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February 2020 Briefing - Radiology

Last Updated: March 02, 2020.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for February 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

MRI-Identified Damage Tied to Patient-Reported RA Function

FRIDAY, Feb. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is a consistent association between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of damage in the wrist and hand and self-reported loss of function in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in sustained clinical remission, according to a study recently published in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Recommendations Issued for R/R Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a EuroNet Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma Group guideline, published in the February issue of HemaSphere, recommendations are presented regarding salvage therapy for pediatric patients with first relapse or refractory (R/R) classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL).

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Compliance Low With USPSTF Lung Cancer Screening Recommendations

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Of those people in 10 states meeting the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for low-dose lung cancer screening, only 12.5 percent reported having had a screening exam in the past year, according to research published in the Feb. 28 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Recommendations Developed for Appropriate Thyroidectomy

THURSDAY, Feb. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In guidelines issued by the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons, published in the March issue of the Annals of Surgery, recommendations are presented for the definitive surgical management of thyroid disease in adults.

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Adding Pembrolizumab May Up Response in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with untreated stage II or III triple-negative breast cancer, pembrolizumab plus neoadjuvant chemotherapy, compared with placebo plus neoadjuvant chemotherapy, is associated with a significantly higher rate of pathological complete response, according to a study published in the Feb. 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Influence of Politics Has Not Waned in Opinions About ACA

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Public opinion about the Affordable Care Act (ACA) remains divided 10 years after its passage, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in Health Affairs.

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MRI Findings Predict Shoulder Stiffness in Rotator Cuff Tear

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tear, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings can predict shoulder stiffness, according to a study published online Feb. 18 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Mistreatment, Discrimination Still Common for Medical Students

TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mistreatment of medical students remains common for women, racial/ethnic minorities, and sexual minorities, according to a study published online Feb. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Continuing Annual Breast Cancer Screening No Benefit in Over-75s

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For women aged 75 years or older, continuing annual breast cancer screening does not result in significant reductions in eight-year breast cancer mortality compared with stopping screening, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Image Reading on Mobile Devices Feasible for Stroke Decisions

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mobile devices may be reliable and accurate for interpreting images needed in making the clinical decision to administer intravenous (IV) thrombolysis in patients with acute stroke, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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AI Imaging Analysis Prognostic in Coronary Artery Disease

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Reduced myocardial blood flow (MBF) and myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR) are prognostic for patients with coronary artery disease, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in Circulation.

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Ultrasound May ID Children at Risk for Cystic Fibrosis Liver Disease

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A heterogeneous pattern on ultrasound examination of the liver may help identify children with cystic fibrosis (CF) at increased risk for developing advanced CF liver disease, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Many Transgender Youth Intentionally Avoid Disclosure

THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most transgender youth voluntarily disclose their gender identity to health care providers (HCPs) outside of a gender clinic; however, almost half report having intentionally avoided disclosure, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Functional Outcomes Similar Across Localized Prostate Cancer Treatments

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most functional differences associated with contemporary management of localized prostate cancer attenuate by five years, according to a study published in the Jan. 14 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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AAP Addresses Fertility Preservation for Children With Cancer

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Medical and ethical considerations of fertility preservation in children with cancer are addressed in a clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics, published online Feb. 18 in Pediatrics.

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Maximal Resection of Glioblastomas May Up Survival

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Maximal resection of a contrast-enhanced (CE) tumor is associated with improved overall survival in patients with isocitrate dehydrogenase gene 1 or 2 (IDH)-wild-type and IDH-mutant subtype glioblastomas, according to a study published online Feb. 6 in JAMA Oncology.

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U.S. Life Expectancy to Reach 85 by 2060

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly a quarter of all U.S. residents will be older than 65 by 2060, and life expectancy will reach an all-time high of 85 by that year, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

AP News Article

Massachusetts Health Reform Tied to Decrease in Advanced Cancer

FRIDAY, Feb. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Following state health reform, there was a decline in advanced-stage colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnoses in Massachusetts, according to a study published in the February issue of Medical Care.

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2011 to 2018 Saw Decline in Problems Paying Medical Bills

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2011 to 2018, there was a decrease in the percentage of families having problems paying medical bills in the past 12 months, according to a February data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Rates of Liver Disease High Among World Trade Center Responders

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- World Trade Center (WTC) responders have a three times higher rate of liver disease compared with non-WTC responders, according to a study recently published in Clinical Imaging.

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Empathy Declines as Students Progress Through Medical School

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Students become less empathic toward patients throughout medical school, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in Academic Medicine.

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Seniors Have Concerns About Affording Health Insurance

MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many adults aged 50 to 64 years are concerned about their ability to afford health insurance, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

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Radiologist Workforce Becoming Increasingly Subspecialized

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The national radiologist workforce is becoming increasingly subspecialized, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

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CT Scan Features Described for 2019 Novel Coronavirus Infection

FRIDAY, Feb. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Key computed tomography (CT) findings have been characterized for patients infected with the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), according to research published online Feb. 4 in Radiology.

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Aneurysm Diameter, Intraluminal Thrombus Predict AAA Growth

THURSDAY, Feb. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Maximum diameter and presence of intraluminal thrombus (ILT) are independent predictors of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) growth, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in Radiology.

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Bumetanide Promising for Reducing Autism Symptoms

TUESDAY, Feb. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Bumetanide seems effective for improving symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Translational Psychiatry.

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