Cancer Chemotherapy Regimen for Stomach Cancer
FU-L gastric(63) _________________________________________________________________ fluorouracil.... 350 to 400 mg/sqm/day IV on days 1 to 5. leucovorin...... 200 mg/sqm/day IV on days 1 to 5. FREQUENCY....... Repeat cycle every 21 days. reference... Machover D. Goldschmidt E. Chollet P. Metzger G. Zittoun J. Marquet J. Vandenbulcke JM. Misset JL. Schwarzenberg L. Fourtillan JB. et al. Treatment of advanced colorectal and gastric adenocarcinomas with 5-fluorouracil and high-dose folinic acid. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 4(5):685-96, 1986 May. abstract... We report the results of an expanded trial of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) combined with high-dose folinic acid for treatment of patients with advanced colorectal or advanced gastric adenocarcinoma. In each treatment course, the patients received both 5-FU (340 to 400 mg/m2/d by intravenous (IV) infusion for a period of 15 minutes) and folinic acid (200 mg/m2/d by IV bolus) for 5 consecutive days, with a 21-day interval between courses. Eighty-six patients with colorectal carcinoma were evaluated. The combined complete and partial response rates were 39% for 54 patients who did not receive prior chemotherapy and 22% for 32 patients who had previously received chemotherapy. Four patients who were previously resistant to 5-FU attained objective responses. The median time to disease progression for the 28 responders was 10 months. The median survival time of responders was 19.5 months, and the probability of their being alive at 2 years was 40%. Of 27 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma, 13 (48%) responded to therapy. Their median time to disease progression was 5.5 months. The median survival time of responders was 11 months, and their probability of being alive at 15 months was 30%. Toxicity was within acceptable limits. Toxic effects included stomatitis, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, skin rash, and mild myeloid hypoplasia. In a separate study, plasma concentrations of L-folates greater than 10(-5) mol/L were achieved after a rapid single IV injection of 200 mg/m2 of folinic acid. Comparisons of our results with those reported in previous studies on 5-FU administered as a single agent suggest that, in advanced colorectal and gastric adenocarcinoma, folinic acid administered in high doses enhances the effectiveness of 5-FU administered concomitantly. Furthermore, some colorectal tumors that were previously resistant to 5-FU become sensitive to this drug. The survival of the patients who responded to therapy was markedly improved over that observed in reported series of untreated patients with advanced colorectal and gastric adenocarcinomas.
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