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April 2020 Briefing - Emergency Medicine

Last Updated: May 01, 2020.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for April 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Symptomatic Health Care Staff in U.K. Screened for COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Screening symptomatic health care workers for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is feasible during the pandemic, according to a research letter published online April 22 in The Lancet.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Remdesivir May Accelerate Recovery From Severe COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Remdesivir may speed time to clinical improvement for patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, although results are conflicting, according to a study published online April 29 in The Lancet and press releases issued regarding a National Institutes of Health (NIH)-sponsored study.

Abstract/Full Text - Wang (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)
Press Release

NT-proBNP Does Not Improve Evaluation of Syncope in the ED

THURSDAY, April 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For adult emergency department (ED) patients with syncope, serum N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) does not improve prognostication above the Canadian Syncope Risk Score (CSRS), according to a study published online April 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Rate, Timing of Altered Smell, Taste in Mild COVID-19 Examined

THURSDAY, April 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mildly symptomatic patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection often have alterations in smell or taste, according to a research letter published online April 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Men Have More Serious Disease, Higher Death Rate From COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with COVID-19, male gender is associated with worse outcomes, independent of age, according to a study published online April 29 in Frontiers in Public Health.

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Large-Vessel Stroke Described in Young Adults With COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cases of large-vessel stroke in individuals younger than 50 years are described in patients with COVID-19 in a case report published online April 28 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Almost All COVID-19 Patients Have Diminished Sense of Smell

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Quantitative smell testing shows that decreased smell function is a major marker for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, according to a study published online April 17 in the International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology.

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Many Health Care Workers Face Risk for Poor Outcomes With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-quarter of health care workers with patient contact are at risk for poor outcomes from COVID-19, according to a study published online April 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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David Shulkin, M.D., on COVID-19 Financial Consequences for Health Care System

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Health care organizations are facing hard financial decisions amid the COVID-19 pandemic, but an end is in sight as some are beginning to slowly open back up around the country, according to David Shulkin, M.D. Shulkin, who served as ninth secretary for Veterans Affairs and is former president and CEO of Beth Israel Medical Center in New York, spoke with HealthDay during a live stream on the HealthDay YouTube channel and live blog.

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KIMT3 Article

USPSTF: Behavioral Interventions Likely Prevent Tobacco Use

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that primary care-feasible behavioral interventions have a moderate net benefit for preventing tobacco use in children. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement, published online April 28 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report (subscription or payment may be required)
Recommendations (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Primary PCI Remains Standard of Care for STEMI During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains the standard of care for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a consensus statement published online April 20 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

GI Manifestations Seen for Nearly One in Three With SARS-CoV-2

WEDNESDAY, April 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have gastrointestinal manifestations, according to a study involving patients at a U.S. hospital published online April 10 in Gastroenterology.

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National Coronavirus Testing Strategy Announced as U.S. Cases Top 1 Million

TUESDAY, April 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- While health experts continued to call for a national strategy to test more Americans for coronavirus, President Donald Trump on Monday announced a "blueprint" for boosting testing capacity as some states began reopening their economies.

Washington Post Article
CBS News Article
New York Times Article

Recommendations Developed for Anesthesia Use During COVID-19

TUESDAY, April 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations have been developed for use of anesthesia during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a joint statement issued by the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine and the European Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Therapy.

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45.4 Percent of U.S. Adults at Risk for Complications With COVID-19

TUESDAY, April 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An estimated 45.4 percent of U.S. adults may have an increased risk for COVID-19 complications due to chronic conditions, according to a study published in the August issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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High Rate of Pulmonary Embolism Found for Patients With COVID-19

TUESDAY, April 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- COVID-19 is associated with a high rate of pulmonary embolism, according to two research letters published online April 23 in Radiology.

Abstract/Full Text -- Leonard-Lorant (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract/Full Text -- Grillet (subscription or payment may be required)

Adding High-Dose Chloroquine Not Advised for Severe COVID-19

TUESDAY, April 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- High-dosage chloroquine diphosphate (CQ) has potential safety hazards when used as adjunctive therapy for patients hospitalized with severe COVID-19, according to a study published online April 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Patients Aged 60 to 69 Most Often Hospitalized With COVID-19

TUESDAY, April 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Persons aged 60 to 69 years with COVID-19 are the most commonly hospitalized, according to a research letter published online April 24 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Neurologic Features Tied to ARDS in Severe COVID-19 Described

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to COVID-19 is associated with neurologic features, including encephalopathy, agitation, and confusion, according to a letter to the editor published online April 15 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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WHO: No Evidence COVID-19 Survivors Cannot Be Reinfected

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is "no evidence" that people who have recovered from COVID-19 cannot be reinfected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, according to the World Health Organization.

CBS News Article
CNN Article
More Information: CDC

FDA Warns of Bogus Claims by Makers of Hand Sanitizer

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some companies are selling hand sanitizers with unproven claims that they will protect against COVID-19, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns.

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Racial Differences Found in Managing Children's Pain From Broken Bones

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are racial differences in pain management and pain outcomes for children seen in the emergency department for long-bone fractures, according to a study published online April 20 in Pediatrics.

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Recommendations Issued for Imaging Use in Pediatric COVID-19

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an international expert consensus statement, published online April 23 in Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging, recommendations are presented for chest imaging in pediatric COVID-19 patient management.

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Direct Medical Costs of COVID-19 Infection Are Considerable

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A single symptomatic COVID-19 infection results in direct medical costs of $3,045 in the United States, according to a study published online April 23 in Health Affairs.

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Former Footballers Report Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Symptoms

MONDAY, April 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A number of former American-style football (ASF) players report clinician-diagnosed chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), and they have significantly more comorbidities and cognitive impairment symptoms, according to a study published online April 13 in the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of April 20 to 24, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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HTN, Obesity, Diabetes Common in U.S. COVID-19 Patients

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The most common comorbidities among patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in the New York City area are hypertension, obesity, and diabetes, according to a study published online April 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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FDA Warns About Treating COVID-19 With Unproven Drugs

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Malaria drugs touted by some as potential "game changers" against COVID-19 are actually too dangerous for general use, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned Americans on Friday.

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SARS-CoV-2 Stays in Respiratory Samples Longer in Severely Ill

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The median duration of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA is significantly longer in the respiratory samples of patients with severe versus mild disease, according to a study published online April 21 in The BMJ.

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COVID-19 Outcomes Worse With Diabetes, Hyperglycemia

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes and/or uncontrolled hyperglycemia occur frequently among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and are associated with worse outcomes, according to a study accepted for publication in the Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology.

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Survey Finds Anesthesiologists Prepared for COVID-19 Patients

FRIDAY, April 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Anesthesiologists on the front lines of treating surgical COVID-19 patients in Turkey are generally knowledgeable about airway management, according to the results of a national survey published online April 6 in Surgical Infections.

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CDC: More Chemical Exposures Reported in January to March 2020

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In January to March 2020, there were more chemical exposures reported to the National Poison Data System than in the corresponding months of 2019 and 2018, according to research published in the April 20 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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White House Announces Payment Plan for Uninsured COVID-19 Patients

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A plan to begin paying hospitals and doctors who treat uninsured COVID-19 patients was announced by U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar on Wednesday.

AP News Article

'Health Force' to Combat Pandemic Proposed by U.S. Senators

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A bill to create a "Health Force" to help combat the U.S. COVID-19 outbreak has been announced by two Democratic senators.

NBC News Article

ACEIs/ARBs Not Linked to Severity or Mortality of COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hypertension hospitalized with COVID-19 infections, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs)/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are not associated with the severity or mortality of COVID-19, according to a brief report published online April 23 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Mild, No Symptoms Seen for Most Children With SARS-CoV-2 Infection

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have mild respiratory symptoms or are asymptomatic, according to a review published online April 22 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Lopinavir/Ritonavir, Umifenovir Ineffective for Mild COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients hospitalized with mild/moderate COVID-19, lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) or umifenovir (Arbidol) monotherapy offers little benefit, according to a study published online April 17 in Med.

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AAD Establishes Registry for Skin Manifestations of COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A registry has been created for reporting skin manifestations of COVID-19 following reports of patients presenting with skin conditions, including findings outlined in a letter to the editor published online March 26 in the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.

Registry
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Chronic Conditions, Obesity Common in Fatal Cases of EVALI

THURSDAY, April 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic conditions, including asthma, mental health conditions, and obesity, are common among fatal cases of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI), according to a study published in the April 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial

Hydroxychloroquine Seems Not to Cut Ventilator Use in COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is no evidence that use of hydroxychloroquine alone (HC) or with azithromycin (HC+AZ) reduces the risks for mechanical ventilation or death from any cause in patients hospitalized with COVID-19, according to a study that has not yet been peer reviewed and was posted online April 21 at medRxiv.org.

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Expert Panel: There Are No Proven Drug Treatments for COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is no proven drug treatment for COVID-19 patients, according to a panel of experts convened by the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

The New York Times Article

Rapid COVID-19 Test Can Produce False Negatives

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A widely used rapid COVID-19 test can produce false negatives if a certain solution is used to move or store patients' samples, the test's maker said.

CNN Article

Firework-Related ED Visits Peak Around Independence Day

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most emergency department admissions for firework-related injuries occur near Independence Day and New Year's Day, involve men and people younger than 18, and are caused by firecrackers and bottle rockets, according to a study published online April 9 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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ST-Segment Elevation Described in Patients With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with COVID-19 who have ST-segment elevation, indicating potential acute myocardial infarction, there is considerable variability in presentation, and prognosis is poor, according to a letter to the editor published online April 17 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Premature Mortality Rates Up for CAD in Women From Rural U.S.

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- According to the findings of two studies published online April 20 in the Journal of the American Heart Association, coronary artery disease (CAD) mortality rates have increased among women from rural areas, while social determinants of health (SDOH) increase the risk for 90-day mortality after heart failure hospitalization.

Abstract/Full Text - Bossard (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract/Full Text - Sterling (subscription or payment may be required)

Scoring System Helps Guide Surgical Care During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A scoring system for medically necessary time-sensitive (MeNTS) procedures can facilitate decision making and triage in the setting of COVID-19, according to a study published online April 9 in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

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COVID-19 Tied to Unique Nasal Symptoms

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- COVID-19 is not associated with the symptoms typically associated with a viral cold or allergies, such as nasal blockage or mucus production, according to a review published online April 10 in Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology.

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FDA Authorizes COVID-19 Test That Uses Samples Collected at Home

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved emergency use of the first COVID-19 test that enables patients to take samples at home.

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LA County COVID-19 Infections Far Exceed Number of Confirmed Cases

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An early analysis of antibody testing from Los Angeles County reveals a COVID-19 infection rate that is up to 55 times the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases.

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176,190 U.S. Children Estimated to Have SARS-CoV-2 by April 6, 2020

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 176,190 children nationwide were estimated to be infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) by April 6, 2020, according to a study published online April 16 in the Journal of Public Health Management & Practice.

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Expanding Symptom Screening Criteria Can Up COVID-19 Detection

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Expanding COVID-19 symptom screening criteria to include myalgias and chills could identify more health care personnel (HCP) with the illness, according to a research letter published online April 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Coinfection With SARS-CoV-2, Other Respiratory Pathogens ID'd

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 20 percent of specimens positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are positive for other respiratory pathogens, according to a research letter published online April 15 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Cardiac Cath Lab STEMI Activations Drop During Pandemic

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- During the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a 38 percent reduction in U.S. cardiac catheterization laboratory ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) activations, according to a research letter published online April 10 in the Journal of the American College of Cariology.

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Bundled Rapid HIV/Hep C Testing May Improve Infection Awareness

TUESDAY, April 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For people with substance use disorders, combining HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing and providing immediate test results may increase the number of people who are aware of their infection status, according to a study published in the May issue of Medical Care.

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Reduced Power Plant Emissions Tied to Better Asthma Measures

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Retirement of coal-fired power plants or installation of stricter emissions controls is associated with better asthma-related outcomes, according to a study published online April 13 in Nature Energy.

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Lab Protocol Failures Led to Ineffective COVID-19 Tests From CDC

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first COVID-19 tests in the United States were ineffective due to poor laboratory practices at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said.

The New York Times Article

Public Health Measures Cut COVID-19 Transmission in Hong Kong

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Public health measures implemented to suppress local transmission of COVID-19 in Hong Kong were associated with reduced transmission of COVID-19 and influenza, according to a study published online April 17 in The Lancet Public Health.

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COVID-19 Patients May Require ENT Consults for Varied Reasons

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with COVID-19 may require ear, nose, and throat (ENT) consultations for many reasons, including tracheotomy, and protective strategies can prevent infection of otolaryngologists, according to a case series study accepted for publication in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

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Diabetes Increases Risk for Poorer Prognosis in COVID-19

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes may contribute to more severe symptoms, rapid progression, and poorer prognosis in patients infected with COVID-19, according to a study published online March 31 in Diabetes Metabolism Research and Reviews.

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Benefit of Social Distancing Outweighs Economic Impact

MONDAY, April 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The economic benefits of lives saved through social distancing substantially outweigh the value of the projected losses to the U.S. economy, according to a study to be published in a forthcoming issue of the Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of April 13 to 17, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Insomnia Common Among Medical Staff During COVID-19 in China

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-third of medical staff members in hospitals during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China reported insomnia symptoms, according to a study published online April 14 in Frontiers in Psychiatry.

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Incidence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Stable in Iceland

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In Iceland, the incidence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection was stable through 20 days of screening, according to a study published online April 14 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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CDC Looks at Transmission of COVID-19 to Health Care Workers

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to health care personnel (HCP) is explored in two studies published in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text - Heinzerling
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Asthma Not Common in COVID-19 Patients Who Have Died

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Asthma is not among the top 10 chronic health problems in people who have died from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in New York state, even though many health experts have warned that people with asthma are at increased risk for severe illness if they get COVID-19.

The New York Times Article

Scientists Design Protective Respirator for Health Care Workers

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- With protective gear in short supply, Duke University researchers say they have designed a much-needed respirator for health care workers battling coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

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Chest X-Ray Findings Normal for Many Confirmed COVID-19 Cases

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients presenting to urgent care centers with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have normal or mildly abnormal findings on chest X-rays (CXRs), according to a study published online April 14 in the Journal of Urgent Care Medicine.

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IDSA Issues Rapid Guidelines for Treatment of COVID-19

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In rapid guidelines issued by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), recommendations are presented for the treatment and management of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

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Risk for Severe COVID-19 May Be Up in People With COPD, Smokers

FRIDAY, April 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Active cigarette smokers and individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have up-regulation of angiotensin converting enzyme II (ACE-2) expression in the lower airways, which could explain the increased risk for severe COVID-19 in these subpopulations, according to a study published online April 8 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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Recurrent Winter Outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 Projected

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Recurrent winter outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) are projected to occur after the initial pandemic wave, according to a study published online April 14 in Science.

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Sharp Drop in Demand Seen for COVID-19 Tests at Private Labs

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There has been such a drop in demand for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) tests at private labs in the United States that they have "considerable" unused capacity and can test more patients with less severe symptoms, the American Clinical Laboratory Association (ACLA) says.

NBC News Article

CRISPR-Based Test Can Diagnose COVID-19 in Under 60 Minutes

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they have developed a low-cost swab test that can diagnose coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections in about 45 minutes.

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FDA Urges COVID-19 Survivors to Donate Plasma

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is asking Americans who have recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to donate their blood plasma to help fight the pandemic.

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American Red Cross

Surgery Department Outlines Rapid Response to COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a comprehensive rapid response plan, published online April 9 in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons, surgeons from the University of California San Francisco present a strategy to triage surgeries to help manage health care resources during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

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Guidance Developed for Treating Cardiac Arrest During COVID-19

THURSDAY, April 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a document entitled "Interim Guidance for Basic and Advanced Life Support in Adults, Children, and Neonates With Suspected or Confirmed COVID-19," published online April 9 in Circulation, recommendations are presented for treating victims of cardiac arrest during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

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Survey Shows Lack of COVID-19 Concern Even Among Those at Risk

WEDNESDAY, April 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many individuals at greater risk for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) complications did not believe the virus would affect them at the beginning of Chicago's outbreak, according to a study published online April 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Obesity Is Risk Factor for COVID-19 Hospital Admission in <60s

WEDNESDAY, April 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is associated with admission to the hospital for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, according to a study published online April 9 in Clinical Infectious Diseases and a study not yet peer reviewed and posted on medRxiv.org.

Abstract/Full Text - Lighter (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract/Full Text - Petrilli (subscription or payment may be required)

Compliance With Self-Isolation Influenced by Compensation

WEDNESDAY, April 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the era of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), compliance with self-isolation is influenced by compensation, with very high compliance seen when compensation for lost wages is assured, according to a report published online April 9 in Health Affairs.

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Heavy Wildfire Smoke Tied to Higher Risk for Cardiac Arrest

WEDNESDAY, April 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Risk for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest increases by 70 percent with exposure to heavy wildfire smoke, according to a study published online April 15 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Post-Detox Treatment Lowers Mortality in Opioid Use Disorder

WEDNESDAY, April 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- People who receive additional treatment following medically managed opioid withdrawal have reduced mortality compared with those who do not receive treatment, according to a study recently published in Addiction.

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SARS-CoV-2 Contamination of Air, Surfaces Examined in ICU, Wards

WEDNESDAY, April 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Considerable severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) contamination of air and object surfaces is reported in intensive care units (ICUs) and general coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) wards (GW), according to a study published online April 10 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Public Health Interventions Improved COVID-19 Control in Wuhan

WEDNESDAY, April 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Multifaceted public health interventions improved control of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan, China, according to a study published online April 10 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Intubation Initiated in One in Five Who Died of COVID-19 in China

WEDNESDAY, April 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients who died from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China may have had delayed intubation, according to a research letter published online April 10 in JAMA Network Open.

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Common Coronaviruses Are Highly Seasonal

WEDNESDAY, April 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Common coronaviruses circulate seasonally, according to a study published online April 4 in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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Smell, Taste Impairment Linked to COVID-19 Positivity

TUESDAY, April 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Smell and taste impairment are strongly associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) positivity, according to a study published online April 12 in the International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology.

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Review: Quarantine Effective for Reducing Infection, Death

TUESDAY, April 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Quarantine is effective for reducing the number of people infected and deaths from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a review published online April 8 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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U.S. Government Says COVID-19 Antibody Tests Must Be Free

TUESDAY, April 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Health insurers and Medicaid must provide free coverage for tests to detect coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) antibodies in people who have been infected, the federal government says.

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Johns Hopkins University

CDC: Public Policy Measures Important for Social Distancing

TUESDAY, April 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Community mobility in four metropolitan areas decreased with the introduction of public policy measures supporting social distancing, which could help slow the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to research published in the April 13 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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First Saliva Test for COVID-19 Approved by FDA

TUESDAY, April 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first saliva test for coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) was approved Monday


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