Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine cancer. Estimated new cases and deaths from thyroid cancer in the United States in 2005:
- New cases: 25,690.
- Deaths: 1,490.
The incidence of thyroid nodules in the general population is 4%-7%, with nodules being more common in females than males. The prevalence of thyroid cancer in a solitary nodule or in multinodular thyroid glands is 10%-20%; this increases with irradiation of the neck in children and older men.
Between 1973 and 1997, the incidence of thyroid cancer increased by 24%, whereas mortality from this cancer decreased by 24%.
Women are affected more often than men (3:2 ratio).
Most patients are between the ages of 25 and 65 years at the time of diagnosis of thyroid carcinoma.
Race and ethnicity
Asian race has been shown to be a risk factor.
Japan and Hawaii have shown a higher incidence of thyroid cancers.
Are you a Doctor, Pharmacist, PA or a Nurse?
Join the Doctors Lounge online medical community
Editorial activities: Publish, peer review, edit online articles.
Ask a Doctor Teams: Respond to patient questions and discuss challenging presentations with other members.