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Category: Family Medicine | Monthly Briefing

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January 2020 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: February 03, 2020.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for January 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Premature Natural Menopause May Up Risk for Multimorbidity

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Premature menopause is associated with development of multimorbidity, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in Human Reproduction.

Abstract/Full Text

Caring for Patients With Multiple Morbidities Strains Providers

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Having many patients with multiple chronic diseases may raise the mental strain of general practitioners (GPs), according to a study published online Jan. 14 in the British Journal of General Practice.

Abstract/Full Text

Road Proximity Linked to Incidence of Neurologic Diseases

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Road proximity is associated with an increased incidence of specific neurologic disorders, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in Environmental Health.

Abstract/Full Text

Hydromorphone-CR Exposure Ups Heart Infection Risk in PWID

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to controlled-release hydromorphone, an opioid that can be abused through crushing and injection, is associated with an increased risk for infective endocarditis among people who inject drugs, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC Releases First Data on Maternal Mortality Since 2007

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics has released the first national data on maternal mortality since 2007. The data are presented in three National Vital Statistics Reports.

Report 1
Report 2
Report 3

Mood Disorders Common With Rheumatoid Arthritis

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Depression and anxiety are common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online Jan. 6 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Maternal Depression Tied to Atopic Dermatitis in Offspring

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal depression in the postpartum period and beyond is associated with higher odds of atopic dermatitis (AD) for the child throughout childhood and adolescence, according to a study published in the January/February issue of Dermatitis.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Girls May Receive First Autism Diagnosis Later Than Boys

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), girls often receive a first diagnosis of autism later than boys, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in Autism Research.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Opioid Prescribing Rates Down at State Level From 2010 to 2016

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data from individual states show a decline in opioid prescribing rates in 11 participating states from 2010 to 2016, according to research published in the Jan. 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

In Early Stages, Novel 2019 Coronavirus Doubling Every 7.4 Days

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the early stages, the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019-nCoV)-infected pneumonia (NCIP) epidemic doubled in size every 7.4 days, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

U.S. Reports First Person-to-Person Transmission of Coronavirus

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first case of person-to-person transmission of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in the United States was reported by federal health officials on Thursday, bringing the total number of cases to six.

CDC Press Release
Illinois Department of Public Health
AP News Article
World Health Organization

ED Visits Tied to Suicidal Ideation, Self-Directed Violence on Rise

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From January 2017 to December 2018, there was an increase in the number of emergency department visits related to suicidal ideation, self-directed violence, or both in persons aged ≥10 years, according to research published in the Jan. 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Juul Use Up in Young People 15 to 34 Years Old

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The number of teens and young adults who ever used Juul doubled in one year, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

2017 to 2018 Saw Increase in Life Expectancy in the United States

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there was an increase in life expectancy in the United States and a decrease in age-adjusted death rates, according to a January data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

Risk for Obesity in Child Higher With GDM Plus Preeclampsia

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia is associated with an upward trajectory in childhood body mass index (BMI), according to a study published in the Jan. 21 issue of the Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Many Patients Receive Guideline-Nonconcordant Care for Low Back Pain

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients who develop new low back pain (LBP) receive advanced imaging and opioids without having been prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or physical therapy (PT), according to a study published in the February issue of Medical Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Fracture Rate Up in Infants With Prenatal Smoking Exposure

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal exposure to maternal smoking is associated with an increased fracture rate before age 1, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Just a Few Providers Account for Large Number of Opioid Scripts

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A small proportion of providers account for almost half of all opioid doses and about one-quarter of opioid prescriptions, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

U.S. Spends More on Health Care, but Has Worse Life Expectancy

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The United States spends substantially more than any other wealthy nation on health care, yet it has a lower life expectancy and a higher suicide rate than other wealthy nations, according to a January data brief released by the Commonwealth Fund.

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Social Support Linked to Mortality in Older Women With CRC

THURSDAY, Jan. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women with colorectal cancer (CRC), low social support is associated with elevated overall and CRC-specific mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Cancer.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Speech Analysis May Help Track Changes in Mental Health State

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A system for collecting speech samples from people with serious mental illness can be used to track changes in their clinical states over time, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE.

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Volume CT Screening Cuts Lung Cancer Mortality at 10 Years

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Volume computed tomography (CT) screening results in significantly lower lung cancer mortality at 10 years, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Dietary Flavonols May Reduce Risk for Alzheimer Dementia

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher dietary intake of flavonols seems to be associated with a reduced risk for incident Alzheimer dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 29 in Neurology.

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FDA Tells Purell Manufacturer to Stop Making False Claims

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The maker of Purell hand sanitizers has been warned by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to stop claiming that the products can protect people from infections and illnesses.

The New York Times Article
More Information: FDA

New Coronavirus Infections in China Top 2003 SARS Total

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the case count in China's 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak eclipsed those reported in the 2003 SARS outbreak on Wednesday, the United States evacuated 200 Americans from the center of the epidemic.

AP News Article
CNN Article
More Information: CDC

Familial Psoriasis May Not Be Tied to Obesity

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity does not necessarily induce or contribute to familial psoriasis, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in the Journal of Dermatology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Disability, Quality of Life, Mood May Affect Sleep in IBD Patients

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep quality is associated with mood state, disability, and quality of life among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published online Jan. 16 in Scientific Reports.

Abstract/Full Text

Fatty Liver Disease Common Among Young Adults in the U.K.

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- One in five young adults in the United Kingdom has steatosis and one in 40 has fibrosis around the age of 24 years, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Suvorexant May Improve Insomnia With Alzheimer Disease

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Suvorexant improves total sleep time (TST) in patients with probable Alzheimer disease (AD) dementia and insomnia, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

Abstract/Full Text

Depression Screening Lacking for Perimenopausal Women

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Practicing gynecologists largely fail to screen women for symptoms of depression during perimenopause, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in Menopause.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Gender Gap Persists in Starting Salary for Physicians

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The gender gap in starting salary for physicians persists, although it is unclear which factors account for this gap, according to a report published online Jan. 22 in Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Survey: Most Americans Think of Themselves as Healthy

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Seven out of 10 Americans rate their health-related behaviors and attitudes as good or excellent, according to a survey released Jan. 27 by the American Osteopathic Association.

More Information

Dangerous Additives Found in Illegal Pot Vaping Products in Los Angeles

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Potentially deadly additives were found in marijuana vape cartridges seized in December raids of illegal shops in Los Angeles, officials reported Monday.

AP News Article

Coronavirus Deaths Top 100 in China

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the death toll in China's coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak surpassed 100 on Tuesday, the United States expanded its travel alert and prepared to evacuate American government workers who are in the center of the epidemic.

The New York Times Article
CDC Media Briefing Transcript

Drug Price-Fixing Charge Laid Against 'Pharma Bro' Martin Shkreli

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- So-called "Pharma Bro" Martin Shkreli faces charges of price fixing of a drug used to treat the potentially fatal condition toxoplasmosis.

CBS News Article

Clinical Features ID'd for First 2019 Novel Coronavirus Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As of Jan. 2, 2020, 41 patients were admitted with laboratory-confirmed 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), all of whom had pneumonia, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Health-Related Quality of Life Lower for Women With PCOS

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) report low health-related quality of life (HRQoL) beyond the reproductive years, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Adult Exposure to Chickenpox Cuts Shingles Risk

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The relative incidence of shingles is lower in adults after exposure to a household contact with chickenpox, but full protection is not achieved, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Naloxone Prescribing Increasing but Still Very Low

TUESDAY, Jan. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Naloxone prescribing has increased but is still very low among patients at risk for opioid overdose, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Community-Based Diabetes Screening Feasible in Barbershops

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Community-based diabetes screening in barbershops owned by black individuals is feasible and can identify undiagnosed diabetes, according to a research letter published online Jan. 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Unmet Need for Physician Care Not Improving With More Insured

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most measures of unmet need for physician services in the United States have not improved since 1998 despite gains in health insurance coverage, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Wealthy Pay Most to Finance U.S. Health Care

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Health care payments in the United States are more regressive than previously thought, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Health Services Research.

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Effects of Vit D Correction on CV Health Studied in Obese Children

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For vitamin D-deficient overweight and obese children, high-dose supplementation with vitamin D does not improve measures of arterial endothelial function or stiffness, but it does result in reductions in blood pressure (BP) and fasting glucose concentration, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Many Family Caregivers Never Speak to Health Care Workers

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many family or unpaid caregivers report never speaking with older adults' health care workers, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Coronavirus Cases Top 2,700 in China, Five in the United States

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chinese officials extended the New Lunar Year holiday on Sunday, as the number of cases of a new coronavirus climbed past 2,700 and the death toll reached 81. The Lunar New Year is China's busiest travel season and officials there said the end of the holiday was pushed back to "reduce mass gatherings" and "block the spread of the epidemic," the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article
More Information: CDC

Potential Links ID'd for Marijuana Use, Cardiovascular Risks

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a review published in the Jan. 28 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, potential associations are presented for marijuana use and cardiovascular risks.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

LV Hypertrophy May Explain Racial Disparities in Heart Failure

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A "malignant" subphenotype of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) with minimal elevations in cardiac biomarkers is associated with an increased risk for heart failure, with some of the excess risk for heart failure among blacks explained by a higher prevalence of malignant LVH, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in Circulation.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Tdap or Td Vaccine May Be Used for Decennial Td Booster Doses

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Either tetanus and diphtheria toxoids (Td) vaccine or tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine may be used for Td booster doses every 10 years or when indicated for tetanus prophylaxis in wound management, according to research published in the Jan. 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Parity, Breastfeeding Inversely Tied to Early Natural Menopause

MONDAY, Jan. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Both parity and breastfeeding are inversely associated with the risk for early natural menopause, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Many U.S. Adults Misinformed About the Flu, Vaccination

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many U.S. adults are misinformed about the influenza virus and the importance of flu vaccination, according to the results of a survey released by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).

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Chicago Woman Is Second U.S. Case of Wuhan Coronavirus

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A Chicago woman in her 60s has been identified as the second U.S. patient to be diagnosed with a new Chinese coronavirus, health officials announced Friday.

Chicago Department of Public Health
More Information: CDC

Nearly Half of U.S. Smokers Not Advised by Doctors to Quit

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Too few American smokers are advised by their doctors to quit, according to a report released Thursday by U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams, M.D.

The New York Times Article
Office of the Surgeon General

New Hospital Being Built in China for Coronavirus Outbreak

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A new 1,000-bed hospital just for patients infected with the coronavirus that has caused 830 confirmed illnesses and 26 deaths in China is expected to be completed in the city of Wuhan by Feb. 3, officials said Friday.

AP News Article
CBS News Article
More Information: CDC

Postoperative Length of Stay, Costs Down With Prehabilitation Program

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A prehabilitation program is associated with shorter length of stay and lower total episode payment after surgery, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Health Care Utilization Up for Seniors With Untreated Apnea

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Older adult Medicare beneficiaries with untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have increased health care utilization (HCU) and costs, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Low-Dose Aspirin Cuts Preterm Delivery in Nulliparous Women

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies from low-income and middle-income countries, the incidence of preterm delivery before 37 weeks is reduced for those receiving low-dose aspirin versus placebo, according to a study published in the Jan. 25 issue of The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Sexual Frequency Linked to Age of Onset of Natural Menopause

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sexual frequency is associated with age of natural menopause (ANM), with a lower likelihood of experiencing menopause for women reporting having sex monthly or weekly, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Royal Society Open Science.

Abstract/Full Text

Potent, Unregulated Steroid Creams Readily Available in U.S.

FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Potent prescription-strength topical corticosteroids without a prescription (PSTCw/oP) are readily available in many U.S. cities, according to a letter to the editor published in the February issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Prenatal Exposure to Both Alcohol, Cigarettes Ups SIDS Risk

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Infants prenatally exposed to alcohol and tobacco cigarettes beyond the first trimester have an increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), according to a study published online Jan. 20 in EClinicalMedicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Major Insurers Offer $55 Million to Lower Generic Drug Costs

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A nonprofit that develops and sells cheaper drugs will receive a $55 million investment from the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association and associated organizations to create cheaper versions of expensive generic drugs.

The New York Times Article

CDC: HIV-1/HIV-2 Differentiation Test Increasingly Used in U.S.

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2010 to 2017, use of the HIV-1/HIV-2 differentiation test increased, but the number of HIV-2 diagnoses remained very low, according to research published in the Jan. 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

China Bans Travel in Wuhan, Four Nearby Cities

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The city of Wuhan was closed off Thursday by Chinese officials in an attempt to stem the spread of a coronavirus that has sickened more than 570 people and killed at least 17.

The New York Times Article
More Information

Systolic BP Variability in Young Adults May ID Later CVD Risk

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Variability in systolic blood pressure (SBP) in young adults is associated with an increased subsequent risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and all-cause mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 22 in JAMA Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Fewer Than Half of Clinical Trials Comply With Reporting Laws

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Compliance with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 is low, with only 40.9 percent of trials reporting results within one year, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

JumpstartMD Commercial Program Seems Effective for Weight Loss

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The commercial low-calorie, low-carbohydrate JumpstartMD program is effective for weight loss, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of Obesity.

Abstract/Full Text

Abdominal Obesity Linked to Recurrent Atherosclerotic CVD

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Abdominal obesity is associated with an increased risk for recurrent atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease after myocardial infarction, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Teen Transgender Access to Pubertal Suppression Lowers Suicidality

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Access to pubertal suppression during adolescence is associated with lower odds of lifetime suicidal ideation among transgender young adults, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Pediatrics.

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High-Fat Milk Consumption Tied to Faster Biological Aging

THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- People who drink low-fat milk experience less biological aging than those who drink high-fat milk, according to a study recently published in Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity.

Abstract/Full Text

Production of Two Excedrin Painkillers Halted

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Production and distribution of Excedrin Extra Strength and Excedrin Migraine products have been temporarily stopped, maker GlaxoSmithKline said Tuesday.

CNN Article

Fast-Track Review of ACA Lawsuit Rejected by U.S. Supreme Court

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A fast-track review of a lawsuit that threatens the Affordable Care Act was rejected Tuesday by the U.S. Supreme Court.

AP News Article

Mental Health Outcomes No Better for Teens Undergoing RYGB

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mental health outcomes do not appear to improve for obese adolescents undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Low-Carb, Low-Fat Diets Not Tied to Mortality Overall

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, low-carbohydrate diet and low-fat diet scores are not associated with total mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Six Active Ingredients of Sunscreen Systemically Absorbed

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sunscreen application is associated with geometric mean maximum plasma concentrations of all six active ingredients that exceed 0.5 ng/mL, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

2008 to 2016 Saw Decline in Primary Care Visits for Children

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2008 to 2016, there was a decrease in primary care visit rates among commercially insured children, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Full Impact of Drug Use on U.S. Mortality Not Captured by Data

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The impact of drug use in the United States is likely to be higher than estimated, with drug-associated mortality higher than drug-coded deaths alone, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Time of Day for Taking Warfarin Does Not Matter

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Time of day for taking warfarin makes no difference on the drug's effectiveness, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Primary Care Screening for Dementia Not Harmful

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- No harms come from screening for Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRDs) in primary care, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Evidence Lacking for Identifying Optimal Primary Care Panel Size

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is insufficient evidence for making recommendations about the optimal primary care panel size for achieving the most beneficial health outcomes, according to a review published online Jan. 21 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

First U.S. Patient With Coronavirus ID'd in Washington State

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first U.S. case of a new coronavirus illness that originated in central China has been identified in a patient in Washington State, federal health officials announced on Tuesday.

CDC Press Release
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ACP: Medicare for All Needed to Fix 'Ill' U.S. Health Care System

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Physicians (ACP) says the U.S. health care system "is ill and needs a bold new prescription" that includes coverage for all Americans and lower costs.

AP News Article
American College of Physicians

Wearable Device Data May Help Predict Flu-Like Illness Patterns

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Data from activity and physiological trackers may improve prediction of influenza-like illness (ILI), according to a study published online Jan. 16 in The Lancet Digital Health.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

New Guidance Issued for Care of Children With Williams Syndrome

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an American Academy of Pediatrics clinical report, published online Jan. 21 in Pediatrics, recommendations are presented for the management of patients with Williams syndrome (WS).

Abstract/Full Text

Human-to-Human Transmission of Chinese Coronavirus Confirmed

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The leader of a Chinese government team of experts announced Monday that human-to-human transmission of a new coronavirus has been confirmed, the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article

Cognitive Behavioral Program Benefits Patients With Diabetes

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A peer-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based intervention may improve quality of life (QOL) among patients with diabetes and chronic pain, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Fish Oil Supplement Intake Linked to Better Testicular Function

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For young men, fish oil supplement intake is associated with better testicular function, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Food Insecurity May Increase Risk for Premature Death

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with food insecurity are more likely to die prematurely than food-secure people, according to a study published online Jan. 20 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Stomach Virus Strikes 170 Yosemite Visitors, Staff

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 170 visitors and employees at Yosemite National Park have been hit by gastrointestinal illness, park officials say.

CNN Article

Second Death From New Coronavirus Reported in China

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chinese officials have reported a second death from a new coronavirus responsible for an outbreak of pneumonia in the city of Wuhan, while the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has implemented enhanced health screenings of travelers flying in from China to three major airports in the United States.

AP News Article
More Information: CDC

Americans Lack Knowledge About Eye Health

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Americans' lack of knowledge about eye health may put their vision at risk, according to a survey released by the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Press Release

Acute Flaccid Myelitis Features Differ in Peak, Nonpeak Years

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Clinical and laboratory characteristics of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) cases differ in peak and nonpeak years, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Abstract/Full Text

Cancer Survivors Have Substantial Medical Financial Hardship

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many cancer survivors have substantial medical financial hardship and make financial sacrifices, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Level of Antibiotic Prescribing High for Children in Tennessee

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The outpatient antibiotic prescribing rate for children was 1,165 per 1,000 in Tennessee in 2016, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Benzodiazepines Prescribed at 27 Office Visits Per 100 Adults

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Benzodiazepines were prescribed at 27 annual physician office visits per 100 adults during 2014 to 2016, according to a study published online Jan. 17 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Abstract/Full Text

2011 to 2017 Saw Increase in Binge Drinks Per Binge Drinker

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2011 to 2017, there was an increase in the total annual number of binge drinks per adult who reported binge drinking, according to research published in the Jan. 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Decline in Mortality Seen in Diabetes Patients in Hong Kong

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2001 to 2016, mortality declined among people with diabetes in Hong Kong, according to a study published online Jan. 16 in Diabetologia.

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Colorectal Cancer Risk Still Up in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with ulcerative colitis have an increased risk for colorectal cancer and colorectal cancer mortality, according to a study published in the Jan. 11 issue of The Lancet.

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Lack of Self-Exams Hampers Early Melanoma Identification

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The biggest obstacle to early detection and treatment of melanoma among residents of rural, frontier communities is a chronic lack of skin self-examination (SSE), according to a study recently published in Psychology, Health & Medicine.

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Single-Payer System Would Likely Save Money

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is near consensus across 30 years of economic analysis of single-payer plans that a single-payer system would reduce health expenditures in the United States, according to a review published online Jan. 15 in PLOS Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Japan Reports First Case of New Coronavirus

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Japan has reported its first case of a new coronavirus that has caused an outbreak in China.

The New York Times Article

2003 to 2017 Saw Drop in Infant Mortality Due to Birth Defects

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2003 to 2017, there was a decrease in infant mortality attributable to birth defects (IMBD) overall, although considerable differences were seen in the decreases by maternal and infant characteristics, according to research published in the Jan. 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: Many Americans Are Inactive, With Southerners Faring Worse

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 15 percent of American adults are physically inactive, according to a new U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study.

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Ageism Predicts Significantly Worse Health Outcomes

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Ageism predicts significantly worse health outcomes, according to a review published online Jan. 15 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Cesarean Rates No Higher for Diabetes Patients Induced in 38th Week

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In women with prepregnancy type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus (PDM), induction of labor (IOL) is not associated with increased cesarean section rates compared with expectant management beyond 39 weeks, but it is associated with certain neonatal adverse outcomes, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

Abstract/Full Text

Popular Diets May Impact Testosterone Levels in Men

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Men adhering to low-fat diets have lower serum testosterone levels even when adjusting for comorbidities, age, body mass index, and activity levels, according to a study published in the February issue of The Journal of Urology.

Abstract/Full Text

History of Falls Predicts Future Fractures in Postmenopausal Women

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A history of falls, especially injurious falls, predicts subsequent fractures in postmenopausal women, according to a study recently published in Osteoporosis International.

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Lack of Insurance Tied to Later Stage of Breast Cancer at Diagnosis

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Insurance status and access to care play an important role in racial disparities in stage of breast cancer at diagnosis, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in JAMA Oncology.

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ACA Tied to Narrowing of Disparities in Access to Care

THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act has reduced disparities in access to health care among black, Hispanic, and white adults, according to a January data brief released by the Commonwealth Fund.

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New Coronavirus in China Could Possibly Spread Between Humans

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Human-to-human transmission of a virus causing an outbreak in central China may be possible, but the risk appears to be low, health officials said Wednesday.

AP News Article

FDA: Weight Control Drug Lorcaserin May Raise Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The prescription weight control medicine lorcaserin (Belviq, Belviq XR) may increase the risk for cancer, according to the results of a clinical trial assessing the safety of the drug, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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CDC: Romaine Lettuce E. Coli Outbreak Over

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- It is safe again to buy and eat romaine lettuce grown on farms around Salinas, California, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.

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Risk for Suicide Increased in Children, Teens Who Self-Harm

THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children and adolescents who self-harm have an increased risk for suicide, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.

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Many Women Have Posttraumatic Stress After Early Pregnancy Loss

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many women meet the criteria for posttraumatic stress and have moderate/severe anxiety and moderate/severe depression one month after early pregnancy loss, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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BP Measures Progress More Rapidly in Women Than Men

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Blood pressure (BP) measures progress more rapidly in women than in men, starting in the third decade and continuing through the life course, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Injury Deaths Predicted to Increase With Anomalously Warm Temperatures

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Anomalously warm temperatures may be associated with an increase in injury deaths, according to a research letter published online Jan. 13 in Nature Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Maternal Distress May Affect Brain Development in Fetuses With CHD

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Psychological distress, including stress, anxiety, and depression, is prevalent among women carrying fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD), and this distress can affect fetal neurological development, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Online Information About Probiotics Often Unreliable

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Probiotics information available online is often from commercial sources, and most webpages do not refer to scientific literature, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Frontiers in Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Evolution of Approval, Regulation Processes for Drugs Explored

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. approval and regulation processes for pharmaceutical agents have evolved during the last four decades, according to a study published in the Jan. 14 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Will Pose Clinical, Economic Burden

TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is expected to pose a significant clinical and economic burden during the next 20 years for U.S. patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a study published online Jan. 6 in Diabetes Care.

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