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Category: Pediatrics | Monthly Briefing

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January 2019 Briefing - Pediatrics

Last Updated: February 01, 2019.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for January 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Rising Temps May Up Burden of Congenital Heart Disease in U.S.

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Projected increases in maternal heat exposure may result in increased congenital heart defect (CHD) burden, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

FDA Approves First Generic Version of Advair for Asthma, COPD

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The first generic form of the Advair Diskus (fluticasone propionate and salmeterol inhalation powder) inhaler has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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More High-Value Care Associated With Receipt of Primary Care

THURSDAY, Jan. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Receipt of primary care is associated with significantly more high-value care, slightly more low-value care, and a better health care experience, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

FDA Receives an 'F' in Tobacco Prevention Report Card

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration was given an "F" in a new American Lung Association report card evaluating tobacco prevention programs.

CNN Article
State of Tobacco Control

Expanded Recall Announced for Ibuprofen Oral Suspension Drops

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An expanded recall of ibuprofen oral suspension drops that may contain higher-than-specified levels of ibuprofen that could harm infants' kidneys has been announced by Tris Pharma, Inc.

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More Severe Injuries Sustained at Jump Parks Versus Home Trampolines

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The proportion of fractures/dislocations, lower-extremity fractures, fractures in adults, and surgical interventions is higher for injuries associated with jump parks versus home trampolines, according to a study published in the Jan. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

No Asthma Benefit Seen With n3PUFA in Overweight Teens

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Omega-3 fatty acid (n3PUFA) supplements do not appear to improve asthma control in teens and young adults who are overweight or obese, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

1976 to 2016 Saw Drop in Firearm Ownership in Families

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1976 to 2016, there was a decrease in the proportion of families who had young children and owned firearms, although an increase was seen in the proportion who owned handguns, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Eye Infections in Newborns Advised

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has reaffirmed the recommendation for use of ocular prophylaxis for gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. This recommendation forms the basis of a final recommendation statement published online Jan. 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Final Recommendation Statement
Evidence Review (subscription or payment may be required)

Few Patients With Type 1 Diabetes Meeting HbA1c Goals

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Only one in five children and adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in the United States achieve American Diabetes Association (ADA) goals for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.

Abstract/Full Text

Washington State Declares Health Emergency as Measles Spreads

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A statewide public health emergency was declared in Washington after a measles outbreak near Portland, Oregon, reached 31 cases on Friday. The outbreak in the Pacific Northwest is in what has been called an antivaccination "hot spot" in the United States, the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article

Screen Time Linked to Poorer Child Developmental Performance

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Screen time is associated with poorer performance on developmental screening tests among young children, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Increase Seen in Multiple-Victim School-Related Homicide Rate

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- During 2009 through 2018, multiple-victim school-associated homicide rates increased significantly, while single-victim homicide rates remained stable from 1994 through 2016, according to research published in the Jan. 25 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Likelihood of Engaging in Choking Game Higher in Troubled Teens

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents with higher levels of conduct disorder symptoms and greater rates of depressive symptoms have increased odds of reporting participation in the choking game, in which pressure is applied to the carotid artery to temporarily limit blood flow and oxygen, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Adverse Birth Outcomes Up With Medically Assisted Reproduction

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Children born by medically assisted reproduction have an increased risk for adverse birth outcomes; however, the increased risk appears to be attributable to other factors, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Lean Body Mass in Childhood Linked to Lung Function at 15

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Higher lean body mass during childhood and adolescence is associated with higher lung function at age 15 years for both sexes, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Psychopathology in Adulthood Up With Child Lead Exposure

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Higher childhood blood lead levels are associated with more psychopathology during the life course, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text

Improved Genetic Risk Score Aids Type 1 Diabetes Classification

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An improved type 1 diabetes (T1D) genetic risk score (GRS), the T1D GRS2, is highly useful for classifying adult incident diabetes type and improving newborn screening, according to a study published in the February issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Report IDs Areas Lacking Good Practice in Health Tech Assessment

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In a report published in the January issue of Value in Health, an ISPOR--The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research working group indicates the lack of good practices in three areas of health technology assessment (HTA).

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Many Teens Not Up to Date on HPV Vaccination

FRIDAY, Jan. 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many adolescents do not complete human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination before turning 13 or 15 years old, according to a report published online Jan. 17 in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Gun Injury Hospitalization Cost Over $911 Million 2010 to 2015

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The average annual cost of inpatient hospitalizations for firearm injury exceeded $911 million from 2010 to 2015, with 9.5 percent of that amount due to readmissions, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Measles Outbreak Prompts Public Emergency in Washington State

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An ongoing measles outbreak has led to a public health emergency being declared in Clark County, Washington.

CBS News Article

Initiative Tied to Decreased Racial Inequity in Breastfeeding

THURSDAY, Jan. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A hospital-based initiative in Southern states is associated with increases in breastfeeding rates among African-American infants, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Mavoglurant Improves Visual Attention in Fragile X Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with fragile X syndrome (FXS), mavoglurant treatment improves visual attention and pupil reactivity, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Herd Protection Seen With 4-Valent HPV Vaccination

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2006 to 2017, there was a decrease in 4-valent vaccine-type human papillomavirus (HPV) detection among vaccinated and unvaccinated women, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Addition of BMT Not Indicated in Some With Peds Hypodiploid ALL

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For some children with hypodiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation does not improve outcomes compared with chemotherapy alone, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Slight Hike in Prevalence of Gastroschisis Since 2006-2010

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Over time, the prevalence of gastroschisis has increased, with more babies born with gastroschisis in areas with high and medium versus low opioid prescription rates, according to research published in the Jan. 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

FDA Chief Threatens to Halt E-Cigarette Sales

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Sales of electronic cigarettes could be halted if companies do not stop marketing the devices to youth, U.S. Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., warned.

NBC News Article

Messages for Increasing Parental Confidence in HPV Vaccine ID'd

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Providing information on the benefits of vaccination, including cancer prevention, and avoiding expressing urgency to vaccinate can increase parent confidence in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Guidelines Developed for Managing Severe Atopic Dermatitis

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines have been developed for the management of severe atopic dermatitis (AD); the recommendations have been published as a clinical management review in the January issue of The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Review Gives Guidance to Support Teens With Gender Dysphoria

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care providers are well positioned to provide critical support and personalized care for youth with gender dysphoria and their caregivers or families, according to a review published online Jan. 21 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Wearable Sensor Data Help ID Children With Internalizing Dx

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Wearable sensor data extracted from a fear induction task paired with machine learning can accurately identify young children with internalizing diagnosis, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Exome Sequencing Beneficial for Pediatric Kidney Recipients

TUESDAY, Jan. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Whole-exome sequencing (WES) can identify a genetic cause for almost one-third of pediatric kidney transplant recipients, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Assessing Symptoms After 4 Weeks of Psychotherapy Helpful in Teens

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Therapists implementing interpersonal psychotherapy for depressed adolescents (IPT-A) should routinely monitor depression symptoms and consider augmenting treatment for insufficient responders as early as week 4 of treatment, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text

Mandated Neonatal Abstinence Reporting Helps Quantify Cases

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mandated neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) surveillance and reporting allows state health departments to quantify incidence and informs programs and services, according to research published in the Jan. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Trained Alert Dogs Can Detect Impending T1DM-Related Events

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Trained alert dogs can help patients with type 1 diabetes regulate their blood glucose levels, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Inappropriate Antibiotic Rx Common in Privately Insured

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of all outpatient antibiotic prescription fills by privately insured nonelderly adults and children in the United States are appropriate or potentially appropriate, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

FDA Panel Has Tie Vote on New Type 1 Diabetes Drug

FRIDAY, Jan. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel vote on whether to recommend approval of the first oral medication for type 1 diabetes ended in an 8-8 tie Thursday.

The New York Times Article

FDA Approves First Generic Version of Epilepsy Drug Sabril

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The first generic version of Sabril (vigabatrin) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to prevent complex partial seizures in adults and children aged 10 years and older with epilepsy.

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WHO: Vaccine Hesitancy a Major Global Health Threat

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccine hesitancy is among the top 10 health threats facing the world in 2019, the World Health Organization says.

Newsweek Article
More Information: WHO

FDA Down to 5 Weeks of Funding to Review New Drug Applications

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Due to the federal government shutdown, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has only about five weeks of funding left to review new drug applications, according to Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D.

CNN News Article

Antibiotics Often Inappropriately Prescribed for Bronchiolitis in ED

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most children younger than 2 years with bronchiolitis seen in U.S. emergency departments and prescribed antibiotics have no documented bacterial coinfection, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.

Abstract/Full Text

Temporary Impairment in HRQOL After Teen Sports Concussion

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent sports-related concussion (SRC) is associated with temporary impairments in health-related quality of life (HRQOL), according to a study published online Jan. 15 in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Asthma Undiagnosed in One in Five Urban Adolescents

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of undiagnosed asthma is 20.2 percent among urban adolescents, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in the Journal of Urban Health.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Achieving Healthy Diet From Sustainable Food Feasible

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Achieving a healthy diet from sustainable food systems is feasible but will require considerable shifts toward healthy dietary patterns, according to a report from the EAT-Lancet Commission published online Jan. 16 by The Lancet.

EAT-Lancet Commission (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Nerve Transfer Promising for Acute Flaccid Myelitis Patients

THURSDAY, Jan. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Two patients diagnosed with acute flaccid myelitis and upper-extremity neuropathy who were treated with peripheral nerve transfer continue to demonstrate functional recovery at two years, according to a case series recently published in Pediatric Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Low-Income Women Lack Menstrual Hygiene Supplies

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many low-income women cannot afford menstrual hygiene supplies, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Adoption of Advanced Health IT Capabilities Inconsistent

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of advanced health information technology (HIT) capabilities is inconsistent across health care systems, with electronic health record (EHR) standardization being the strongest predictor of advanced capabilities, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Managed Care.

Abstract/Full Text

Review Shares Best Practices for Evaluating Penicillin Allergy

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new review, published in the Jan. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, addresses best practices for the evaluation and management of reported penicillin allergies.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Accidental IV Dislodgement Reported to Be Very Common

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians perceive accidental dislodgement of intravenous (IV) devices to be a common occurrence, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of the Association for Vascular Access.

Abstract/Full Text

FDA to Resume Inspections of Riskier Foods

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Routine inspections of riskier foods will resume as early as today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

AP News Article

American College of Physicians Releases 7th Edition of Ethics Manual

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ethical principles are discussed in an updated Ethics Manual, issued by the American College of Physicians (ACP) and published as a supplement to the Jan. 15 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

American College of Physicians Ethics Manual
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Study Explores Influence of Genetics, Environment in Disease

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The influence of heritability and environmental factors has been identified for a large number of phenotypes, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in Nature Genetics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Recalling Positive Memories May Cut Depression Risk for Teens

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Recalling specific positive life experiences may build resilience and help lower vulnerability to depression among adolescents with a history of early-life stress, according to a research letter published online Jan. 14 in Nature Human Behaviour.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Delayed Contraception Leads to Early Unwanted Pregnancy

TUESDAY, Jan. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Delayed contraceptive initiation is associated with unwanted pregnancy within three months of sexual debut, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

800-662-HELP Underappreciated in Media, General Population

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration national helpline (800-662-HELP) seems to be underappreciated in the media and by the general population, according to a research letter published online Jan. 14 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Investigational Cream Promising for Atopic Dermatitis

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Topical application of a transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily, member 1 (TRPV1) antagonist may be an effective and safe treatment for patients with mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis (AD), according to a phase IIb study published online Jan. 8 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

Abstract/Full Text

Expanding Pharmacist Practice Scope Could Reduce ED Overcrowding

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The introduction of emergency department- or community-based pharmacists with an expanded scope of practice may cut emergency department overcrowding, according to a study recently published in Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Lack of Parent-Teen Agreement About Teen Suicidal Thoughts

MONDAY, Jan. 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is a high prevalence of parental unawareness and adolescent denial of suicidal thoughts, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

About Half of Young Patients Have Had Private Time With Doctors

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- About half of adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients report having had private time with a health care provider (HCP) and having spoken to an HCP about confidentiality, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Flu Cases Hit 7 Million in the United States

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The flu season is picking up steam, with about 7 million Americans having been struck by a strain of the flu virus, health officials said Friday.

More Information
FluView

Adverse Birth Outcomes Up for Women With H1N1 Flu in ICU

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women with 2009 H1N1 influenza admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) have an increased risk for adverse birth outcomes, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Birth Defects Research.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Prices Still Explain High U.S. Health Care Spending

FRIDAY, Jan. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The difference in health spending between the United States and other countries is still explained by health care prices, according to a study published in the January issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: E. Coli Outbreak Linked to Romaine Lettuce Is Over

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The Escherichia coli outbreak linked to California-grown romaine lettuce appears to be over, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.

More Information

U.S. Food Supply May Be at Risk Due to Government Shutdown

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Food inspections have declined due to the partial shutdown of the U.S. government, potentially putting the nation's food supply at risk.

CBS News Article

E-Cigarette Aerosol Exposure Tied to Asthma Symptoms

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Secondhand exposure to electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) aerosols may be related to asthma symptoms in youth, according to a study published in the January issue of CHEST.

Abstract/Full Text

Flu Vaccination Safe for Hospitalized Patients

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination during hospitalization is associated with reduced risk for readmission, outpatient visits, fever, and clinical evaluations for infection postdischarge, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Private Equity Acquisition of Physician Practices Discussed

THURSDAY, Jan. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The phenomenon of private equity acquisition of physician practices is discussed in an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Jan. 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Measles Outbreak in New York State Largest in Recent History

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There have been at least 112 confirmed cases of measles in Rockland and Orange counties and at least 55 in New York City in what officials say is the largest measles outbreak in New York state in recent history.

CNN Article

Chemo-Radiation Combo Tied to Higher Survival in Peds Hodgkin

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Combined modality treatment (CMT) is associated with improved overall survival in pediatric patients with early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), according to a study published online Jan. 3 in JAMA Oncology.

Abstract/Full Text

Many Female Health Care Workers Live in Poverty

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many U.S. female health care workers, particularly women of color, live in poverty and lack health insurance, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in the American Journal of Public Health.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Increase in Brand-Name Drug Cost Mainly Due to Existing Drugs

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The costs of oral and injectable brand-name drugs increased from 2008 to 2016, with most of the increase due to existing drugs, while new drugs accounted for cost increases in specialty and generic drugs, according to a study published in the January issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Depression Tied to Worse Asthma Outcomes in Urban Teens

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Depressive symptoms are prevalent among urban teens with asthma and are associated with worse outcomes, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Academic Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Medical Marketing Has Increased in Past 20 Years

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1997 through 2016, there was an increase in medical marketing, especially direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising, according to research published in the Jan. 1/8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)
Editor's Note (subscription or payment may be required)

USPSTF Affirms Guidance for Hep B Screening at First Prenatal Visit

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection screening in pregnant women at their first prenatal visit. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Jan. 8 by the task force.

Draft Recommendation Statement
Draft Evidence Review
Comment on Recommendation

AI Technology IDs Genetic Diseases by Analyzing Facial Photos

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Certain genetic diseases can be detected by new artificial intelligence technology that analyzes a photo of a person's face, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in Nature Medicine.

CNN Article
Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Antibiotics Prescribed for Children More Often at Nonpediatric EDs

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most emergency visits by children occur at nonpediatric emergency departments, which have more frequent antibiotic prescribing, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Strict Ordinances Tied to Lower Youth Tobacco Use

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Strict local tobacco retail licensing (TRL) regulation may lower rates of cigarette and electronic cigarette use among youth and young adults, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text

Single-Family Rooms May Benefit Very Preterm Infants

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For extremely preterm infants, the use of single-family rooms is associated with reduced sepsis incidence and improvements in breastfeeding rates during hospital stays but with no difference in long-term neurodevelopment, according to a review published online Jan. 7 in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Muscle Atrophy Occurs Rapidly in Critically Ill, Ventilated Children

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Children receiving invasive mechanical ventilation for ≥48 hours often experience muscle atrophy, especially in the diaphragm, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Cancer Death Rate in U.S. Decreased Continuously From 1991 to 2016

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The overall cancer death rate decreased continuously by 27 percent from 1991 to 2016, according to a report published online Jan. 8 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

Abstract/Full Text

ACA Coverage Gains Could Erode Without Individual Mandate

TUESDAY, Jan. 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eliminating the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate penalty is unlikely to destabilize the individual market in California but could roll back coverage gains, according to a study published in the January issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Screening Donated Blood for Zika Not Cost-Effective

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Screening donated blood for Zika virus is cost-effective only in the high mosquito season in Puerto Rico, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Multimethod Approach Improves ID of Med Nonadherence

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An approach involving a combination of provider report and pharmacy refill data can improve identification of medication nonadherence among youth with chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published in the January issue of Pediatric Nephrology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Recent Nasal Preps Less Effective Than Injected Vax for Flu in Kids

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV4) is less effective than inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) against influenza A/H1N1pdm09 in all pediatric age groups, according to research published online Jan. 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors at Risk for Later Cancers

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of childhood Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) remain at increased risk for developing subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs), according to research published online Dec. 17 in Cancer.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Home Monitoring of Lung Function Feasible in Teens With Duchenne

MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In adolescent patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), use of a handheld device (HHD) to assess pulmonary function at home is feasible and provides reliable data, according to an analysis recently published in the Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases.

Abstract/Full Text

Health Benefits of Nonsugar Sweeteners Uncertain

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is no compelling evidence to indicate health benefits of nonsugar sweetener (NSS) use on a range of health outcomes, according to a review published online Jan. 2 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Prenatal Valproate Exposure Linked to Increased ADHD Risk

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Use of the antiepileptic drug (AED) valproate during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among offspring, according to a study published online Jan. 4 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Functional Milestones Identified for Persons With Down Syndrome

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most persons with Down syndrome (DS) maintain their personal hygiene by age 13 years and work independently by 20 years, according to a study published online Dec. 24 in the American Journal of Medical Genetics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

School Nutrition Programs Slow BMI Gains in Children

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Body mass index (BMI) increases in middle school students can be limited by school-based nutrition policies but not by physical activity policies, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Children Reaching Bone Maturity Earlier

FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Both initiation and completion of the process of epiphyseal fusion (EF) are occurring earlier in children than they did a century ago, according to a study recently published in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research.

Abstract/Full Text

Newborn Genomic Sequencing Can Identify Disease Risk

THURSDAY, Jan. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Newborn genomic sequencing (nGS) can detect the risk for disease onset during childhood and actionable adult-onset disease, according to a study published in the Jan. 3 issue of the American Journal of Human Genetics.

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Pediatric Mortality Rate From Opioid Poisoning Rose 1999 to 2016

THURSDAY, Jan. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1999 to 2016, there was close to a threefold increase in the pediatric mortality rate from opioid poisonings in the United States, according to a study published online Dec. 28 in JAMA Network Open.

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Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

THURSDAY, Jan. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The global incidence of child pneumonia and related mortality decreased substantially from 2000 to 2015, consistent with decreases in the prevalence of some key risk factors, according to a study published in the January issue of The Lancet Global Health.

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Editorial

College Students at Increased Risk for SgB Meningococcal Dz

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- College students have an increased risk for sporadic and outbreak-associated serogroup B meningococcal disease, according to a study published online Dec. 31 in Pediatrics.

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Editorial

Smoking Habits Do Not Differ for Teens With, Without Asthma

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking habits do not differ for adolescents with asthma or their parents versus those without asthma, according to a letter to the editor published online Dec. 4 in Allergy.

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Limited Examination Detects Scabies With High Sensitivity

WEDNESDAY, Jan 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Examination limited to hands, feet, and lower legs has a sensitivity of about 90 percent for detecting scabies, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

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