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HIV+ Donor to HIV+ Recipient Feasible for Kidney Transplant

Last Updated: July 28, 2020.

HIV-positive donor to HIV-positive recipient kidney transplantation is feasible, according to a study published online July 23 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- HIV-positive donor to HIV-positive recipient (HIV D+/R+) kidney transplantation (KT) is feasible, according to a study published online July 23 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

Christine M. Durand, M.D., from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, and colleagues explored safety and risk attributable to an HIV+ donor. HIV D+/R+ KT was compared to HIV-negative donor to HIV+ recipient (HIV D−/R+) KT. Data were included for 75 HIV+ KTs, including 25 D+ and 50 D−, followed for a median of 1.7 years.

The researchers found no deaths were reported and there were no differences in D+ versus D− in one-year graft survival (91 versus 92 percent), one-year mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (63 versus 57 mL/min), HIV breakthrough (4 versus 6 percent), infectious hospitalizations (28 versus 26 percent), or opportunistic infections (16 versus 12 percent). D+ recipients had higher one-year rejection, although the difference was not statistically significant (50 versus 29 percent; hazard ratio, 1.83; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.84 to 3.95; P = 0.13); lower rejection was seen with lymphocyte-depleting induction (21 versus 44 percent; hazard ratio, 0.33; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.21 to 0.87; P = 0.03).

"This unique donor organ source has the potential to mitigate disparities for a vulnerable population that faces lower access to transplant and higher waitlist mortality," the authors write.

Several authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry.

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