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Category: Nursing | Monthly Briefing

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May 2019 Briefing - Nursing

Last Updated: June 03, 2019.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Exercise, Therapy May Improve Depression, Diabetes Outcomes

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Exercise and/or behavioral treatment interventions may provide clinically meaningful improvements in depression outcomes in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and major depressive disorder (MDD), according to a study published online May 21 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Noncompliance Common in Teens Prescribed STI Treatment in ED

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Less than 60 percent of prescriptions for the treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among teens seeking care in the emergency department are filled, according to a research letter published online May 28 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Excess Cause-Specific Mortality Tied to Chronic Proton Pump Inhibitor Use

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is associated with an excess of cause-specific mortality, according to a study published online May 30 in The BMJ.

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FDA Approves First Test for Zika in Human Blood

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The first test to detect the Zika virus in human blood has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CBS News Article

Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Shortage Looming

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is a looming critical shortage of pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs), according to a white paper published in the May-June issue of the Journal of Pediatric Health Care.

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Stepped Tx for Alcohol Use Disorder Studied in HIV Patients

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Integrated stepped alcohol treatment (ISAT) reduces alcohol consumption in patients with HIV and a known drinking problem, according to a study published online May 17 in The Lancet HIV.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Early-Onset CRC Rising Fastest for Whites in Western States

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Whites in western states are experiencing the most rapid increase in early-onset colorectal cancer (CRC), according to a study published online May 29 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Weight-Based Teasing Linked to Gain in BMI, Fat Mass for Youth

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For youth with or at risk for overweight, weight-based teasing (WBT) is associated with a greater gain in body mass index (BMI) and fat mass, according to a study published online May 30 in Pediatric Obesity.

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Ultra-Processed Food Intake Linked to Increased CVD Risk

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ultra-processed food consumption is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, according to two studies published online May 29 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text - Srour
Abstract/Full Text - Rico-Campà
Editorial

Recent Plateauing Seen in Prevalence of Diagnosed Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes has plateaued during the last eight years, while the incidence has declined, according to a study published online May 28 in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

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Energy Drinks Prolong QTc Interval, Elevate Blood Pressure

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Energy drinks prolong the QTc interval and are associated with an increase in blood pressure, according to a study published online May 29 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Reading Visit Notes May Improve Medication Management

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Reading clinical notes can help patients to understand why medications are prescribed and improves medication adherence for some patients, according to a brief research report published online May 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Work Burnout, Gaming Addiction Classified as Diseases by WHO

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Work burnout is now a legitimate medical diagnosis, and gaming addiction is a mental health disorder, the World Health Organization says.

CNN Article
Newsweek Article

Risk for Suicide Attempts in Children Doubles With Parental Opioid Use

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Children of parents who use prescription opioids are at nearly double the risk for suicide attempts, according to a study published online May 22 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

U.S. Incidence of Pediatric Thyroid Cancer on the Rise

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1973 to 2013, there was an increase in the incidence rates of pediatric thyroid cancer, with marked increases from 2006 to 2013, according to a study published online May 23 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Poor Glycemic Control Linked to Sarcopenia in T2DM

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, poor glycemic control is associated with sarcopenia, according to a study published online May 9 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

California Bill to Tighten Vaccine Exemptions Moves Forward

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A bill that would tighten control over vaccination exemptions for children in California was sent by state senators to the Assembly on Wednesday.

AP News Article

U.S. Lawmakers Say WHO Opioid Guidelines Too Lax

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization's pain care guidelines contain false claims about the safety of prescription opioid painkillers and should be withdrawn, two U.S. lawmakers say.

AP News Article

Most Patients at High Risk of Opiate Overdose Do Not Receive Naloxone Rx

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients at high risk of opioid overdose rarely receive prescriptions for naloxone, despite many interactions with the health care system, according to a study published online May 3 in JAMA Network Open.

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Classification System Developed for Cardiogenic Shock

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A classification system has been developed for categorizing cardiogenic shock; the consensus statement, endorsed by the American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, Society of Critical Care Medicine, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons, was published online May 19 in Catheterization & Cardiovascular Interventions.

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Pediatricians Should Encourage Fish Consumption for Children

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Fish and shellfish consumption should be encouraged for children, according to a technical report published online May 20 in Pediatrics.

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Early cART Leads to Enhanced T Cell Function in HIV Infection

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Early combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) leads to persistent functional T cell responses in most individuals with hyperacute HIV-1 infection, according to a study published online May 22 in Science Translational Medicine.

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Medication Nonadherence Common in Patients With T2DM

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Routine urine samples can be used to test for medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Cancer Death Rates Decreased, Heart Disease Deaths Rose

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer death rates declined for adults aged 45 to 64 years from 1999 to 2017, while heart disease death rates decreased to 2011 and then increased, according to the May 22 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Suboptimal Diet Accounted for >80,000 Cancer Cases in 2015

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2015, more than 80,000 cancer cases were associated with suboptimal diet in U.S. adults, according to a study published online May 22 in JNCI: Cancer Spectrum.

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Half-Price Version of Humalog Insulin Now Available

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A half-price version of Humalog insulin is now available in the United States, Eli Lilly said Wednesday.

AP News Article

Some Women With HIV Struggling to Achieve Viral Suppression

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of women with HIV have a high probability of viremia above 200 copies/mL, according to a study published online May 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Vitamin D Deficiency Tied to Gestational Diabetes Risk

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal vitamin D deficiency, as early as the first trimester of pregnancy, is associated with an increased risk for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to a study recently published in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Poor Broadband Penetration in Rural Areas Limits Telemedicine

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Broadband penetration rates are considerably lower in the most rural counties, especially where access to primary care physicians and psychiatrists is inadequate, according to a study published online May 21 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription and payment may be required)

Bill Would Raise U.S. Legal Age to Buy Tobacco to 21

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A bill to raise the minimum age for buying any type of tobacco product, including electronic cigarettes, from 18 to 21 years was introduced Monday by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.

AP News Article
More Information: CDC

Higher Consumption of Sugary Drinks May Up Mortality in Adults

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of sugary beverages, including 100 percent fruit juices, is associated with higher all-cause mortality in U.S. adults, according to a study published online May 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Gender Gap in U.S. Youth Suicide Narrowed From 1975 to 2016

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There was a significant reduction in the gap between male and female rates of suicide among youth aged 10 to 19 years in the United States from 1975 through 2016, according to a study published online May 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Clinical Drug Diversion Costly to Health Care Organizations

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health care organizations lost nearly $454 million due to clinical drug diversion in 2018, according to the 2019 Drug Diversion Digest, released by Protenus Inc.

Report (subscription and payment may be required)

Rates of Depression Up in U.S. Women at Hospital to Give Birth

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2015, the rates of depressive disorders recorded for women during delivery hospitalization increased nationally, according to a study published online May 9 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Cancer Screening Less Likely Among Current Smokers

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Current smokers are less likely to receive guideline-concordant screening studies for breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer versus never smokers, according to a study published online May 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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3 Percent of Infant Sleep-Related Deaths Occur in Sitting Devices

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- About 3 percent of sleep-related infant deaths occur in a sitting device, like a car safety seat (CSS) that is not being used for travel at the time of death, according to a study published online May 20 in Pediatrics.

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Millennial Parents Found More Likely to Drive Distracted

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Millennial parents are more likely to text while driving than older parents, according to a research letter published online May 13 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Many Lives Could Be Saved if All Hospitals Had Grade A Rating

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- More than 50,000 lives could be saved if all hospitals had an avoidable death rate equivalent to "A" grade hospitals, according to an updated report prepared for The Leapfrog Institute.

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Prenatal Care App Can Reduce In-Person Obstetric Visits

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The use of a mobile prenatal care app can reduce in-person obstetric (OB) visits but does not impact patient or provider satisfaction, according to a study published in the May issue of JMIR mHealth and uHealth.

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Private Insurers Pay 241 Percent of What Medicare Would Pay

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Prices paid to hospitals for privately insured patients in 2017 averaged 241 percent of what Medicare would have paid, with wide variation in prices among states, according to a report published by the RAND Corporation.

Press Release
Report

CDC: Salmonella Outbreaks Linked to Backyard Poultry

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Backyard flocks of live poultry have been linked with Salmonella outbreaks that have sickened 52 people in 21 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Thursday.

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Sleep Duration Tied to Adverse Measures of Glycemia

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Self-reported short and long sleep are both associated with adverse measures of glycemia among adults with prediabetes, according to a study published online May 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Estimated Prevalence of Low Birth Weight Down Since 2000

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2015, there was a reduction in the estimated worldwide prevalence of low birth weight (LBW), according to a study published online May 15 in The Lancet Global Health.

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North Carolina Sues Electronic Cigarette Maker JUUL

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- North Carolina is suing electronic-cigarette manufacturer JUUL for allegedly marketing its products to children and misleading the public about the health risks of the products. This lawsuit is the first filed by a state over JUUL's alleged marketing toward teens, CNN reported.

CNN Article

Recs Updated for TB Screening, Treatment in Health Care Workers

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines have been updated for screening and treatment for tuberculosis (TB) infection among health care personnel, according to research published in the May 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Americans Increasingly Open About Mental Health

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Americans are becoming more positive about mental health, although some stigma remains, according to the results of a new poll released by the American Psychological Association (APA).

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Poll: Many Adults Worried About Developing Dementia

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many adults are worried about developing dementia and about half report taking steps to maintain or improve memory, according to a report published by the National Poll on Healthy Aging.

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Smartphone App Could Help Diagnose Ear Infections

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A smartphone could be used as a screening tool for detecting the presence of middle ear fluid, according to a proof-of-concept study published in the May 15 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Healthy Lifestyle Recommended for Reducing Dementia Risk

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines emphasizing adoption of a healthy lifestyle for reducing the risk for cognitive decline and dementia have been developed by the World Health Organization.

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Risk Reduction of Cognitive Decline and Dementia: WHO Guidelines

FDA: Tattoo Inks Recalled Due to Bacterial Contamination

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Six tattoo inks have been recalled because they are contaminated with bacteria and could lead to infection that poses a serious health risk, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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Two-Thirds of Sunscreens Fail Safety Tests

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly two-thirds of sunscreens that were analyzed failed safety tests proposed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the Environmental Working Group said Wednesday.

CNN Article

Thyroid Hormones Not Endorsed for Subclinical Hypothyroidism

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Thyroid hormones are not recommended for adults with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), according to an article published online May 14 in The BMJ.

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Worldwide Prevalence of Eating Disorders Increased Since 2000

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eating disorders are highly prevalent worldwide, especially among women, according to research published in the May issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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CDC: Racial Disparity Seen With Lupus-Related Deaths

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mortality from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is significantly higher among blacks, according to research published in the May 10 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Use of Rehab After Ischemic Stroke Varies in Acute Care

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable variation in the use of rehabilitation services in the acute care setting following ischemic stroke, according to a study published in the May issue of Physical Therapy.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Quitting Smoking While Pregnant Tied to Reduced Risk for Preterm Birth

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Quitting smoking, especially early in pregnancy, is associated with a reduced risk for preterm birth, even for high-frequency cigarette smokers, according to a study published online April 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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Light, Incremental Physical Activity Can Help Reduce Brain Aging

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Incremental physical activity (PA), even of light intensity, is associated with larger brain volume and healthy brain aging, according to a study published online April 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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U.S. Parents Worried About Child's Communication Skills

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- One-quarter of parents with children younger than age 8 years are concerned about their child's ability to communicate, according to poll results released by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA).

Press Release

Late-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Often Misdiagnosed as Type 2

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Type 1 diabetes diagnosed in those older than age 30 years is clinically and biologically similar to disease occurring at younger ages but is often misidentified, according to a study recently published in Diabetologia.

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Home-Based Cardiac Rehab May Be Option for Some Heart Patients

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For low- to moderate-risk patients, home-based cardiac rehabilitation (HBCR) may be a reasonable alternative to center-based cardiac rehabilitation (CBCR), according to a joint scientific statement issued by the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation, the American Heart Association, and the American College of Cardiology. The statement was published online May 13 in Circulation, the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, and the Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention.

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Some Cervical Cancer Screening Strategies More Cost-Effective

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A cervical cancer screening strategy that involves cytologic testing every three years from ages 21 to 29 years and then continuing cytologic testing or switching to low-cost high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) testing every five years is reasonable, according to a study published online May 13 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Prophylactic Antibiotic Cuts Infection Risk After Operative Vaginal Birth

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A single dose of a prophylactic antibiotic is beneficial after operative vaginal birth and reduces the risk for confirmed or suspected maternal infection, according to a study published online May 13 in The Lancet.

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CDC: U.S. Measles Cases in 2019 Reach 839

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The number of reported measles cases in the United States climbed to 839 as of last week, the highest yearly total in 25 years, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Monday.

AP News Article
CNN Article
More Information: CDC

Patients Find Note Reading Important for Health Management

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients find note reading important for their health management and are rarely troubled by what they read, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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Fournier Gangrene Is Safety Concern With SGLT2 Inhibitors

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Fournier gangrene (FG) is a safety concern for adults with diabetes receiving treatment with sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, according to a study published online May 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Low-Calorie Sweetened Drinks Do Not Cut Calories in Children

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Children and teens who drink low-calorie sweetened beverages (LCSB) do not save calories versus those who drink sugary drinks, according to a study published online May 2 in Pediatric Obesity.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Heart Patients at Risk When Pharmacies Close

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- When pharmacies close, people with heart disease stop taking widely used heart medications, such as statins, beta-blockers, and oral anticoagulants, according to a study published online April 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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Prior Training Increases Internists' Knowledge of PrEP for HIV

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For internal medicine (IM) residents, prior training is associated with higher levels of knowledge, comfort, and prescribing behaviors for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV, according to a study published online April 24 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Health Professionals Supportive of Medicinal Cannabis

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Health professionals are generally supportive of medicinal cannabis use but report a lack of knowledge about its use, according to a review published online May 6 in PLOS ONE.

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CDC: Hepatitis A Virus Reports Increased in 2016 to 2018

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2016 to 2018, there was an increase in reports of hepatitis A cases, according to research published in the May 10 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Rate of Ordering Cancer Screening Tests Decreases During Clinic Day

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- As the clinic day progresses, the rate of clinician ordering of breast and colorectal cancer screening tests decreases, according to a study published online May 10 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

New Recommendations Developed for Breast Cancer Screening

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- New recommendations have been developed for breast cancer screening based on a life-years-gained model; the American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) official statement was published online May 3.

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Model Predicts Counties at Risk for Measles Outbreak

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In a commentary published online May 9 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, an analysis is proposed that can predict counties at risk for a measles outbreak.

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Generic Version of Truvada Available in U.S. by Sept. 2020

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A generic version of the HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) drug Truvada will be available in the United States by September 2020, a year earlier than expected, according to Gilead Sciences.

NBC News Article

CDC: HIV Racial Disparity Measure Decreased From 2010 to 2016

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- If the incidence rates were the same for black women as for white women, an estimated 93 percent of incident HIV infections among black women would not have occurred in 2016, according to research published in the May 10 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Progesterone Offers No Benefit for Bleeding in Early Pregnancy

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For women with bleeding in early pregnancy, progesterone therapy administered during the first trimester does not result in significantly more live births, according to a study published in the May 9 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Uninsurance Levels Did Not Change Significantly in 2018

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2018, the percentage of U.S. individuals who were uninsured was not significantly different from the numbers in 2017, although uninsurance increased among adults aged 45 to 64 years, according to a report published online May 9 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Scientology Cruise Ship Passengers, Crew Still Under Quarantine

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Hundreds of passengers and crew members of a Church of Scientology cruise ship remain under quarantine in its home port of Curacao while awaiting measles test results.

ABC News Article
More Information: CDC

In 2015 to 2016, 45.8 Percent of U.S. Population Used Rx Drugs

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2015 to 2016, 45.8 percent of the U.S. population used prescription drugs within the past 30 days, according to a May data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Neonatal Morbidity Increased for Apgar Scores 7, 8, and 9

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Apgar scores of 7, 8, and 9 are associated with an increased risk for neonatal morbidity and mortality among term infants, according to a study published online May 7 in The BMJ.

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Low Glucose Levels at Hospital Discharge Tied to Poor Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diabetes who have hypoglycemia or near-normal glucose values during the last day of hospitalization have higher rates of 30-day readmission and postdischarge mortality, according to a study published online May 1 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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NHFOV Superior for Preventing Reintubation of Preemies

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Nasal high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (NHFOV) reduces reintubation by more than 50 percent in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), according to a study published in the April issue of CHEST.

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Efforts Needed to Ensure Publication of All Trials

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Efforts are needed to ensure all completed large trials are reported, according to a research letter published online May 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

External Reference Pricing Could Cut Drug Costs in U.S.

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The average price for single-source brand-name drugs is higher in the United States than in other countries, indicating that external reference pricing could reduce costs, according to a study published in the May issue of Health Affairs.

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FDA: French Soft Ripened Cheese Possibly Contaminated

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Consumers should not eat and retailers should not sell or serve l'Explorateur soft ripened cheese due to possible Listeria monocytogenes contamination, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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CDC: Number of Measles Cases in the United States Reaches 764

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- At least 60 more measles cases have been reported in the United States, bringing the total so far this year to 764, health officials said Monday.

AP News Article
More Information: CDC

Guidance Issued for Managing Heart Disease in Pregnancy

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations have been developed for managing heart disease during pregnancy; the "Pregnancy and Heart Disease" practice bulletin was published in the May issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Cardiorespiratory Fitness Tied to Lower Risk for Lung Cancer, CRC

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Higher cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with a lower risk for incident lung and colorectal cancer and with a lower risk for all-cause mortality among those diagnosed with lung and colorectal cancer, according to a study published online May 6 in Cancer.

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Positive Emotion Intervention Cuts Caregiver Stress

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The LEAF (Life Enhancing Activities for Family caregivers) intervention may help to reduce the stress of caregiving for a family member with dementia, according to a study published in the May issue of Health Psychology.

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U.S. Energy Drink Consumption Rose From 2003 to 2016

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of caffeinated energy drinks is on the rise in the United States among adolescents, young adults, and middle-aged adults, according to a study published April 18 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Microbial Toxins Found in Electronic Cigarette Products

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic cigarette (EC) products may be contaminated with microbial toxins, according to a study published online April 24 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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CDC: Foodborne Infections Increased From 2015 to 2018

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2015 to 2018, the incidence of most foodborne infections increased, according to research published in the April 26 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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More Than Half of U.S. Adults Have Medical Financial Hardship

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Medical financial hardship affects more than half of adults in the United States, according to a study published online May 1 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Prolonged Exposure to Low-Dose Radiation May Increase HTN Risk

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For Russian Mayak nuclear enterprise workers occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation, hypertension incidence is associated with cumulative liver-absorbed dose from external γ-rays, according to a study published online May 3 in Hypertension.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Measles Case Leads to Quarantine of Cruise Ship in St. Lucia

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A case of measles has led to the quarantine of a cruise ship with nearly 300 passengers and crew on the Caribbean island of St. Lucia, health officials reported Wednesday. They said that one female crew member has a confirmed case of measles and that the ship has been under quarantine since Monday morning. The ship is scheduled to leave late Thursday, NBC News reported.

NBC News Article
CNN Article
More Information: CDC

FDA Approves Dengue Vaccine for Endemic Regions

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The dengue vaccine Dengvaxia has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in the U.S. territories of American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, but its use is limited to people aged 9 to 16 years. The vaccine has already been approved in 19 countries and the European Union.

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Cervical Adenocarcinoma Rates Increased in Some Populations

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many populations have increasing or stabilized incidence trends in cervical adenocarcinoma (AC), according to a study published in the June issue of Preventive Medicine.

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FDA Puts Tough Warning Label on Ambien, Lunesta, Other Sleep Aids

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is requiring a new boxed warning on sleep medications such as Ambien, Lunesta, and Sonata due to dangers from daytime drowsiness the day after their use.

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E-Cigarette Use Similar for Pregnant, Nonpregnant Women

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of current cigarette smoking is lower among pregnant women, while prevalence of current electronic cigarette smoking is equivalent for pregnant and nonpregnant women of reproductive age, according to a research letter published online April 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Patient Hand Contamination With Drug-Resistant Organisms Common

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patient hand contamination with multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) is common and correlates with contamination on high-touch hospital room surfaces, according to a study published online April 13 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Mental Health Treatment, Diagnoses Up in Military Children

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Diagnosed mental health conditions, pharmaceutical treatment, and outpatient visits for mental health all increased among U.S. pediatric military dependents from 2003 to 2015, according to a study published online April 10 in Psychiatric Services.

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