Updated: October 1, 2005
- Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare tumor that affects only up to 2 persons per one million population.
- Adrenocortical carcinoma accounts for 0.2% of all cancer-related deaths.
- The male-to-female ratio is approximately 1:3.
- Female patients are more likely than male patients to have an associated endocrine syndrome.
- Nonfunctional Adrenocortical carcinomas are distributed equally between the sexes.
- Male patients tend to be older and have a worse overall prognosis than female patients.
- It occurs in 2 major peaks: in the first decade of life and again in the fourth to fifth decades.
- The median age is 44 years at diagnosis but the tumor occurs at all ages. The median age at presentation for children is 4 years.
Race and ethnicity
Adrenocortical cancer has no racial or ethnic predilection.
Some reports suggest an inordinately high frequency of cases among children in southern Brazil, for unknown reasons.
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