Brand Name: Lexapro
Name: Escitalopram oxalate
Pregnancy Category C
Drug classes of Lexapro
Mechanism of action of Lexapro
Acts by inhibiting CNS neuronal uptake of serotonin leading to increased levels of serotonin in the brain. It has little effect on norepinephrine and dopamine.
Indications of Lexapro
Treatment of depression; most effective in patients with major depressive disorder
Contraindications of Lexapro
Concomitant use in patients taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) is contraindicated.
Lexapro is contraindicated in patients with a hypersensitivity to Escitalopram or citalopram or any of the inactive ingredients in Lexapro.
Adverse effectsof Lexapro
- CNS: Headache, nervousness, insomnia, anxiety, tremor, dizziness, lightheadedness, agitation, sedation, convulsions
- GI: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dry mouth, anorexia, dyspepsia, constipation, taste changes, flatulence, gastroenteritis, gingivitis
- CV: Hot flushes, palpitations
- Respiratory: Upper respiratory infections, pharyngitis, cough, dyspnea, bronchitis, rhinitis
- GU: Painful menstruation, sexual dysfunction, frequency, cystitis, impotence, urgency
- Dermatologic: Sweating, rash, pruritus, acne, alopecia, contact dermatitis
- Other: Weight gain, asthenia, fever
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