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July 2020 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: August 03, 2020.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for July 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 27 to 31, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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U.S. Puts Up Another $2.1 Billion for Potential COVID-19 Vaccine

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The United States is buying up another potential COVID-19 vaccine, the Associated Press reported Friday.

AP News Article

Telemedicine Use Explodes During COVID-19 Pandemic

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The emergence of telemedicine has accelerated during the coronavirus pandemic. HD Live! sat down with Rujuta Saksena, M.D., an oncologist at Overlook Medical Center in Summit, New Jersey, and Ateev Mehrotra, M.D., associate professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School in Boston, to discuss the future of telemedicine and its impact on health care.

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Plenty of COVID-19 Vaccine Coming, Fauci Says

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- When a COVID-19 vaccine is approved, there should be plenty of it available, Anthony Fauci, M.D., infectious diseases chief at the U.S. National Institutes of Health, told a House panel Friday, the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article
Johns Hopkins University

Survivors of Adolescent, Young Adult ALL May Suffer Late Effects

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may experience late effects, with a high incidence of subsequent endocrine disease and cardiac disease, according to a study published in the August issue of JNCI Cancer Spectrum.

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Inflammation Tied to Thyroid Dysfunction With Psoriasis

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Thyroid dysfunction in patients with psoriasis may be associated with inflammation caused by psoriasis, according to a study published online June 22 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Global Epidemiology of COVID-19 Reported for Prepandemic Era

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many of the first COVID-19 cases reported from affected countries outside of mainland China involved recent travel to affected countries, according to a study published online July 29 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Sex Differences in Income Vary With Proportion of Male Doctors

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For surgical and nonsurgical specialists, sex differences in income vary with the proportion of male physicians in a practice, according to a study published online July 30 in The BMJ.

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Second BMD Measurement Not Beneficial for Identifying Hip Fracture

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A second bone mineral density (BMD) assessment about three years after initial measurement does not improve discrimination beyond baseline BMD value alone for women who do and do not experience subsequent hip fracture or major osteoporotic fracture, according to a study published online July 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Mortality Rates Highest for Infants Born to Teens Age 15 to 19

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Infants born to teenagers aged 15 to 19 years are more likely to die within the first year of life, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Early Age at Menarche Tied to Frequent Menopausal Symptoms

FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Early age at menarche is a risk factor for menopausal symptoms, according to a study published online July 21 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

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Excessive Drinking Responsible for 255 Deaths Per Day in U.S.

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Excessive drinking was responsible for an average of 255 deaths per day in the United States during 2011 to 2015, according to research published in the July 31 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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FDA Warns Companies Illegally Selling Hangover Cures

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has sent warning letters to seven companies for illegally selling products they claim will cure, treat, mitigate, or prevent hangovers.

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Young Children Have Higher Amounts of SARS-CoV-2 RNA

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Young children with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 have higher amounts of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) viral RNA in their nasopharynx than older children and adults, according to a research letter published online July 30 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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School Closures Linked to Decreased COVID-19 Incidence, Death

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- School closures in the United States were temporally associated with decreased COVID-19 incidence and mortality, according to a study published online July 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Study IDs Which Women Benefit From DBT Versus Digital Mammography

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Improvements in recall rates and cancer detection rates with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) versus digital mammography (DM) are greatest on baseline examinations, according to a study published online July 28 in JAMA Network Open.

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Cinnamon Supplementation May Improve Blood Glucose Control

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In individuals with prediabetes, 12 weeks of cinnamon supplementation improved fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and glucose tolerance, according to a study published online July 21 in the Journal of the Endocrine Society.

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ACS Issues Updated Guideline for Cervical Cancer Screening

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a guideline update from the American Cancer Society, published online July 30 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, recommendations are presented for cervical cancer screening of individuals at average risk.

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Chocolate Tied to Lower Coronary Artery Disease Risk

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Eating chocolate at least once a week is associated with a lower risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), according to a review published online July 22 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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Teen HPV Vaccination Rates Suboptimal

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lack of parental intent to initiate and complete the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series for adolescents is a major public health concern, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Delayed Treatment of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections Tied to Hospitalization Risk

THURSDAY, July 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Delayed treatment of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) with antibiotics is associated with an increased risk for hospital admissions, according to a study published online June 29 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Posthospital Follow-Up Visits for Bronchiolitis May Not Be Needed

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As-needed follow-up is an equally effective posthospitalization follow-up strategy when compared with a scheduled follow-up visit for young children hospitalized for bronchiolitis, according to a study published online July 6 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Decrease Seen in Products Purchased Containing Caloric Sweeteners

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2002 to 2018, there was a decrease in the volume of products purchased containing caloric sweeteners (CS) and an increase in purchases of products containing both CS and nonnutritive sweeteners (NNS), according to a study published online July 29 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

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Poor Dental Health May Increase Risk for Incident Dementia, MCI

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with severe periodontal disease or edentulism have an increased risk for incident dementia, according to a study published online July 29 in Neurology.

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More Diabetic Foot Amputations Seen During COVID-19 Lockdown

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diabetes admitted to a tertiary care center for diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) during the COVID-19 lockdown in Italy had a more than threefold risk for amputation versus patients seen in 2019, according to a study published online July 23 in Diabetes Care.

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Latino Communities at Higher Risk for COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Factors linked to structural racism and social determinants of health are associated with an increased risk for COVID-19 in Latino communities, according to a study published online July 23 in the Annals of Epidemiology.

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Cancer-Related Encounters Down Since Start of COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a decrease in cancer-related encounters and in cancer screening since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online July 27 in JCO: Clinical Cancer Informatics.

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Cost-Sharing Caps for Insulin Would Benefit Youth With T1D

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For privately insured young children and adults with type 1 diabetes, the mean annual out-of-pocket spending on insulin was $494 in 2018, and many would benefit from price caps, according to a research letter published online July 27 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Low Health Literacy Tied to Worse Heart Failure Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Poor health literacy is associated with worse heart failure outcomes, according to a review published in the June issue of JACC: Heart Failure.

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Obesity in Young Adulthood Tied to Later Venous Thromboembolism

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Men who are obese or severely obese in young adulthood have an increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) later in life, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Depression, Anxiety May Be Signs That COVID-19 Is Attacking Brain

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Depression and anxiety exhibited in COVID-19 patients may be a sign that the virus impacts the central nervous system, as these symptoms are closely associated with a loss of smell and taste rather than more severe manifestations of the virus, according to a study published online July 2 in The Laryngoscope.

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Smoking Ups Risk for Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysm in Women

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women aged 30 to 60 years with a positive smoking history and underlying hypertension have an increased risk for having an unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA), according to a study published online July 28 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

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Premature Cardiac Deaths Across U.S. Dropped From 1999 to 2017

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of premature cardiac deaths (PCDs) decreased across U.S. counties from 1999 to 2017, although widening geographic disparities have been observed, according to a study published online July 29 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Nearly Half of Hispanics, Blacks Scared to Go to Hospital During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hispanics and blacks are most likely to stay home if experiencing medical emergencies, like a heart attack or stroke, to avoid the risk of contracting COVID-19 at the hospital, according to a poll released by the American Heart Association (AHA).

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SGLT-2 Inhibitors May Raise Risk for Diabetic Ketoacidosis

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with type 2 diabetes, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are associated with an increased risk for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), according to a study published online July 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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More Cleft Lip Surgeries at Age 8 to 10 Years Tied to Later Anxiety

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Having an increased number of surgeries between ages 8 and 10 years is associated with increased anxiety and depressive symptoms in teenagers with cleft lip and palate, according to a study published in the July issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Injury Patterns Differ for Elder Abuse Versus Unintentional Falls

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Specific, clinically identifiable differences in injury patterns may exist for those presenting to the emergency department with unintentional injuries versus victims of physical elder abuse, according to a study recently published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

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Incidence of Hip Fracture Decreased From 1970 to 2010

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of hip fracture decreased from 1970 to 2010, with reductions in smoking and heavy drinking coincident with this decrease, according to a study published online July 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Myocardial Injury Seen in Many Early in Recovery From COVID-19

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients recently recovered from COVID-19 infection have cardiac involvement, according to a study published online July 27 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Increase Found in Suicide-Related Exposure Rates to OTC Analgesics

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a recent increase in suicide-related exposure rates to over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics, according to a study published online July 26 in Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety.

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HIV+ Donor to HIV+ Recipient Feasible for Kidney Transplant

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- HIV-positive donor to HIV-positive recipient (HIV D+/R+) kidney transplantation (KT) is feasible, according to a study published online July 23 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

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FDA Warns Again About Dangers of Methanol-Based Hand Sanitizers

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is warning consumers not to use alcohol-based hand sanitizers containing methanol, or wood alcohol, which is used in fuel and antifreeze and is toxic if absorbed through the skin or life-threatening if ingested.

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Vertebral Fractures Up With Long-Term Delay of Denosumab

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with on-time dosing, delay of denosumab by more than 16 weeks is associated with an increased risk for vertebral fractures, according to a study published online July 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Postmarketing Surveillance Helps Identify Vaccine Safety Issues

TUESDAY, July 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A review of all safety-related labeling changes for FDA-approved vaccines during a 20-year period shows vaccines are largely safe, and many of the safety issues are identified through postmarketing surveillance, according to a study published online July 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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NSAID Use Linked to Cardiovascular, Bleeding Events Post-MI

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with myocardial infarction (MI), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) treatment is associated with a significantly increased risk for cardiovascular and bleeding events, according to a study published in the Aug. 4 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate Now in Final Phase Testing

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A vaccine developed by the U.S. National Institutes of Health and Moderna has entered the final phase of testing, the Associated Press reported Monday.

AP News Article

CDC to Address Inequalities in COVID-19 Reporting

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention plans to take steps to improve how it collects COVID-19 data for blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans, the Associated Press reports.

AP News Article

COVID-19 Can Result in Prolonged Illness Even in Milder Cases

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Even among persons with milder outpatient illness, COVID-19 can result in prolonged illness, according to research published in the July 24 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Large Proportion of COVID-19 Studies Have Low-Level Evidence

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A large proportion of studies on COVID-19 have a low level of evidence, according to a research letter published online July 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Editorial

1993 to 2017 Saw Decreasing Trend in Prevalence of Spanking

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1993 to 2017, there was a decreasing trend in the prevalence of spanking among parents in the United States, according to a research letter published online July 27 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Perinatal Transmission of COVID-19 Unlikely With Correct Hygiene

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- If correct hygiene procedures are undertaken, perinatal transmission of COVID-19 is unlikely to occur, according to a study published online July 23 in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.

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Editorial

Impact on Glucocorticoids in COVID-19 Varies With CRP Levels

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The impact of glucocorticoid treatment on patients with COVID-19 varies according to C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, according to a study published online July 22 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Higher Prepregnancy Serum Creatinine Linked to Preterm Birth

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Increased levels of prepregnancy serum creatinine are associated with an increased risk for preterm birth, according to a study published in the July 27 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Thorough Risk Assessment Essential Prior to Noncardiac Surgery

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Comprehensive preoperative assessment of cardiovascular risk with history and physical examination is essential prior to noncardiac surgery, according to a review published in the July 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Metabolomics Screening Tool May Detect Autism Spectrum Disorder

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A metabolomics screening tool may detect more than 50 percent of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study published online June 18 in Autism Research.

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Obesity Diagnoses Up Among Hospitalized Patients in the U.S.

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There was an increase in obesity diagnoses in hospitalized patients and bariatric surgeries among those diagnosed with obesity from 2011 to 2014, according to a study published online July 5 in Clinical Obesity.

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Risk Factors Provide Targets for Preventing Alzheimer Disease

MONDAY, July 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Ten risk factors should be targeted to prevent Alzheimer disease, according to a review published online July 20 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

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ASTRO Issues First Guideline on Radiation Therapy for Cervical Cancer

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is strong evidence supporting the use of radiation therapy (RT) for nonmetastatic cervical cancer, according to a clinical practice guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) published in the July/August issue of Practical Radiation Oncology.

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FDA: Doctors Should Discuss Opioid OD Antidote With Patients

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors should tell patients and caregivers about the overdose antidote naloxone when they prescribe opioid painkillers such as Percocet and OxyContin and medicines to treat opioid addiction, including buprenorphine, methadone, and naltrexone, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of July 20 to 24, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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CDC Issues Call to Reopen America's Schools This Fall

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued a document supporting a reopening of the nation's schools this fall.

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COVID-19 Pandemic Has Had Impact on Parent, Child Well-Being

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The COVID-19 pandemic has had a considerable impact on the physical and emotional well-being of parents and children, according to a study published online July 24 in Pediatrics.

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Midnasal Swab Done by Patient at Home Detects SARS-CoV-2

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in symptomatic patients, unsupervised home midnasal swab collection is comparable to clinician-collected nasopharyngeal swab collection, according to a research letter published online July 22 in JAMA Network Open.

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Isolation, Quarantine Impossible in >20 Percent of U.S. Homes

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 20 percent of U.S. homes lack sufficient space or plumbing facilities to comply with recommendations to isolate or quarantine to prevent COVID-19 transmission, according to a research letter published online July 21 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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CDC Guidance Issued for Testing, Management of HCP Exposed to Hep C

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance report, published in the July 24 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, recommendations are presented for testing and clinical management of health care personnel (HCP) exposed to the hepatitis C virus (HCV).

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Chimpanzee Adenovirus-Vectored Vaccine Promising for COVID-19

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A chimpanzee adenovirus-vectored vaccine (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) expressing the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein has acceptable safety and induces antibody and T-cell immune responses, according to a study published online July 20 in The Lancet.

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Higher Legal Age for Handgun Sales Tied to Fewer Teen Suicides

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Raising the age of handgun sales from 18 to 21 years may reduce deaths from suicide among 18- to 20-year-olds, according to a study published online July 22 in The BMJ.

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Mental Health Deteriorated During COVID-19 Lockdown

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Mental health deteriorated in the United Kingdom by the end of April 2020 compared with pre-COVID-19 pandemic trends, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Long-Term Risk for Severe Kidney Disease High in Those With T2DM

FRIDAY, June 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The long-term risk for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in type 2 diabetes is high and disproportionately affects those with younger onset of diabetes, according to a study published online June 15 in Diabetes Care.

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Worse Multisensory Function May Accelerate Cognitive Aging

FRIDAY, July 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Worsening multisensory function is associated with accelerated cognitive aging, according to a study published online July 12 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

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Financial Health of Hospitals 'Dire' Due to COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- COVID-19 continues to cause financial peril for U.S. hospitals, according to a report released by the American Hospital Association (AHA).

Press Release
Report

New Guidelines Released for Recovering COVID-19 Patients to Leave Isolation

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many recovering COVID-19 patients in the United States will now be able to leave isolation without further testing to show they are virus-free, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.

The New York Times Article

High Prevalence of Americans Have Conditions Linked to Severe COVID-19

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The median prevalence of any underlying medical condition that increases the risk for severe COVID-19-associated illness is 47.2 percent among residents in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, according to research published in the July 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Three in Four Americans Favor Face Coverings: Survey

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Face coverings should be worn by people when they leave home, three-quarters of Americans say in a new poll.

AP News Article

Diets High in Protein, Plant Protein Tied to Lower Mortality

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Plant protein intake is associated with a lower risk for all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality, according to a review published online July 22 in The BMJ.

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Ad5-Vectored COVID-19 Vaccine Immunogenic in Healthy Adults

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The nonreplicating adenovirus type-5 (Ad5)-vectored COVID-19 vaccine appears safe and induces immune responses at a dose of 5×1010 viral particles, according to a study published online July 20 in The Lancet.

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Most Individuals in U.S. Have Not Been Infected With SARS-CoV-2

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- During March to early May 2020, most individuals in the United States had not been infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), although the estimated number of infections seems to have been much higher than the number of reported cases, according to a study published online July 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Data Reviewed for Levonorgestrel IUD Use in Youth With Disability

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Data from a retrospective chart review suggest that levonorgestrel (LNG) intrauterine devices (IUDs) may be a useful option for menstrual management and contraception in adolescents and young adults with physical, intellectual, and developmental disabilities, according to a study published online July 23 in Pediatrics.

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Few Dementia Caregivers Receive Firearm Safety Counseling

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Few caregivers of adults with Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRD) receive professional counseling about firearm safety, according to a study published online July 15 in JAMA Network Open.

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Too Much, Too Little Sleep May Up Mortality in Patients With T2DM

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In people with type 2 diabetes, sleeping more or less than seven hours/day is associated with an increased risk for all-cause and condition-specific mortality, according to a study published online July 16 in Diabetologia.

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Varenicline Strongly Recommended for Smoking Cessation

THURSDAY, July 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Varenicline is strongly recommended over the patch for adult smokers hoping to quit, according to an American Thoracic Society practice guideline published online in the July 15 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Routine Hepatitis C Testing at FQHCs Would Be Cost-Effective

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Routine hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing at federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) would be cost-effective and could improve outcomes for people with HCV infections, according to a study published online June 27 in The American Journal of Medicine.

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No Spike Seen in Cases of Polio-Like Condition in Children

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- It is not clear if acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) will follow its usual pattern and if we will see a spike of cases in 2020, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

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U.S. Reaches Deal for Nearly 600 Million Doses of COVID-19 Vaccine

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A nearly $2 billion contract with pharmaceutical company Pfizer and a German biotechnology firm will provide the United States with up to 600 million doses of a COVID-19 vaccine being developed by the companies, the U.S. government says.

The New York Times Article

Salmonella Outbreak in 15 States Being Investigated by CDC

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak that has sickened 125 people in 15 states is being investigated by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Inpatient Imaging Volumes Down During COVID-19 Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- During the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a decrease in inpatient imaging volumes, according to a study published online June 18 in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

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Epidemiology of Herpes Simplex Virus in Europe Transitioning

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The epidemiology of herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 is transitioning away from oral acquisition in childhood with an increasing proportion of HSV-1 detection in genital herpes, according to a study published online July 16 in BMJ Global Health.

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Some With Opioid Use Disorder Rejected From Post-Acute Care

WEDNESDAY, July 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals hospitalized with opioid use disorder (OUD) frequently experience explicit discrimination when being rejected from post-acute care, according to a study published online July 15 in the Journal of Addiction Medicine.

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Parents Make Some Common Sunscreen Mistakes

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some parents may not be adequately protecting their children from the sun, according to a new C.S. Mott Children's Hospital national poll from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

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U.K. Study Looks at Stepping Down Meds in Stable Asthma

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Asthma patients are increasingly prescribed higher levels of treatment, and few patients step down medications, according to a study published online July 21 in PLOS Medicine.

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Levels of Chronic Kidney Disease Stabilizing in the United States

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the United States has stabilized in recent years, according to a study published online July 16 in JAMA Network Open.

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11.8 Percent of Household Contacts of Index Patients Have COVID-19

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 11.8 percent of household contacts of index COVID-19 patients in South Korea have COVID-19 compared with 1.9 percent of nonhousehold contacts, according to a study published online July 16 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Rise in Avoidable Cancer Deaths Expected Due to COVID-19

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An increase in the number of avoidable cancer deaths is expected in England as a result of diagnostic delays due to the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online July 20 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Editorial

Even Mild Obesity Tied to Significantly Worse COVID-19 Outcomes

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is a strong, independent risk factor for poor outcomes among COVID-19 patients, according to a study published July 1 in the European Journal of Endocrinology.

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Assessing Symptoms, Blood, Stool Markers Best for Identifying Pediatric IBD

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For pediatric patients with nonbloody diarrhea, evaluating symptoms plus blood and stool markers is the optimal test strategy for predicting inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published online July 21 in Pediatrics.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Recommendations Updated for Barrier Method Use Among Teens

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement, published online July 20 in Pediatrics, updated recommendations are presented relating to use of barrier methods for adolescents engaging in sexual activity.

Policy Statement
Technical Report
Clinical Report

Periodontal Disease, Tooth Loss Linked to Esophageal, Gastric Cancer

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Periodontal disease and tooth loss, indicative of oral microbial dysbiosis, are associated with esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma, according to a research letter published online July 20 in Gut.

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Blood Test Can Detect Cancer Before Conventional Diagnosis

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A noninvasive blood test based on circulating tumor DNA methylation can detect cancer four years before conventional diagnosis, according to a study published online July 21 in Nature Communications.

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Prenatal Cannabis Exposure Tied to Childhood Sleep Problems

TUESDAY, July 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal cannabis exposure is associated with child sleep outcomes, according to a study published online June 28 in Sleep Health.


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