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April 2020 Briefing - Nursing

Last Updated: May 01, 2020.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for April 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Symptomatic Health Care Staff in U.K. Screened for COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Screening symptomatic health care workers for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is feasible during the pandemic, according to a research letter published online April 22 in The Lancet.

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Almost All COVID-19 Patients Have Diminished Sense of Smell

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Quantitative smell testing shows that decreased smell function is a major marker for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, according to a study published online April 17 in the International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology.

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Guidelines Recommended for ECMO Use in Setting of Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitals should have a formal plan to respond to the increasing need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the setting of a pandemic such as COVID-19, according to a study published online April 15 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Many Health Care Workers Face Risk for Poor Outcomes With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-quarter of health care workers with patient contact are at risk for poor outcomes from COVID-19, according to a study published online April 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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David Shulkin, M.D., on COVID-19 Financial Consequences for Health Care System

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Health care organizations are facing hard financial decisions amid the COVID-19 pandemic, but an end is in sight as some are beginning to slowly open back up around the country, according to David Shulkin, M.D. Shulkin, who served as ninth secretary for Veterans Affairs and is former president and CEO of Beth Israel Medical Center in New York, spoke with HealthDay during a live stream on the HealthDay YouTube channel and live blog.

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KIMT3 Article

USPSTF: Behavioral Interventions Likely Prevent Tobacco Use

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that primary care-feasible behavioral interventions have a moderate net benefit for preventing tobacco use in children. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement, published online April 28 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report (subscription or payment may be required)
Recommendations (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Primary PCI Remains Standard of Care for STEMI During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains the standard of care for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a consensus statement published online April 20 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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GI Manifestations Seen for Nearly One in Three With SARS-CoV-2

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have gastrointestinal manifestations, according to a study involving patients at a U.S. hospital published online April 10 in Gastroenterology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Low Vitamin D, Smoking Predict Worse Cognitive Function in MS

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with clinically isolated syndrome, lower vitamin D and smoking predict worse long-term cognitive function and neuronal integrity, according to a study published online April 16 in Neurology.

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Most SARS-CoV-2-Positive Pregnant Women Asymptomatic at Screening

TUESDAY, April 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Universal severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing of pregnant women presenting for delivery in New York City revealed that most positive patients were asymptomatic, according to a research letter published online April 13 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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National Coronavirus Testing Strategy Announced as U.S. Cases Top 1 Million

TUESDAY, April 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- While health experts continued to call for a national strategy to test more Americans for coronavirus, President Donald Trump on Monday announced a "blueprint" for boosting testing capacity as some states began reopening their economies.

Washington Post Article
CBS News Article
New York Times Article

Patients Aged 60 to 69 Most Often Hospitalized With COVID-19

TUESDAY, April 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Persons aged 60 to 69 years with COVID-19 are the most commonly hospitalized, according to a research letter published online April 24 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Neurologic Features Tied to ARDS in Severe COVID-19 Described

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to COVID-19 is associated with neurologic features, including encephalopathy, agitation, and confusion, according to a letter to the editor published online April 15 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Roadmap Developed for Resuming Elective Surgery During COVID-19

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A roadmap for resuming elective surgery after new cases of COVID-19 begin to wane is presented in a joint statement published by the American College of Surgeons and other societies.

Joint Statement

WHO: No Evidence COVID-19 Survivors Cannot Be Reinfected

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is "no evidence" that people who have recovered from COVID-19 cannot be reinfected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, according to the World Health Organization.

CBS News Article
CNN Article
More Information: CDC

FDA Warns of Bogus Claims by Makers of Hand Sanitizer

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some companies are selling hand sanitizers with unproven claims that they will protect against COVID-19, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns.

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FDA Bans Products That Help Kids Hide Vape Use From Parents

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- On Monday, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced it was sending warning letters to 10 manufacturers to stop making products designed to allow youth to vape without getting caught by parents or teachers.

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Pulse Oximetry May Be Overused in Infants With Bronchiolitis

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of monitoring with continuous pulse oximetry for infants with bronchiolitis who do not require supplemental oxygen varies widely by hospital, according to a study published in the April 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Surprise Billing Found for Visits to Ambulatory Surgery Centers

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- After insurer payment, potential surprise bills to patients for out-of-network providers occur in 8 percent of episodes at in-network ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs), according to a report published online April 15 in Health Affairs.

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Mobile BP Monitoring Does Not Change Outcomes After Myocardial Infarction

MONDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The use of smartphone-enabled health monitoring devices after myocardial infarction yields similar blood pressure control when compared with regular follow-up visits, according to a study published online April 16 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Direct Medical Costs of COVID-19 Infection Are Considerable

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A single symptomatic COVID-19 infection results in direct medical costs of $3,045 in the United States, according to a study published online April 23 in Health Affairs.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of April 20 to 24, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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HTN, Obesity, Diabetes Common in U.S. COVID-19 Patients

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The most common comorbidities among patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in the New York City area are hypertension, obesity, and diabetes, according to a study published online April 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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FDA Warns About Treating COVID-19 With Unproven Drugs

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Malaria drugs touted by some as potential "game changers" against COVID-19 are actually too dangerous for general use, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned Americans on Friday.

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COVID-19 Pandemic Delays FDA Review of Vaping Products

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A review of vaping products has been delayed by the COVID-19 outbreak, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Thursday.

AP News Article

Americans Report Concerns Over Their Mental Health During Pandemic

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mental health concerns top economic worries during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the results of a survey released by the University of Phoenix.

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Vegetable Intake Before Pregnancy Tied to Birth Outcomes

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Greater vegetable intake before pregnancy is associated with better birth outcomes, according to a study published online April 13 in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Prevalence of Hypertension in U.S. 45.4 Percent in 2017 to 2018

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In 2017 to 2018, 45.4 percent of adults had hypertension, with prevalence higher among men than women, according to an April data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Review: MMR, MMRV, MMR+V Vaccines Are Effective, Safe

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccines and MMR vaccines with varicella are effective and safe, according to an updated review published online April 20 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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COVID-19 Outcomes Worse With Diabetes, Hyperglycemia

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes and/or uncontrolled hyperglycemia occur frequently among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and are associated with worse outcomes, according to a study accepted for publication in the Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology.

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Survey Finds Anesthesiologists Prepared for COVID-19 Patients

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Anesthesiologists on the front lines of treating surgical COVID-19 patients in Turkey are generally knowledgeable about airway management, according to the results of a national survey published online April 6 in Surgical Infections.

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COVID-19-Linked Changes Reported in Rheumatic Disease Patient Care

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Changes to health care have been reported among patients with rheumatic diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online April 20 in ACR: Open Rheumatology.

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More Than One in Five Children in Home Confinement Report Depression

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- During the COVID-19 outbreak in Hubei province in China, 22.6 percent of children in home confinement reported depressive symptoms, according to a research letter published online April 24 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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SARS-CoV-2 Stays in Respiratory Samples Longer in Severely Ill

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The median duration of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA is significantly longer in the respiratory samples of patients with severe versus mild disease, according to a study published online April 21 in The BMJ.

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SARS-CoV-2 Can Spread Rapidly in Homeless Shelters

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can spread rapidly in homeless shelters, according to two studies published in the April 22 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text - Tobolowsky
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CDC: More Chemical Exposures Reported in January to March 2020

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In January to March 2020, there were more chemical exposures reported to the National Poison Data System than in the corresponding months of 2019 and 2018, according to research published in the April 20 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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'Health Force' to Combat Pandemic Proposed by U.S. Senators

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A bill to create a "Health Force" to help combat the U.S. COVID-19 outbreak has been announced by two Democratic senators.

NBC News Article

Mild, No Symptoms Seen for Most Children With SARS-CoV-2 Infection

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have mild respiratory symptoms or are asymptomatic, according to a review published online April 22 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Visual Impairment May Up Risk for Dementia in Older Women

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In older women, objectively measured visual impairment is associated with a twofold to more than fivefold increased risk for dementia, according to a study published online April 16 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Yoga Cuts Testosterone in Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A mindful yoga intervention reduces testosterone levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to a study published online April 14 in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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AAD Establishes Registry for Skin Manifestations of COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A registry has been created for reporting skin manifestations of COVID-19 following reports of patients presenting with skin conditions, including findings outlined in a letter to the editor published online March 26 in the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.

Registry
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Lopinavir/Ritonavir, Umifenovir Ineffective for Mild COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients hospitalized with mild/moderate COVID-19, lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) or umifenovir (Arbidol) monotherapy offers little benefit, according to a study published online April 17 in Med.

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Higher Manganese Intake May Be Tied to Lower Type 2 Diabetes Risk

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher intake of manganese is associated with a lower type 2 diabetes risk among postmenopausal women, independent of known risk factors, according to a study published online April 15 in Diabetes Care.

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Chronic Conditions, Obesity Common in Fatal Cases of EVALI

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic conditions, including asthma, mental health conditions, and obesity, are common among fatal cases of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI), according to a study published in the April 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial

Hydroxychloroquine Seems Not to Cut Ventilator Use in COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is no evidence that use of hydroxychloroquine alone (HC) or with azithromycin (HC+AZ) reduces the risks for mechanical ventilation or death from any cause in patients hospitalized with COVID-19, according to a study that has not yet been peer reviewed and was posted online April 21 at medRxiv.org.

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Processed Meat, Unhealthy Snack Food Networks Tied to Dementia

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Focused eating habits with high processed meats and unhealthy snacking may be associated with increased dementia risk, according to a study published online April 22 in Neurology.

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Firework-Related ED Visits Peak Around Independence Day

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most emergency department admissions for firework-related injuries occur near Independence Day and New Year's Day, involve men and people younger than 18, and are caused by firecrackers and bottle rockets, according to a study published online April 9 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Alone, Low Vitamin D Does Not Cause Osteoporotic Fractures

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- While low blood levels of vitamin D are associated with osteoporotic fractures, the link is not causative, according to the results of an analysis published online April 7 in Clinical Chemistry.

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Premature Mortality Rates Up for CAD in Women From Rural U.S.

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- According to the findings of two studies published online April 20 in the Journal of the American Heart Association, coronary artery disease (CAD) mortality rates have increased among women from rural areas, while social determinants of health (SDOH) increase the risk for 90-day mortality after heart failure hospitalization.

Abstract/Full Text - Bossard (subscription or payment may be required)
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ST-Segment Elevation Described in Patients With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with COVID-19 who have ST-segment elevation, indicating potential acute myocardial infarction, there is considerable variability in presentation, and prognosis is poor, according to a letter to the editor published online April 17 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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2015 to 2018 Saw High Total Cholesterol for 11.4 Percent of U.S. Adults

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 11.4 percent of adults had high total cholesterol during 2015 to 2018, according to an April data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Obesity Ups Risk for COVID-19 Severity

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is a high frequency of obesity among patients admitted to intensive care for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), according to a study published online April 9 in Obesity.

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COVID-19 Tied to Unique Nasal Symptoms

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- COVID-19 is not associated with the symptoms typically associated with a viral cold or allergies, such as nasal blockage or mucus production, according to a review published online April 10 in Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology.

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USPSTF Notes Evidence Lacking for BP Screening in Children

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that there is currently insufficient evidence to evaluate the balance of benefits and harms of screening children and adolescents for high blood pressure. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement, published April 21 by the USPSTF.

Draft Evidence Review
Draft Recommendation Statement
Comment on Recommendation Statement

FDA Authorizes COVID-19 Test That Uses Samples Collected at Home

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved emergency use of the first COVID-19 test that enables patients to take samples at home.

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LA County COVID-19 Infections Far Exceed Number of Confirmed Cases

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An early analysis of antibody testing from Los Angeles County reveals a COVID-19 infection rate that is up to 55 times the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases.

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Mental Health Consequences of COVID-19 Pandemic Explored

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A new position paper, published online April 15 in The Lancet Psychiatry, highlights the mental health consequences of COVID-19 management.

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176,190 U.S. Children Estimated to Have SARS-CoV-2 by April 6, 2020

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 176,190 children nationwide were estimated to be infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) by April 6, 2020, according to a study published online April 16 in the Journal of Public Health Management & Practice.

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Most Older Adults With New Dementia Die Within Five Years

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most community-dwelling older adults with newly identified dementia die or are admitted to a long-term care home within five years, according to a study published online April 20 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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More Screen Time for Babies Tied to Autism-Like Symptoms

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Greater screen exposure and less interactive play between caregivers and children early in life is associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-like symptoms at age 2 years, according to a study published online April 20 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Smoking Only in Early Pregnancy Still Puts Baby at Risk

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- While quitting smoking during the first trimester slightly decreases the risk for low birth weight in newborns, any duration of maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight and abnormal body proportions, according to a study recently published in BMJ Open.

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Bundled Rapid HIV/Hep C Testing May Improve Infection Awareness

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For people with substance use disorders, combining HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing and providing immediate test results may increase the number of people who are aware of their infection status, according to a study published in the May issue of Medical Care.

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Lab Protocol Failures Led to Ineffective COVID-19 Tests From CDC

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first COVID-19 tests in the United States were ineffective due to poor laboratory practices at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said.

The New York Times Article

Public Health Measures Cut COVID-19 Transmission in Hong Kong

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Public health measures implemented to suppress local transmission of COVID-19 in Hong Kong were associated with reduced transmission of COVID-19 and influenza, according to a study published online April 17 in The Lancet Public Health.

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AAP Updates Guidance for Care of Infants Born at Home

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement, published online April 20 in Pediatrics, recommendations are presented for the care of newborn infants immediately after birth and in the transition and subsequent period after home birth.

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COVID-19 Patients May Require ENT Consults for Varied Reasons

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with COVID-19 may require ear, nose, and throat (ENT) consultations for many reasons, including tracheotomy, and protective strategies can prevent infection of otolaryngologists, according to a case series study accepted for publication in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

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Benefit of Social Distancing Outweighs Economic Impact

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The economic benefits of lives saved through social distancing substantially outweigh the value of the projected losses to the U.S. economy, according to a study to be published in a forthcoming issue of the Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis.

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Diabetes Increases Risk for Poorer Prognosis in COVID-19

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes may contribute to more severe symptoms, rapid progression, and poorer prognosis in patients infected with COVID-19, according to a study published online March 31 in Diabetes Metabolism Research and Reviews.

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Child Obesity Linked to Higher Mortality Risk in Young Adulthood

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity in children is associated with an increased risk for premature mortality in young adulthood and with an increased risk for anxiety and depression, according to two studies published online in March in PLOS Medicine and BMC Medicine.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of April 13 to 17, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Insomnia Common Among Medical Staff During COVID-19 in China

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-third of medical staff members in hospitals during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China reported insomnia symptoms, according to a study published online April 14 in Frontiers in Psychiatry.

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CDC Looks at Transmission of COVID-19 to Health Care Workers

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to health care personnel (HCP) is explored in two studies published in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Incidence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Stable in Iceland

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In Iceland, the incidence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection was stable through 20 days of screening, according to a study published online April 14 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Asthma Not Common in COVID-19 Patients Who Have Died

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Asthma is not among the top 10 chronic health problems in people who have died from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in New York state, even though many health experts have warned that people with asthma are at increased risk for severe illness if they get COVID-19.

The New York Times Article

Scientists Design Protective Respirator for Health Care Workers

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- With protective gear in short supply, Duke University researchers say they have designed a much-needed respirator for health care workers battling coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

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IDSA Issues Rapid Guidelines for Treatment of COVID-19

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In rapid guidelines issued by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), recommendations are presented for the treatment and management of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

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Removal of Flavored E-Cigarette Products Likely Ineffective

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Juul sales recovered within weeks following a dip after the company withdrew some flavored products from stores, even surpassing sales before the withdraw, according to a study published online April 16 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Higher Vitamin D From Food May Protect Against Heart Disease

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Consuming foods high in vitamin D may have heart-protective effects, according to a Greek study published online April 7 in the Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics.

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Risk for Severe COVID-19 May Be Up in People With COPD, Smokers

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Active cigarette smokers and individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have up-regulation of angiotensin converting enzyme II (ACE-2) expression in the lower airways, which could explain the increased risk for severe COVID-19 in these subpopulations, according to a study published online April 8 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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Recurrent Winter Outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 Projected

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Recurrent winter outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) are projected to occur after the initial pandemic wave, according to a study published online April 14 in Science.

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Sharp Drop in Demand Seen for COVID-19 Tests at Private Labs

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There has been such a drop in demand for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) tests at private labs in the United States that they have "considerable" unused capacity and can test more patients with less severe symptoms, the American Clinical Laboratory Association (ACLA) says.

NBC News Article

FDA Urges COVID-19 Survivors to Donate Plasma

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is asking Americans who have recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to donate their blood plasma to help fight the pandemic.

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American Red Cross

CRISPR-Based Test Can Diagnose COVID-19 in Under 60 Minutes

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they have developed a low-cost swab test that can diagnose coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections in about 45 minutes.

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Surgery Department Outlines Rapid Response to COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a comprehensive rapid response plan, published online April 9 in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons, surgeons from the University of California San Francisco present a strategy to triage surgeries to help manage health care resources during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

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BP Levels Influence Racial Differences in Cognitive Decline

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Black individuals' higher cumulative blood pressure (BP) levels may influence racial differences in cognitive decline, according to a study published online April 13 in JAMA Neurology.

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Guidance Developed for Treating Cardiac Arrest During COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a document entitled "Interim Guidance for Basic and Advanced Life Support in Adults, Children, and Neonates With Suspected or Confirmed COVID-19," published online April 9 in Circulation, recommendations are presented for treating victims of cardiac arrest during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

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Uninsurance for Poor New Moms Down With ACA Medicaid Expansion

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among new mothers living in poverty, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid expansion was associated with a reduction in uninsurance and increased Medicaid coverage, according to a study published online April 15 in Pediatrics.

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Guidance Issued for Breast Cancer Care During COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In guidance issued by the COVID-19 Pandemic Breast Cancer Consortium, recently accepted for publication in an upcoming issue of Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, recommendations are presented for prioritizing care for breast cancer patients during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

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Regardless of Genetics, Obesity Ups Risk for


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