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August 2020 Briefing - Family Practice

Last Updated: September 01, 2020.

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Few U.S. Children Meet Guidelines for Exercise, Screen Time

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Few U.S. children meet all three guidelines for physical activity, screen time, and sleep, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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FDA Could Green-Light COVID-19 Vaccines Before Clinical Trials Completed

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency use authorization (EUA) or approval for a COVID-19 vaccine before phase 3 clinical trials are complete could be considered by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, according to the agency's commissioner, Stephen Hahn, M.D.

CNN Article

Community-Level Factors Explain Some Racial Disparities in COVID-19

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Community-level factors explain some, but not all, racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 rates in Massachusetts, according to a report published online Aug. 27 in Health Affairs.

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Chlamydia, Gonorrhea Rates Up Among Young Women in the U.S.

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There has been an age shift in positivity for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae among women, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Use of Fitness Trackers May Spur Exercise in Older Adults With MS

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) who say they use fitness trackers report greater amounts of physical activity, according to a study published online July 31 in the Disability & Health Journal.

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Use of Performance-Enhancing Substances Tied to Risk Behaviors

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of legal performance-enhancing substances (PES) in young adults is associated with an increased likelihood of future problematic alcohol use and drinking-related risk behaviors, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in Pediatrics.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Pandemic May Have Delayed Type 1 Diabetes Diagnoses

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many children may have delayed diagnosis of type 1 diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Long-Term Follow-Up Reported for BP Telemonitoring Program

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults with uncontrolled blood pressure, fewer cardiovascular events and lower costs were observed at five years with a pharmacist-led telemonitoring program, but the differences were not statistically significant compared with usual care, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in Hypertension.

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Lung-Specific Risk Factors Linked to Hip Fracture in Smokers

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of lung-specific risk factors into fracture risk assessment tools may more accurately predict hip fracture risk in smokers, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Most Shoulder Replacements Last More Than 10 Years

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 90 percent of shoulder replacements last for longer than 10 years, and patient-reported outcome measures show sustained benefits, according to a review published online Aug. 26 in The Lancet Rheumatology.

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Vitamin C Positively Linked to Skeletal Muscle Mass Measures

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Dietary and circulating vitamin C are positively associated with measures of skeletal muscle mass in middle- and older-aged men and women, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in The Journal of Nutrition.

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Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Peaches Has Now Sickened 78 People

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak linked to recalled peaches from Prima Wawona and Wawona Packing Co. LLC has now sickened 78 people in 12 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said in an update Thursday. It said that 23 people have been hospitalized, but no deaths have been reported.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 24 to 28, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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FDA Warns of Hand Sanitizers in Food-Like Packaging

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A warning about alcohol-based hand sanitizers in packaging that looks like food or drink has been issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Model Says COVID-19 Deaths Could Surpass 317,000 by December

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A widely cited model for COVID-19 deaths in the United States predicts a total of 317,000 deaths by December.

CNN Article

Low Rates of Severe Disease, Death Reported for Children With COVID-19

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Severe disease and death appear to be rare among children and young people hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, according to an observational study in the United Kingdom published online Aug. 27 in The BMJ.

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COVID-19 Infection May Initially Present as Acute Pancreatitis

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Acute pancreatitis may be a gastrointestinal manifestation of COVID-19, according to research published online Aug. 26 in Gastroenterology.

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Risk for Cancer Reduced for Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The risk for cancer is reduced among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published online Aug. 13 in Autoimmunity Reviews.

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Proportion of Deaths Due to Heart Failure, HTN Increasing

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The proportion of deaths from heart disease attributed to heart failure and hypertensive heart disease is increasing, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in The BMJ.

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Respiratory Disease May Increase Risk for Rheumatoid Arthritis

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Respiratory diseases increase the risk for rheumatoid arthritis, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Many Opt for Genetic Testing of Embryos for Kidney Disease

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About half of couples referred for counseling due to a family history of kidney disease opt for preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic kidney disease, and 65 percent of those experience one or more live births of an unaffected child, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Losing Weight Before Midlife Cuts Mortality Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Weight loss from obesity to overweight between early adulthood through midlife is associated with a lower risk for early death compared with maintaining obesity, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in JAMA Network Open.

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Parents Have Contradictory Views on Childhood Vaccines

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The vast majority of parents believe vaccines are the best way to protect their children from infectious diseases, yet two-thirds are still nervous to take their children to their pediatrician's office during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the results of a survey released by Orlando Health.

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Minority of Teens Receive Health Care Transition Planning

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A minority of adolescents with diagnosed mental, behavioral, and developmental disorders (MBDDs) receive recommended health care transition planning, according to research published in the Aug. 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Maine Summer Camps Identified, Isolated COVID-19 Cases

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Three COVID-19-positive people with no symptoms were successfully identified and isolated at four overnight camps in Maine, according to research published in the Aug. 26 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Risk for COVID-19 Hospitalization Follows Usual Pattern in Lupus

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), predictors of hospitalization include race, presence of comorbidity, and body mass index, according to a study published online July 26 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Admissions for Stroke, TIA Down Early in COVID-19 Pandemic

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Admissions for stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) have decreased during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in Stroke and Vascular Neurology.

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Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Worse Outcomes in COVID-19

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with a lethal outcome for patients with COVID-19, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Diabetes Care.

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Smoking, High Early-Life BMI Projected to Add to MS Burden

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The combined estimated multiple sclerosis (MS) population-attributable fractions (PAFs) for smoking and childhood and adolescent high body mass index (BMI) vary from 11 to 14 percent in conservative estimates, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

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Alcoholic Liver Disease Death Rates Up for Non-Hispanic Whites

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable racial and ethnic disparity in alcoholic liver disease mortality, and although men have higher death rates, the male-to-female ratios decreased in the past two decades, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Guideline Updated for Nutrition in Chronic Kidney Disease

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The National Kidney Foundation and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics have updated the clinical practice guideline for nutrition in chronic kidney disease (CKD); the 2020 update was published as a supplement to the September issue of the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

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Program Improves Use of Chronic Opioid Therapy in HIV Care

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The TEACH (Targeting Effective Analgesia in Clinics for HIV) intervention is a promising strategy for improving adherence to opioid prescribing guidelines among HIV care providers and their patients on chronic opioid therapy (COT), according to a study published online July 22 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors Not Tied to Skin Cancer

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is no association between use of topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs) for the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) and an increased risk for skin cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 12 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Blacks Have Higher Incidence of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Black Americans have a higher incidence of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) compared with other races, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in Neurology.

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About Half of Waivered Clinicians Prescribe Buprenorphine for OUD

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About half of waivered clinicians prescribe buprenorphine for opioid use disorder and most treat at levels below their patient limits, according to a research letter published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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Changes to CDC COVID-19 Testing Guidelines Trigger Concern

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Experts are alarmed about revised U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines advising that people who do not have symptoms of COVID-19 do not need to be tested, even if they have recently been exposed to the new coronavirus.

The New York Times Article

U.S. Nursing Home Staff Must Be Tested Regularly for COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nursing home staff will have to be tested regularly for COVID-19, and facilities that fail to do so will face fines, the Trump administration said Tuesday.

AP News Article

About One in Three Multiple Sclerosis Patients Have Migraine

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Internationally, more than three in 10 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have migraine, according to a review published in the September issue of the Journal of Clinical Neuroscience.

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Exposure to Burning Wood Linked to Abnormal Cardiac Parameters

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Occupational exposures to burning wood, pesticides, and metals is associated with abnormal parameters of left and right ventricular systolic function, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Escitalopram Reduces Symptoms of Anxiety in Teens With GAD

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), escitalopram reduces symptoms of anxiety, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

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Patient-Reported Outcome Measure May Be Useful in Hemodialysis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) can standardize symptom screening processes and improve symptom awareness for hemodialysis patients in routine clinical care, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Mental Health Resilience Tied to Fewer COVID-19 Worries

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Resilience helps alleviate COVID-19-related worries as well as anxiety and depression, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in Translational Psychiatry.

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Preterm Delivery Ups Risk for Premature Mortality in Mothers

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Preterm delivery is associated with an increased risk for premature mortality in women, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in The BMJ.

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Weight Loss May Lower Obesity-Related Cancer Risk in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) may reduce the incidence of obesity-related mortality among individuals with overweight or obesity and type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Obesity.

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Type 2 Diabetes May Negatively Impact Bone Density in Youth

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Type 2 diabetes may negatively impact bone density around the age of peak bone mass, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Vitamin D Supplement No Benefit in Pediatric Persistent Asthma

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D3 supplementation does not prolong the time to severe asthma exacerbation among children with persistent asthma and low vitamin D levels, according to a study published in the Aug. 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in Asymptomatic Children Identified

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The pooled prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV02) in asymptomatic children is 0.65 percent and is significantly associated with the incidence of COVID-19 in the general population, according to a research letter published online Aug. 25 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Deaths Up for U.S. Veterans Who Have PCI at Community Facilities

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For U.S. veterans with stable angina, the use of community facilities for percutaneous revascularization is associated with increased mortality, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Return to Hospital Infrequent After COVID-19 Admission

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Return to hospital after discharge for inpatients with COVID-19 is infrequent, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Heart Events Observed for ~12 Percent of Adults Hospitalized With Flu

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza, 11.7 percent have an acute cardiovascular event, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Web Searches Suggesting Acute Anxiety Spiked Early in COVID-19

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Internet searches indicative of acute anxiety peaked early in the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a research letter published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Maternal Caffeine Intake May Be Tied to Negative Pregnancy Outcomes

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal caffeine consumption is associated with negative pregnancy outcomes, according to a review published online Aug. 24 in BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine.

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Pop Concert Held to Learn More About COVID-19 Spread

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 1,500 people attended a pop concert in Germany to help researchers learn how the new coronavirus spreads in such situations.

AP News Article

Widespread Mask Use Could Save 70,000 U.S. Lives by Dec. 1

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There could be another 134,000 COVID-19 deaths in the United States by Dec. 1 if no new prevention measures are introduced, and the number of deaths could be much higher if rules are relaxed, researchers report. However, they also said that 70,000 lives could be saved if more people wore masks, CNN reported.

CNN Article

World's First Confirmed Case of COVID-19 Reinfection Reported in Hong Kong

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The world's first confirmed case of reinfection with the new coronavirus has been reported in Hong Kong.

The New York Times Article

Clinical Impact of Remdesivir in Moderate COVID-19 Unclear

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with moderate COVID-19 receiving a five-day course of remdesivir have a statistically significant difference in clinical status compared with usual care, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Editorial

RAAS Inhibitors May Benefit HTN Patients With COVID-19

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors are beneficial for hypertensive patients with COVID-19, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Current Atherosclerosis Reports.

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p16INK4a Expression Increased in Young Cancer Survivors

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatric and young adult cancer survivors, frail versus robust survivors, and newly diagnosed pediatric patients after cancer therapy have increased expression of p16INK4a, corresponding with age acceleration, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Cancer.

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Antihypertensive Agents Not Tied to Higher Risk for Depression

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nine individual antihypertensive agents from the classes of angiotensin agents, calcium antagonists, and β-blockers are associated with reduced rates of depression, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Hypertension.

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Black-White Disparity in Lung Cancer Incidence Eliminated

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The historically higher lung cancer incidence in young Black people compared with White people has disappeared and reversed in men and women, respectively, in the United States, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in JNCI Cancer Spectrum.

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School-Located Influenza Vaccine Intervention Beneficial

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A school-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) intervention is associated with a reduction in the incidence of influenza hospitalization, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in PLOS Medicine.

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For Black Children With Autism, Diagnosis Occurs at About Age 5

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Diagnosis of African American children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) occurs at an average of 64.9 months, many months after parents' first concerns about their child's development, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Pediatrics.

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Feeling Dizzy Upon Standing May Point to Later Dementia

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Systolic orthostatic hypotension (OHYPO) and variability in visit-to-visit seated systolic blood pressure (BP) postural change are associated with greater dementia risk, according to a study published online July 20 in Neurology.

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More Women Entering Primary Care

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Gender significantly influences choice of specialty, with female osteopathic graduates 75 percent more likely to enter primary care (PC) than men, according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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CDC: Risky Behaviors Common Among U.S. Teens

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Risky behaviors remain common among U.S. teens, according to the 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance report published as a supplement to the Aug. 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 17 to 21, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Public COVID-19 Information Written at Too High a Level

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Online information about the COVID-19 pandemic posted by the World Health Organization, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other public health organizations worldwide may be too difficult for many people to understand, a new study suggests.

CNN Article
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White House Blocks FDA's Power to Regulate Lab Tests

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Trump administration has blocked the U.S. Food and Drug Administration from regulating a wide swath of laboratory tests, including ones for COVID-19.

Washington Post Article

Extract From Deadly Plant Touted as COVID-19 Cure

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Experts have slammed claims by a major Trump donor that an extract from a deadly plant is a cure for COVID-19.

The New York Times Article

Older Adults With Depression Showing Resilience in Pandemic

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most older adults with preexisting major depressive disorder (MDD) showed resilience in the first two months of the COVID-19 pandemic, but they express concerns about the future as the pandemic continues, according to a study published in the September issue of The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

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ACIP Issues Recommendations for 2020 to 2021 Flu Vaccination

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendations have been updated to include the influenza vaccination for the 2020 to 2021 season; the recommendations were published in the Aug. 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Adolescent Vaccinations Decreased During COVID-19 Pandemic

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The decrease in vaccination orders seen during the COVID-19 pandemic could offset increases in vaccinations for adolescents from 2018 to 2019, according to research published in the Aug. 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Growth Retardation Found for Adolescents With Anorexia Nervosa

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) have growth retardation, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy, Menopause Symptoms Linked

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is an association between a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and more bothersome menopausal symptoms, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in Menopause.

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Exposure to Air Pollution Tied to New Asthma in Children

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Fine particulate matter contributes to the development of asthma and persistent wheezing in children, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in The BMJ.

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CDC: Mortality Rates Lowest for Infants of Normal-Weight Women

FRIDAY, Aug. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Infants of women who are normal weight prepregnancy have the lowest total infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality rates, with increased rates seen for infants of women who are underweight or who have obesity prepregnancy, according to the Aug. 21 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Late Morbidity, Mortality Down for Survivors of Childhood ALL

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Contemporary survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have reduced late morbidity and mortality, according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Michigan to Pay $600 Million to Flint Water Crisis Victims

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Victims of the Flint water crisis will receive about $600 million from the state of Michigan in a major settlement to be announced this week, two people with knowledge of the deal say.

The New York Times Article

Wawona Bagged Peaches Linked to Salmonella Outbreak

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak that has sickened 68 people in nine states may be linked to Wawona-brand bagged peaches sold at ALDI stores, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Wednesday.

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Incidence of COVID-19 Up for American Indians, Alaska Natives

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The overall incidence of COVID-19 is increased among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) persons in the United States, according to research published in the Aug. 19 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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SARS-CoV-2 Nasopharyngeal Load Higher in Children Than Adults

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have the highest nasopharyngeal viral load in the first two days of symptoms, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Longer Bisphosphonate Use May Up Atypical Femur Fracture Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Longer duration of bisphosphonate use is associated with an increased risk for atypical femur fracture, according to a study published in the Aug. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Evinacumab Cuts LDL-C Level in Familial Hypercholesterolemia

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, evinacumab lowers low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels, according to a study published in the Aug. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Antibiotic Exposure Linked to Risk for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher cumulative exposure to antibiotics is associated with an increased risk for new-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published online Aug. 17 in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology.

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Short-Term PrEP Feasible for Men at Risk for HIV on Vacation

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is well tolerated by men who have sex with men (MSM) at episodic risk for HIV while on vacation, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

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Disparities Seen in COVID-19 Hospitalizations in Racial/Ethnic Subgroups

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are considerable disparities in the prevalence of COVID-19 across racial/ethnic subgroups in the United States, according to a research letter published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Each Week of Early Alcohol Use Tied to Incremental Miscarriage Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Each additional week of alcohol exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy increases the risk for spontaneous abortion, according to a study published online July 12 in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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Health Worse for Baby Boomer Caregivers Versus Noncaregivers

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Baby boomer caregivers more often have chronic health conditions and frequent mental distress (FMD) than noncaregivers, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Poll: More Older Adults Using Telehealth During Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More older adults have used telehealth to consult with a health care provider during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with that seen in the previous year, according to a report published online Aug. 17 based on the results of the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging.

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HHS: Pharmacists in All States Can Give Childhood Vaccinations

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children can now be vaccinated by pharmacists in all 50 states as the U.S. government seeks to prevent a decline in routine vaccinations during the COVID-19 pandemic.

AP News Article

CDC: Recalled Onions Linked to 869 Salmonella Cases in 47 States

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Recalled onions have been linked to a Salmonella outbreak that has caused 869 illnesses in 47 states, according to an update late Tuesday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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CDC: In 2018, 5.1 Percent of Adults Engaged in Heavy Drinking

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In 2018, about 5 percent of U.S. adults engaged in heavy drinking during the previous year, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

Disparities Seen in COVID-19 Hot Spots for Racial, Ethnic Minority Groups

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Disparities in COVID-19 cases are seen in one or more underrepresented racial/ethnic groups in almost all hot spots in the United States, according to research published in the Aug. 14 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Antibiotics May Reduce Efficacy of Hormonal Contraceptives

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The efficacy of hormonal contraceptives may be reduced with use of antibiotics, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

CNS-Active Meds Often Prescribed for Older Adults With Dementia

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with dementia are frequently prescribed central nervous system (CNS)-active medications, according to a research letter published online Aug. 18 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

USPSTF Urges Behavioral Counseling to Prevent STIs

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends behavioral counseling interventions for preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in adolescents and adults at increased risk. These recommendations form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Aug. 18 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report
Final Recommendation Statement
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Honey Beats Usual Care for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs), honey seems superior to usual care, according to a review and meta-analysis published online Aug. 18 in BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine.

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Homelessness Tied to Higher Readmission Rates

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Homelessness is associated with significantly higher 30- and 90-day readmission rates even when adjusting for other demographic and clinical factors, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Risk for Cannabis Use Increased Among Adults With Depression

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with depression are at a higher risk for cannabis use, with use significantly increased since 2005, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in JAMA Network Open.

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COVID-19 Spread Among Students Prompts UNC to Return to Online Teaching

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a potential harbinger of what could unfold on college campuses across the United States this fall, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill said Monday it will revert back to online teaching after testing showed a rapid spread of COVID-19 among students.

The New York Times Article

FDA: COVID-19 Test Could Give Inaccurate Results

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A widely used COVID-19 test could produce inaccurate results due to issues with the equipment and software used to run the test, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned Monday.

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California Has First Plague Case in Five Years

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- California's first case of plague in five years has been confirmed by health officials.

CBS News Article

In-Person Obstetric Visits Not Likely to Spread COVID-19

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There does not appear to be a significant association between the number of in-person health care visits and the rate of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection among obstetrical patients, according to a research letter published online Aug. 14 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract/Full Text

Higher BPA Exposure Linked to Increased Risk for All-Cause Mortality

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher bisphenol A (BPA) exposure is associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality in a nationally representative cohort of U.S. adults, according to a study published online Aug. 17 in JAMA Network Open.


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