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July 2017 Briefing - Infectious Disease

Last Updated: August 01, 2017.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for July 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

More Progress Needed for Hep C Elimination in Country of Georgia

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More interventions are needed to meet the target of hepatitis C virus (HCV) elimination, defined as a 90 percent reduction in prevalence by 2020, in the country of Georgia, according to research published in the July 28 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Outbreak of Septic Arthritis Described in New Jersey

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a report published in the July 28 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, details are presented of an outbreak of septic arthritis associated with intra-articular injections at a New Jersey outpatient practice.

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Respiratory Microbiome May Influence Inflammation in CF

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Reduced bacterial diversity in the upper and lower airways in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) is associated with use of prophylactic antibiotics and younger age at sampling, while less diversity in lavage samples is associated with lower inflammation, according to a study published online July 14 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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2016 Saw Increase in Number of Physicians Since 2010 Census

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Census reports have demonstrated an increase in the number of physicians and in the actively licensed U.S. physician-to-population ratio from 2010 to 2016, according to a study published in the Journal of Medical Regulation.

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House Dust Mites May Be Carriers for IgE Sensitization in Dermatitis

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), house dust mites (HDMs) may act as carriers for immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitization to microbial antigens, according to a study published online July 25 in Allergy.

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Penile Microbiome May Be Risk Factor for HIV in Men

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The microbiome of the area on the penis located under the foreskin in uncircumcised straight men has been linked to increased risk for contracting HIV, according to a study published in the July 25 issue of mBio.

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Infection Is Most Common Complication of Prostate Biopsy

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The most common complication of prostate biopsy is infection, with mild bleeding also reported, according to an update of the American Urological Association White Paper published in the August issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Greater Engagement for Patients Who Read Visit Notes

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Greater engagement is reported by patients who read notes and submit feedback, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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Noninvasive Oral Fluid-Based Immunoassay IDs Hepatitis E

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A noninvasive oral fluid-based immunoassay has high sensitivity and specificity for identifying recent and past hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection, according to a study published in the Journal of Immunological Methods.

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Average Increase in Physician Compensation 2.9% in 2016

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The AMGA 2017 Medical Group Compensation and Productivity Survey reports that 77 percent of physician specialties experienced increases in compensation in 2016, with an overall weighted average increase of 2.9 percent.

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Health, Economic Costs High for Measles Vaccine Hesitancy

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Even small declines in vaccine coverage can reduce the herd immunity effect, according to a study published online July 24 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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High-Dose Flu Vaccine Cuts Admissions From Nursing Homes

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- High-dose influenza vaccination can reduce risk of respiratory-related hospitalization among nursing home residents aged 65 years and older, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

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AMA Module Offers Help for Adding Pharmacist to Practice

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new American Medical Association (AMA) education module has been developed to help embed clinical pharmacists within a medical practice.

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Educational Intervention Doesn't Up Hand, Stethoscope Hygiene

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An intervention including education is not associated with an increased rate of hand hygiene or stethoscope hygiene, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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Improved Survival With Enhanced Prophylaxis Plus ART in HIV

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with advanced HIV who are initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART), enhanced antimicrobial prophylaxis is associated with reduced rates of death at 24 and 48 weeks, according to a study published in the July 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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EHR-Based Prompt Ups Hepatitis C Screening for Baby Boomers

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of an electronic health record (EHR)-based prompt can improve hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening rates among baby boomers, according to a study published online July 17 in Hepatology.

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Rare Skin Manifestations Can Indicate Secondary Syphilis

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A rare case of secondary syphilis which primarily presented with multiple nodules on the scalp has been detailed in a case report published online July 17 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Single-Dose PCV13 Immunogenic, Safe in Pediatric Oncology

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For pediatric and adolescent oncology patients, a single-dose 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) is safe and immunogenic, according to a study published online July 11 in Cancer.

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High Court Rules Against Interstate Medical Liability

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The Washington State high court has ruled against interstate medical liability, according to a report from the American Medical Association.

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Measles Outbreak Identified in Minnesota Is Ongoing

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- An outbreak of measles has been identified in Minnesota, according to a report published in the July 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Better Prognosis With Surgery for HPV-Linked Oropharyngeal SCC

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) have higher five-year overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) rates after surgery alone, according to a study published online July 10 in Head & Neck.

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Parents May Be Unclear on Teens' Vaccination Needs

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- New research from C.S. Mott Children's Hospital suggests that many American teens may not be getting recommended vaccinations because their parents are unaware of the need for them.

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Infants With Potential Zika Exposure Should Have Eye Exam

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Infants exposed to the Zika virus in utero should have their eyes examined for possible virus-related abnormalities, according to research published online July 17 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Patient-Centered Communication Could Help Reduce Burnout

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Better patient-physician communication can improve care and reduce burnout, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Few Americans Aware of Possible Increased Risk This Tick Season

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have predicted an upswing in the tick population this summer, which could potentially mean more tick-borne infections, but few Americans are aware of this, a new HealthDay/Harris Poll shows.

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Worse Outcomes for HIV Kidney Recipients on PI-Based ART

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For HIV-positive kidney transplantation (KT) recipients, outcomes are worse for those on a protease inhibitor (PI)-based versus non-PI-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen, according to a study published online July 11 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

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Sinus Symptoms Improve 10 Years After Quitting Smoking

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) can be reversed within 10 years after quitting smoking, according to a study published online July 12 in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

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Early Career Burnout Can Be Contagious Via Social Networks

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For early career teachers (ECTs), social network members' burnout levels are associated with increased burnout levels, according to a study published in the August issue of Teaching and Teacher Education.

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Bismuth-Based Quad Tx Doesn't Top Levofloxacin Triple Tx

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with Helicobacter pylori infection, the addition of bismuth subcitrate to levofloxacin-based triple therapy is not associated with increased effectiveness, although there are no more side effects, according to a study published online June 23 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

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Change to Cervical Screening Guidelines Impacted Chlamydia

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Changes to cervical cancer screening guidelines in Canada in 2012 correlated with reductions in chlamydia testing and decreases in reported incidence of chlamydia in females, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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New Vaccines Show Promise in Protecting Fetus From Zika

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Two experimental vaccines might help protect human fetuses against the Zika virus, according to a study published in the July 13 issue of Cell.

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Medicaid Enrollees Are Satisfied With Their Health Care

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Medicaid enrollees are largely satisfied with their health care, and most are able to access the care they need when they need it, according to a research letter published online July 10 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Meningitis After Vaccination in Eculizumab Recipients

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Meningococcal disease can occur in eculizumab recipients who have been vaccinated, according to research published in the July 7 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Clinical Decision Rules Accurately ID Rhinosinusitis

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Clinical decision rules can be used to diagnose acute rhinosinusitis and acute bacterial rhinosinusitis, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Reduced Rates of Gonorrhea Seen With Meningococcal B Vaccine

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A vaccine for gonorrhea may be one step closer to reality, according to a report published online July 10 in The Lancet.

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Health Service Use Unchanged From 1996-1997 to 2011-2012

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Utilization of health services was largely unchanged from 1996-1997 to 2011-2012, but expenditures increased, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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American Adults Without Health Insurance Rises by Two Million

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The number of American adults without health insurance has increased by about two million so far this year, according to a new Gallup-Sharecare Well-Being Index poll.

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Patients Are Often Recording Doctor's Visits

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients may be recording office visits, with or without permission, according to an opinion piece published online July 10 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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New Criteria Urged for Infection Diagnosis Among Seniors in ER

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency department physicians need new criteria for diagnosing infection among older adults, according to a study published online recently in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Subcirrhotic Liver Stiffness Cuts HCC Risk in Hepatitis B

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), achievement of subcirrhotic range of liver stiffness (sc-LS) with antiviral therapy (AVT) is associated with reduced risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to a study published online June 30 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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C. difficile Present in Many Public Sandboxes

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Clostridium difficile was present in nearly 53 percent of sandboxes tested in Spain, according to a report published online July 7 in Zoonoses and Public Health.

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Improved Glycemic Control With Eradication of Hepatitis C

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is associated with improved glycemic control and reduced antidiabetic medication use, according to a study published online June 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Market Competition Linked to Change in Generic Drug Prices

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Market competition levels are associated with changes in the price of generic drugs, according to a study published online July 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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AMA: Doctors Should Make Sure Their Online Info Is Accurate

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- In a technologically advanced society, physicians need to take advantage of the internet to reach patients and exercise caution in their online presence, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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From 2001 to 2012, Incidence of CDI, Multiply Recurrent CDI Up

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The annual incidence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and multiply recurrent CDI (mrCDI) increased from 2001 to 2012, according to a study published online July 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Herpes Zoster May Increase Risk of Myocardial Infarction, Stroke

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Herpes zoster (HZ) may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events, according to a research letter published in the July 11 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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No Evidence Probiotics Protect Infants Against Infections

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Probiotic supplements do not appear to lower infants' risk of infection in day care, according to research published online July 3 in Pediatrics.

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Many Children With Reported Penicillin Allergy Are Not Allergic

WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many children suspected of being allergic to penicillin actually aren't, according to a study published online July 3 in Pediatrics.

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