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Category: Infections | Pulmonology

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Common cold overview

Published: July 07, 2009. Updated: July 27, 2009

Acute viral rhinopharyngitis, or acute coryza, is known as an upper respiratory virus or commonly called the cold. It is the most common infectious disease in humans; there is no known cure, but it is rarely fatal.

Common cold is caused by multiple viral strains including, rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza virus and coronavirus.

Clinical suspicion & diagnosis

Clinical picture is highly suggestive, with rhinorrhoea, sneezing, mild fever and malaise in addition to mild pharyngitis.


  • Nasal decongestants
  • antipyretics
  • Antibiotics if accompanied by secondary bacterial infection.

Previous: Acute bronchitis Next: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

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