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Category: Gynecology | Monthly Briefing

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May 2019 Briefing - OBGYN & Women’s Health

Last Updated: June 03, 2019.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in OBGYN & Women's Health for May 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Noncompliance Common in Teens Prescribed STI Treatment in ED

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Less than 60 percent of prescriptions for the treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among teens seeking care in the emergency department are filled, according to a research letter published online May 28 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Exercise, Therapy May Improve Depression, Diabetes Outcomes

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Exercise and/or behavioral treatment interventions may provide clinically meaningful improvements in depression outcomes in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and major depressive disorder (MDD), according to a study published online May 21 in Diabetes Care.

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Lupus Manifestations Appear to Differ by Race, Ethnicity

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Clinical manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) vary by racial and ethnic groups, according to a study published online May 22 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Excess Cause-Specific Mortality Tied to Chronic Proton Pump Inhibitor Use

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is associated with an excess of cause-specific mortality, according to a study published online May 30 in The BMJ.

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FDA Approves First Test for Zika in Human Blood

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The first test to detect the Zika virus in human blood has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CBS News Article

Mammogram Benefits Seen as More Important Than Harms

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Generally, women perceive the potential benefits of mammograms as more important than the potential harms, according to a study published in the June issue of Preventive Medicine.

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Syncope in Pregnancy May Up Risk for Adverse Outcomes

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women with syncope may be at higher risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, especially when the event occurs during the first trimester, according to a study published in the May 21 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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High Costs Associated With Physician Burnout in U.S.

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- High costs are associated with physician turnover and reduced clinical hours attributed to burnout, according to a study published online May 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Stepped Tx for Alcohol Use Disorder Studied in HIV Patients

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Integrated stepped alcohol treatment (ISAT) reduces alcohol consumption in patients with HIV and a known drinking problem, according to a study published online May 17 in The Lancet HIV.

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More Steps Tied to Lower Death Risk in Older Women

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- More steps taken per day are associated with lower mortality rates among older women, according to a study published online May 29 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Early-Onset CRC Rising Fastest for Whites in Western States

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Whites in western states are experiencing the most rapid increase in early-onset colorectal cancer (CRC), according to a study published online May 29 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Ultra-Processed Food Intake Linked to Increased CVD Risk

THURSDAY, May 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ultra-processed food consumption is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, according to two studies published online May 29 in The BMJ.

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Recent Plateauing Seen in Prevalence of Diagnosed Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes has plateaued during the last eight years, while the incidence has declined, according to a study published online May 28 in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

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Extragenital Tests to Detect Chlamydia, Gonorrhea Cleared for Marketing

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has cleared for marketing two tests that detect the presence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae with diagnostic testing of extragenital specimens.

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Global Burden of Serious Health-Related Suffering to Double by 2060

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The global burden of serious health-related suffering is set to increase 47 percent by 2060, according to a study published online May 22 in The Lancet Global Health.

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Reading Visit Notes May Improve Medication Management

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Reading clinical notes can help patients to understand why medications are prescribed and improves medication adherence for some patients, according to a brief research report published online May 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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More Than 1 in 4 Middle-Aged Men, Women Have Low Bone Mineral Density

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- More than 25 percent of men and women aged 35 to 50 years have low bone mineral density (BMD), according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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Incidence Rates for Aggressive Uterine Cancers on the Rise

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Hysterectomy-corrected uterine cancer incidence rates show that nonendometrioid carcinoma rates have been increasing among all women, according to a study published online May 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Work Burnout, Gaming Addiction Classified as Diseases by WHO

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Work burnout is now a legitimate medical diagnosis, and gaming addiction is a mental health disorder, the World Health Organization says.

CNN Article
Newsweek Article

First PI3K Inhibitor Approved for Metastatic, Advanced Breast Cancer

TUESDAY, May 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Piqray (alpelisib) tablets were approved for the treatment of hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, PIK3CA-mutated, advanced or metastatic breast cancer in combination with fulvestrant, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Friday.

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Poor Glycemic Control Linked to Sarcopenia in T2DM

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, poor glycemic control is associated with sarcopenia, according to a study published online May 9 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea Linked to Cancer Diagnosis in Women

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with cancer diagnosis, especially among women, according to a research letter published online May 20 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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Migraines in Pregnancy Tied to Worse Outcomes for Mother, Baby

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Migraines in pregnant women are associated with an increased risk for pregnancy-associated hypertension disorders as well as an increased risk for a variety of adverse outcomes in the newborn, according to a study published online May 8 in Headache.

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U.S. Lawmakers Say WHO Opioid Guidelines Too Lax

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization's pain care guidelines contain false claims about the safety of prescription opioid painkillers and should be withdrawn, two U.S. lawmakers say.

AP News Article

Early cART Leads to Enhanced T Cell Function in HIV Infection

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Early combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) leads to persistent functional T cell responses in most individuals with hyperacute HIV-1 infection, according to a study published online May 22 in Science Translational Medicine.

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Medication Nonadherence Common in Patients With T2DM

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Routine urine samples can be used to test for medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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Severe Maternal Complication Risk Four Times Higher With Twins

THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women with twin pregnancies have a four-fold increased risk for severe maternal complications both before and after delivery, compared to women with singleton pregnancies, according to a study published online May 9 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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CDC: Cancer Death Rates Decreased, Heart Disease Deaths Rose

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer death rates declined for adults aged 45 to 64 years from 1999 to 2017, while heart disease death rates decreased to 2011 and then increased, according to the May 22 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Bystander Resuscitation Attempted Less Often for Women in Cardiac Arrest

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), women are less often resuscitated than men, and they have lower survival rates with resuscitation, according to a study published online May 21 in the European Heart Journal.

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Some Women With HIV Struggling to Achieve Viral Suppression

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of women with HIV have a high probability of viremia above 200 copies/mL, according to a study published online May 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Vitamin D Deficiency Tied to Gestational Diabetes Risk

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal vitamin D deficiency, as early as the first trimester of pregnancy, is associated with an increased risk for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to a study recently published in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Non-Rx Fentanyl Up in Urine Tests Positive for Other Drugs

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An increasing number of urine drug test (UDT) results positive for cocaine or methamphetamine are also positive for nonprescribed fentanyl, according to a study recently published in JAMA Network Open.

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Fracture Risk Tool Useful for Women on Aromatase Inhibitors

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The FRAX fracture risk tool can stratify fracture risk equally well among women receiving aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy for breast cancer and nonusers of AI therapy, according to a study published online May 9 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Clinical Drug Diversion Costly to Health Care Organizations

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health care organizations lost nearly $454 million due to clinical drug diversion in 2018, according to the 2019 Drug Diversion Digest, released by Protenus Inc.

Report (subscription and payment may be required)

Rates of Depression Up in U.S. Women at Hospital to Give Birth

TUESDAY, May 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2015, the rates of depressive disorders recorded for women during delivery hospitalization increased nationally, according to a study published online May 9 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Medicaid Expansion Cuts Racial Disparities in Preterm Births

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, state Medicaid expansion did not significantly impact rates of low birth weight or preterm birth outcomes from 2011 to 2016, but there were significant improvements in disparities for black infants relative to white infants for states that expanded Medicaid versus those that did not, according to a study published in the April 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Editor's Note

Access to Care Worse for Sexual-Minority Cancer Survivors

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Sexual-minority cancer survivors have worse access to care and higher odds of poor quality of life (QOL), according to a study published online May 20 in Cancer.

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Cancer Screening Less Likely Among Current Smokers

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Current smokers are less likely to receive guideline-concordant screening studies for breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer versus never smokers, according to a study published online May 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Hormone Therapy in Transgender Women Ups Breast Cancer Risk

MONDAY, May 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Transgender women receiving hormone treatments are at greater risk for developing breast cancer than cisgender men, according to a study published online May 15 in The BMJ.

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Many Lives Could Be Saved if All Hospitals Had Grade A Rating

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- More than 50,000 lives could be saved if all hospitals had an avoidable death rate equivalent to "A" grade hospitals, according to an updated report prepared for The Leapfrog Institute.

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Prenatal Care App Can Reduce In-Person Obstetric Visits

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The use of a mobile prenatal care app can reduce in-person obstetric (OB) visits but does not impact patient or provider satisfaction, according to a study published in the May issue of JMIR mHealth and uHealth.

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Private Insurers Pay 241 Percent of What Medicare Would Pay

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Prices paid to hospitals for privately insured patients in 2017 averaged 241 percent of what Medicare would have paid, with wide variation in prices among states, according to a report published by the RAND Corporation.

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Sleep Duration Tied to Adverse Measures of Glycemia

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Self-reported short and long sleep are both associated with adverse measures of glycemia among adults with prediabetes, according to a study published online May 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Quitting Smoking Lowers Risk for Bladder Cancer Postmenopause

FRIDAY, May 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among postmenopausal women, former smokers have a reduced risk for bladder cancer within the first 10 years of cessation, which continues to decline over time but remains elevated compared with never smokers, according to a study published in the May issue of Cancer Prevention Research.

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More U.S. Adults Show Signs of Despair As They Enter Middle Age

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Indicators of despair are rising among U.S. adults entering midlife, according to a study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Public Health.

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Estimated Prevalence of Low Birth Weight Down Since 2000

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2015, there was a reduction in the estimated worldwide prevalence of low birth weight (LBW), according to a study published online May 15 in The Lancet Global Health.

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North Carolina Sues Electronic Cigarette Maker JUUL

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- North Carolina is suing electronic-cigarette manufacturer JUUL for allegedly marketing its products to children and misleading the public about the health risks of the products. This lawsuit is the first filed by a state over JUUL's alleged marketing toward teens, CNN reported.

CNN Article

Recs Updated for TB Screening, Treatment in Health Care Workers

THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines have been updated for screening and treatment for tuberculosis (TB) infection among health care personnel, according to research published in the May 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Two-Thirds of Sunscreens Fail Safety Tests

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly two-thirds of sunscreens that were analyzed failed safety tests proposed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the Environmental Working Group said Wednesday.

CNN Article

Healthy Lifestyle Recommended for Reducing Dementia Risk

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines emphasizing adoption of a healthy lifestyle for reducing the risk for cognitive decline and dementia have been developed by the World Health Organization.

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Risk for Miscarriage Up With Benzodiazepine Use in Early Pregnancy

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The risk for spontaneous abortion (SA) is increased among early pregnancies with incident exposure to benzodiazepines, according to a study published online May 15 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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CDC: Number of Births in U.S. Reached New Low in 2018

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The number of births reached a new low in 2018, as did the general fertility rate in the United States, according to a Vital Statistics Rapid Release report, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Thyroid Hormones Not Endorsed for Subclinical Hypothyroidism

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Thyroid hormones are not recommended for adults with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), according to an article published online May 14 in The BMJ.

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Worldwide Prevalence of Eating Disorders Increased Since 2000

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Eating disorders are highly prevalent worldwide, especially among women, according to research published in the May issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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CDC: Racial Disparity Seen With Lupus-Related Deaths

WEDNESDAY, May 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mortality from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is significantly higher among blacks, according to research published in the May 10 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Tool Predicts Seizure Risk During, After Pregnancy

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A prognostic model can predict the risk for seizures in pregnant women with epilepsy on medication, according to a study published online May 13 in PLOS Medicine.

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Quitting Smoking While Pregnant Tied to Reduced Risk for Preterm Birth

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Quitting smoking, especially early in pregnancy, is associated with a reduced risk for preterm birth, even for high-frequency cigarette smokers, according to a study published online April 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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Gestational Weight Gain Weak Predictor of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Optimal gestational weight gain has limited predictive value for adverse pregnancy outcomes, according to research published in the May 7 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Editor's Note

Late-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Often Misdiagnosed as Type 2

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Type 1 diabetes diagnosed in those older than age 30 years is clinically and biologically similar to disease occurring at younger ages but is often misidentified, according to a study recently published in Diabetologia.

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Prophylactic Antibiotic Cuts Infection Risk After Operative Vaginal Birth

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A single dose of a prophylactic antibiotic is beneficial after operative vaginal birth and reduces the risk for confirmed or suspected maternal infection, according to a study published online May 13 in The Lancet.

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Some Cervical Cancer Screening Strategies More Cost-Effective

TUESDAY, May 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A cervical cancer screening strategy that involves cytologic testing every three years from ages 21 to 29 years and then continuing cytologic testing or switching to low-cost high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) testing every five years is reasonable, according to a study published online May 13 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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CDC: U.S. Measles Cases in 2019 Reach 839

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The number of reported measles cases in the United States climbed to 839 as of last week, the highest yearly total in 25 years, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Monday.

AP News Article
CNN Article
More Information: CDC

Patients Find Note Reading Important for Health Management

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients find note reading important for their health management and are rarely troubled by what they read, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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Adverse Childhood Experiences Linked to Worse Lupus Outcomes

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with worse patient-reported systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) outcomes, according to a study published online May 9 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Prior Training Increases Internists' Knowledge of PrEP for HIV

MONDAY, May 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For internal medicine (IM) residents, prior training is associated with higher levels of knowledge, comfort, and prescribing behaviors for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV, according to a study published online April 24 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Health Professionals Supportive of Medicinal Cannabis

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Health professionals are generally supportive of medicinal cannabis use but report a lack of knowledge about its use, according to a review published online May 6 in PLOS ONE.

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Rate of Ordering Cancer Screening Tests Decreases During Clinic Day

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- As the clinic day progresses, the rate of clinician ordering of breast and colorectal cancer screening tests decreases, according to a study published online May 10 in JAMA Network Open.

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Doctors Aware of Patient Difficulties Affording Medical Care

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians are aware of patients' difficulty with affording medical care and consider out-of-pocket costs in their decision making, according to an article published in a supplement to the May 7 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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New Recommendations Developed for Breast Cancer Screening

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- New recommendations have been developed for breast cancer screening based on a life-years-gained model; the American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) official statement was published online May 3.

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Model Predicts Counties at Risk for Measles Outbreak

FRIDAY, May 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In a commentary published online May 9 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, an analysis is proposed that can predict counties at risk for a measles outbreak.

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CDC: HIV Racial Disparity Measure Decreased From 2010 to 2016

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- If the incidence rates were the same for black women as for white women, an estimated 93 percent of incident HIV infections among black women would not have occurred in 2016, according to research published in the May 10 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Generic Version of Truvada Available in U.S. by Sept. 2020

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A generic version of the HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) drug Truvada will be available in the United States by September 2020, a year earlier than expected, according to Gilead Sciences.

NBC News Article

ACS Sets Goal to Cut Cancer Mortality 40 Percent by 2035

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The American Cancer Society (ACS) has set a goal of a 40 percent reduction in overall cancer mortality by 2035, according to a study published online May 8 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Nut Intake in First Trimester May Benefit Child Neurodevelopment

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Nut intake during the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with long-term child neuropsychological development, according to a study published online May 7 in the European Journal of Epidemiology.

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2018 Saw More Employed Physicians Than Self-Employed

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2018, employed physicians outnumbered self-employed physicians, according to a report from the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Fifteen Million Patients Will Need First-Course Chemo in 2040

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An estimated 15.0 million patients will require first-course chemotherapy in 2040, with delivery requiring 100,000 cancer physicians, according to a study published online May 8 in The Lancet Oncology.

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CDC: Uninsurance Levels Did Not Change Significantly in 2018

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2018, the percentage of U.S. individuals who were uninsured was not significantly different from the numbers in 2017, although uninsurance increased among adults aged 45 to 64 years, according to a report published online May 9 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Progesterone Offers No Benefit for Bleeding in Early Pregnancy

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For women with bleeding in early pregnancy, progesterone therapy administered during the first trimester does not result in significantly more live births, according to a study published in the May 9 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Mammo-Based Deep Learning Model Assesses Breast Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mammography-based deep learning (DL) breast cancer risk models are more accurate than models that consider traditional risk factors and breast density, according to a study published online May 7 in Radiology.

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Risk for Cancer Increased in Men, Women With T2DM

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Men and women with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have an increased risk for overall cancer and some site-specific cancers, according to a study published online May 9 in the Journal of Diabetes.

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Scientology Cruise Ship Passengers, Crew Still Under Quarantine

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Hundreds of passengers and crew members of a Church of Scientology cruise ship remain under quarantine in its home port of Curacao while awaiting measles test results.

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Prices Will Soon Be Included in TV Drug Ads

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In response to public demands for action to control drug costs, the top U.S. health official says TV advertisements for prescription drugs will soon have to include prices.

AP News Article

In 2015 to 2016, 45.8 Percent of U.S. Population Used Rx Drugs

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2015 to 2016, 45.8 percent of the U.S. population used prescription drugs within the past 30 days, according to a May data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Low Glucose Levels at Hospital Discharge Tied to Poor Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diabetes who have hypoglycemia or near-normal glucose values during the last day of hospitalization have higher rates of 30-day readmission and postdischarge mortality, according to a study published online May 1 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Alcohol Consumption Per Capita Increasing Among Adults

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Global goals for reducing alcohol use are unlikely to be achieved, with the global adult per-capita consumption projected to continue increasing to 2030, according to a study published online May 7 in The Lancet.

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Neonatal Morbidity Increased for Apgar Scores 7, 8, and 9

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Apgar scores of 7, 8, and 9 are associated with an increased risk for neonatal morbidity and mortality among term infants, according to a study published online May 7 in The BMJ.

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Test Predicts Benefit of Chemo in ER+, HER2− Breast Cancer

WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- EndoPredict (EPclin) is prognostic for distant recurrence (DR) in women with estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer, according to a study published online April 30 in Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.

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CDC: Pregnancy-Related Deaths Occur Before, During, Postpartum

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnancy-related deaths occur during pregnancy, on the day of delivery, and in the year postpartum, and more than half are determined to be preventable, according to research published in the May 7 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Gentamicin Appropriate Second-Line Therapy to Ceftriaxone for Gonorrhea

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A single dose of gentamicin is an appropriate second-line therapy for gonorrhea resistant to a single dose of ceftriaxone, according to a study published online May 2 in The Lancet.

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External Reference Pricing Could Cut Drug Costs in U.S.

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The average price for single-source brand-name drugs is higher in the United States than in other countries, indicating that external reference pricing could reduce costs, according to a study published in the May issue of Health Affairs.

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Efforts Needed to Ensure Publication of All Trials

TUESDAY, May 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Efforts are needed to ensure all completed large trials are reported, according to a research letter published online May 7 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Oral Contraceptive Pill May Protect Against ACL Tears

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Oral contraceptive pill (OCP) use is associated with reduced odds of experiencing an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, especially for girls aged 15 to 19 years, according to a study recently published online in The Physician and Sportsmedicine.

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Guidance Issued for Managing Heart Disease in Pregnancy

MONDAY, May 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations have been developed for managing heart disease during pregnancy; the "Pregnancy and Heart Disease" practice bulletin was published in the May issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Lifetime Risk for Brain Mets Up in Elderly With Three Common Cancers

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Elderly patients with lung cancer, breast cancer, or melanoma are at increased risk for brain metastases (BMs) later in life, according to a study published online May 3 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Implementing Surgical Safety Checklist Reduces Mortality

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a significant reduction in surgical mortality during the last decade in Scotland that is partially attributable to the implementation of the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist, according to a study published online April 16 in the British Journal of Surgery.

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More Than Half of U.S. Adults Have Medical Financial Hardship

FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Medical financial hardship affects more than half of adults in the United States, according to a study published online May 1 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Measles Case Leads to Quarantine of Cruise Ship in St. Lucia

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A case of measles has led to the quarantine of a cruise ship with nearly 300 passengers and crew on the Caribbean island of St. Lucia, health officials reported Wednesday. They said that one female crew member has a confirmed case of measles and that the ship has been under quarantine since Monday morning. The ship is scheduled to leave late Thursday, NBC News reported.

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FDA: Breast Implants Linked to Cancer Can Still Be Sold in U.S.

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A type of breast implant linked to cancer can still be sold in the United States, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday.

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Cervical Adenocarcinoma Rates Increased in Some Populations

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many populations have increasing or stabilized incidence trends in cervical adenocarcinoma (AC), according to a study published in the June issue of Preventive Medicine.

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Preterm Birth Tied to Elevated Risk for Chronic Kidney Disease

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Preterm and early preterm birth are associated with an increased risk for development of chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online May 1 in The BMJ.

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Prepregnancy Folate Intake Linked to Reduced Risk for GDM

THURSDAY, May 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Higher prepregnancy habitual folate intake from supplements is associated with a lower risk for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to a study published online April 22 in Diabetes Care.

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Medicaid Reimbursement for Breast Radiation Varies by State

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Coverage and payment rates for radiation oncology services under Medicaid vary considerably by state, according to a study published online March 31 in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics.

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E-Cigarette Use Similar for Pregnant, Nonpregnant Women

WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of current cigarette smoking is lower among pregnant women, while prevalence of current electronic cigarette smoking is equivalent for pregnant and nonpregnant women of reproductive age, according to a research letter published online April 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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