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Category: Psychiatry | Monthly Briefing

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March 2020 Briefing - Psychiatry

Last Updated: April 01, 2020.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

CVD May Play Role in Link Between Air Pollution, Dementia

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term exposure to air pollution is associated with a higher risk for dementia, with the association enhanced by heart failure and ischemic heart disease, according to a study published online March 30 in JAMA Neurology.

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WHO Issues Guidance on Prevention of COVID-19 at LTCFs

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a technical guidance document issued by the World Health Organization, recommendations are presented for the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) entry and spread in long-term care facilities (LTCFs).

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Doctors, Hospitals, Pharmacies Warned Not to Stockpile Meds

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a joint statement released by the American Medical Association, American Pharmacists Association, and American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, the professional groups "strongly oppose" physicians, pharmacies, and hospitals prophylactically prescribing medications or purchasing excessive amounts or stockpiles of potential treatments for COVID-19.

Joint Statement

U.S. Army Opens Field Hospital in New York City

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first U.S. Army field hospital for civilian patients opened in New York City Monday and could be the first of many across the nation as it struggles with the coronavirus pandemic.

CBS News Article
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Postpartum Psych Disorders Lower Odds of Subsequent Children

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women with postpartum psychiatric disorders have a lower probability of subsequent live birth, according to a study published online March 29 in Human Reproduction.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Proportion of Teens Receiving Mental Health Care Steady

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly one in five U.S. adolescents receives care for mental health problems, a figure that has remained nearly constant from 2005 to 2018, according to a study published online March 25 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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New Tool Measures Quality of Life With Autism Across Life Span

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A new online survey appears to be a feasible and acceptable method for assessing patient- and parent-reported outcomes and quality of life for people with autism across the life span, according to a study published online March 10 in Autism Research.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pregnancy-Related Factors Linked to Risk for Psychosis in Child

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal and perinatal factors may influence a child's risk for developing psychosis, according to a review and meta-analysis published online March 24 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Half of Americans Anxious About Getting COVID-19

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of Americans (48 percent) are anxious about the possibility of getting COVID-19, while slightly fewer -- four in 10 -- are anxious about becoming seriously ill or dying from the disease, according to the results of a survey conducted by the American Psychiatric Association.

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PPE Negative for SARS-CoV-2 After Patient Contact

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Samples collected from personal protective equipment (PPE) from health care workers (HCWs) caring for patients positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were negative for SARS-CoV-2, according to research published online March 26 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Late-Life Depression Severity Varies by Race, Ethnicity

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Significant racial and ethnic differences have been identified in late-life depression (LLD) severity, symptom burden, and depression care, according to a study published online March 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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Temperature Impacts Likelihood of Bad Mental Health Days

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cooler days are associated with reduced probability of reporting bad mental health days, while hotter days are associated with increased probability, according to a study published online March 25 in PLOS ONE.

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Past-Year Methamphetamine Use 6.6 Per 1,000 in 2015 to 2018

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated rate of past-year methamphetamine use was 6.6 per 1,000 adults during 2015 to 2018, according to research published in the March 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder 18.5 per 1,000 at Age 8

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was 18.5 per 1,000 among children aged 8 years and 15.6 per 1,000 children aged 4 years in 2016, according to two surveillance summaries published in the March 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text - Maenner
Abstract/Full Text - Shaw

Workers at Risk for COVID-19 Exposure Can Access Online Training

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The National Institutes of Health has launched a new website with educational resources for hospital employees, emergency first responders, and other workers at risk for exposure to COVID-19.

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National Health Spending Expected to Increase Through 2028

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- National health expenditures are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 5.4 percent for 2019 to 2028, representing almost 20 percent of U.S. gross domestic product by 2028, according to a study published online March 24 in Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Recommendations Issued for Pediatric Abuse-Related Head Trauma

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement, published online March 23 in Pediatrics, recommendations are presented for pediatricians to manage abusive head trauma (AHT) in infants and children.

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Mental Health at Risk for Health Care Workers Treating COVID-19

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of health care workers caring for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) report symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and distress, according to a study published online March 23 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Gender-Concordant ID May Aid Mental Health in Trans Adults

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Possession of gender-concordant identity documents (IDs) may improve mental health among trans persons, according to a study published online March 16 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Editorial

Homeless Patients With AMI Have Distinct Risks, Outcomes

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Homeless patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have a distinct cardiovascular risk profile, in-hospital care, and rehospitalization rates compared with nonhomeless patients, according to a study published online March 19 in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Editorial

Young Cancer Survivors Have More Financial, Food Insecurity

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Greater financial worry and food insecurity are reported for younger adult cancer survivors, according to a study published online in the March issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Serial Interval of COVID-19 Estimated at 3.96 Days

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The serial interval of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), defined as the time between a primary case and secondary case developing symptoms, is 3.96 days, according to a study published online March 19 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Most Emergency Providers Have Little Firearms Safety Experience

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most emergency providers (EPs) report having little experience handling firearms, although many report encountering them, according to a study published online in the March issue of Academic Emergency Medicine.

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2017 to 2018 Saw Drop in Overdose Death Rates Involving Opioids

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there were decreases in overdose death rates involving all opioids, prescription opioids, and heroin, while rates involving synthetic opioids increased, according to research published in the March 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Sports Concussion Recovery May Be Slower Than Thought

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of patients with sports-related mild traumatic brain injury (SR-mTBI) achieve clinical recovery within two weeks after injury, according to a study published in the March issue of the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.

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Drop in Episodic Memory Steeper With High Goal Disengagement

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Retired female individuals who are high in goal disengagement have steeper nine-year declines in episodic memory, according to a study published online March 16 in Psychology and Aging.

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Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms May Up Health Risks in Drug Injectors

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among people who inject drugs (PWID), opioid withdrawal symptoms are associated with increased health risks, according to a study published online March 18 in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

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Single THC Dose Can Induce Psychiatric Symptoms in Adults

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The cannabis constituent Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) administration can induce psychotic, negative, and other psychiatric symptoms in healthy adults, according to a review published online March 17 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Teens Who Try E-Cigs First Less Likely to Smoke Cigarettes

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. adolescents who first use electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are less likely to be subsequent smokers, according to a study published online March 17 in Tobacco Control.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Low Maternal Vitamin D May Raise Risk for ADHD in Offspring

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is an association between low maternal vitamin D during early pregnancy and an elevated risk for offspring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

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Poll: Many Parents Not Talking to Children About Inappropriate Touching

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many parents are not having talks with their preschool or school-age children about inappropriate touching, according to a new C.S. Mott Children's Hospital national poll from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

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>8 Percent of Children Report Past, Current Suicidal Ideation

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 8 percent of children report any past or current suicidal ideation, according to a study published online March 12 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Function, Cognition, Psych Well-Being Linked to Postop Death

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Poor function, cognition, and psychological well-being are associated with mortality among older adults undergoing major surgery, according to a study published online March 11 in JAMA Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

All-Cause Mortality Up in Female Domestic Abuse Survivors

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women who survive domestic abuse (DA) are more likely to have type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and to die from any cause, according to a study published in the Feb. 18 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Pregnant Women With Depression More Likely to Use Cannabis

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women with depression are more than three times more likely to use cannabis during pregnancy compared with women without depression, according to a study published online March 3 in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

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Alcoholics Anonymous More Effective Than Other Treatments

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and other Twelve-Step Facilitation (TSF) interventions may be more effective than other established treatments for increasing abstinence in adults with alcohol use disorder (AUD), according to a review published online March 11 in the Cochrane Library.

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Anticholinergic Burden Tied to Adverse Effects in Middle Age

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Anticholinergic burden (ACB) is associated with adverse outcomes in a middle- to older-aged population, according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Infant Sleep Problems Affect Mental Health Through Childhood

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Persistent severe sleep problems during the first postnatal year are associated with an increased risk for anxiety problems and emotional disorders at age 10, according to a study published online March 9 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Bereavement Tied to Higher Melanoma-Related Mortality

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is a decreased risk for melanoma diagnosis among bereaved individuals but increased mortality associated with melanoma compared with nonbereaved individuals, according to a study published online March 3 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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2018 Health Care Spending Up Due to Higher Prices

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Average employer-sponsored insurance spending rose to $5,892 per person in 2018, according to the Health Care Cost Institute annual Health Care Cost and Utilization Report.

Health Care Cost and Utilization Report

Stress-Related Disorders Linked to Neurodegenerative Disease

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Stress-related disorders are associated with an increased risk for neurodegenerative diseases, according to a study published online March 9 in JAMA Neurology.

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Gabapentin Seems Efficacious for Alcohol Use Disorder

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Gabapentin appears to be efficacious for the treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD), especially among those with high alcohol withdrawal, according to a study published online March 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Period of 2015 to 2018 Saw Increase in Cannabis Use in Seniors

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2015 to 2018, there was an increase in the prevalence of cannabis use among older adults, according to a research letter published online Feb. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Gulf War Illness Still Poses High Symptom Burden

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Gulf War illness (GWI) poses a high disease burden on veterans almost three decades after the conflict, according to a study published online Feb. 2 in Military Medicine.

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FDA: Singulair to Get 'Black Box' Warning

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Asthma and allergy drug montelukast -- sold as a generic and under the brand name Singulair -- will get a "boxed warning" over potential ties to neuropsychiatric effects, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Wednesday.

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Repeat ED Visits for Opioid-Related Emergencies on the Rise

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency departments are increasingly seeing patients for repeat opioid-related care, according to a study recently published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Female Clinical Chairs Paid Significantly Less Than Men

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are significant sex differences in salaries of clinical department chairs in public medical schools in the United States, according to a research letter published online March 2 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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CDC: ~14 Percent of Children Have ADHD, Learning Disability

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 14 percent of children aged 3 to 17 years had ever been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or a learning disability in 2016 to 2018, according to a March data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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FDA Bans Electrical Shock Devices Used on the Mentally Disabled

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Electrical shock devices (ESDs) used to reduce aggression and self-harm in patients with autism and other developmental disabilities will be banned, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Wednesday.

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Short-Term Medications May Cut Risk for 'Broken Heart' Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In early bereavement, low-dose metoprolol and aspirin reduce physiological and psychological surrogate measures of cardiovascular risk, according to a study published in the February issue of the American Heart Journal.

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Racial/Ethnic Insurance Coverage Disparity Down Since ACA

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Since the implementation of coverage expansions associated with the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the disparities in insurance coverage related to race and ethnicity have decreased, according to a study published in the March issue of Health Affairs.

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Considerable Increase Seen in List, Net Prices of Branded Drugs

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2007 to 2018, there were substantial increases in list and net prices of branded drugs in the United States, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial 1 (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial 2 (subscription or payment may be required)

1996 to 2016 Saw Increases in U.S. Spending on Health Care

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2016, there were considerable increases in U.S. spending on health care, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Evidence Lacking for Pharmacologic Therapy for Cannabis Use Disorder

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence relating to pharmacological interventions for cannabis use disorder (CUD) is mainly insufficient and suggests that several drug classes are ineffective, according to a review published online March 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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NICU Babies at Risk for Later Mental Health Issues

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are at an increased risk for psychiatric disorders during childhood and adolescence, according to a study recently published in Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Pediatrician Use of Developmental Screening Tools Increasing

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2002 to 2016, there was an increase in pediatricians' reported use of developmental screening tools and in referral of at-risk patients for early intervention (EI), according to a study published online March 2 in Pediatrics.

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Mean Age at Drug Use Initiation Increasing for Many Drugs

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For many internationally regulated drugs, the mean age at initiation has increased since 2004, according to a research letter published online March 2 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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