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March 2020 Briefing - Radiology

Last Updated: April 01, 2020.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Doctors, Hospitals, Pharmacies Warned Not to Stockpile Meds

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a joint statement released by the American Medical Association, American Pharmacists Association, and American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, the professional groups "strongly oppose" physicians, pharmacies, and hospitals prophylactically prescribing medications or purchasing excessive amounts or stockpiles of potential treatments for COVID-19.

Joint Statement

U.S. Army Opens Field Hospital in New York City

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first U.S. Army field hospital for civilian patients opened in New York City Monday and could be the first of many across the nation as it struggles with the coronavirus pandemic.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of March 23 to 27, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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PPE Negative for SARS-CoV-2 After Patient Contact

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Samples collected from personal protective equipment (PPE) from health care workers (HCWs) caring for patients positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were negative for SARS-CoV-2, according to research published online March 26 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Three Neonates Born to Mothers With COVID-19 ID'd as Positive

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Three of 33 neonates born to mothers with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) , according to a research letter published online March 26 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Workers at Risk for COVID-19 Exposure Can Access Online Training

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The National Institutes of Health has launched a new website with educational resources for hospital employees, emergency first responders, and other workers at risk for exposure to COVID-19.

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Prospective, Randomized Studies of AI Lacking in Medical Imaging

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the field of medical imaging, there are few prospective studies and randomized trials of deep learning, according to a review published online March 25 in The BMJ.

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National Health Spending Expected to Increase Through 2028

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- National health expenditures are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 5.4 percent for 2019 to 2028, representing almost 20 percent of U.S. gross domestic product by 2028, according to a study published online March 24 in Health Affairs.

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Artificial Intelligence Model Can Detect COVID-19 on Chest CT

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence allows coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to be detected and differentiated from community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) on chest computed tomography (CT), according to a study published online March 19 in Radiology.

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Recommendations Issued for Pediatric Abuse-Related Head Trauma

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement, published online March 23 in Pediatrics, recommendations are presented for pediatricians to manage abusive head trauma (AHT) in infants and children.

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Article Addresses Management of Cancer Care During COVID-19

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Management of cancer care during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is addressed in a special feature article published online March 20 in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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10-Year Outcomes Similar for H-IMRT, C-IMRT in Prostate Cancer

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For men with intermediate- and high-risk prostate adenocarcinoma, 10-year outcomes are similar with conventionally fractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (C-IMRT) or moderate hypofractionated IMRT (H-IMRT), according to a study published online March 2 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of March 16 to 20, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Serial Interval of COVID-19 Estimated at 3.96 Days

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The serial interval of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), defined as the time between a primary case and secondary case developing symptoms, is 3.96 days, according to a study published online March 19 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Incidence of Subclinical CT Changes High in COVID-19 Cases

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of subclinical computed tomography (CT) changes in coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) cases is high, with milder severity seen on CT for asymptomatic versus symptomatic cases, according to a study published online March 17 in Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging.

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COVID-19 Preparedness for Radiology Departments Outlined

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Radiology departments have been implementing policies to ensure preparedness for the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, according to a report published online March 16 in Radiology.

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Per-Capita Medical Radiation Exposure Down in United States

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2006 to 2016, there was a decrease in per-capita exposure to medical radiation in the United States, according to a study published online March 17 in Radiology.

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Common Features on Chest CT May Aid Diagnosis of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chest computed tomography (CT) has a low rate of misdiagnosis of novel coronavirus (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 4 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Chemo Ups Disease-Free Survival in Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with locally advanced upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC), gemcitabine-platinum combination chemotherapy improves disease-free survival, according to a study published online March 5 in The Lancet.

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Spirometry Suggests COPD for Many at Lung Cancer Screening

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many individuals undergoing low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening (LCS) have spirometry findings consistent with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published online March 13 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Guidance Issued for Interventional Radiologists Treating Frostbite

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For interventional radiologists, intraarterial (IA) administration and intravenous (IV) administration of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) are both useful strategies for treating severe frostbite injuries, according to a review and meta-analysis recently published in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Invasive Breast Cancer Detection Up With Abbreviated Breast MRI

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Abbreviated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is associated with a significantly higher rate of invasive breast cancer detection compared with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) among women with dense breasts, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Decreases Seen in Cancer Incidence, Death Rates

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer incidence and death rates have decreased in recent years, according to two studies published online March 12 in Cancer.

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Typical Chest CT Findings Help Screen for Coronavirus Infection

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Typical imaging features can be useful in early screening for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 3 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Sustained Favorable Outcomes Found With Digital Breast Tomosynthesis

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) screening outcomes are favorable and sustained over multiple years, according to a study published online March 10 in Radiology.

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Low-Dose Chest CT Does Not Seem to Alter Chromosomal DNA

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose (LD) computed tomography (CT) chest examinations appear to have no biological effect on chromosomal DNA, according to a study published online March 10 in Radiology.

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2018 Health Care Spending Up Due to Higher Prices

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Average employer-sponsored insurance spending rose to $5,892 per person in 2018, according to the Health Care Cost Institute annual Health Care Cost and Utilization Report.

Health Care Cost and Utilization Report

Female Clinical Chairs Paid Significantly Less Than Men

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are significant sex differences in salaries of clinical department chairs in public medical schools in the United States, according to a research letter published online March 2 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Combined Biopsy Method Better for Prostate Cancer Diagnosis

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Combined biopsy, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted and systematic biopsy, leads to more detection of prostate cancers among patients with MRI-visible lesions, according to a study published in the March 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Racial/Ethnic Insurance Coverage Disparity Down Since ACA

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Since the implementation of coverage expansions associated with the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the disparities in insurance coverage related to race and ethnicity have decreased, according to a study published in the March issue of Health Affairs.

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Cough, Fever Most Common Initial Symptoms of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) often have fever and cough on presentation, according to research published online Feb. 28 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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1996 to 2016 Saw Increases in U.S. Spending on Health Care

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2016, there were considerable increases in U.S. spending on health care, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Chest CT More Sensitive Than RT-PCR for Diagnosing COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chest computed tomography (CT) has higher sensitivity for detecting 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) than reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Radiology.

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Treatment for Hereditary Breast Cancer Not Always Guideline-Concordant

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many women with early-stage breast cancer who test positive for an inherited genetic variant are receiving cancer treatment that does not follow current guidelines, according to a study published online Feb. 6 in JAMA Oncology.

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Chest CT Findings for COVID-19 More Common Later in Infection

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The main computed tomography (CT) findings in coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) are ground-glass and consolidative pulmonary opacities, and these findings are more frequent with longer time from symptom onset, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in Radiology.

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