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Category: Infections | Pulmonology

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Acute bronchitis overview

Published: July 07, 2009. Updated: July 27, 2009

Bronchitis is inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi, the airways that carry airflow from the trachea into the lungs.


Adenovirus and mycoplasma pneumoniae are the commonest causative organisms. The condition maybe complicated by bacterial infection (such as H. influenza and/ streptococcus pneumonia infections) particularly in smokers and COPD patients.

Clinical suspicion & diagnosis

It is a very common condition, suspected when the patient presents with acute fever, cough (usually productive) and a chest x-ray shows no abnormalities.


The disease is usually self limited and treatment is essentially symptomatic. Amoxycillin (or its derivatives) maybe tried if the sputum is purulent.

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