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March 2020 Briefing - Pulmonology

Last Updated: April 01, 2020.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

CVD May Play Role in Link Between Air Pollution, Dementia

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term exposure to air pollution is associated with a higher risk for dementia, with the association enhanced by heart failure and ischemic heart disease, according to a study published online March 30 in JAMA Neurology.

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WHO Issues Guidance on Prevention of COVID-19 at LTCFs

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a technical guidance document issued by the World Health Organization, recommendations are presented for the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) entry and spread in long-term care facilities (LTCFs).

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Decontamination Method Adopted to Ease N95 Mask Shortage

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Duke Health research and clinical teams have developed a validated process for decontaminating N95 masks. The process is described in an article published online in Applied Biosafety: Journal of ABSA International.

Press Release
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Case Fatality Ratio for COVID-19 Estimated at 1.38 Percent

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The case fatality ratio for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China is estimated at 1.38 percent, according to a study published online March 30 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Editorial

FDA Grants First Approval of Convalescent Plasma Therapy in COVID-19 Patient

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Over the weekend, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted the first approval for an academic medical center to transfuse donated plasma from a recovered novel coronavirus (COVID-19) patient into a critically ill patient.

More Information - Houston Methodist
More Information - FDA

Preventionists Report Widespread Shortages of Protective Equipment

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of U.S. health care facilities surveyed are out of or almost out of respirators to use while caring for patients with COVID-19, according to the results of a national survey of infection prevention experts released March 27 by the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

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Statement Issued on Use of Anesthesia Machines as Ventilators

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Although U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved labeling does not provide for use of anesthesia ventilators for long-term ventilator support, they can be repurposed during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, according to a statement from the American Society of Anesthesiologists and the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation.

ASA/APSF Statement
FDA Emergency Use Authorization - Ventilators

Doctors, Hospitals, Pharmacies Warned Not to Stockpile Meds

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a joint statement released by the American Medical Association, American Pharmacists Association, and American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, the professional groups "strongly oppose" physicians, pharmacies, and hospitals prophylactically prescribing medications or purchasing excessive amounts or stockpiles of potential treatments for COVID-19.

Joint Statement

Exclusive Breastfeeding for First Three Months May Cut Allergy Risk

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Exclusive breastfeeding for the first three months of life may cut the risk for allergy and asthma later in childhood, according to a study published March 3 in Acta Paediatrica.

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Artificial Intelligence Framework May Predict ARDS in COVID-19

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Data from patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can be used to develop a model that can predict who will develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), according to a study published online March 30 in Computers, Materials & Continua.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

U.S. Army Opens Field Hospital in New York City

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first U.S. Army field hospital for civilian patients opened in New York City Monday and could be the first of many across the nation as it struggles with the coronavirus pandemic.

CBS News Article
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Patients Viral Positive for Days After COVID-19 Resolution

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some patients who have recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continue to be viral positive up to eight days after resolution of symptoms, according to a study published online March 23 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

ASA Warns Against Multiple Patients Per Ventilator

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sharing mechanical ventilators should not be attempted during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, according to a joint statement published March 26 by the American Society of Anesthesiologists, Society of Critical Care Medicine, American Association for Respiratory Care, Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation, American Association of Critical‐Care Nurses, and American College of Chest Physicians.

Joint Statement on Multiple Patients Per Ventilator

Concomitant Myocardial Injury With COVID-19 Infection Linked to Fatal Outcome

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Myocardial injury is associated with fatal outcome in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to research published online March 27 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Editorial

President Extends Social Distancing to April 30 as COVID-19 Cases Surge

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As U.S. coronavirus cases and deaths continue to rise, President Donald Trump on Sunday extended strict social distancing guidelines for the country to April 30.

The New York Times Articles
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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of March 23 to 27, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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PPE Negative for SARS-CoV-2 After Patient Contact

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Samples collected from personal protective equipment (PPE) from health care workers (HCWs) caring for patients positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were negative for SARS-CoV-2, according to research published online March 26 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Half of Americans Anxious About Getting COVID-19

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of Americans (48 percent) are anxious about the possibility of getting COVID-19, while slightly fewer -- four in 10 -- are anxious about becoming seriously ill or dying from the disease, according to the results of a survey conducted by the American Psychiatric Association.

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Elastomeric Half-Mask Respirator Training Feasible in Health Care

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Health care personnel can be rapidly fit tested and trained to use the reusable elastomeric half-mask respirator (EHMR), with similar time to testing as that seen for the N95 respirator, according to a research letter published online March 25 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Three Neonates Born to Mothers With COVID-19 ID'd as Positive

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Three of 33 neonates born to mothers with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) , according to a research letter published online March 26 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Vitamin C May Reduce Ventilation Time in Critically Ill Patients

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The administration of vitamin C shortens the length of mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients, according to a review recently published in the Journal of Intensive Care.

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Gilead Backs Down on Special Designation for Possible COVID-19 Drug

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Following severe criticism, Gilead Sciences is backing off special designation of its antiviral drug remdesivir -- which shows promise against COVID-19 -- that would have allowed the company to block competition and increase its profits for the drug.

AP News Article

Restricting Activities in Wuhan Until April Could Slow COVID-19 Peak

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Restriction on activities in Wuhan would help to delay the COVID-19 epidemic peak if maintained until April, according to a study published online March 25 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Editorial

Workers at Risk for COVID-19 Exposure Can Access Online Training

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The National Institutes of Health has launched a new website with educational resources for hospital employees, emergency first responders, and other workers at risk for exposure to COVID-19.

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Lung Recruitability Can Be Assessed at Bedside in COVID-19

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lung recruitability can be assessed at bedside in mechanically ventilated patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and alternating body positioning can improve recruitability, according to a study published online March 23 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Increased Risk for SARS-CoV-2 Seen in Cancer Patients in Wuhan

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with cancer in Wuhan had an increased risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, according to a research letter published online March 25 in JAMA Oncology.

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Model Shows Combined Efforts May Cut SARS-CoV-2 Infections

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Combined interventions of quarantining infected individuals and their family members, workplace distancing, and school closure can substantially reduce the number of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections, according to a modeling study published online March 23 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Editorial

Prospective, Randomized Studies of AI Lacking in Medical Imaging

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the field of medical imaging, there are few prospective studies and randomized trials of deep learning, according to a review published online March 25 in The BMJ.

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Article Addresses Allocation of Ventilators During Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Determining where to allocate stockpiled ventilators during a pandemic should be based on consideration of ethical principles, the ability of facilities to absorb additional ventilators, and the ability to ensure access for vulnerable or high-risk populations, according to an article published online March 19 in Health Security.

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FDA Eases Access to Blood Plasma Treatment for COVID-19 Patients

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Access to a blood plasma treatment for seriously ill COVID-19 patients has been made easier by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

AP News Article
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36 Percent of Available Hospital Beds Unoccupied on Typical Day

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Leading up to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, about 2.2 beds were available per 1,000 people in U.S. hospitals; however, only 36 percent were unoccupied on a typical day, according to a report from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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Cardiac Injury Linked to Increased Mortality in COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiac injury is associated with increased mortality in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 25 in JAMA Cardiology.

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National Health Spending Expected to Increase Through 2028

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- National health expenditures are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 5.4 percent for 2019 to 2028, representing almost 20 percent of U.S. gross domestic product by 2028, according to a study published online March 24 in Health Affairs.

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Artificial Intelligence Model Can Detect COVID-19 on Chest CT

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence allows coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to be detected and differentiated from community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) on chest computed tomography (CT), according to a study published online March 19 in Radiology.

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Guidance Issued for Perioperative Management of COVID-19 Patients

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a guideline issued by the Joint Task Force of the Chinese Society of Anesthesiology and the Chinese Association of Anesthesiologists, published online March 19 in Anesthesiology, recommendations are presented for the perioperative management of patients infected with the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

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Triple Therapy Cuts Mortality in Patients With Symptomatic COPD

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A once-daily, three-drug combination treatment reduces mortality for patients with symptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are at risk for future exacerbations, according to a study published online March 12 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Shortages Seen for Drugs That Show Promise Against COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Strong demand for medications that show promise as treatments for COVID-19 have led to shortages of those drugs in the United States.

CBS News Article
Johns Hopkins University

FDA: Insulin Among Drugs Transitioned to Biological Products

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Insulin and other biologic drugs, such as human growth hormone, have now transitioned to being regulated as biological products, providing a new pathway for approval of biosimilars and interchangeable versions of these products and introducing competition into the market, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Monday.

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Sleep-Disordered Breathing Tied to Brain Changes

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with changes in the brain, including amyloid deposition in brain regions typically involved in Alzheimer disease, according to a study published online March 23 in JAMA Neurology.

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IDSA Issues Recommendations for COVID-19 Testing

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a statement published online March 19 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), recommendations are presented for public health and health care professionals to prioritize coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) testing.

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Anesthesia Procedure Outlined for Emergency Surgery in COVID-19 Patients

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a letter to the editor published online Feb. 25 in Surgical Infections, recommendations are presented regarding anesthesia procedures for emergency operations in patients with suspected or confirmed coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19).

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Information on COVID-19 Provided for Gastroenterologists

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a special article published online March 17 in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, key information is presented about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the field of gastroenterology.

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Misconceptions ID'd About COVID-19 Among General Public

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a research letter published online March 20 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, important misconceptions about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among the general public in the United States and United Kingdom are presented.

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Mental Health at Risk for Health Care Workers Treating COVID-19

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of health care workers caring for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) report symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and distress, according to a study published online March 23 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Article Addresses Management of Cancer Care During COVID-19

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Management of cancer care during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is addressed in a special feature article published online March 20 in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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More Americans Recognizing Importance of COVID-19 Safety Measures

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Americans' understanding of safety measures to protect themselves from COVID-19 is increasing, according to an ongoing survey conducted by researchers at the Center for Economic and Social Research at the University of Southern California (USC) Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences and the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics.

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CDC: Modest Decreases Seen in TB Cases, TB-Related Deaths

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there were modest decreases in the number of persons with tuberculosis (TB) and the number of TB-related deaths, according to research published in the March 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Management of Elective Surgery Reviewed in Setting of COVID-19

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Management of elective surgical procedures in the setting of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is addressed in two sets of recommendations published by the American College of Surgeons.

Recommendations for Management of Elective Surgical Procedures
Guidance for Triage of Non-Emergent Surgical Procedures

National Guard Activated in Three States as U.S. COVID-19 Cases Rise

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the number of known U.S. coronavirus cases soared past 33,000 and the death count eclipsed 400 on Sunday, President Donald Trump approved disaster declarations for regions hit hardest by the pandemic and activated the National Guard in three states.

AP News Article
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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of March 16 to 20, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Statement Addresses Concerns About Heart Meds and COVID-19

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients already prescribed angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) should continue taking their medications, according to a joint statement from the American Heart Association (AHA), the Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA), and the American College of Cardiology (ACC), issued in response to a research letter published online March 11 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

Statement
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Californians Ordered to Stay Home Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. State Department warned Americans to avoid international travel and residents of the country's most populous state, California, were ordered to stay at home indefinitely, as national COVID-19 cases climbed past 13,000.

CNN Article
Global Level 4 Health Advisory
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Lopinavir-Ritonavir No Benefit in Adults With Severe COVID-19

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lopinavir-ritonavir treatment offers no significant benefit over standard care for hospitalized adult patients with severe coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection, according to a study published online March 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial

Incidence of Tuberculosis High in Children Exposed to the Disease

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of developing tuberculosis is high among exposed infants and young children, according to a review published in the March 21 issue of The Lancet.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Incidence of Subclinical CT Changes High in COVID-19 Cases

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of subclinical computed tomography (CT) changes in coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) cases is high, with milder severity seen on CT for asymptomatic versus symptomatic cases, according to a study published online March 17 in Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging.

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Serial Interval of COVID-19 Estimated at 3.96 Days

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The serial interval of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), defined as the time between a primary case and secondary case developing symptoms, is 3.96 days, according to a study published online March 19 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Supply Shortages Hinder COVID-19 Testing in the United States

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Shortages of face masks for health care workers, swabs, and other supplies are hampering efforts to increase COVID-19 testing in the United States.

The Washington Post Article
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U.S. Seniors at Higher Risk for Severe Illness, Death With COVID-19

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, the risk for serious illness and death from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is higher among older adults, according to research published in the March 18 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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U.S. Colleges Preparing Empty Dorms to House Coronavirus Patients

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some U.S. colleges are converting empty dorms into temporary housing for COVID-19 patients.

AP News Article

Digestive Symptoms Reported for About Half of COVID-19 Patients

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) frequently have digestive symptoms, and those with digestive symptoms have a worse clinical outcome, according to a study published online March 17 in the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

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Trump Signs Massive COVID-19 Relief Package Into Law

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- President Donald Trump signed an $850 billion coronavirus relief package into law late Wednesday. The package will provide sick leave, unemployment benefits, and free COVID-19 testing.

AP News Articles
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Transmission of COVID-19 Among Crew on Cruise Ship Investigated

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Transmission of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) on a cruise ship indicates the need for quarantine for close contacts of confirmed cases, according to research published in the March 17 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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COVID-19 Preparedness for Radiology Departments Outlined

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Radiology departments have been implementing policies to ensure preparedness for the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, according to a report published online March 16 in Radiology.

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Chinese Researchers Say Flu Drug Effective Against COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The flu drug favipiravir is "clearly effective" in treating patients with the novel coronavirus, Chinese researchers say.

Daily Mail Article
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41 Percent of U.S. Adults at Risk for Serious Illness With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Forty-one percent of adults ages 18 years and older in the United States have an elevated risk for developing serious illness if infected with the new coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), according to a brief issued by the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF).

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U.S. May Not Have Enough Ventilators for COVID-19 Patients

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There may not be enough ventilators in the United States to cope with the number of novel coronavirus patients who will require them due to pneumonia and other serious respiratory problems, experts say.

AP News Article
Society of Critical Care Medicine
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COVID-19 Epidemic in Iran Likely to Be Substantial

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Based on countries with identified cases of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) originating in Iran, the COVID-19 epidemic in Iran is likely to be of a substantial size, according to a research letter published online March 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Teens Who Try E-Cigs First Less Likely to Smoke Cigarettes

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. adolescents who first use electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are less likely to be subsequent smokers, according to a study published online March 17 in Tobacco Control.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Children Susceptible to COVID-19 but Less Severely Affected

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children of all ages seem to be susceptible to novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection, and most cases are asymptomatic, mild, or moderate, according to a study published online March 16 in Pediatrics.

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Medicare Expands Telemedicine Coverage During COVID-19 Pandemic

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Medicare is expanding coverage for telemedicine nationwide so that millions of American seniors can get health care at home and avoid the coronavirus, officials said Tuesday.

AP News Article
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

Per-Capita Medical Radiation Exposure Down in United States

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2006 to 2016, there was a decrease in per-capita exposure to medical radiation in the United States, according to a study published online March 17 in Radiology.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Climate Similar in Cities With Biggest Outbreaks of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cities that have experienced significant outbreaks of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) have similar winter climates, according to a study published online March 9 on the open-data site SSRN.

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Young Adults Using Juul More Than Non-Pod-Based E-Cigarettes

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults report ever use of Juul more often than smoking cigarettes and using non-pod-based electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), according to a study published online March 16 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Nonsmoker Mortality Showcases Harm of Secondhand Smoke

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1990 to 2016, the number of individuals who smoke associated with the death of one individual who died from secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure increased to 52.3, according to a study published online March 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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New Coronavirus Guidelines Discourage Gatherings of More Than 10

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Trump Administration on Monday ramped up its coronavirus "social distancing" advisory to now discourage gatherings of more than 10 people.

CNN Article
The President's Coronavirus Guidelines for America
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Common Features on Chest CT May Aid Diagnosis of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chest computed tomography (CT) has a low rate of misdiagnosis of novel coronavirus (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 4 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Americans Detail Behavior Changes Amid COVID-19 Threat

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many people are changing their behaviors in light of the COVID-19 outbreak, according to a new survey conducted by researchers at the Center for Economic and Social Research at the University of Southern California (USC) Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences and the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics.

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N.Y. and Colorado Ask Former Health Care Workers to Return to Workforce

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Former health care workers in New York State and Colorado are being asked to return to the workforce to help health systems under pressure due to the coronavirus pandemic.

CBS News Article

Spirometry Suggests COPD for Many at Lung Cancer Screening

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many individuals undergoing low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening (LCS) have spirometry findings consistent with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published online March 13 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Antibiotics May Not Help Children With Suspected Pneumonia

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For children with suspected community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) who are discharged from the emergency department, outcomes do not differ between those who do and those who do not receive antibiotic prescriptions, according to a study published online March 16 in Pediatrics.

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Case Series Indicates COVID-19 Not Transmitted In Utero

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Four infants born to pregnant women who tested positive for coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) were healthy at birth and had no serious clinical symptoms, according to a case series study published online March 16 in Frontiers in Pediatrics.

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Amid Increased COVID-19 Fears, U.S. Extends Ban on Foreign Travel

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the latest on the coronavirus crisis, the Trump administration on Saturday expanded a 30-day ban on travel from Europe to include residents from the United Kingdom and Ireland, beginning late Monday.

USA Today Article
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Evidence Shows Co-Occurrence, Coaggregation of Asthma, T1DM

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is evidence for co-occurrence and coaggregation of asthma and type 1 diabetes in children and their siblings, according to a study published online March 13 in JAMA Network Open.

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Thousands in U.S. May Already Be Infected With SARS-CoV-2

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Based on modeling, between 1,043 and 9,484 individuals in the United States are estimated to have been infected with SARS-CoV-2 as of March 1, 2020, according to a not yet peer-reviewed study, which has been published online at medRxiv.org.

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President Trump Declares Coronavirus a National Emergency

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- President Donald Trump on Friday took a step many political and health care experts have long been urging him to do, declaring the U.S. coronavirus crisis a national emergency.

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Evidence Points to GI Infection by SARS-CoV-2

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is evidence for gastrointestinal infection of SARS-CoV-2, according to a study published online March 3 in Gastroenterology.

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Health Coaches Improve Inhaler Use in COPD Patients

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lay health coaches may improve inhaler technique and adherence for low-income patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Editorial

Details Provided for U.S. Person-to-Person Transmission of SARS-CoV-2

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the United States has been recorded between two people with prolonged, unprotected exposure while the patient was symptomatic, according to a study published online March 13 in The Lancet.

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Decreases Seen in Cancer Incidence, Death Rates

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer incidence and death rates have decreased in recent years, according to two studies published online March 12 in Cancer.

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Editorial

Risk Factors Linked to In-Hospital Death in COVID-19 Identified

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Older age, higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, and d-dimer are associated with increased odds of in-hospital death among patients with novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 11 in The Lancet.

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Many Clinicians Unaware of Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many clinicians are unaware of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) after severe influenza, with few using galactomannan testing in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with severe influenza and worsening respiratory function, according to a study published online March 11 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Trump Bans Travel From Most of Europe Amid COVID-19 Fears

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hoping to curtail the spread of COVID-19 to the United States, travel from most of Europe will be banned for 30 days, President Donald Trump announced Wednesday night.

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U.S. Blood Donors Needed in Face of COVID-19 Crisis

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As concerns about the new coronavirus escalate, the American Red Cross urges healthy, eligible people to give blood or platelets to help prevent blood shortages.

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WHO Declares Coronavirus a Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization on Wednesday officially d


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