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Category: Family Medicine | Monthly Briefing

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January 2019 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: February 01, 2019.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Rising Temps May Up Burden of Congenital Heart Disease in U.S.

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Projected increases in maternal heat exposure may result in increased congenital heart defect (CHD) burden, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

FDA Approves First Generic Version of Advair for Asthma, COPD

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The first generic form of the Advair Diskus (fluticasone propionate and salmeterol inhalation powder) inhaler has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

More Information

AHA: Nearly Half of U.S. Adults Have Cardiovascular Disease

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is 48.0 percent in adults in the United States based on 2013 to 2016 data, according to a report published online Jan. 31 in Circulation.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

E-Cigarettes More Effective for Smoking Cessation

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic cigarettes are more effective for smoking cessation than nicotine replacement therapy, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial 1 (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial 2 (subscription or payment may be required)

Small Increase in HbA1c Seen With Switch to Human Insulin in T2DM

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Switching from analogue to human insulin is associated with a small increase in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, according to a study published in the Jan. 29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Meta-Analysis: Small Weight Increase Seen for Breakfast Eaters

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eating breakfast may not be a good strategy for weight loss, according to research published online Jan. 30 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Management of MS in Pregnancy Reviewed in U.K. Guideline

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- It is important to discuss family planning and pregnancy proactively in women of childbearing age who have multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a review published online Jan. 5 in Practical Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text

Symptom Combos Suggesting Laryngeal Cancer Identified

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- New symptom combinations that may indicate early symptoms of laryngeal cancer have been identified, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in the British Journal of General Practice.

Abstract/Full Text

More High-Value Care Associated With Receipt of Primary Care

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Receipt of primary care is associated with significantly more high-value care, slightly more low-value care, and a better health care experience, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Aerobic Exercise Tied to Better Cognition at All Ages

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Aerobic exercise contributes to brain health in individuals as young as 20 years, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA Receives an 'F' in Tobacco Prevention Report Card

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration was given an "F" in a new American Lung Association report card evaluating tobacco prevention programs.

CNN Article
State of Tobacco Control

Expanded Recall Announced for Ibuprofen Oral Suspension Drops

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An expanded recall of ibuprofen oral suspension drops that may contain higher-than-specified levels of ibuprofen that could harm infants' kidneys has been announced by Tris Pharma, Inc.

More Information

Undisturbed Maternal Sleep Tied to Higher Risk for Late Stillbirth

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Long periods of undisturbed sleep during pregnancy are associated with late stillbirth, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Birth.

Abstract/Full Text

No Asthma Benefit Seen With n3PUFA in Overweight Teens

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Omega-3 fatty acid (n3PUFA) supplements do not appear to improve asthma control in teens and young adults who are overweight or obese, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

More Severe Injuries Sustained at Jump Parks Versus Home Trampolines

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The proportion of fractures/dislocations, lower-extremity fractures, fractures in adults, and surgical interventions is higher for injuries associated with jump parks versus home trampolines, according to a study published in the Jan. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Avoiding Full-Blown Diabetes Cuts Cardiovascular Risk

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Midlife increases in fasting glucose (FG) with conversion to diabetes are associated with higher cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, according to research published online Jan. 7 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Large Insulin Price Hike to Be Investigated by U.S. Congress

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The soaring cost of insulin will be investigated as the U.S. Congress holds hearings into the high cost of prescription drugs, a lawmaker says.

AP News Article

1976 to 2016 Saw Drop in Firearm Ownership in Families

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1976 to 2016, there was a decrease in the proportion of families who had young children and owned firearms, although an increase was seen in the proportion who owned handguns, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Older Adults With Comorbidities Identified as Frequent ED Users

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- More than 5 percent of seniors visit emergency departments more than six times in one year, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

NOACs Recommended as First-Line Prevention of Stroke in A-Fib

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with atrial fibrillation, novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are recommended over warfarin to prevent stroke and weight loss is recommended for overweight and obese individuals, according to updated guidelines published online Jan. 28 in Circulation.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Intensive BP Treatment Does Not Reduce Dementia Risk

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Treating systolic blood pressure (BP) to a goal of less than 120 mm Hg rather than 140 mm Hg does not result in a significant reduction in the risk for probable dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Few Patients With Type 1 Diabetes Meeting HbA1c Goals

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Only one in five children and adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in the United States achieve American Diabetes Association (ADA) goals for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.

Abstract/Full Text

New Guidelines Introduced for Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Pregnancy

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) report, Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in Pregnancy Clinical Care Pathway, was published online Jan. 15 in Gastroenterology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Washington State Declares Health Emergency as Measles Spreads

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A statewide public health emergency was declared in Washington after a measles outbreak near Portland, Oregon, reached 31 cases on Friday. The outbreak in the Pacific Northwest is in what has been called an antivaccination "hot spot" in the United States, the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article

Screen Time Linked to Poorer Child Developmental Performance

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Screen time is associated with poorer performance on developmental screening tests among young children, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Financial Stress, Coronary Heart Disease Linked in African-Americans

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Financial stress may be associated with coronary heart disease among African-Americans, according to a study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Evidence Lacking for Benefit of Surgery for Vertebral Fractures

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Surgical procedures do not appear to provide significant benefit for patients with vertebral fractures (VF), according to a second American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Task Force report published in the January issue of the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Increase Seen in Multiple-Victim School-Related Homicide Rate

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- During 2009 through 2018, multiple-victim school-associated homicide rates increased significantly, while single-victim homicide rates remained stable from 1994 through 2016, according to research published in the Jan. 25 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Likelihood of Engaging in Choking Game Higher in Troubled Teens

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents with higher levels of conduct disorder symptoms and greater rates of depressive symptoms have increased odds of reporting participation in the choking game, in which pressure is applied to the carotid artery to temporarily limit blood flow and oxygen, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Gender Gap Seen in Accessing Alcohol Treatment With Cirrhosis

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women with alcohol-associated cirrhosis (AC) are less likely to receive alcohol use disorder (AUD) treatment than men with the disease even though such treatment is associated with improved outcomes at one year, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Bone Health in Older Adults Not Improved by High-Dose Vitamin D

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is little benefit for older adults taking high-dose vitamin D supplements to improve their bone strength and reduce the risk for falls, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Adverse Birth Outcomes Up With Medically Assisted Reproduction

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Children born by medically assisted reproduction have an increased risk for adverse birth outcomes; however, the increased risk appears to be attributable to other factors, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Machine Learning Methods Can Detect UTI in Dementia Patients

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Algorithms that combine Internet of Things (IoT) technologies and in-home sensory devices with machine learning techniques can be used to monitor the health and well-being of people with dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Lean Body Mass in Childhood Linked to Lung Function at 15

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Higher lean body mass during childhood and adolescence is associated with higher lung function at age 15 years for both sexes, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Psychopathology in Adulthood Up With Child Lead Exposure

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Higher childhood blood lead levels are associated with more psychopathology during the life course, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text

Home-Based Program Achieves Hypertension Control

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new home-based care delivery program can provide efficient and effective blood pressure (BP) control in individuals with hypertension, according to a study recently published in Clinical Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text

Report IDs Areas Lacking Good Practice in Health Tech Assessment

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In a report published in the January issue of Value in Health, an ISPOR--The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research working group indicates the lack of good practices in three areas of health technology assessment (HTA).

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

2003 to 2015 Saw Increase in Outpatient Benzodiazepine Use

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Outpatient benzodiazepine use increased from 2003 to 2015, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Many Teens Not Up to Date on HPV Vaccination

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many adolescents do not complete human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination before turning 13 or 15 years old, according to a report published online Jan. 17 in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Assessment Tools Aid Risk Planning at Nursing Homes

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Better use of risk assessment tools, like the Changes in Health and End-stage disease Signs and Symptoms (CHESS) score, can help nursing homes identify which new residents are at risk for hospitalization or death within the first 90 days after admission, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Measles Outbreak Prompts Public Emergency in Washington State

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An ongoing measles outbreak has led to a public health emergency being declared in Clark County, Washington.

CBS News Article

Fried Chicken, Fish Linked to All-Cause, Cardiovascular Death

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among postmenopausal women, fried food consumption, especially fried chicken and fish/shellfish, is associated with an increased risk for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Initiative Tied to Decreased Racial Inequity in Breastfeeding

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A hospital-based initiative in Southern states is associated with increases in breastfeeding rates among African-American infants, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Body Size, Physical Activity Could Impact Odds of Reaching 90

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Height, body mass index (BMI), and physical activity are associated with longevity, with correlations differing by sex, according to research published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

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BP >120/80 mm Hg Linked to Lower Gray Matter Volume

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In young adults, lower gray matter volume (GMV) is seen in individuals with blood pressure (BP) >120/80 mm Hg, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Neurology.

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Short Duration Between Dinner, Bed Has No Effect on HbA1c

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ensuring a short duration between dinner and bedtime has no effect on hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in middle-aged and older Japanese adults, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health.

Abstract/Full Text

Smoking Tied to Peripheral Artery Disease in African-Americans

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cigarette smoking is associated with measures of subclinical peripheral artery disease (PAD) in African-Americans, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Doctors Should Encourage Exercise in Patients With Diabetes, CV Disease

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians need to take an active role in prescribing specific exercise training in patients with both type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease, according to a position paper published online Jan. 14 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text

Insulin Price More Than Doubled in the United States

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Some Americans with type 1 diabetes have cut back on their insulin usage as the cost of the drug nearly doubled over a five-year period.

CBS News Article

Marketing of Opioids Linked to Increased OD Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Marketing of opioids to physicians is associated with increased mortality from opioid overdoses, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Meta-Analysis: Aspirin Linked to Lower Risk for CV Events in Primary Prevention

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals without cardiovascular disease, use of aspirin is associated with a reduced risk for cardiovascular events and an increased risk for major bleeding, according to a meta-analysis published in the Jan. 22 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Benzodiazepine, Opioid Co-Usage Up in the United States

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Concurrent use of benzodiazepine receptor modulators and opioids and of nonselective and selective benzodiazepine receptor modulators increased from 1999-2000 to 2013-2014, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in SLEEP.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Herd Protection Seen With 4-Valent HPV Vaccination

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2006 to 2017, there was a decrease in 4-valent vaccine-type human papillomavirus (HPV) detection among vaccinated and unvaccinated women, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Most Stroke Survivors ≥50 Years Report Complete Mental Health

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- More than two-thirds of stroke survivors aged 50 years or older report being in complete mental health (CMH), according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of Aging and Health.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Slight Hike in Prevalence of Gastroschisis Since 2006-2010

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Over time, the prevalence of gastroschisis has increased, with more babies born with gastroschisis in areas with high and medium versus low opioid prescription rates, according to research published in the Jan. 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Medical Cannabis Decisions Being Made by Users, Not Doctors

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients use medical cannabis without their mainstream health care provider's knowledge, and further, they self-adjust their pharmaceutical use in response to cannabis use, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.

Abstract/Full Text

FDA Chief Threatens to Halt E-Cigarette Sales

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Sales of electronic cigarettes could be halted if companies do not stop marketing the devices to youth, U.S. Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., warned.

NBC News Article

Poor Glycemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes Tied to Fracture Risk

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Poor glycemic control is associated with an increased risk for fracture in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) but not in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a study published online Jan. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Review Gives Guidance to Support Teens With Gender Dysphoria

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care providers are well positioned to provide critical support and personalized care for youth with gender dysphoria and their caregivers or families, according to a review published online Jan. 21 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Wearable Sensor Data Help ID Children With Internalizing Dx

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Wearable sensor data extracted from a fear induction task paired with machine learning can accurately identify young children with internalizing diagnosis, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: Opioid Prescribing Higher in Rural Versus Urban Areas

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of individuals prescribed an opioid is higher in rural than urban areas, according to research published in the Jan. 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Messages for Increasing Parental Confidence in HPV Vaccine ID'd

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Providing information on the benefits of vaccination, including cancer prevention, and avoiding expressing urgency to vaccinate can increase parent confidence in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Guidelines Developed for Managing Severe Atopic Dermatitis

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines have been developed for the management of severe atopic dermatitis (AD); the recommendations have been published as a clinical management review in the January issue of The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA Panel Has Tie Vote on New Type 1 Diabetes Drug

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel vote on whether to recommend approval of the first oral medication for type 1 diabetes ended in an 8-8 tie Thursday.

The New York Times Article

Trained Alert Dogs Can Detect Impending T1DM-Related Events

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Trained alert dogs can help patients with type 1 diabetes regulate their blood glucose levels, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Inappropriate Antibiotic Rx Common in Privately Insured

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of all outpatient antibiotic prescription fills by privately insured nonelderly adults and children in the United States are appropriate or potentially appropriate, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Radiographic Knee Osteoarthritis Tied to Increased Risk for Death

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Radiographic knee osteoarthritis (RKOA) is associated with an increased risk for mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, and renal diseases, but self-reported OA is not, according to a study published in the December issue of the International Journal of Epidemiology.

Abstract/ Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Mandated Neonatal Abstinence Reporting Helps Quantify Cases

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mandated neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) surveillance and reporting allows state health departments to quantify incidence and informs programs and services, according to research published in the Jan. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Antibiotics Often Inappropriately Prescribed for Bronchiolitis in ED

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most children younger than 2 years with bronchiolitis seen in U.S. emergency departments and prescribed antibiotics have no documented bacterial coinfection, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.

Abstract/Full Text

WHO: Vaccine Hesitancy a Major Global Health Threat

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccine hesitancy is among the top 10 health threats facing the world in 2019, the World Health Organization says.

Newsweek Article
More Information: WHO

FDA Down to 5 Weeks of Funding to Review New Drug Applications

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Due to the federal government shutdown, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has only about five weeks of funding left to review new drug applications, according to Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D.

CNN News Article

Asthma Undiagnosed in One in Five Urban Adolescents

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of undiagnosed asthma is 20.2 percent among urban adolescents, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in the Journal of Urban Health.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Hemochromatosis Mutation Linked to Other Morbidity

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- HFE p.C282Y homozygosity, the most common gene mutation causing hereditary hemochromatosis (type 1), is associated with other morbidity in men and women, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Achieving Healthy Diet From Sustainable Food Feasible

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Achieving a healthy diet from sustainable food systems is feasible but will require considerable shifts toward healthy dietary patterns, according to a report from the EAT-Lancet Commission published online Jan. 16 by The Lancet.

EAT-Lancet Commission (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Nerve Transfer Promising for Acute Flaccid Myelitis Patients

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Two patients diagnosed with acute flaccid myelitis and upper-extremity neuropathy who were treated with peripheral nerve transfer continue to demonstrate functional recovery at two years, according to a case series recently published in Pediatric Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Temporary Impairment in HRQOL After Teen Sports Concussion

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent sports-related concussion (SRC) is associated with temporary impairments in health-related quality of life (HRQOL), according to a study published online Jan. 15 in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Prevalence of Knee OA Lower With Menopausal Hormone Therapy

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women, the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis is lower with menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) use, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in Menopause.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Low-Income Women Lack Menstrual Hygiene Supplies

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many low-income women cannot afford menstrual hygiene supplies, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Adoption of Advanced Health IT Capabilities Inconsistent

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of advanced health information technology (HIT) capabilities is inconsistent across health care systems, with electronic health record (EHR) standardization being the strongest predictor of advanced capabilities, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Managed Care.

Abstract/Full Text

High Levels of Activity, Motor Ability Linked to Better Cognition

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In older adults, higher levels of total daily activity and better motor abilities are associated with better cognition, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Components of Ideal Cardio Health Cut Diabetes Risk

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with normal fasting glucose but not those with impaired fasting glucose (IFG), a higher number of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) components correlates with a lower risk for diabetes, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Diabetologia.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Intermittent Fasts Plus Energy Restriction Best for Weight Loss

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Intermittent fasting with restricted energy intake may provide better outcomes than daily continuous diet restriction for health and weight loss in obese women, according to a study published in the January issue of Obesity.

Abstract/Full Text

Replacing Sitting Time With Activity Lowers Mortality Risk

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Replacing prolonged sedentary bouts with physical activity reduces mortality risk, but no benefit is seen for replacement with short sedentary bouts, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Complications Higher Than Expected for Invasive Lung Tests

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of complications after invasive diagnostic procedures for lung abnormalities are higher in the community setting than in clinical trials, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Review Shares Best Practices for Evaluating Penicillin Allergy

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new review, published in the Jan. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, addresses best practices for the evaluation and management of reported penicillin allergies.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

USPSTF Recommends Risk-Reducing Meds for Breast Cancer

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends risk-reducing medications for women at high risk for breast cancer who are at low risk for adverse events, but medications are not recommended for routine use. These recommendations form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Jan. 15 by the task force.

Draft Recommendation Statement
Draft Evidence Review
Comment on Recommendation

Congo Ebola Outbreak Now Second Worst in History

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There have been 600 confirmed cases of Ebola and 347 confirmed deaths since early August in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, making this outbreak of the disease the second largest and second deadliest in history.

ABC News Article
More Information: CDC

FDA to Resume Inspections of Riskier Foods

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Routine inspections of riskier foods will resume as early as today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

AP News Article

Opioids Now More Deadly for Americans Than Traffic Accidents

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For the first time in history, Americans' risk for dying from an opioid overdose is higher than their risk for dying in a car accident, the National Safety Council reported Monday.

More Information
Injury Facts

Guideline Issued for Treatment of Mild/Moderate Ulcerative Colitis

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new clinical guideline from the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) published Dec. 18 in Gastroenterology focuses on the medical management of patients with mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis (UC).

Abstract/Full Text - Guideline (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract/Full Text - Technical Review (subscription or payment may be required)

American College of Physicians Releases 7th Edition of Ethics Manual

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ethical principles are discussed in an updated Ethics Manual, issued by the American College of Physicians (ACP) and published as a supplement to the Jan. 15 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

American College of Physicians Ethics Manual
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Young-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Tied to Increased Hospitalization Risk

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with young-onset type 2 diabetes (T2D; onset before age 40 years) have an increased hospitalization risk across their life span compared with those with usual-onset T2D, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Study Explores Influence of Genetics, Environment in Disease

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The influence of heritability and environmental factors has been identified for a large number of phenotypes, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in Nature Genetics.

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Recalling Positive Memories May Cut Depression Risk for Teens

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Recalling specific positive life experiences may build resilience and help lower vulnerability to depression among adolescents with a history of early-life stress, according to a research letter published online Jan. 14 in Nature Human Behaviour.

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Delayed Contraception Leads to Early Unwanted Pregnancy

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Delayed contraceptive initiation is associated with unwanted pregnancy within three months of sexual debut, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Pediatrics.

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Breast Cancer Incidence Up With Persistent Vasomotor Symptoms

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Postmenopausal women with persistent vasomotor symptoms (VMS) have an increased incidence of breast cancer, according to a study published online Dec. 28 in Menopause.

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800-662-HELP Underappreciated in Media, General Population

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration national helpline (800-662-HELP) seems to be underappreciated in the media and by the general population, according to a research letter published online Jan. 14 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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U.S. Doctor Released From Omaha Hospital After Ebola Monitoring

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An American doctor who was monitored for 21 days after possible Ebola exposure did not develop the deadly disease and has been released from the Nebraska Medicine-Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha, officials say.

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Investigational Cream Promising for Atopic Dermatitis

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Topical application of a transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily, member 1 (TRPV1) antagonist may be an effective and safe treatment for patients with mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis (AD), according to a phase IIb study published online Jan. 8 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Menopausal Hormone Tx Use Down Post-WHI Recommendations

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) recommendations for menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) use issued in 2002 have been widely adopted, according to a study published online Dec. 21 in Menopause.

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Postpartum New-Onset Mental Illness Risk Up With IBD

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk for new-onset psychiatric diagnosis in the postpartum period, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in Gut.

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Moderate Drinking Linked to Electroanatomic Changes in A-Fib

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with lower atrial voltage and conduction slowing in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Heart Rhythm.

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Expanding Pharmacist Practice Scope Could Reduce ED Overcrowding

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The introduction of emergency department- or community-based pharmacists with an expanded scope of practice may cut emergency department overcrowding, according to a study recently published in Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

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One in Five Back Pain Patients Experience Persistent Pain

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eighteen percent of patients with back pain experience a persistent trajectory, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Lack of Parent-Teen Agreement About Teen Suicidal Thoughts

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is a high prevalence of parental unawareness and adolescent denial of suicidal thoughts, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in Pediatrics.

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Number of Colorectal CA Deaths Projected to Rise Worldwide

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An overall rise in the number of colorectal cancer deaths worldwide is expected through 2035, according to a study recently published in the International Journal of Cancer.

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About Half of Young Patients Have Had Private Time With Doctors

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- About half of adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients report having had private time with a health care provider (HCP) and having spoken to an HCP about confidentiality, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Drug Overdose Death Rate Increasing Among Middle-Aged Women

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1999 to 2017, the drug overdose death rate increased 260 percent among women aged 30 to 64 years, according to research published in the Jan. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: Flu Cases Hit 7 Million in the United States

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The flu season is picking up steam, with about 7 million Americans having been struck by a strain of the flu virus, health officials said Friday.

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Use of Diabetes Monitoring Tests in Primary Care Suboptimal

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many primary care patients are not given tests recommended for monitoring diabetes, according to a study published in the December issue of Family Medicine and Community Health.

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High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- High intake of fiber is associated with a reduced risk for several noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), according to research published online Jan. 10 in the The Lancet.

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Statin Therapy Reduces Risk for Diabetic Retinopathy in T2DM

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For Taiwanese patients with type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia, statin therapy is associated with a reduced risk for diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Adverse Birth Outcomes Up for Women With H1N1 Flu in ICU

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women with 2009 H1N1 influenza admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) have an increased risk for adverse birth outcomes, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Birth Defects Research.

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Prices Still Explain High U.S. Health Care Spending

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The difference in health spending between the United States and other countries is still explained by health care prices, according to a study published in the January issue of Health Affairs.

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CDC: E. Coli Outbreak Linked to Romaine Lettuce Is Over

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The Escherichia coli outbreak linked to California-grown romaine lettuce appears to be over, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.

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U.S. Food Supply May Be at Risk Due to Government Shutdown

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Food inspections have declined due to the partial shutdown of the U.S. government, potentially putting the nation's food supply at risk.

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FDA: Chocolates, Candies May Be Contaminated With Hepatitis A

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A public health alert about possible hepatitis A contamination in Modjeskas from Bauer's Candies was announced Thursday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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E-Cigarette Aerosol Exposure Tied to Asthma Symptoms

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Secondhand exposure to electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) aerosols may be related to asthma symptoms in youth, according to a study published in the January issue of CHEST.

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Total Fertility Rates Vary by State

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable state-level variation in total fertility rates for each race and Hispanic-origin group, according to a study published Jan. 10 in National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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