according to a study published online July 20 in Health Psychology.

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AMA Module Offers Help for Adding Pharmacist to Practice

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new American Medical Association (AMA) education module has been developed to help embed clinical pharmacists within a medical practice.

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YAG Laser Vitreolysis Can Help Reduce Eye Floaters

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Laser treatment can effectively reduce symptomatic vitreous floaters, according to research published online July 20 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Educational Intervention Doesn't Up Hand, Stethoscope Hygiene

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An intervention including education is not associated with an increased rate of hand hygiene or stethoscope hygiene, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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Visceral/Subcutaneous Fat Ratio Predicts CVD in T2DM

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, the ratio of visceral fat area (VFA) to subcutaneous fat area (SFA) (V/S ratio) is predictive of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online July 7 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Pollutant Exposure May Lead to Multi-Generational Asthma Risk

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal exposure to diesel exhaust particles during pregnancy may increase susceptibility to allergic asthma in more than one generation of offspring, according to an experimental study published online recently in the American Journal of Physiology-Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology.

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Few Patients Receive Rx for Smoking Cessation Meds After MI

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Among older patients in community practice, the use of smoking cessation medications (SCMs) is low after myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published online July 19 in JAMA Cardiology.

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C-Section, GDM Rates Down With Maternal Lifestyle Interventions

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Healthful lifestyle interventions consistently reduce gestational weight gain across various subgroups of women and significantly lower the odds of cesarean section without adversely affecting offspring outcomes, according to a study published online July 19 in The BMJ.

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Antidepressants in Pregnancy May Contribute to Autism in Child

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In the long-standing debate over whether antidepressants are safe to take during pregnancy, a new study, published online July 19 in The BMJ, suggests that exposure to the drugs in the womb might increase a child's risk of autism.

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Aspirin Responsiveness Can Change After Bariatric Surgery

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The effects of aspirin on platelet inhibition may be more potent after bariatric surgery, according to a study published online July 14 in Cardiovascular Therapeutics.

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Capsaicin Nasal Spray Effective for Mixed Rhinitis Patients

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Capsaicin nasal spray is effective for mixed rhinitis (MR) patients, who have more than one major etiologic factor involved in the mucosal pathology, according to a study published online July 16 in Allergy.

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EHR-Based Prompt Ups Hepatitis C Screening for Baby Boomers

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of an electronic health record (EHR)-based prompt can improve hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening rates among baby boomers, according to a study published online July 17 in Hepatology.

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Earlier Menopause Independently Tied to Higher Risk of T2DM

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The earlier a woman begins menopause, the greater her risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 18 in Diabetologia.

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'Life's Simple 7' Adherence in 20s Tied to Better Brain Health Later

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- People with heart-healthy habits in their 20s tend to have larger, healthier brains in their 40s, according to a study published online July 19 in Neurology.

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Heart Failure Risk Rises As Weight Increases

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Even a little weight gain can increase risk of developing heart failure, according to a report published online July 19 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Improved Survival With Enhanced Prophylaxis Plus ART in HIV

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with advanced HIV who are initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART), enhanced antimicrobial prophylaxis is associated with reduced rates of death at 24 and 48 weeks, according to a study published in the July 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Chronic Disease Risk Rises With Even Slow, Steady Weight Gain

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Even a few extra pounds gained in early or middle adulthood can increase risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and hypertension, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: >100 Million Americans Have Diabetes or Prediabetes

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- As of 2015, 9.4 percent of the population -- 30.3 million -- had diabetes, and another 84.1 million had prediabetes, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Tuesday.

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Reduction of Opioid Dose May Improve Pain, Quality of Life

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Reductions in opioid dosing might improve pain and function, as well as boost quality of life, according to a report published online July 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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USPSTF: Ovarian Cancer Screen to Be Avoided for Most Women

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The potential harms of ovarian cancer screening outweigh the benefits, so only very specific groups of women should be screened for the disease, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) says in a draft recommendation.

Evidence Review
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Reducing Hospital Readmissions Doesn't Up Mortality Rates

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Reducing hospital readmission rates for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia didn't increase mortality rates, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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High-Dose Vitamin D No Help for Winter URIs in Children

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High doses of vitamin D don't protect children from upper respiratory tract infections in the winter, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Electronic Messaging Intervention Cuts Cardiovascular Risk in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a electronic messaging intervention is effective for reducing cardiovascular risk, according to a study published online July 12 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Rare Skin Manifestations Can Indicate Secondary Syphilis

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A rare case of secondary syphilis which primarily presented with multiple nodules on the scalp has been detailed in a case report published online July 17 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Distress Screening Tied to Fewer ER Visits for Cancer Patients

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to distress screening protocols by cancer programs is associated with lower rates of medical service utilization, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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High Court Rules Against Interstate Medical Liability

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Washington State high court has ruled against interstate medical liability, according to a report from the American Medical Association.

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NT-proBNP Improves Heart Failure Prediction in T2DM

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) improves prediction of heart failure, according to a study published online July 6 in Diabetes Care.

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Sunscreen Application Doesn't Provide Complete Body Cover

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Routine sunscreen application does not provide complete body coverage, according to a study published online July 12 in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science.

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Measles Outbreak Identified in Minnesota Is Ongoing

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An outbreak of measles has been identified in Minnesota, according to a report published in the July 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Hospitalists Have Role to Play in Mitigating Opioid Use Disorder

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalists have an important role to play in mitigating opioid use disorder (OUD), according to an article published online July 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Type of Plant-Based Diet Affects Risk of Coronary Heart Disease

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- While a plant-based diet can reduce risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), not all plant-based foods are equally healthy, and this distinction deserves more emphasis in dietary recommendations, according to a study published in the July 25 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Pregnancy-Related Mortality Ratio 17 Deaths Per 100,000

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The pregnancy-related mortality ratio was 17 deaths per 100,000 live births from 2011 to 2013, and the distribution of causes of death categories remained stable from 2006 to 2010, according to a study published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Risk of Heart, Respiratory Disease Up in 9/11 Survivors

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Rescue workers and survivors of the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center seem to have an increased risk for heart and lung diseases years later, according to findings published online July 17 in Injury Epidemiology.

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Infants With Potential Zika Exposure Should Have Eye Exam

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Infants exposed to the Zika virus in utero should have their eyes examined for possible virus-related abnormalities, according to research published online July 17 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Parents May Be Unclear on Teens' Vaccination Needs

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- New research from C.S. Mott Children's Hospital suggests that many American teens may not be getting recommended vaccinations because their parents are unaware of the need for them.

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Patient-Centered Communication Could Help Reduce Burnout

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Better patient-physician communication can improve care and reduce burnout, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Few Americans Aware of Possible Increased Risk This Tick Season

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have predicted an upswing in the tick population this summer, which could potentially mean more tick-borne infections, but few Americans are aware of this, a new HealthDay/Harris Poll shows.

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Maternal Uncontrolled Asthma Ups Risk of Asthma in Offspring

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Children whose mothers have uncontrolled asthma during pregnancy are at increased risk of developing the disease at a young age, according to a study published online July 13 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Empowerment Linked to HRQoL in Teen, Young Adult CA Survivors

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors, empowerment is independently associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL), according to research published online July 11 in Cancer.

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Organizational Changes Encouraged for Safer Prescribing

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Organizational changes are recommended by primary care physicians to support safer prescribing, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Female Physicians Found More Likely to Leave Rural Practice

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Factors associated with physician mobility include smaller population size and lower primary care physician supply, according to a study published online in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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~10 Percent Present to ER After Hysterectomy for Benign Disease

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 9.1 percent of women who undergo hysterectomy for benign disease present to the emergency department and are not readmitted to the hospital, according to research published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Opioids Often Overprescribed in Patients Undergoing Surgery

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing common elective procedures, opioids are often overprescribed, according to a study published online July 10 in the Annals of Surgery.

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Lifestyle Factors Predict Independent Aging in Older Men

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Lifestyle factors are associated with independent aging for men aged 85 years and older, according to a study published online July 7 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Long Working Hours May Increase Risk of Developing A-Fib

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Working long hours could increase risk of atrial fibrillation, according to a study published online July 13 in the European Heart Journal.

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Higher Inpatient Spending Tied to Better Outcomes

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Investing more in inpatient care relative to longer-term nursing facilities may help reduce mortality rates, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Health Economics.

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Sinus Symptoms Improve 10 Years After Quitting Smoking

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) can be reversed within 10 years after quitting smoking, according to a study published online July 12 in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

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Bismuth-Based Quad Tx Doesn't Top Levofloxacin Triple Tx

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with Helicobacter pylori infection, the addition of bismuth subcitrate to levofloxacin-based triple therapy is not associated with increased effectiveness, although there are no more side effects, according to a study published online June 23 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

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